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    Radio waves detect particle showers in a block of plastic

    Radio waves detect particle showers in a block of plastic

    A cheap technique could detect neutrinos in polar ice, eventually allowing researchers to expand the energy reach of IceCube without breaking the bank.

    Predicting persistent cold pool events

    Predicting persistent cold pool events

    In a multi-institutional field campaign with NOAA and other laboratories, researchers at Argonne National Laboratory are working to better identify and forecast the occurrence of cold pool events.

    Design of the W7-X fusion device enables it to overcome obstacles, scientists find

    Design of the W7-X fusion device enables it to overcome obstacles, scientists find

    Advanced design of the world's largest and most powerful stellarator demonstrates the ability to moderate heat loss from the plasma that fuels fusion reactions.

    Particle beam could help map Earth's magnetic field to understand how space weather impacts the planet

    Particle beam could help map Earth's magnetic field to understand how space weather impacts the planet

    Magnetic field lines that wrap around the Earth protect our planet from cosmic rays. Researchers at PPPL have now found that beams of fast-moving particles launched toward Earth from a satellite could help map the precise shape of the field.

    Topological materials outperform through quantum periodic motion

    Topological materials outperform through quantum periodic motion

    Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered that applying vibrational motion in a periodic manner may be the key to preventing dissipations of the desired electron states that would make advanced quantum computing and spintronics possible.

    January Science Snapshots

    January Science Snapshots

    Dinosaur blood vessels, giant viruses, and antibiotic-building enzymes

    New, Detailed Molecular Roadmap Boosts Fight Against Endometrial Cancer

    New, Detailed Molecular Roadmap Boosts Fight Against Endometrial Cancer

    Scientists have taken an unprecedented look at proteins involved in endometrial cancer, commonly known as uterine cancer. The study offers insights about which patients will need aggressive treatment and which won't, and offers clues about why a common cancer treatment is not effective with some patients.

    Researchers show how electric fields affect a molecular twist within light-sensitive proteins

    Researchers show how electric fields affect a molecular twist within light-sensitive proteins

    A team of scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University has gained insight into how electric fields affect the way energy from light drives molecular motion and transformation in a protein commonly used in biological imaging.

    New Argonne etching technique could advance the way semiconductor devices are made

    New Argonne etching technique could advance the way semiconductor devices are made

    Researchers uncover a technique known as molecular layer etching which aid in building intricate 3D nanostructures for semiconductor devices and other microelectronics.

    ORNL researchers develop 'multitasking' AI tool to extract cancer data in record time

    ORNL researchers develop 'multitasking' AI tool to extract cancer data in record time

    To better leverage cancer data for research, scientists at ORNL are developing an artificial intelligence (AI)-based natural language processing tool to improve information extraction from textual pathology reports. In a first for cancer pathology reports, the team developed a multitask convolutional neural network (CNN)--a deep learning model that learns to perform tasks, such as identifying key words in a body of text, by processing language as a two-dimensional numerical dataset.

    Atom or noise? New method helps cryo-EM researchers tell the difference

    Atom or noise? New method helps cryo-EM researchers tell the difference

    Cryogenic electron microscopy can in principle make out individual atoms in a molecule, but distinguishing the crisp from the blurry parts of an image can be a challenge. A new mathematical method may help.

    Investigating the trigger for an explosive process that occurs throughout the universe

    Investigating the trigger for an explosive process that occurs throughout the universe

    A detailed analysis of evolution of the trigger that sets off fast magnetic reconnection.

    Hot climates to see more variability in tree leafing as temperatures rise

    Hot climates to see more variability in tree leafing as temperatures rise

    The researchers examined satellite imagery, air temperature data and phenology (plant life cycle) models for 85 large cities and their surrounding rural areas from 2001 through 2014 to better understand changes in tree leaf emergence, also called budburst, on a broad scale across the United States. The study can help scientists improve their modeling of the potential impacts of future warming.

    How iron carbenes store energy from sunlight - and why they aren't better at it

    How iron carbenes store energy from sunlight - and why they aren't better at it

    Photosensitizers are molecules that absorb sunlight and pass that energy along to generate electricity or drive chemical reactions. A SLAC study looked at how an inexpensive photosensitizer, iron carbene, stores energy from sunlight, and why it's not better at its job.

    Story Tips: Fusion squeeze, global image mapping, computing mental health and sodium batteries

    Story Tips: Fusion squeeze, global image mapping, computing mental health and sodium batteries

    Story Tips: Fusion squeeze, global image mapping, computing mental health and sodium batteries

    Could the next generation of particle accelerators come out of the 3D printer?

    Could the next generation of particle accelerators come out of the 3D printer?

    Imagine being able to manufacture complex devices whenever you want and wherever you are. It would create unforeseen possibilities even in the most remote locations, such as building spare parts or new components on board a spacecraft. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, could be a way of doing just that.

    Energy storage startup SPARKZ licenses ORNL cobalt-free battery tech

    Energy storage startup SPARKZ licenses ORNL cobalt-free battery tech

    Energy storage startup SPARKZ Inc. has exclusively licensed five battery technologies from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory designed to eliminate cobalt metal in lithium-ion batteries. The advancement is aimed at accelerating the production of electric vehicles and energy storage solutions for the power grid.

    Scientists Learn More about the First Hours of a Lithium-ion Battery's Life

    Scientists Learn More about the First Hours of a Lithium-ion Battery's Life

    The first hours of a lithium-ion battery's life largely determine just how well it will perform. In those moments, a set of molecules self-assembles into a structure inside the battery that will affect the battery for years to come. Now scientists have witnessed the formation of the solid-electrolyte interphase at a molecular level.

    Cathode 'Defects' Improve Battery Performance

    Cathode 'Defects' Improve Battery Performance

    Chemists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have made a new finding about battery performance that points to a different strategy for optimizing cathode materials. Their research, published in Chemistry of Materials and featured in ACS Editors' Choice, focuses on controlling the amount of structural defects in the cathode material.

    Argonne and Washington University scientists unravel mystery of photosynthesis

    Argonne and Washington University scientists unravel mystery of photosynthesis

    Scientists solved a critical part of the mystery of photosynthesis, focusing on the initial, ultrafast events through which photosynthetic proteins capture light and use it to initiate a series of electron transfer reactions.

    Finding the source of chemical reactions

    Finding the source of chemical reactions

    In a collaborative project with MIT and other universities, scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have experimentally detected the fleeting transition state that occurs at the origin of a chemical reaction.

    Closely spaced hydrogen atoms could facilitate superconductivity in ambient conditions

    Closely spaced hydrogen atoms could facilitate superconductivity in ambient conditions

    An international team of researchers has discovered the hydrogen atoms in a metal hydride material are much more tightly spaced than had been predicted for decades--a feature that could possibly facilitate superconductivity at or near room temperature and pressure. The scientists conducted neutron scattering experiments at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory on samples of zirconium vanadium hydride.

    Making High-Temperature Superconductivity Disappear to Understand Its Origin

    Making High-Temperature Superconductivity Disappear to Understand Its Origin

    Purely electronic interactions could be behind copper-oxygen compounds conducting electricity without resistance at relatively high temperatures.

    Science Snapshot From Berkeley Lab - a biocompatible material that turns up the heat on antibacterial-resistant diseases

    Science Snapshot From Berkeley Lab - a biocompatible material that turns up the heat on antibacterial-resistant diseases

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry have designed a biocompatible polymer that has the potential to advance photothermal therapy, a technique that deploys near-infrared light to combat antibacterial-resistant infections and cancer.

    Monitoring Intermediates in CO2 Conversion to Formate by Metal Catalyst

    Monitoring Intermediates in CO2 Conversion to Formate by Metal Catalyst

    The production of formate from CO2 is considered an attractive strategy for the long-term storage of solar renewable energy in chemical form.