Researchers watch and measure in real time charge dynamics between layers of oxide materials, offering insights into solar cells.
Argonne researchers used the laboratory's Advanced Photon Source to image a battery as it was quickly charged and discharged, allowing for the observation of lithium plating behavior that can inhibit the battery's long-term function.
Soil moisture is key to determining plant growth and nutrient cycling in complex tundra landscapes.
Electrons flowing across the boundary between two materials are the foundation of many key technologies, from flash memories to batteries and solar cells. Now researchers have directly observed and clocked these tiny cross-border movements for the first time, watching as electrons raced seven-tenths of a nanometer - about the width of seven hydrogen atoms - in 100 millionths of a billionth of a second.
Hydrogel pores can modify the molecular-level motion of water and dissolved ions.
A team led by Berkeley Lab scientists has gleaned new and surprising clues about the nuclear structure of an exotic form of magnesium: Mg-40.
Computer model offers detailed view of water cycling and complex Earth system dynamics.
Molecular studies show phage-host interactions are more complicated than most laboratory studies suggest.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have turned dark fiber owned by the DOE Energy Sciences Network into a highly sensitive seismic activity sensor that could potentially augment the performance of earthquake early warning systems currently being developed in the western United States.
Direct interactions dominate ion adsorption to aqueous graphene, a process central to vital processes in energy technology.
New research offers the first complete picture of why a promising approach of stuffing more lithium into battery cathodes leads to their failure. A better understanding of this could be the key to smaller phone batteries and electric cars that drive farther between charges.
Scientists investigate a threshold for rapid ice-sheet degradation in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.
In a new study of a related group of metal oxides made of cobalt, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory sought to determine why two similar water-splitting catalysts with somewhat different domain sizes behaved differently.
While studying the genes in poplar trees that control callus formation, scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered genetic networks at the root of tumor formation in several human cancers.
PNNL researchers have been able to observe in unprecedented detail how rust happens.
New method for alleviating the effects of "noise" in quantum information systems addresses a challenge that scientists around the globe are working to meet in the race toward a new era of quantum technologies.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory used machine learning to map vegetation in Alaskan tundra; ORNL taps machine learning to better predict home-to-work commuting; Univ of South Carolina investigates oxygen-reducing perovskites in fuel cells using ORNL neutrons; decades of data showed salt purity trends leading to inconsistent corrosion of alloys.
Characterizing carbon stored in deeper sediments below soils is critical for understanding the stability and dynamics of Earth's carbon pool.
New crime scene investigation technique offers a hard look at the traces that particles leave before fleeing the scene.
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory described in the journal Science the first use of an electron microscope to directly identify isotopes in amino acids at the nanoscale without damaging the samples, which could open a new pathway for deeper, more comprehensive studies of the basic building blocks of life.
Scientists widely accept the existence of quarks, the elusive fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons. But information about their properties is still lacking.
Scientists developed a method to better distinguish the tracks that particles leave behind in liquid argon.
A careful consideration of electric fields could lead to faster industrial processes that use less energy and release less waste.
Findings could rewrite textbooks about molecular structure for solvent ubiquitous in chemistry and biology.
Algae that turn carbon dioxide into fuel feedstock are enhanced by surrounding bacteria.