Confirming a little-understood source of the process behind northern lights and the formation of stars
Feature describes the first fully kinetic model of plasma particles showing that fast reconnection can indeed occur in partially ionized plasma.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have used one of the most advanced microscopes in the world to reveal the structure of a large protein complex crucial to photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into cellular energy. The finding will allow scientists to explore for the first time how the complex functions and could have implications for the production of a variety of bioproducts, including plastic alternatives and biofuels.
Optimized oxides made from common metals use less energy and show the potential of new design approach.
Particle crowding interferes with moving energy efficiently along promising molecular chains.
Scientists catch details with atomic resolution, potentially helping design systems to use sunlight and water to produce fuels.
Researchers have established a correlation between depression and a group of neurotransmitter-producing bacteria found in the human gut.
Far from being a mere spectator, solvents can play a larger role in chemical reactions, likely including those used in energy storage and biology.
A team of researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories has partnered with EPB, a Chattanooga utility and telecommunications company, to demonstrate the effectiveness of metro-scale quantum key distribution (QKD) as a means of secure communication for the nation's electricity suppliers. This initial milestone is part of the team's three-year project focused on next-generation grid security.
A detailed analysis of blood samples from Ebola patients is providing clues about the progression of the effects of the virus in patients and potential treatment pathways. The findings point to a critical role for a molecular pathway that relies on the common nutrient choline, as well as the importance of cellular bodies known as microvesicles.
Researchers watch and measure in real time charge dynamics between layers of oxide materials, offering insights into solar cells.
Argonne researchers used the laboratory's Advanced Photon Source to image a battery as it was quickly charged and discharged, allowing for the observation of lithium plating behavior that can inhibit the battery's long-term function.
Soil moisture is key to determining plant growth and nutrient cycling in complex tundra landscapes.
Electrons flowing across the boundary between two materials are the foundation of many key technologies, from flash memories to batteries and solar cells. Now researchers have directly observed and clocked these tiny cross-border movements for the first time, watching as electrons raced seven-tenths of a nanometer - about the width of seven hydrogen atoms - in 100 millionths of a billionth of a second.
Hydrogel pores can modify the molecular-level motion of water and dissolved ions.
A team led by Berkeley Lab scientists has gleaned new and surprising clues about the nuclear structure of an exotic form of magnesium: Mg-40.
Computer model offers detailed view of water cycling and complex Earth system dynamics.
Molecular studies show phage-host interactions are more complicated than most laboratory studies suggest.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have turned dark fiber owned by the DOE Energy Sciences Network into a highly sensitive seismic activity sensor that could potentially augment the performance of earthquake early warning systems currently being developed in the western United States.
Direct interactions dominate ion adsorption to aqueous graphene, a process central to vital processes in energy technology.
New research offers the first complete picture of why a promising approach of stuffing more lithium into battery cathodes leads to their failure. A better understanding of this could be the key to smaller phone batteries and electric cars that drive farther between charges.
Scientists investigate a threshold for rapid ice-sheet degradation in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.
In a new study of a related group of metal oxides made of cobalt, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory sought to determine why two similar water-splitting catalysts with somewhat different domain sizes behaved differently.
While studying the genes in poplar trees that control callus formation, scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered genetic networks at the root of tumor formation in several human cancers.
PNNL researchers have been able to observe in unprecedented detail how rust happens.
New method for alleviating the effects of "noise" in quantum information systems addresses a challenge that scientists around the globe are working to meet in the race toward a new era of quantum technologies.