Whether carbon comes from leaves or needles affects how fast it decomposes, but where it ends up determines how long it's available.
Readily rotating molecules let electrons last, resulting in higher solar cell efficiency.
The arrangement of electrons in an exotic human-made element shows that certain properties of heavy elements cannot be predicted using lighter ones.
Scientists reveal structural, chemical changes as nickel-cobalt particles donate electrons, vital for making better batteries, fuel cells.
Wide metastable composition ranges are possible in alloys of semiconductors with different crystal structures.
Scientists combine biology, nanotechnology into composites that light up upon chemical stimulation.
A new class of plant-specific genes required for flowering control in temperate grasses is found.
Demonstrating the microfluidic-based, mini-metagenomics approach on samples from hot springs shows how scientists can delve into microbes that can't be cultivated in a laboratory.
First complete picture of genetic variations in a natural algal population could help explain how environmental changes affect global carbon cycles.
The genetic material of Porphyra umbilicalis reveals the mechanisms by which it thrives in the stressful intertidal zone at the edge of the ocean.
The newly upgraded CEBAF Accelerator opens door to strong force studies.
Scientists create widely controllable ultrathin optical components that allow virtual objects to be projected in real environments.
In just two years, a process that was developed by Molecular Foundry staff and users has nearly doubled the number of materials with the potential for using sunlight to produce fuel.
Confined within tiny carbon nanotubes, extremely cold water molecules line up in a highly ordered chain.
Scientists design outstanding catalysts by controlling the composition and shape of these tiny plate-like structures on the nanoscale.
Van der Waals force, which that enables tiny crystals to grow, could be used to design new materials.
Scarce compound, vitamin B12, is key for cellular metabolism and may help shape microbial communities that affect environmental cycles and bioenergy production.
New strategy greatly increases the production and secretion of biofuel building block lipids in bacteria able to grow at industrial scales.
For the first time, scientists modeled the spontaneous bifurcation of turbulence to high-confinement mode, solving a 35-year-old mystery.
Setting up a supercomputer is far more complicated than just bringing it home from the electronics store. Staff members of the Department of Energy's supercomputing user facilities spend years on the process, from laying out requirements through troubleshooting. In the end, they run some of the most powerful computers in the world to help solve some of science's biggest problems.
Plutonium has more verified and accessible oxidation states than any other actinide element, an important insight for energy and security applications.
Easily manufactured, rigid membranes with ultra-small pores provides to be ultra-selective in separating chemicals.
A new uranium-based metal-organic framework, NU-1301, could aid energy producers and industry.
Calculations of a subatomic particle called the sigma provide insight into the communication between subatomic particles deep inside the heart of matter.
This is a continuing profile series on the directors of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facilities. These scientists lead a variety of research institutions that provide researchers with the most advanced tools of modern science including accelerators, colliders, supercomputers, light sources and neutron sources, as well as facilities for studying the nano world, the environment, and the atmosphere.