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    Where a Leaf Lands and Lies Influences Carbon Levels in Soil for Years to Come

    Where a Leaf Lands and Lies Influences Carbon Levels in Soil for Years to Come

    Whether carbon comes from leaves or needles affects how fast it decomposes, but where it ends up determines how long it's available.

    Twisting Molecule Wrings More Power from Solar Cells

    Twisting Molecule Wrings More Power from Solar Cells

    Readily rotating molecules let electrons last, resulting in higher solar cell efficiency.

    Rules Are Only Suggestions in Heavy Elements

    Rules Are Only Suggestions in Heavy Elements

    The arrangement of electrons in an exotic human-made element shows that certain properties of heavy elements cannot be predicted using lighter ones.

    Watching Catalysts Evolve in 3-D

    Watching Catalysts Evolve in 3-D

    Scientists reveal structural, chemical changes as nickel-cobalt particles donate electrons, vital for making better batteries, fuel cells.

    Bending the Laws of Thermodynamics for Enhanced Material Design

    Bending the Laws of Thermodynamics for Enhanced Material Design

    Wide metastable composition ranges are possible in alloys of semiconductors with different crystal structures.

    Hybrid Material Glows Like Jellyfish

    Hybrid Material Glows Like Jellyfish

    Scientists combine biology, nanotechnology into composites that light up upon chemical stimulation.

    Discovering the Genetic Timekeepers in Bioenergy Crops

    Discovering the Genetic Timekeepers in Bioenergy Crops

    A new class of plant-specific genes required for flowering control in temperate grasses is found.

    New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter

    New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter

    Demonstrating the microfluidic-based, mini-metagenomics approach on samples from hot springs shows how scientists can delve into microbes that can't be cultivated in a laboratory.

    Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation

    Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation

    First complete picture of genetic variations in a natural algal population could help explain how environmental changes affect global carbon cycles.

    A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea

    A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea

    The genetic material of Porphyra umbilicalis reveals the mechanisms by which it thrives in the stressful intertidal zone at the edge of the ocean.

    Explorations of the Universal Glue

    Explorations of the Universal Glue

    The newly upgraded CEBAF Accelerator opens door to strong force studies.

    Bringing Visual "Magic" to Light

    Bringing Visual "Magic" to Light

    Scientists create widely controllable ultrathin optical components that allow virtual objects to be projected in real environments.

    Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability

    Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability

    In just two years, a process that was developed by Molecular Foundry staff and users has nearly doubled the number of materials with the potential for using sunlight to produce fuel.

    Water in One Dimension

    Water in One Dimension

    Confined within tiny carbon nanotubes, extremely cold water molecules line up in a highly ordered chain.

    Adding Stress Boosts Performance, Stability for Fuel Cells

    Adding Stress Boosts Performance, Stability for Fuel Cells

    Scientists design outstanding catalysts by controlling the composition and shape of these tiny plate-like structures on the nanoscale.

    Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and Snapping Together

    Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and Snapping Together

    Van der Waals force, which that enables tiny crystals to grow, could be used to design new materials.

    Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth

    Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth

    Scarce compound, vitamin B12, is key for cellular metabolism and may help shape microbial communities that affect environmental cycles and bioenergy production.

    Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More Fatty Molecules

    Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More Fatty Molecules

    New strategy greatly increases the production and secretion of biofuel building block lipids in bacteria able to grow at industrial scales.

    Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition

    Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition

    For the first time, scientists modeled the spontaneous bifurcation of turbulence to high-confinement mode, solving a 35-year-old mystery.

    Launching a Supercomputer: How to Set Up Some of the World's Fastest Computers

    Launching a Supercomputer: How to Set Up Some of the World's Fastest Computers

    Setting up a supercomputer is far more complicated than just bringing it home from the electronics store. Staff members of the Department of Energy's supercomputing user facilities spend years on the process, from laying out requirements through troubleshooting. In the end, they run some of the most powerful computers in the world to help solve some of science's biggest problems.

    A New Oxidation State for Plutonium

    A New Oxidation State for Plutonium

    Plutonium has more verified and accessible oxidation states than any other actinide element, an important insight for energy and security applications.

    A Traffic Cop for Molecules

    A Traffic Cop for Molecules

    Easily manufactured, rigid membranes with ultra-small pores provides to be ultra-selective in separating chemicals.

    Creating a Molecular Super Sponge, From the Ground Up

    Creating a Molecular Super Sponge, From the Ground Up

    A new uranium-based metal-organic framework, NU-1301, could aid energy producers and industry.

    Physicists Move Closer to Listening in on Sub-Atomic Conversation

    Physicists Move Closer to Listening in on Sub-Atomic Conversation

    Calculations of a subatomic particle called the sigma provide insight into the communication between subatomic particles deep inside the heart of matter.

    Meet the Director: Chuck Black

    Meet the Director: Chuck Black

    This is a continuing profile series on the directors of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facilities. These scientists lead a variety of research institutions that provide researchers with the most advanced tools of modern science including accelerators, colliders, supercomputers, light sources and neutron sources, as well as facilities for studying the nano world, the environment, and the atmosphere.