How to Make Soot and Stardust

Scientists unlock mystery that could help reduce emissions of fine particles from combustion engines and other sources.

Breaking the Symmetry Between Fundamental Forces

Scientists improve our understanding of the relationship between fundamental forces by re-creating the earliest moments of the universe.

Water Plays Unexpected Role in Forming Minerals

Water molecules line up tiny particles to attach and form minerals; understanding how this happens impacts energy extraction and storage along with waste disposal.

Heavy Particles Get Caught Up in the Flow

First direct measurement show how heavy particles containing a charm quark get caught up in the flow of early universe particle soup.

Seeing Between the Atoms

New detector enables electron microscope imaging at record-breaking resolution.

Scaling Up Single-Crystal Graphene

New method can make films of atomically thin carbon that are over a foot long.

Discovered: Optimal Magnetic Fields Suppress Instabilities in Tokamak Plasmas

U.S. and Korean scientists show how to find and use beneficial 3-D field perturbations to stabilize dangerous edge-localized modes in plasma.

New Electron Glasses Sharpen Our View of Atomic-Scale Features

A new approach to atom probe tomography promises more precise and accurate measurements vital to semiconductors used in computers, lasers, detectors, and more.

Getting an Up-Close, 3-D View of Gold Nanostars

Scientists can now measure 3-D structures of tiny particles with properties that hold promise for advanced sensors and diagnostics.

Small, Short-Lived Drops of Early Universe Matter

Particle flow patterns suggest even small-scale collisions create drops of early universe quark-gluon plasma.

Tuning Terahertz Beams with Nanoparticles

Scientists uncover a way to control terahertz radiation using tiny engineered particles in a magnetic field, potentially opening the doors for better medical and environmental sensors.

Carbon Nanotubes Give Two Excitons for the Price of One

Efficient generation of photon pairs from modified carbon nanotubes shows path to new types of light sources.

Modular Fluidic System Developed to Supply Radioisotope Used in Targeted Alpha Therapy

Laboratory automation applied to complex radiochemical isolation of astatine-211 from cyclotron-bombarded targets.

Highest Precision Prediction of Muon "Wobble"

Comparing new prediction to measurements of muons' precession could potentially help scientists discover new subatomic particles.

Beautiful Higgs Decays

CMS observes Higgs boson decays into bottom quarks, furthering our knowledge of how the particles that make up matter behave.

ATLAS Experiment Uncovers Higgs Boson Interactions with Heaviest Quarks

New direct evidence for Higgs interactions with top and bottom quarks confirms its role in generating mass for constituents of matter.

KBase: The Department of Energy Systems Biology Knowledgebase

Collaborative, open-source software and data platform accelerates systems biology research.

Protactinium and Its Periodic Intersection

The element's unusual electron structure and behavior are vital to understanding and exploiting the chemical bonding and reactivity of the heavy elements.

Locating the Production Site of Glucan in Grass Cell Walls

Research offers new insights for maximizing sugar production in biofuel crops.

Kernels of Knowledge: How Land-Use Decisions Affect Crop Productivity

Model predicts smaller decrease in total corn yields than previous estimates.

Reducing Friction with an Onion-Like Carbon Material

Researchers developed a new self-generating lubricant with great potential for industrial applications.

Riding the Wave of Liquid:Liquid Interfaces

Crests of watery waves breaking in oil may be the gatekeepers to transport vital chemicals in industrial separation process.

Auroras on the Moon? Which Moon?

Charged particles emanating from Jupiter's magnetosphere are powered up to create the northern and southern lights on Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon.

Higher Plasma Densities, More Efficient Tokamaks

In magnetic confinement fusion devices known as tokamaks, the maximum operational density limits the efficiency and now we know how this limit may be overcome.

Neutral Particle Beams Work Better by Working Smarter

Enabling beams to respond to plasma conditions in real time allows scientists to avoid instabilities and raise performance.