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    Tailoring Materials' Properties for Nuclear Energy

    Tailoring Materials' Properties for Nuclear Energy

    Researchers at Energy Dissipation to Defect Evolution (EDDE) Energy Frontier Research Center

    Microbes Making the Most of Their Energy Sources

    Microbes Making the Most of Their Energy Sources

    Scientists at the BETCy Energy Frontier Research Center explain electron bifurcation, an enigmatic energy-harnessing process in microorganisms, to inform biofuels research.

    Uncrowded Coils

    Uncrowded Coils

    A new fast and robust algorithm for computing stellarator coil shapes yields designs that are easier to build and maintain.

    Fast Electrons and the Seeds of Disruption

    Fast Electrons and the Seeds of Disruption

    Physicists measured fast electron populations. They achieved this first-of-its-kind result by seeing the effect of the fast electrons on the ablation rate of small frozen argon pellets.

    Plasma Turbulence Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors

    Plasma Turbulence Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors

    Heating the core of fusion reactors causes them to develop sheared rotation that can improve plasma performance.

    The Roadmap to Quark Soup

    The Roadmap to Quark Soup

    Scientists discover new signposts in the quest to determine how matter from the early universe turned into the world we know today.

    Neutrons Play the Lead to Protons in Dance Around "Double-Magic" Nucleus

    Neutrons Play the Lead to Protons in Dance Around "Double-Magic" Nucleus

    Electric and magnetic properties of a radioactive atom provide unique insight into the nature of proton and neutron motion.

    Ultrafast Imaging Reveals the Electron's New Clothes

    Ultrafast Imaging Reveals the Electron's New Clothes

    Scientists use high-speed electrons to visualize "dress-like" distortions in the atomic lattice. This work reveals the vital role of electron-lattice interactions in manganites. This material could be used in data-storage devices with increased data density and reduced power requirements.

    One Small Change Makes Solar Cells More Efficient

    One Small Change Makes Solar Cells More Efficient

    For years, scientists have explored using tiny drops of designer materials, called quantum dots, to make better solar cells. Adding small amounts of manganese decreases the ability of quantum dots to absorb light but increases the current produced by an average of 300%.

    Electronic "Cyclones" at the Nanoscale

    Electronic "Cyclones" at the Nanoscale

    Through highly controlled synthesis, scientists controlled competing atomic forces to let spiral electronic structures form. These polar vortices can serve as a precursor to new phenomena in materials. The materials could be vital for ultra-low energy electronic devices.

    In a Flash! A New Way for Making Ceramics

    In a Flash! A New Way for Making Ceramics

    A new process controllably but instantly consolidates ceramic parts, potentially important for manufacturing.

    Deciphering Material Properties at the Single-Atom Level

    Deciphering Material Properties at the Single-Atom Level

    Scientists determine the precise location and identity of all 23,000 atoms in a nanoparticle.

    Smallest Transistor Ever

    Smallest Transistor Ever

    It has long been thought that building nanometer-sized transistors was impossible. Simply put, the physics and atomic structural imperfections couldn't be overcome. However, scientists built fully functional, nanometer-sized transistors.

    Creation of Artificial Atoms

    Creation of Artificial Atoms

    For the first time, scientists created a tunable artificial atom in graphene. The results from this research demonstrate a viable, controllable, and reversible technique to confine electrons in graphene.

    Developing Tools to Understand Lithium-Ion Battery Instabilities

    Developing Tools to Understand Lithium-Ion Battery Instabilities

    Scientists develop tools to understand Li-ion battery instabilities, enabling the study of electrodes and solid-electrolyte interphase formation.

    Skyrmions Created with a Special Spiral

    Skyrmions Created with a Special Spiral

    Researchers at Argonne have found a way to control the creation of special textured surfaces, called skyrmions, in magnetically ordered materials.

    How Did the Proton Get Its Spin?

    How Did the Proton Get Its Spin?

    Scientists once thought proton spin was simple to understand. However, after experiments in the 1980s proved their ideas wrong, researchers have been working to understand how the proton's components contribute to its spin. Scientists use the unique capabilities of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, both DOE Office of Science user facilities, to explore this fundamental phenomenon.

    Modeling the "Flicker" of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups

    Modeling the "Flicker" of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups

    A new model identifies a high degree of fluctuations in the glue-like particles that bind quarks within protons as essential to explaining proton structure.

    Rare Nickel Atom Has "Doubly Magic" Structure

    Rare Nickel Atom Has "Doubly Magic" Structure

    Supercomputing calculations confirm that rare nickel-78 has unusual structure, offering insights into supernovas.

    Microbial Activity in the Subsurface Contributes to Greenhouse Gas Fluxes

    Microbial Activity in the Subsurface Contributes to Greenhouse Gas Fluxes

    Natural carbon dioxide production from deep subsurface soils contributes significantly to emissions, even in a semiarid floodplain.

    Stretching a Metal Into an Insulator

    Stretching a Metal Into an Insulator

    Straining a thin film controllably allows tuning of the materials' magnetic, electronic, and catalytic properties, essential for new energy and electronic devices.

    How Moisture Affects the Way Soil Microbes Breathe

    How Moisture Affects the Way Soil Microbes Breathe

    Study models soil-pore features that hold or release carbon dioxide.

    ARM Data Is for the Birds

    ARM Data Is for the Birds

    Scientists use LIDAR and radar data to study bird migration patterns, thanks to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility.

    Microbial Community Interactions Drive Methane Consumption in Lakes

    Microbial Community Interactions Drive Methane Consumption in Lakes

    Understanding interactions among organisms in complex microbial communities sheds new light on a globally significant environmental process.

    New CRISPR-Cas, Gene Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset

    New CRISPR-Cas, Gene Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset

    Researchers discover the first CRISPR-Cas9 system in archaea, which may enable new technologies for biological research.