Analyses of natural communities forming soil crusts agree with laboratory studies of isolated microbe-metabolite relationships.
Evidence suggests that biorefineries can accept various feedstocks without negatively impacting the amount of ethanol produced per acre.
New, easily prepared starting material opens access to learning more about a difficult-to-control element in nuclear waste.
New design coats molecular components and dramatically improves stability under tough, oxidizing conditions.
A new chemical process converts a component of wasted wood pulp and other biomass into high-value pressure-sensitive adhesives.
Scientists revise understanding of the limits of bonding for very electron-rich heavy elements.
Measuring the physical properties of water at previously unexplored temperatures offers insights into one of the world's essential liquids.
A large-scale soil project uncovered genetic information from bacteria with the capacity to make specialized molecules that could lead to new pharmaceuticals.
Experimental warming treatments show how peatland forests may respond to future environmental change.
A trio of scientists was recognized for their early career successes in uncovering how microbes produce fuel, insights that could change our energy portfolio
Signaling mechanism details discovered, potentially leading to strategies to engineer plants that make more bio-oil.
Researchers demonstrated cryogen-free operation of a superconducting radio-frequency cavity that might ease barriers to its use in societal applications.
New studies identify key molecular characteristics to potentially separate rare earth metals cleanly and efficiently with light.
Precise positioning of oxygens could help engineer faster, more efficient energy-relevant chemical transformations.
Scientists unlock mystery that could help reduce emissions of fine particles from combustion engines and other sources.
Scientists improve our understanding of the relationship between fundamental forces by re-creating the earliest moments of the universe.
Water molecules line up tiny particles to attach and form minerals; understanding how this happens impacts energy extraction and storage along with waste disposal.
First direct measurement show how heavy particles containing a charm quark get caught up in the flow of early universe particle soup.
New detector enables electron microscope imaging at record-breaking resolution.
New method can make films of atomically thin carbon that are over a foot long.
U.S. and Korean scientists show how to find and use beneficial 3-D field perturbations to stabilize dangerous edge-localized modes in plasma.
A new approach to atom probe tomography promises more precise and accurate measurements vital to semiconductors used in computers, lasers, detectors, and more.
Scientists can now measure 3-D structures of tiny particles with properties that hold promise for advanced sensors and diagnostics.
Particle flow patterns suggest even small-scale collisions create drops of early universe quark-gluon plasma.
Scientists uncover a way to control terahertz radiation using tiny engineered particles in a magnetic field, potentially opening the doors for better medical and environmental sensors.