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  • Embargo expired:
    20-Mar-2019 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 709784

The Best Topological Conductor Yet: Spiraling Crystal Is the Key to Exotic Discovery

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A team of researchers working at Berkeley Lab has discovered the strongest topological conductor yet, in the form of thin crystal samples that have a spiral-staircase structure. The team’s result is reported in the March 20 edition of the journal Nature.

Released:
18-Mar-2019 4:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 709721

Bright Skies for Plant-Based Jet Fuels

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

With an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. However, a new analysis by scientists at Berkeley Lab shows that sustainable plant-based bio-jet fuels could provide a competitive alternative to conventional fuels if current development and scale-up initiatives continue to push ahead successfully.

Released:
18-Mar-2019 6:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 709681

Uncovering Uncultivated Microbes in the Human Gut

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A human’s health is shaped both by environmental factors and the body’s interactions with the microbiome, particularly in the gut. Genome sequences are critical for characterizing individual microbes and understanding their functional roles. However, previous studies have estimated that only 50 percent of species in the gut microbiome have a sequenced genome, in part because many species have not yet been cultivated for study.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 6:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Mar-2019 12:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 709311

Nature’s Own Biorefinery

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

New research from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory shows how the long-horned passalid beetle has a hardy digestive tract with microbes to thank for turning its woody diet into energy, food for its young, and nutrients for forest growth. These insights into how the beetle and its distinct microbiome have co-evolved provide a roadmap for the production of affordable, nature-derived fuels and bioproducts.

Released:
7-Mar-2019 9:00 AM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    8-Mar-2019 8:00 AM EST

Article ID: 709308

Scientists Take a Deep Dive Into the Imperfect World of 2D Materials

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A team led by scientists at Berkeley Lab has learned how natural nanoscale defects can enhance the properties of tungsten disulfide, a 2D material.

Released:
7-Mar-2019 11:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 709251

When Semiconductors Stick Together, Materials Go Quantum

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A team led by DOE’s Berkeley Lab has developed a method that could turn ordinary semiconducting materials into quantum machines – devices marked by extraordinary electronic behavior that could help to revolutionize a number of industries aiming for energy-efficient electronic systems.

Released:
7-Mar-2019 10:15 AM EST
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Article ID: 709241

Using Tiny Organisms to Unlock Big Environmental Mysteries

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

When you hear about the biological processes that influence climate and the environment, such as carbon fixation or nitrogen recycling, it’s easy to think of them as abstract and incomprehensibly large-scale phenomena. Yet parts of these planet-wide processes are actually driven by the tangible actions of organisms at every scale of life, beginning at the smallest: the microorganisms living in the air, soil, and water. And now Berkeley Lab researchers have made it easier than ever to study these microbial communities by creating an optimized DNA analysis technique.

Released:
7-Mar-2019 8:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 709050

How to Catch a Magnetic Monopole in the Act

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A research team led by the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has created a nanoscale “playground” on a chip that simulates the formation of exotic magnetic particles called monopoles. The study could unlock the secrets to ever-smaller, more powerful memory devices.

Released:
4-Mar-2019 2:00 PM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    25-Feb-2019 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 708576

Laser ‘Drill’ Sets a New World Record in Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Combining a first laser pulse to heat up and “drill” through a plasma, and another to accelerate electrons to incredibly high energies in just tens of centimeters, scientists have nearly doubled the previous record for laser-driven particle acceleration at Berkeley Lab’s BELLA Center.

Released:
22-Feb-2019 3:00 PM EST

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