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Article ID: 705457

Face Masks May Protect Hog Farm Workers and Their Household Members From Staph Bacteria

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Face masks appear to provide important protection against drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria for hog farm workers and for household members to whom they might otherwise transmit the bacteria, according to a study led by scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 3:30 PM EST
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Article ID: 705453

Genetically modified pigs resist infection with the classical swine fever virus

PLOS

Researchers have developed genetically modified pigs that are protected from classical swine fever virus (CSFV), according to a study published December 13 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Hongsheng Ouyang of Jilin University, and colleagues. As noted by the authors, these pigs offer potential benefits over commercial vaccination and could reduce economic losses related to classical swine fever.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 2:05 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    13-Dec-2018 2:00 PM EST

Article ID: 704976

Control HIV by treating schistosomiasis, new study suggests

PLOS

Of the 34 million people worldwide with HIV, and the 200 million with schistosomiasis, the majority live in Africa— where millions of people are simultaneously infected with both diseases. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have shown that schistosomiasis infections are associated with increased HIV onward transmission, HIV acquisition in HIV negative women with urogenital schistosomiasis, and progression to death in HIV positive women.

Released:
5-Dec-2018 12:45 PM EST
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Article ID: 705426

Integrated Data Vital in Stopping Spread of TB

University of Manitoba

Manitoba has the highest provincial incident rate of active tuberculosis (TB) in Canada, and stopping its spread depends on, among other things, the availability of high-quality, comprehensive data to ensure early and complete treatment, according to a new study by the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP) at the University of Manitoba.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 1:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705422

Cancer patients face higher risk for shingles, new vaccines hold promise for prevention

Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)

People newly diagnosed with cancer, particularly blood cancers, and those treated with chemotherapy have a greater risk of developing shingles, according to a new study in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. The findings may help guide efforts to prevent the often painful skin condition in cancer patients through the use of new vaccines. The large prospective study expands on previous research by examining the risk of shingles before and after a new cancer diagnosis and across a range of cancer types among approximately 240,000 adults in Australia from 2006 to 2015.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 12:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 705423

Kennesaw State University researcher awarded NIH grant to improve gene-editing technology delivery

Kennesaw State University

Kennesaw State University researcher Daniel Morris recently received a three-year $403,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to improve the delivery of protein therapeutics and the CRISPR/Cas gene-editing technology to living cells.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 12:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 705363

In Mice, Johns Hopkins Researchers Find the Cause of and Cure for Brain Injury Associated With Gut Condition in Preemies

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Using a mouse model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) — a potentially fatal condition that causes a premature infant’s gut to suddenly die — researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have uncovered the molecular causes of the condition and its associated brain injury. The discovery enabled the team to combine efforts with colleagues studying brain inflammation and to identify potential drugs that reverse the brain injury in mice.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 12:00 PM EST
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Article ID: 705402

The “Greying” of T Cells

Harvard Medical School

Research in mouse cells identifies defective metabolic pathway in aging immune T cells. The pathway is critical for switching T cells from dormancy into illness-fighting mode. In experiments, researchers restored lagging T-cell function by adding small-molecule compounds. Findings suggest possible mechanism behind weakened immunity common in the elderly.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 11:15 AM EST

Article ID: 705414

Poison Control Expert Available to Discuss CDC’s Warning Against Eating Raw Cookie Dough

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A Rutgers University poison control expert is available to discuss the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s warning about the dangers of tasting raw cookie dough.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 11:05 AM EST

Article ID: 705407

Ebola-Fighting Protein Discovered in Human Cells

Northwestern University

Ebola virus (green) infects human cells much more easily when you remove the protective RBBP6 protein (compare left to right). Researchers have discovered a human protein that helps fight the Ebola virus and could one day lead to an effective therapy against the deadly disease, according to a new study from Northwestern University, Georgia State University, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and the Gladstone Institutes published today, Dec.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 11:05 AM EST

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