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Medicine

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addiction treatment, Prisons, Jails, Opioid, Methadone

Study Finds Opportunity to Increase Opioid Dependence Treatment in Ontario Jails

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The study included completion of an online survey by 27 physicians, who reported working in 15 of 26 provincial correctional facilities for adults in Ontario. This included 10 of the 13 facilities with a population of more than 200. The study identified that about half of the physicians prescribed methadone and half prescribed buprenorphine/naloxone to treat opioid dependence.

Science

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Food Waste, Food Science

Clean Plates Much More Common When We Eat at Home

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When people eat at home, there’s typically not much left on their plates – and that means there’s likely less going to landfills, according to new research from The Ohio State University.

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Brain Imaging Helps Redefine Intelligence

NYU Langone study offers the first solid evidence that functional MRI scans of brain entropy are a new means to understanding human intelligence.

Medicine

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Bed Bug, Histamine, Allegens, Asthma

Bed Bug Histamines Are Substantial, Persistent in Infested Homes

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Nuisance pest into medically important threat? A North Carolina State University study shows that histamine levels are substantially higher in homes infested by bed bugs than in pest-free homes, and that these histamine levels persist for months – even if the bed bugs have been eliminated from the home.

Science

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Disaster Recovery, Hurricance, Flooding

Researchers Compare Pollution Levels Before And After Hurricane Harvey

Although understanding the wide-ranging effects of disasters is vital for an effective public health response, a lack of baseline data has made it difficult to attribute post-disaster changes in environmental conditions to the impacts of disasters.

Science

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Climate Change, Endangered Animals, Threatened and endangered species, Sea Turtles, Female-biased species, Extinction, Genotyping, turtle eggs, turtle hatchlings, Paternity, animal reproductive behavior, Loggerhead Turtles, Conservation, Conservation Biology

Who’s Your Daddy? Good News for Threatened Sea Turtles

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A groundbreaking study of sea turtle nests and hatchlings using paternity tests to uncover “who are your daddies?” is the first to document multiple paternity in loggerhead sea turtle nests in southwest Florida. What started out as a study on female sea turtle promiscuity is proving to be very good news for this female-biased species facing rising risks of extinction due to climate change.

Medicine

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Cancer, Pharmaceticals, biomedical databases, Genetic Markers

Matchmaking for Cancer Care

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Computer scientists from the University of Delaware and Georgetown University have developed a new system to rapidly determine which cancer drugs are likely to work best given genetic markers for a patent – the first publicly available system of its kind.

Science

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Stem Cells, Stem Cell Research, Motor Neurons, motor neuron formation, Neurobiolgy, Neurodevelopment, Neurodegeneration, spinal cord and brain injury, Neurobiological Development, Embryonic Development, Computer Science, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Genetics

Research Uncovers Gene Network That Regulates Motor Neuron Formation During Embryonic Development

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UCLA researchers have discovered the inner workings of a gene network that regulates the development of spinal motor neurons in the growing chicken and mouse embryo. The research also answers a long-standing question about why motor neurons, the nerve cells of the spinal cord that control muscle movement, form much faster than other types of neurons.

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Urban Foxes and Coyotes Learn to Set Aside Their Differences and Coexist

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Diverging from centuries of established behavioral norms, red fox and coyote have gone against their wild instincts and learned to coexist in the urban environment of Madison and the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus, according to a recently published study in the journal PLOS One.

Science

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plant bacteria, Plant Biology, Auxin, Auxin Synthesis, plant pathogens, Plant Pathogen, Plant Pathology, hormone synthesis , Salicylic Acid, Biochemistry, Molecular Genetics

Plotting the Path of Plant Pathogens

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In a sneak attack, some pathogenic microbes manipulate plant hormones to gain access to their hosts undetected. Biologists at Washington University in St. Louis have exposed one such interloper by characterizing the unique biochemical pathway it uses to synthesize auxin, a central hormone in plant development.In a paper published in the Jan.







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