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Article ID: 702503

PTSD symptoms improve when patient chooses form of treatment, study shows

University of Washington

A study led by the University of Washington is the first large-scale trial of hundreds of PTSD patients, including veterans and survivors of sexual assault, to measure whether patient preference in the course of treatment impacts the effectiveness of a type of cognitive behavioral therapy and use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, a type of antidepressant often prescribed for PTSD.

Released:
19-Oct-2018 12:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 702488

Making Gene Therapy Delivery Safer and More Efficient

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Viral vectors used to deliver gene therapies undergo spontaneous changes during manufacturing which affects their structure and function. As gene therapy approaches become more common for treating disease, managing consistency of the molecular makeup of the virus particles that deliver genes is a key concern in manufacturing on a larger scale.

Released:
19-Oct-2018 11:05 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    19-Oct-2018 5:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702396

Scientists Find Brain Signal That Might Help Us Judge the Holiday Buffet

Johns Hopkins University

Neuroscientists have found a brain region that appears to be strongly connected to food preference decisions, like what to choose from a buffet or potluck.

Released:
17-Oct-2018 4:30 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    19-Oct-2018 12:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 702245

1 in 4 @JUULvapor Tweeps is Underage, a #PublicHealth Concern

Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

E-cigarette brand JUUL’s Twitter handle is attracting adolescents to the point that at least a quarter of its followers appear to be under age 18. Many of these minors – to whom it is illegal to sell nicotine-delivery products – are retweeting JUUL’s messages, amplifying its advertisements.

Released:
16-Oct-2018 10:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 702460

NIH awards Indiana University $1.55M to improve chronic-disease management

Indiana University

The National Institutes of Health have awarded Indiana University $1.55 million to support the creation of myAURA, an easy-to-use web service for epilepsy patients.

Released:
18-Oct-2018 5:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 3:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 702250

Scientists grow functioning human neural networks in 3D from stem cells

Tufts University

A team of Tufts University-led researchers has developed three-dimensional (3D) human tissue culture models for the central nervous system that mimic structural and functional features of the brain and demonstrate neural activity sustained over a period of many months.

Released:
15-Oct-2018 5:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 702421

3-D Printed Prototype Sets the Stage for Bionic Eye Replacements

National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Researchers at the University of Minnesota, with support from NIBIB, used a 3-D bioprinting technique to print photordetectors onto a curved surface. Through the combination of design innovation and the use of materials—including synthetic conducting polymers, functional electronics, and biological tissue—the team is creating prototypes of multiple replacement body parts, including skin, ears, spinal cord, and now a bionic eye.

Released:
18-Oct-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 702409

Medicating Distress: Risky Sedative Prescriptions for Older Adults Vary Widely

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study shows wide variation in prescriptions of sedative drugs, called benzodiazepines, to people with Medicare coverage. Some counties, especially in southern and rural western states, had three times the level of sedative prescribing as others. The study also highlights gaps at the level of individual prescribers: Some primary care providers prescribed sedatives more than six times more often than their peers.

Released:
18-Oct-2018 9:55 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702172

Researchers Describe Novel Immune Syndrome

The Rockefeller University Press

Researchers from Australia and Japan have discovered a new human immunodeficiency syndrome in two patients on separate continents. The study, which will be published October 18 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, reveals that a mutation in a gene called IKBKB disrupts the immune system, leading to excessive inflammation and the loss of both T and B white blood cells.

Released:
15-Oct-2018 9:45 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702253

Adding Flavors to E-Cigarette Liquids Changes Chemistry, Creates Irritants

Duke Health

New research from Duke and Yale universities shows flavorings are transforming more than marketing. The chemical additives react to e-liquid, or e-juice, creating new compounds that could trigger irritation and inflammation when inhaled.

Released:
16-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT

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