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Released: 15-Jan-2021 5:40 PM EST
Research Links Social Isolation to COVID-19 Protocol Resistance
Humboldt State University

As health officials continue to implore the public to wear masks and practice social distancing, recent research by Humboldt State University Psychology Professor Amber Gaffney provides key insights into connections between social isolation, conspiratorial thinking, and resistance to COVID-19 protocols.

Released: 15-Jan-2021 4:40 PM EST
Drug-Induced Liver Injury, Translational microRNA Biomarkers, and More Featured in January 2021 Toxicological Sciences
Society of Toxicology

in the January 2021 issue, Toxicological Sciences offers an engaging slate of research in toxicology, from endocrine toxicology and biomarkers to genetic and epigenetic toxicology and mixtures toxicology.

Newswise: Conductive nature in crystal structures revealed at magnification of 10 million times
Released: 15-Jan-2021 3:05 PM EST
Conductive nature in crystal structures revealed at magnification of 10 million times
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

In groundbreaking materials research, a team led by University of Minnesota Professor K. Andre Mkhoyan has made a discovery that blends the best of two sought-after qualities for touchscreens and smart windows—transparency and conductivity.

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Newswise: Researchers Use Supercomputers to Better Understand the Sun’s Corona
Released: 15-Jan-2021 1:45 PM EST
Researchers Use Supercomputers to Better Understand the Sun’s Corona
University of California San Diego

As worldwide mandates prevented gatherings over the holiday season, crowds in Chile and Argentina donned masks and eye shields to take in some outdoor magic: a two-minute solar eclipse on December 14. A week before however, everyone had a chance to see what the eclipse might look like thanks to simulations generated on the recently launched 'Expanse' supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego.

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Released: 15-Jan-2021 1:15 PM EST
Snakes evolve a magnetic way to be resistant to venom
University of Queensland

Certain snakes have evolved a unique genetic trick to avoid being eaten by venomous snakes, according to University of Queensland research.

Newswise: Howard University Professor to Receive First Joseph A. Johnson Award
Released: 15-Jan-2021 1:10 PM EST
Howard University Professor to Receive First Joseph A. Johnson Award
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The American Institute of Physics and the National Society of Black Physicists congratulate physicist Thomas A. Searles as the winner of the inaugural Joseph A. Johnson III Award for Excellence. Named to honor the legacy of the renowned experimental physicist and founder of NSBP, the Joseph A. Johnson III Award will be given annually to recognize an early career NSBP physicist who exemplifies Johnson’s ingenuity as a scientist and passion for mentorship and service.

Released: 15-Jan-2021 12:50 PM EST
Changing resilience of oceans to climate change
University of Exeter

Oxygen levels in the ancient oceans were surprisingly resilient to climate change, new research suggests.

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Released: 15-Jan-2021 12:30 PM EST
Are partially protected areas the 'red herrings' of marine conservation?
University of New South Wales

Partially protected areas - marine reserves that allow some forms of fishing - are no more effective socially or ecologically than open marine areas in Australia's Great Southern Reef, a new UNSW study has concluded.

Released: 15-Jan-2021 12:30 PM EST
Fight CRC To Present Research Findings on The Impact of COVID-19 on the Colorectal Cancer Community at 2021 GI ASCO
Fight Colorectal Cancer

Fight Colorectal Cancer presents abstract at Gastrointestinal Cancer Symposium highlighting the need to address the barriers and opportunities for care within the colorectal cancer community during the COVID-19 pandemic

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Released: 15-Jan-2021 12:25 PM EST
Divergences between scientific and Indigenous and Local Knowledge can be helpful
University of Helsinki

Divergences between scientific and Indigenous and Local Knowledge can provide a better understanding of why local pastoralists may be willing, or not, to participate in conservation initiatives for carnivores, a study from University of Helsinki suggests.

Newswise: Renowned fusion laboratory honors pioneering physicist Richard J. Hawryluk
Released: 15-Jan-2021 12:15 PM EST
Renowned fusion laboratory honors pioneering physicist Richard J. Hawryluk
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

PPPL names main conference room for physicist Richard J. Hawryluk, a Laboratory guiding light for more than 40 years.

Newswise: 253677_web.jpg
Released: 15-Jan-2021 11:55 AM EST
Artificial Intelligence beats us in chess, but not in memory
Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati

In the last decades, Artificial Intelligence has shown to be very good at achieving exceptional goals in several fields.

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 19-Jan-2021 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 15-Jan-2021 10:10 AM EST

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Newswise: Back to the Beginning: Probing the First Galaxies with Webb
Released: 15-Jan-2021 10:05 AM EST
Back to the Beginning: Probing the First Galaxies with Webb
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

A large, ambitious, deep-sky survey totaling nearly 800 hours of observing time with NASA's James Webb Space Telescope will trace the formation and evolution of the first galaxies in what is possibly the cosmos' busiest star-forming period.

Newswise: Study: X-Rays Surrounding ‘Magnificent 7’ May Be Traces of Sought-After Particle
Released: 15-Jan-2021 10:00 AM EST
Study: X-Rays Surrounding ‘Magnificent 7’ May Be Traces of Sought-After Particle
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new study, led by a theoretical physicist at Berkeley Lab, suggests that never-before-observed particles called axions may be the source of unexplained, high-energy X-ray emissions surrounding a group of neutron stars.

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Embargo will expire: 19-Jan-2021 7:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 15-Jan-2021 9:55 AM EST

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Newswise: Accounting for the gaps in ancient food webs
12-Jan-2021 4:05 PM EST
Accounting for the gaps in ancient food webs
Santa Fe Institute

Studying ancient food webs can help scientists reconstruct communities of species, many long extinct, and even use those insights to figure out how modern-day communities might change in the future. There’s just one problem: only some species left enough of a trace for scientists to find eons later, leaving large gaps in the fossil record — and researchers’ ability to piece together the food webs from the past. A new paper shines a light on those gaps and points the way to how to account for them.

Released: 14-Jan-2021 4:45 PM EST
Toadlet Peptide Transforms Into a Deadly Weapon Against Bacteria
American Technion Society

An international team of researchers has discovered remarkable molecular properties of an antimicrobial peptide from the skin of the Australian toadlet. The discovery could inspire the development of novel synthetic drugs to combat bacterial infections.

Newswise: Astronomers document the rise and fall of a rarely observed stellar dance
Released: 14-Jan-2021 4:45 PM EST
Astronomers document the rise and fall of a rarely observed stellar dance
University of Washington

Astronomers have catalogued 126 years of changes to HS Hydrae, a rare evolving eclipsing binary. The two stars in HS Hydrae began to eclipse each other starting around a century ago, peaking in the 1960s. The degree of eclipsing then plummeted over the course of just a half century, and will cease around Feb. 2021.

Newswise:Video Embedded researchers-rewind-the-clock-to-calculate-age-and-site-of-supernova-blast
VIDEO
Released: 14-Jan-2021 4:30 PM EST
Researchers Rewind the Clock to Calculate Age and Site of Supernova Blast
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Hubble astronomers have retraced the expanding gaseous debris from a nearby exploded star to estimate the location and time of the stellar detonation. Their analysis reveals that the light from the supernova blast reached Earth about 1,700 years ago.

Newswise: University of Chicago undergrads discover bright lensed galaxy in the early universe, despite pandemic barriers
Released: 14-Jan-2021 3:35 PM EST
University of Chicago undergrads discover bright lensed galaxy in the early universe, despite pandemic barriers
University of Chicago

A class of undergraduate astrophysics students at the University of Chicago helped discover a galaxy that dates back to a time when the universe was only 1.2 billion years old, about one-tenth of its current age.

Newswise: S&T Joins Coalition Seeking to ‘Flush’ out COVID-19 in Wastewater
Released: 14-Jan-2021 2:40 PM EST
S&T Joins Coalition Seeking to ‘Flush’ out COVID-19 in Wastewater
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

S&T is working with NIST and the University of Louisville to develop guidelines to standardize Wastewater-Based Epidemiology testing methods nationwide.

Newswise: A dozen not-to-be-missed 2020 stories from PPPL
Released: 14-Jan-2021 2:25 PM EST
A dozen not-to-be-missed 2020 stories from PPPL
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Article displays 12 research and development highlights published by PPPL in 2020.

Newswise: NASA product tracks global growing seasons
Released: 14-Jan-2021 2:25 PM EST
NASA product tracks global growing seasons
South Dakota State University

Scientists can track the growing season globally for free through the NASA land surface phenology project.

12-Jan-2021 8:45 AM EST
Foraging humans, mammals and birds who live in the same place behave similarly
University of Bristol

Foraging humans find food, reproduce, share parenting, and even organise their social groups in similar ways as surrounding mammal and bird species, depending on where they live in the world, new research has found.

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Embargo will expire: 19-Jan-2021 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 14-Jan-2021 1:35 PM EST

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Newswise: Borrowing from birds, experts reduce search times for novel high-entropy alloys to seconds
Released: 14-Jan-2021 1:10 PM EST
Borrowing from birds, experts reduce search times for novel high-entropy alloys to seconds
Ames Laboratory

Computational materials science experts at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory enhanced an algorithm that borrows its approach from the nesting habits of cuckoo birds, reducing the search time for new high-tech alloys from weeks to mere seconds.

Newswise: January Snapshots: CO2 removal, water-splitting, battery mystery, thirdhand smoke remediation
14-Jan-2021 7:00 AM EST
January Snapshots: CO2 removal, water-splitting, battery mystery, thirdhand smoke remediation
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

January Snapshots: CO2 removal, water-splitting, battery mystery, thirdhand smoke remediation

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Embargo will expire: 18-Jan-2021 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 14-Jan-2021 12:50 PM EST

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Newswise: 253482_web.jpg
Released: 14-Jan-2021 12:35 PM EST
Rare quadruple-helix DNA found in living human cells with glowing probes
Imperial College London

New probes allow scientists to see four-stranded DNA interacting with molecules inside living human cells, unravelling its role in cellular processes.

Newswise: 253491_web.jpg
Released: 14-Jan-2021 12:25 PM EST
Scientists discover new 'spectacular' bat from West Africa
American Museum of Natural History

A group of scientists led by the American Museum of Natural History and Bat Conservation International have discovered a new species of a striking orange and black bat in a mountain range in West Africa.

Newswise: Reverse engineering 3D chromosome models for individual cells
Released: 14-Jan-2021 12:10 PM EST
Reverse engineering 3D chromosome models for individual cells
University of Illinois at Chicago

A new computational technique that uses heat map data to reverse engineer highly detailed models of chromosomes. Through this work, researchers have uncovered new information about the close spatial relationships that chromatin folding creates between genes that can be highly distant from one another along DNA strands.

Newswise: 253533_web.jpg
Released: 14-Jan-2021 11:55 AM EST
Scientists are a step closer to developing 'smart' stem cells - made from human fat
University of New South Wales

A new type of stem cell - that is, a cell with regenerative abilities - could be closer on the horizon, a new study led by UNSW Sydney shows.

Newswise: UNC Charlotte’s Energy Production and Infrastructure Center is One of 10 Selected Nationwide for U.S. Department of Energy Award
Released: 14-Jan-2021 11:35 AM EST
UNC Charlotte’s Energy Production and Infrastructure Center is One of 10 Selected Nationwide for U.S. Department of Energy Award
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

UNC Charlotte's Energy Production and Infrastructure Center (EPIC) has been selected for a $3.6 million award from the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies Office (SETO) to improve the resilience and reliability of the regional grid.

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Released: 14-Jan-2021 11:30 AM EST
Human-induced climate change caused the northwestern Pacific warming record in August 2020
National Institute for Environmental Studies

August 2020 set new record high sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and around the Japan coasts.

Released: 14-Jan-2021 11:25 AM EST
Cancer Models Created by Mechanical Engineers Offer New Insight Into Tumor Growth
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

In research published today in Integrative Biology, a team of engineers from Rensselaer developed an in vitro — in the lab — lymphatic vessel model to study the growth of tumor emboli, collections of tumor cells within vessels that are often associated with increased metastasis and tumor recurrence.

Newswise: noirlab2106a.jpg
Released: 14-Jan-2021 11:05 AM EST
Shining a New Light on Dark Energy
NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory

The Dark Energy Survey has released a massive, public collection of astronomical data and calibrated images from six years of work. Containing data on nearly 700 million astronomical objects, this second data release in the Survey’s seven-year history is the topic of sessions today and tomorrow at the 237th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society [1].

Newswise: Dark Energy Survey makes public catalog of nearly 700 million astronomical objects
Released: 14-Jan-2021 11:00 AM EST
Dark Energy Survey makes public catalog of nearly 700 million astronomical objects
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

The international collaboration, including Fermilab, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, NOIRLab and others, releases a massive, public collection of astronomical data and calibrated images from six years of surveys. This data release is one of the largest astronomical catalogs issued to date.

Newswise: New method makes better predictions of material properties using low quality data
11-Jan-2021 4:30 PM EST
New method makes better predictions of material properties using low quality data
University of California San Diego

By combining large amounts of low-fidelity data with smaller quantities of high-fidelity data, nanoengineers at UC San Diego have developed a machine learning method to more accurately predict the properties of new materials including, for the first time, disordered materials.

Newswise: 253478_web.jpg
Released: 14-Jan-2021 10:35 AM EST
Scientists discover the secret of Galápagos' rich ecosystem
University of Southampton

New research has unlocked the mystery of how the Galápagos Islands, a rocky, volcanic outcrop, with only modest rainfall and vegetation, is able to sustain its unique wildlife habitats.

Newswise: 2020-01-08-8936-0015-hr.jpg
Released: 14-Jan-2021 10:30 AM EST
Science Begins at Brookhaven Lab's New Cryo-EM Research Facility
Brookhaven National Laboratory

On January 8, 2021, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory welcomed the first virtually visiting researchers to the Laboratory for BioMolecular Structure (LBMS), a new cryo-electron microscopy facility.

Released: 14-Jan-2021 10:25 AM EST
Nominations Still Accepted for 2021 Andrew Gemant Award
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The American Institute of Physics is still accepting nominations for the 2021 Andrew Gemant Award. The deadline to apply is Jan. 31, 2021. The Gemant Award is presented every year and recognizes the accomplishments of a person who has made significant contributions to the cultural, artistic, or humanistic dimension of physics. Self-nominations are permitted, and nominations of women, members of underrepresented minority groups, and scientists from outside the United States are encouraged.

Newswise: New Classification Marks Paradigm Shift in how Conservationists Tackle Climate Change
Released: 14-Jan-2021 10:15 AM EST
New Classification Marks Paradigm Shift in how Conservationists Tackle Climate Change
Wildlife Conservation Society

A new study introduces a classification called Resistance-Resilience-Transformation (RRT) that enables the assessment of whether and to what extent a management shift toward transformative action is occurring in conservation.


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