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Released: 1-Oct-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Alien species to increase by 36% worldwide by 2050
University College London

The number of alien (non-native) species, particularly insects, arthropods and birds, is expected to increase globally by 36% by the middle of this century, compared to 2005, finds new research by an international team involving UCL.

Newswise: 244626_web.jpg
Released: 1-Oct-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Carb-eating bacteria under viral threat
University of California, Riverside

Strictly speaking, humans cannot digest complex carbohydrates -- that's the job of bacteria in our large intestines. UC Riverside scientists have just discovered a new group of viruses that attack these bacteria.

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30-Sep-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Influence of bots on spreading vaccine information not as big as you think
University of Sydney

The role of bots in spreading vaccine-critical information on Twitter is limited, and rarely cross paths with active Twitter users, finds study led by University of Sydney.

Released: 1-Oct-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Decent living for all does not have to cost the Earth
University of Leeds

Global energy consumption in 2050 could be reduced to the levels of the 1960s and still provide a decent standard of living for a population three times larger, according to a new study.

Newswise: Shedding Light on Stellar Evolution
Released: 1-Oct-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Shedding Light on Stellar Evolution
Department of Energy, Office of Science

After burning their fuel, most stars become white dwarf stars. The high-energy-density states in these stars are extremely difficult to reach and characterize in the laboratory. Now, scientists have conducted new experiments on these high-pressure conditions using the world’s most energetic laser.

Newswise: Promising COVID-19 Rapid Test Technology Enters Phase 1 of NIH Challenge
Released: 1-Oct-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Promising COVID-19 Rapid Test Technology Enters Phase 1 of NIH Challenge
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

A promising new COVID-19 rapid-testing technology platform developed by Rover Diagnostics and Columbia Engineering has been selected by the NIH to enter Phase 1 of the RADx initiative to support new COVID-19 testing technologies. The affordable, portable, and ultrafast point-of-care Rover platform provides reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction results in eight minutes, faster than any other test of its kind, with targeted accuracy to match laboratory-based tests.

Released: 1-Oct-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Joanne Chory wins the 2020 Pearl Meister Greengard Prize
Rockefeller University

oanne Chory, who pioneered the application of molecular genetics to plant biology and transformed our understanding of photosynthesis, will receive the 2020 Pearl Meister Greengard Prize, the preeminent international award recognizing outstanding women scientists.

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VIDEO
28-Sep-2020 4:55 PM EDT
How Cells Build Organisms
Harvard Medical School

Harvard scientists discovered a key control mechanism that cells use to self-organize in early embryonic development. The findings shed light on a process fundamental to multicellular life and open new avenues for improved tissue and organ engineering .

Newswise: Building an antiracist lab: Scientists offer steps to take action now
30-Sep-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Building an antiracist lab: Scientists offer steps to take action now
DePaul University

“Ten simple rules for building an antiracist lab,” is the subject of a paper by scientists at DePaul University in Chicago and the University of California in Merced. The paper is published Oct. 1 in the journal PLOS Computational Biology.

Released: 1-Oct-2020 1:15 PM EDT
Arizona State University researchers awarded $4.7M by NIH to expand COVID-19 testing in underserved Arizona communities
Arizona State University (ASU)

In Arizona, as in other parts of the country, data shows that COVID-19 has disproportionately affected the American Indian, African American and Latinx communities, as well as other vulnerable populations. A $4.7 million grant from the National Institute of Health to ASU’s Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center (SIRC) is on the way to help address this by funding a rapid and large-scale increase in COVID-19 testing of underserved communities across Arizona.

Newswise: Study reveals element in blood is part of human — and hibernating squirrel — stress response
Released: 1-Oct-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Study reveals element in blood is part of human — and hibernating squirrel — stress response
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

A new study published in the journal Critical Care Explorations shows for the first time that part of the stress response in people and animals involves increasing the levels of a naturally circulating element in blood. The discovery demonstrates a biological mechanism that rapidly responds to severe physiologic stress and potentially serves to protect us from further damage due to life-threatening conditions.

Newswise: MSU, USDA Agricultural Research Service celebrate new partnership, “Atlas” supercomputer housed in Starkville
Released: 1-Oct-2020 12:25 PM EDT
MSU, USDA Agricultural Research Service celebrate new partnership, “Atlas” supercomputer housed in Starkville
Mississippi State University

Building on decades of successful collaborations, Mississippi State University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service celebrated the new “Atlas” supercomputer Wednesday [Sept. 30] with a virtual event.

Newswise: Ecological Restoration Institute to lead new center aimed at building a skilled workforce to help with forest management
Released: 1-Oct-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Ecological Restoration Institute to lead new center aimed at building a skilled workforce to help with forest management
Northern Arizona University

Northern Arizona University forestry professor Han-Sup Han is leading the creation of the Forest Operations Training Center, which aims to make use of abundant forest resources in Coconino County, the need to properly manage those forests and the need for workers who are trained in the necessary skillsets.

Newswise: New material senses neurotransmitters in the brain
Released: 1-Oct-2020 11:35 AM EDT
New material senses neurotransmitters in the brain
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists have developed a new material that can sense glutamate in the brain, and may lead to new tools to combat neurological disorders.

Newswise: France Córdova Named Founding Chair of AIP Foundation, Will Help American Institute of Physics Reach Ambitious Goals, New Levels of Impact
Released: 1-Oct-2020 11:20 AM EDT
France Córdova Named Founding Chair of AIP Foundation, Will Help American Institute of Physics Reach Ambitious Goals, New Levels of Impact
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

France Córdova, former director of the National Science Foundation, NASA chief scientist, and president of Purdue University, has been appointed as the first chair of the newly formed AIP Foundation. The Foundation was established to support the charitable, scientific, and educational mission of the American Institute of Physics by amplifying philanthropic support of the Institute, bolstering and innovating funding models for AIP programs and activities and supporting the Institute’s overarching strategy of advancing the physical sciences with a unifying voice of strength from diversity.

30-Sep-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Mud-slurping chinless ancestors had all the moves
University of Bristol

A team of researchers, led by the University of Bristol, has revealed our most ancient ancestors were ecologically diverse, despite lacking jaws and paired fins.

Newswise:Video Embedded hubble-watches-exploding-star-fade-into-oblivion
VIDEO
Released: 1-Oct-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Hubble Watches Exploding Star Fade into Oblivion
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Hubble Space Telescope images have been assembled into a time-lapse video of an exploding star fading into oblivion inside a distant galaxy. The video compresses one-year's worth of observations into seconds. When it exploded the supernova was as bright as 5 billion Suns.

Newswise: Zika infections drastically underreported during 2015 epidemic
Released: 1-Oct-2020 9:55 AM EDT
Zika infections drastically underreported during 2015 epidemic
University of Notre Dame

More than 100 million infections of Zika virus within Central and South America and the Caribbean went undetected between 2015 and 2018, according to a new study.

Released: 1-Oct-2020 9:40 AM EDT
Scientists at Texas Biomed develop new tool to aid in the development of SARS-CoV-2 antivirals and vaccines
Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Researchers apply a novel reverse genetics approach to create recombinant SARS-CoV-2San Antonio, Texas (October 1, 2020) – Researchers at Texas Biomedical Research Institute (Texas Biomed) recently published findings from an innovative SARS-CoV-2 study that will assist in the development of new vaccines and antivirals for COVID-19.

Released: 1-Oct-2020 8:40 AM EDT
Two molecular handshakes for hearing
Ohio State University

Scientists have mapped and simulated filaments in the inner ear at the atomic level, a discovery that shed lights on how the inner ear works and that could help researchers learn more about how and why people lose the ability to hear.

Newswise: Astronomers Take a Closer Look at the Centers of Galaxies
Released: 30-Sep-2020 6:10 PM EDT
Astronomers Take a Closer Look at the Centers of Galaxies
University of California San Diego

New study recently published in The Astrophysical Journal reveals a diverse range of types and locations of clouds across various active galactic nuclei and their host galaxies.

Newswise: Researchers Use Satellite Imaging to Map Groundwater Use in California’s Central Valley
Released: 30-Sep-2020 6:05 PM EDT
Researchers Use Satellite Imaging to Map Groundwater Use in California’s Central Valley
University of California San Diego

Researchers at the University of California San Diego report in a new study a way to improve groundwater monitoring by using a remote sensing technology (known as InSAR), in conjunction with climate and land cover data, to bridge gaps in the understanding of sustainable groundwater in California’s San Joaquin Valley.

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Embargo will expire: 2-Oct-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 30-Sep-2020 6:05 PM EDT

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Newswise: New Research Provides Clues on Optimizing Cell Defenses When Viruses Attack
Released: 30-Sep-2020 5:25 PM EDT
New Research Provides Clues on Optimizing Cell Defenses When Viruses Attack
University of California San Diego

Research by UC San Diego scientists is providing new clues on how cells defend themselves from attack from viruses. The new study advance’s science’s understanding of interferons— proteins that help combat viruses like SARS-CoV-2—with possible implications for new clinical treatments.

Newswise: Los Alamos announces details of new Crossroads supercomputer
Released: 30-Sep-2020 4:35 PM EDT
Los Alamos announces details of new Crossroads supercomputer
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The Alliance for Computing at Extreme Scale (ACES), a partnership between Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, announced the details of a $105 million contract awarded to Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) to deliver Crossroads, a next-generation supercomputer to be sited at Los Alamos.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Metal-ion breakthrough leads to new biomaterials
Cornell University

Metals such as iron and calcium play a crucial role inside the human body, so it’s no surprise that bioengineers would like to integrate them into the soft, stretchy materials used to repair skin, blood vessels, lungs and other tissue.

Newswise: 244478_web.jpg
Released: 30-Sep-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Friend-to-friend texting may be the most effective voter mobilization tactic during 2020 election
Data Science Institute at Columbia University

Friend-to-friend text messaging may be the new door-to-door canvassing leading up to the 2020 election.

Newswise: 244495_web.jpg
Released: 30-Sep-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Artificial intelligence in art: a simple tool or creative genius?
Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Intelligent algorithms are used to create paintings, write poems, and compose music.

Newswise: Guiding Communities Through Alerts and Warnings for COVID-19, Other Emergencies
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Guiding Communities Through Alerts and Warnings for COVID-19, Other Emergencies
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T has been working with the FEMA IPAWS office and state and local response teams since early 2009 to develop effective alerts, warnings, and notifications programs, as well as identifying gaps in existing IPAWS alerting messaging.

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VIDEO
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:55 PM EDT
UW researchers driving around Seattle to track COVID-19 response over time
University of Washington

University of Washington researchers developed a project that scans the streets every few weeks to document how Seattle has reacted to the pandemic and what recovery looks like.

Newswise: 244496_web.jpg
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:50 PM EDT
The ancient Neanderthal hand in severe COVID-19
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University - OIST

Since first appearing in late 2019, the novel virus, SARS-CoV-2, has had a range of impacts on those it infects.

Newswise: 244504_web.jpg
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Scientists help reboot 50 years of plant advice to solve one of nature's biggest challenges
University of Portsmouth

Scientists from the University of Portsmouth and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, have come up with a formula to help plant breeders and farmers around the world grow crops in a more sustainable way.

Newswise: Q&A: How machine learning helps scientists hunt for particles, wrangle floppy proteins and speed discovery
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:20 PM EDT
Q&A: How machine learning helps scientists hunt for particles, wrangle floppy proteins and speed discovery
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

At the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, machine learning is opening new avenues to advance the lab’s unique scientific facilities and research.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Study supports airborne spread of COVID-19 indoors
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

New research from the University of Georgia supports growing evidence for airborne transmission of COVID-19 in enclosed spaces.

Newswise: 244439_web.jpg
Released: 30-Sep-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Venus might be habitable today, if not for Jupiter
University of California, Riverside

Venus might not be a sweltering, waterless hellscape today, if Jupiter hadn't altered its orbit around the sun, according to new UC Riverside research.

Newswise: Advancing Carbon Dioxide Catalysis
Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Advancing Carbon Dioxide Catalysis
University of Delaware

Feng Jiao is a leader in the field of carbon capture and utilization, working on ways to subtract carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by capturing the greenhouse gas and transforming it into another substance altogether. And now he's received two major Department of Energy grants, totaling $3.5 million, to advance those efforts.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 7-Oct-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 30-Sep-2020 11:10 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 7-Oct-2020 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:10 AM EDT
Could Plastic-Eating, Silk-Producing Bacteria Be a New Ally in the Fight Against Waste?
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

With the support of a new National Science Foundation grant, a team of engineers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will explore a potentially transformative idea: genetically engineering a microorganism that “eats” petroleum-based plastic waste and converts it to a biodegradable plastic alternative.

Newswise: Science Snapshots September 2020
Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Science Snapshots September 2020
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

2D Electronics, Plant Biofactories, Transforming Waste, and Vaccine Development.

Newswise: American Physical Society Announces Five 2020 Fellows Affiliated with Jefferson Lab
Released: 30-Sep-2020 10:05 AM EDT
American Physical Society Announces Five 2020 Fellows Affiliated with Jefferson Lab
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Five researchers who are affiliated with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility have been selected by their professional peers for the distinct honor of Fellow of the American Physical Society.

Newswise: Scientists Capture Candid Snapshots of Electrons Harvesting Light at the Atomic Scale
Released: 30-Sep-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Scientists Capture Candid Snapshots of Electrons Harvesting Light at the Atomic Scale
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A team of scientists led by Berkeley Lab has gained important new insight into electrons’ role in the harvesting of light in artificial photosynthesis systems.

Newswise: ACI Pilots New Data for Cleaning Product Ingredient Safety Initiative
Released: 30-Sep-2020 10:00 AM EDT
ACI Pilots New Data for Cleaning Product Ingredient Safety Initiative
American Cleaning Institute

Environmental data on 200+ chemicals in the U.S. consumer cleaning product supply chain are now available, in pilot phase, through the American Cleaning Institute’s Cleaning Product Ingredient Safety Initiative database.

Newswise: Novel Measurement Finds Collective Motion and Deformation in Atomic Nuclei
Released: 30-Sep-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Novel Measurement Finds Collective Motion and Deformation in Atomic Nuclei
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Atomic nuclei exhibit increased stability when they have certain numbers of protons or neutrons. Proton-neutron pairs in these nuclei favor spherical shapes. However, deformed shapes can develop when the long-range part of the proton-neutron interaction overcomes the short-range interaction.

25-Sep-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Women and Racial Minorities are Marginalized in Trials of Medications for Alcohol Use Disorder
Research Society on Alcoholism

Women and racial minorities are seriously underrepresented in trials of medicines for alcohol use disorder (AUD) despite evidence that these treatments affect demographic groups differently. This is according to a review in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, which may be the first to evaluate sex and racial representation in studies relating to the three pharmacological treatments approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for AUD. Previous research indicates that sex and race/ethnicity likely influence the prevalence of AUD, its risk of health consequences, and the effectiveness of treatments.

25-Sep-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Seekers Versus Non-Seekers of Treatment for Alcohol Dependence: Implications for Drug Development
Research Society on Alcoholism

A new report has highlighted key differences between participants in early and later stages of drug research for alcohol use disorder (AUD), which could affect study findings and confound evaluations of novel treatments. In the US, only 4% of people with diagnosed AUD receive medication to treat their condition, and currently only three drugs are approved for this purpose. Early-stage laboratory studies of new treatments, which often involve controlled alcohol use, usually enroll heavy drinkers who have not sought treatment for their AUD. Later-stage trials, however, typically enroll patients who have sought treatment (and hence better reflect those who might be prescribed an approved treatment in clinical practice). A lower motivation and ‘readiness to change’ of non-treatment seekers compared with treatment seekers could affect drinking behavior and medication adherence in research studies. As such, it is vital to compare these groups and assess for differences that could influence s

Released: 30-Sep-2020 9:55 AM EDT
Political Polarization: Often Not as Bad as We Think
Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

As politics grows increasingly polarized, a new global study finds people often exaggerate political differences and negative feelings of those on the opposite side of the political divide, and this misperception can be reduced by informing them of the other side’s true feelings. The study replicates earlier research in the United States, finding the phenomenon to be generalizable across 25 countries.


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