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Newswise: Do Stickleback Fish Provide a Roadmap of Rapid Species Evolution?
Released: 18-Jun-2021 5:25 PM EDT
Do Stickleback Fish Provide a Roadmap of Rapid Species Evolution?
Stony Brook University

The Threespine stickleback fish is known to have evolved independently from its marine ancestors, a process called parallel evolution. A new study details the genomic changes that drive their rapid evolution, the findings from which may shed light on the process of natural selection in other species.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Earlier flood forecasting could help avoid disaster in Japan
University of Tokyo

In Japan, thousands of homes and businesses and hundreds of lives have been lost to typhoons. But now, researchers have revealed that a new flood forecasting system could provide earlier flood warnings, giving people more time to prepare or evacuate, and potentially saving lives.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Surprising spider hair discovery may inspire stronger adhesives
Frontiers

Just how do spiders walk straight up -- and even upside-down across -- so many different types of surfaces? Answering this question could open up new opportunities for creating powerful, yet reversible, bioinspired adhesives.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:55 PM EDT
Climate Warming Can Influence Fungal Communities on Oak Leaves Across the Growing Season
Stockholm University

Climate warming plays a larger role than plant genes in influencing the number and identity of fungal species on oak leaves, especially in autumn.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Imaging at the tip of a needle
University of Exeter

Scientists have developed a new technique that could revolutionise medical imaging procedures using light.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Orphaned Chimpanzees Do Not Suffer From Chronic Stress
CNRS (Centre National de Recherche Scientifique / National Center of Scientific Research)

The loss of a loved one can be a defining moment, even in the animal world. In chimpanzees, for example, individuals whose mothers die when they are young are smaller than their counterparts, reproduce less and are also more likely to die at a young age.

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Embargo will expire: 21-Jun-2021 3:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 3:10 PM EDT

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Newswise: Accelerating the Speed of Science
Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Accelerating the Speed of Science
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Researchers will be able to design their own computer accelerators for faster analysis of large datasets

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:30 PM EDT
VIMS study uncovers new cause for intensification of oyster disease
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

A new paper in Scientific Reports led by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science challenges increased salinity and seawater temperatures as the established explanation for a decades-long increase in the prevalence and deadliness of a major oyster disease in the coastal waters of the mid-Atlantic.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:10 PM EDT
The Earth has a pulse -- a 27.5-million-year cycle of geological activity
New York University

Geologic activity on Earth appears to follow a 27.5-million-year cycle, giving the planet a "pulse," according to a new study published in the journal Geoscience Frontiers.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 11:25 AM EDT

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 22-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:05 AM EDT
Atomic-scale tailoring of graphene approaches macroscopic world
University of Vienna

Properties of materials are often defined by imperfections in their atomic structure, especially when the material itself is just one atom thick, such as graphene. Researchers at the University of Vienna have now developed a method for controlled creation of such imperfections into graphene at length scales approaching the macroscopic world. These results, confirmed by atomically resolved microscope images and published in the journal Nano Letters, serve as an essential starting point both for tailoring graphene for applications and for the development of new materials.

Newswise: Driving clean-energy research in the right direction
Released: 17-Jun-2021 5:50 PM EDT
Driving clean-energy research in the right direction
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Fuel cells, part of a promising path toward zero-emission vehicles, are making progress at overcoming some specific challenges on the road to powering heavy-duty vehicles.

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 4:40 PM EDT
When tyrannosaurs dominated, medium-sized predators disappeared
University of Maryland, College Park

New UMD study suggests that everywhere tyrannosaurs rose to dominance, their juveniles took over the ecological role of medium-sized carnivores

Newswise: Physicist Wins Early Career Grant To Study Nuclear Physics, Quantum Phenomena
Released: 17-Jun-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Physicist Wins Early Career Grant To Study Nuclear Physics, Quantum Phenomena
Iowa State University

The U.S. Department of Energy has selected Iowa State's Srimoyee Sen for an early career award that will help her study nuclear physics and quantum phenomena. The research could lead to the discovery of new materials that could one day contribute to speedy quantum computing or other applications.

Newswise:Video Embedded managed-retreat-all-options-on-the-table
VIDEO
Released: 17-Jun-2021 2:05 PM EDT
War against climate change must include managed retreat – now
University of Delaware

Climate change will shape the future of coastal communities, with flood walls, elevated structures and possibly floating cities used to combat sea level rise. New research has found that managed retreat must be part of the solution now, and not a last resort.

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Embargo will expire: 24-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 17-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:45 PM EDT
Changing a 2D Material’s Symmetry Can Unlock Its Promise
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

In research published today in Nature Nanotechnology, a team of materials scientists and engineers, led by Jian Shi, an associate professor of materials science and engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, used a strain gradient in order to break inversion symmetry, creating a novel optoelectronic phenomenon in the promising material molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) — for the first time.

Newswise: Saint Louis University Student Searches for Possible Origins of Life on Saturn’s Largest Moon
Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:35 PM EDT
Saint Louis University Student Searches for Possible Origins of Life on Saturn’s Largest Moon
Saint Louis University

Chemistry grad student Steven Skaggs was recently selected for funding by the Future Investigators in NASA Earth and Space Science and Technology (FINESST) program.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Chobani Scholars Program Supports Future NYS Dairy Leaders
Cornell University

Four undergraduates from New York state who are majoring in animal science each received $20,000 scholarships this past year through the Chobani Scholars Program, to help them achieve their dairy career ambitions across four years of study.

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Simple urine test may help early detection of brain tumors
Nagoya University

A recent study by Nagoya University researchers revealed that microRNAs in urine could be a promising biomarker to diagnose brain tumors. Their findings, published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, have indicated that regular urine tests could help early detection and treatment of brain tumors, possibly leading to improved patient survival.

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 12:50 PM EDT
Alpine plant spins its own flavonoid wool
University of Cambridge

Like the movie version of Spider-Man who shoots spider webs from holes in his wrists, a little alpine plant has been found to eject cobweb-like threads from tiny holes in specialised cells on its leaves.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 12:30 PM EDT
SLAS Announces Open Access Journal Publishing with Elsevier in 2022
SLAS

The Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) is pleased to announce the transition of SLAS Discovery and SLAS Technology to a Gold Open Access publishing model as of January 1, 2022. SLAS will partner with Elsevier, which will make both journals available through its online platform, ScienceDirect, in turn, making articles instantly and easily accessible to scientific audiences worldwide.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 12:20 PM EDT
Texas A&M AgriLife Plant Breeding Programs Granted $1.75 million
Texas A&M AgriLife

Four Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Department of Soil and Crop Sciences plant breeding program development projects have been funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, NIFA. These programs are aimed at enhancing sorghum, corn, peanut and wheat cultivars for farmer use.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Footprints discovered from the last dinosaurs to walk on UK soil
University of Portsmouth

Footprints from at least six different species of dinosaur - the very last dinosaurs to walk on UK soil 110 million years ago - have been found in Kent, a new report has announced.

Newswise: A New Rapid Assessment To Promote Climate-Informed Conservation and Nature-Based Solutions
Released: 17-Jun-2021 12:05 PM EDT
A New Rapid Assessment To Promote Climate-Informed Conservation and Nature-Based Solutions
Wildlife Conservation Society

A new article, published as a Perspective in the journal Conservation Science and Practice, introduces a rapid assessment framework that can be used as a guide to make conservation and nature-based solutions more robust to future climate.

Newswise: Thin, Stretchable Biosensors Could Make Surgery Safer
Released: 17-Jun-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Thin, Stretchable Biosensors Could Make Surgery Safer
Los Alamos National Laboratory

A research team from Los Alamos National Laboratory and Purdue University have developed bio-inks for biosensors that could help localize critical regions in tissues and organs during surgical operations.

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 11:30 AM EDT
First report of dorsal navigation in a flying insect
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

People--who get lost easily in the extraordinary darkness of a tropical forest--have much to learn from a bee that can find its way home in conditions 10 times dimmer than starlight.

Newswise: Mystery of Galaxy's Missing Dark Matter Deepens
Released: 17-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT
Mystery of Galaxy's Missing Dark Matter Deepens
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Hubble astronomers say they confirmed that an oddball galaxy mysteriously lacks dark matter—the glue that holds stars and gas together in galaxies. This confirmation challenges the standard ideas of how researchers think galaxies work.

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Embargo will expire: 21-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 17-Jun-2021 10:35 AM EDT

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Newswise: Securing Transportation of Ammonia—Agricultural Lifeline and Future Affordable, Clean Energy Source
Released: 17-Jun-2021 9:35 AM EDT
Securing Transportation of Ammonia—Agricultural Lifeline and Future Affordable, Clean Energy Source
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

S&T is studying how anhydrous ammonia behaves during a potential leak or spill, whether accidental or intentional, in order to inform planning efforts in communities across the nation.

Newswise: Study of Young Chaotic Star System Reveals Planet Formation Secrets
16-Jun-2021 3:55 PM EDT
Study of Young Chaotic Star System Reveals Planet Formation Secrets
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

A team of scientists using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study the young star Elias 2-27 have confirmed that gravitational instabilities play a key role in planet formation, and have for the first time directly measured the mass of protoplanetary disks using gas velocity data, potentially unlocking one of the mysteries of planet formation.

16-Jun-2021 10:05 AM EDT
Argonne and Oak Ridge National Laboratories Award Codeplay Software to Further Strengthen SYCL™ Support Extending the Open Standard Software for AMD GPUs
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), has awarded Codeplay a contract implementing the oneAPI DPC++ compiler, an implementation of the SYCL open standard software, to support AMD GPU-based high-performance compute (HPC) supercomputers.

Newswise: Numerical Study First to Reveal Origin of ‘Motion of the Ocean’ in the Straits of Florida
Released: 17-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Numerical Study First to Reveal Origin of ‘Motion of the Ocean’ in the Straits of Florida
Florida Atlantic University

Using a numerical model that simulates ocean currents, researchers are shedding light on the important “motion of the ocean” in the Straits of Florida. They have conducted a first-of-its-kind study identifying the mechanisms behind the formation of sub-mesoscale eddies, which have important environmental implications and play a significant role in the health of the Florida Keys coral reef ecosystem.

Newswise: LLNL-Tyvak Space Imaging Payload Has Taken More Than 4,500 Pictures of Earth and Space
Released: 17-Jun-2021 6:05 AM EDT
LLNL-Tyvak Space Imaging Payload Has Taken More Than 4,500 Pictures of Earth and Space
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Thousands of images of Earth and space have been taken by a compact space imaging payload developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers and its collaborator Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 6:05 AM EDT
Supporting Sustainable Development In The Agricultural Sector
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

IIASA, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the Environmental System Research Institute (ESRI) are proud to announce the launch of version 4 of the Global Agro-Ecological Zones platform (GAEZ v4) to support sustainable development in the agricultural sector.

Newswise: Researchers uncover unique properties of a promising new superconductor
Released: 17-Jun-2021 6:00 AM EDT
Researchers uncover unique properties of a promising new superconductor
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

An international team of physicists led by the University of Minnesota has discovered that a unique superconducting metal is more resilient when used as a very thin layer. The research is the first step toward a larger goal of understanding unconventional superconducting states in materials, which could possibly be used in quantum computing in the future.

Newswise: Detoxifiers From The Landfill
Released: 17-Jun-2021 5:05 AM EDT
Detoxifiers From The Landfill
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Bacteria from an Indian landfill could help eliminate contaminated chemicals. The focus is on pesticides such as lindane or brominated flame retardants, which accumulate in nature and in food chains. Researchers at Empa and Eawag used these bacteria to generate enzymes that can break down these dangerous chemicals.

Newswise: An Ally for Alloys
Released: 16-Jun-2021 6:20 PM EDT
An Ally for Alloys
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Machine learning techniques are accelerating the development of stronger alloys for power plants, which will yield efficiency, cost, and decarbonization benefits.

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Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Microbes in ocean play important role in moderating Earth's temperature
Harvard University

Methane is a strong greenhouse gas that plays a key role in Earth's climate. Anytime we use natural gas, whether we light up our kitchen stove or barbeque, we are using methane.

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Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Climate change leads to unprecedented Rocky Mountain wildfires
University of Wyoming

Last fall, the Mullen fire west of Laramie raged for the better part of two months, burning more than 176,000 acres and 70 structures in Wyoming's Carbon and Albany counties, and in Jackson County, Colo.

Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:35 PM EDT
At underwater site, research team finds 9,000-year-old stone artifacts
University of Texas, Arlington

An underwater archaeologist from The University of Texas at Arlington is part of a research team studying 9,000-year-old stone tool artifacts discovered in Lake Huron that originated from an obsidian quarry more than 2,000 miles away in central Oregon.

Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Is artificial intelligence the key to preventing relapse of severe mental illness?
Flinders University

Is artificial intelligence the key to preventing relapse of severe mental illness?

Newswise: Underwater Robot Offers New Insight Into Mid-Ocean “Twilight Zone”
Released: 16-Jun-2021 3:30 PM EDT
Underwater Robot Offers New Insight Into Mid-Ocean “Twilight Zone”
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

An innovative underwater robot known as Mesobot is providing researchers with deeper insight into the vast mid-ocean region known as the “twilight zone.” Capable of tracking and recording high-resolution images of slow-moving and fragile zooplankton, gelatinous animals, and particles, Mesobot greatly expands scientists’ ability to observe creatures in their mesopelagic habitat with minimal disturbance. This advance in engineering will enable greater understanding of the role these creatures play in transporting carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to the deep sea, as well as how commercial exploitation of twilight zone fisheries might affect the marine ecosystem.

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Released: 16-Jun-2021 3:20 PM EDT
Space scientists solve a decades-long gamma-ray burst puzzle
University of Bath

An international team of scientists, led by astrophysicists from the University of Bath in the UK, has measured the magnetic field in a far-off Gamma-Ray Burst, confirming for the first time a decades-long theoretical prediction - that the magnetic field in these blast waves becomes scrambled after the ejected material crashes into, and shocks, the surrounding medium.


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