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Article ID: 711871

Brain scans on movie watchers reveal how we judge people

Aalto University

Unconscious bias has become a hot topic recently, with high profile incidents reported around the world. Researchers at Aalto University are exploring the causes of these biases

Released:
24-Apr-2019 2:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711782

Experiences of ‘Ultimate Reality’ or ‘God’ Confer Lasting Benefits to Mental Health

Johns Hopkins Medicine

People over the millennia have reported having deeply moving religious experiences either spontaneously or while under the influence of psychedelic substances such as psilocybin-containing mushrooms or the Amazonian brew ayahuasca, and a portion of those experiences have been encounters with what the person regards as “God” or “ultimate reality.” In a survey of thousands of people who reported having experienced personal encounters with God, Johns Hopkins researchers report that more than two-thirds of self-identified atheists shed that label after their encounter, regardless of whether it was spontaneous or while taking a psychedelic.

Released:
23-Apr-2019 2:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711790

‘Sticks and Stones . . .’ But Words Can Indeed Hurt You, UCI Study Finds

University of California, Irvine

Words can hurt or help a person’s psychological well-being, according to a new study from the University of California, Irvine. Researchers found that the effects of negative and positive political rhetoric about immigration – particularly by people from Mexico – elicited a range of corresponding emotions associated with lower or higher levels of stress and overall health in Mexican Americans.

Released:
23-Apr-2019 1:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711789

People with happy spouses may live longer

Association for Psychological Science

Research suggests that having a happy spouse leads to a longer marriage, and now study results show that it's associated with a longer life, too.

Released:
23-Apr-2019 1:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711778

To test the munchies, researchers offer a choice: chips or an orange?

University at Buffalo

Researchers had attendees at the 2016 Hash Bash (a marijuana decriminalization event in Ann Arbor, Michigan, complete surveys on food choices while they are high. Survey takers then got to choose an orange or chips as their reward.

Released:
23-Apr-2019 11:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711764

Strongly Agree: It's time to test the Likert Scale

University at Buffalo

Researchers often tweak the number of response options in the traditional five-point Likert Scale with little empirical justification. Now a UB psychologist says it's time to settle on six options. "If you’re going to deviate from what this paper suggests then that decision should first be tested," says Leonard Simms.

Released:
23-Apr-2019 9:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711677

Rurality, Social Identity Is Driving Polarization in Iowa

Iowa State University

What will shape voter attitudes heading into the 2020 election? New research finds rurality, education and race -- not the economic downturn -- significantly predicted the change from Democrat to Republican in 2016.

Released:
22-Apr-2019 10:05 AM EDT

Law and Public Policy

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Article ID: 711579

Study Suggests Overdiagnosis of Schizophrenia

Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a small study of patients referred to the Johns Hopkins Early Psychosis Intervention Clinic (EPIC), Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that about half the people referred to the clinic with a schizophrenia diagnosis didn’t actually have schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe and disabling disorder marked by disordered thinking, feelings and behavior. People who reported hearing voices or having anxiety were the ones more likely to be misdiagnosed.

Released:
22-Apr-2019 9:00 AM EDT

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