Newswise — WASHINGTON, D.C. (May 6, 2015) — Winner of the Louise Eisenhardt Traveling Scholarship Award, Teresa Purzner, MD, presented her research, Quantitative Phosphoproteomics for Targeted Cancer Therapy.

Medulloblastomas (MB), the most common malignant pediatric brain tumor, originate from dysregulation of developmental signaling pathways. To discover important drug targets within these pathways, researchers have undertaken the first quantitative mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomic approach to identify important phosphorylation events, using the Hh signaling pathway as the model.

Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis was performed using SILAC (Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino acids in Cell culture), combined with strong cation exchange fractionation and phosphopeptide enrichment by immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC), followed by multiplexed quantitative mass spectrometry.

The study revealed changes in phosphorylation of 94 proteins only 25 minutes after Shh exposure. Motif analysis revealed a novel and critical role for the kinase, CK2, in mediating 45 percent of all early phosphorylation events. Importantly, CK2 affects terminal Hh signaling components, circumventing challenges of emergence of resistance and a priori resistance commonly encountered with existing small molecule inhibitors developed for medulloblastoma. CK2 inhibitors demonstrated early and sustained inhibition of Hh signaling across several mammalian cell types, including MB cells. In vivo, mice harboring flank MB allografts derived from Ptch+/−;Tpr53−/− tumor harbouring a point mutation in Smo that renders them resistant to other Hh pathway inhibitors, showed near-complete cessation of tumor growth in response to TBB, a highly potent and selective inhibitor of CK2.

This quantitative phosphoproteomic approach to Hh signaling has provided a perspective that was unattainable with previous transcription and genome-based efforts. This success using one pathway will set the foundation for others to apply a similar approach in different tumor initiating pathways.

Author Block: Jae Cho, MD; Matt Scott; Josh Elias.

Disclosure: The author reported no conflicts of interest.

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About the 2015 AANS Annual Scientific Meeting: Attended by neurosurgeons, neurosurgical residents, medical students, neuroscience nurses, clinical specialists, physician assistants, allied health professionals and other medical professionals, the AANS Annual Scientific Meeting is the largest gathering of neurosurgeons in the nation, with an emphasis on the field’s latest research and technological advances. More than 1,200 scientific abstracts were presented for review at the 2015 AANS Annual Scientific Meeting, and the scientific presentations given at this year’s event represent cutting-edge examples of the incredible developments taking place within the field of neurosurgery. Additional information about the 2015 AANS Annual Scientific Meeting and the meeting program can be found here.

Founded in 1931 as the Harvey Cushing Society, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) is a scientific and educational association with more than 9,000 members worldwide. The AANS is dedicated to advancing the specialty of neurological surgery in order to provide the highest quality of neurosurgical care to the public. Fellows of the AANS are board-certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, or the Mexican Council of Neurological Surgery, A.C. Neurosurgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of disorders that affect the spinal column, spinal cord, brain, nervous system and peripheral nerves.

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