Penn State College of Engineering

Researchers Explore Quantum Computing to Discover Possible COVID-19 treatments

5-May-2020 9:40 AM EDT, by Penn State College of Engineering

Newswise — UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — Quantum machine learning, an emerging field that combines machine learning and quantum physics, is the focus of research to discover possible treatments for COVID-19, according to Penn State researchers led by Swaroop Ghosh, the Joseph R. and Janice M. Monkowski Career Development Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Engineering. The researchers believe that this method could be faster and more economical than the current methods used for drug discovery.

Funding from the Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences, coordinated through the Penn State Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences as part of their rapid-response seed funding for research across the University to address COVID-19, is supporting this work.

“Discovering any new drug that can cure a disease is like finding a needle in a haystack,” Ghosh said. 

According to Ghosh, using the existing drug-discovery pipeline can take five to ten years from initial idea to market approval, and cost billions of dollars.

“High-performance computing such as supercomputers and artificial intelligence can help accelerate this process by screening billions of chemical compounds quickly to find relevant drug candidates,” he said. “This approach works when enough chemical compounds are available in the pipeline, but unfortunately this is not true for COVID-19. This project will explore quantum machine learning to unlock new capabilities in drug discovery by generating complex compounds quickly.”

Ghosh and electrical engineering doctoral students Mahabubul Alam and Abdullah Ash Saki and computer science and engineering doctoral students Junde Li and Ling Qiu previously have worked on developing a toolset for solving particular types of problems known as combinatorial optimization problems, using quantum computing. Drug discovery falls into the same type of problem as those they previously worked on, which made it possible for the researchers to pivot to searching for a COVID-19 treatment while using the same toolset that they had already developed.

“Artificial intelligence for drug discovery is a very new area,” Ghosh said. “The biggest challenge is finding an unknown solution to the problem by using technologies that are still evolving — that is, quantum computing and quantum machine learning. We are excited about the prospects of quantum computing in addressing a current critical issue and contributing our bit in resolving this grave challenge.”




Filters close

Showing results

110 of 2054
Released: 2-Jun-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Research Affiliates CEO on Leading and Investing in a Time of Uncertainty
University of Virginia Darden School of Business

As CEO of global asset management firm Research Affiliates, Katrina Sherrerd (Ph.D. ’87) is leading the influential financial services firm through a period of deep global uncertainty, as world financial markets continue to show great volatility amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Newswise: Studying pandemic's effects on sexual health and well-being
Released: 2-Jun-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Studying pandemic's effects on sexual health and well-being
Indiana University

One in five adults in the United States report they have experienced change – mostly a decrease – in their sexual behavior during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study by Indiana University researchers.

Newswise: HarrisJared-fac-profile.jpg?itok=pQ8OjWkt
Released: 2-Jun-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Keys to Small Business Resilience in Uncertain Times
University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Faced with limited customer flow, forced shut down of operations and a looming economic recession, the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic leaves small-business owners to make decisions with little idea of what the future may hold. What lessons can they take from the success and resiliency of businesses that have survived crises in the past?

Released: 2-Jun-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Suppression of COVID-19 spread is possible, suggests new model
Washington University in St. Louis

Suppression of the spread of COVID-19 is an attainable goal, and it can be done through strategies that ease social distancing guidelines, suggests a new model developed by researchers at Washington University in St. Louis and the Brookings Institution.

Newswise: COVID-19 Pandemic Highlights Advantages of Digital Technology in Clinical Research
Released: 2-Jun-2020 11:05 AM EDT
COVID-19 Pandemic Highlights Advantages of Digital Technology in Clinical Research
Osteopathic Research Center, University of North Texas Health Science Center

Digital technology has facilitated continued research operations for a pain research registry during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cloud-based systems that allow remote management of research studies and collection of data may signal a new trend for future clinical research endeavors.

Released: 2-Jun-2020 10:25 AM EDT
Pediatric injuries in the home are on the rise
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

COVID-19 has changed the way families go about their daily routines. With public schools being closed, most parents now have to take on several roles at once. Most are working, providing home schooling and care during the day, and taking on other new roles.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 9-Jun-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 2-Jun-2020 10:25 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 9-Jun-2020 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: Psychologist shares quick relief for parents struggling with child behavior during COVID-19 pandemic
Released: 2-Jun-2020 9:50 AM EDT
Psychologist shares quick relief for parents struggling with child behavior during COVID-19 pandemic
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Nonstop family time during the COVID-19 pandemic has magnified challenges for parents caring for young children around the clock. Using research-backed therapies that she helped pioneer, a WVU psychology professor has quick relief strategies for parents struggling with child misbehavior during the lockdown.


Showing results

110 of 2054

close
1.41526