Vulnerable Populations: How Will They Cope and Adapt This Hurricane Season?

FAU Receives NSF Grant to Study Populations in Risky Housing Conditions in Midst of Pandemic and Busy Hurricane Season
Florida Atlantic University
19-Aug-2020 8:30 AM EDT, by Florida Atlantic University

Newswise — As the 2020 hurricane season kicks into full gear in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the potential impact of storms will further exacerbate the vulnerabilities of renters and others living in precarious housing conditions.

Researchers from Florida Atlantic University, in collaboration with Georgia State University, have received a RAPID grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to capture momentary and time-bound data on the subjective perceptions of resilience of individuals and households, including their coping and adaptive capacities. These individuals and households face multiple challenges, including health risks, precarious housing conditions and exposure to weather and climate hazards. Within the context of rapidly evolving policy mandates and short-term measures such as moratoriums on evictions, the study will address the uncertainties stemming from the pandemic that vulnerable populations face during tropical weather events.

The research team will study areas that include counties in south and central Florida and the Panhandle, which are still recovering from Hurricanes Michael and Irma, and which saw an influx of displaced individuals from Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria. The unique and transformative elements of this research will be to advance knowledge and theory building on several topics related to housing, health and hazards.

The grant, titled “RAPID: Health, Housing, and Hazards: COVID-19, Subjective Resilience, Vulnerabilities, and Policy Evolution in Hurricane Prone Counties,” is spearheaded by Alka Sapat, Ph.D., principal investigator, professor and director, FAU’s School of Public Administration within the Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters.

The grant focuses on two questions:

  • “How is the pandemic impacting the subjective perceptions of resilience of individuals and households living in areas still recovering from the 2016-2018 hurricane seasons?”
  • “To what extent are rapidly evolving and often fragmented and ambiguous federal, state, and local policy responses to the pandemic affecting coping and adaptive capacities, especially in vulnerable populations such renters, past hurricane survivors, the elderly, and minorities?”

For the study, repeated cross-sectional population surveys via the Internet and landlines will be conducted in three waves: early June to align with the beginning of the hurricane season, October or earlier if there is a major hurricane event, and March 2021, approximately one year after policy responses to the pandemic began. Secondary data will be collected from media sources and policy documents on the rapidly evolving policy measures adopted to combat the pandemic during the time-periods immediately preceding the survey work.

Given the study area, the researchers also are interested in the immediate effects of temporary federal, state and local-level policies dealing with evacuation, sheltering and housing because of the pandemic. They will use multivariate logistic regression models to examine the associations between coping and adaptive capacities and the sets of independent variables in their main hypothesis.

“Beyond our study area, the findings have practical applications for pandemic preparedness and disaster management, specifically for socially vulnerable populations with respect to housing, sheltering and evacuation in hazard-prone areas,” said Sapat. “We will upload the aggregated study results on a portal and disseminate findings through webinars, conferences, and publications that cater to multi-disciplinary researchers, policy makers and practitioners.”

Sapat is collaborating with co-principal investigators Diana Mitsova, Ph.D., an associate professor in FAU’s School of Urban and Regional Planning within the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, and Ann-Margaret Esnard, Ph.D., associate dean for research and strategic initiatives at the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. The research team has collaborated on several NSF-funded projects during the last decade. 

One aspect of the project will require repeated cross-sectional population surveys conducted in both English and Spanish via the Internet and landlines. The surveys will be administered in collaboration with the FAU Business and Economic Polling Initiative (BEPI) within the College of Business.

- FAU -

 

About the Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters:

The Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters encompasses the Schools of Architecture, Communication and Multimedia Studies, Public Administration, and Interdisciplinary Studies; as well as the Departments of Anthropology, Comparative Studies, English, History, Languages, Linguistics and Comparative Literature, Music, Philosophy, Political Science, Sociology, Theatre and Dance, Visual Arts and Art History, and Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies. Collectively, the School offers one doctoral program and an Architecture professional degree program, 20 master’s degrees, 26 bachelor’s degrees and 17 minor degrees; as well as 12 certificate programs. The College also houses a number of research and service centers including the Peace, Justice and Human Rights Initiative; MetroLAB, a community design collaborative and storefront exhibition; Theatre Lab, a professional resident theatre company; and the Avron B. Fogelman Sports Memorabilia Museum. For more information visit fau.edu/artsandletters.

 

About Florida Atlantic University: Florida Atlantic University, established in 1961, officially opened its doors in 1964 as the fifth public university in Florida. Today, the University, with an annual economic impact of $6.3 billion, serves more than 30,000 undergraduate and graduate students at sites throughout its six-county service region in southeast Florida. FAU’s world-class teaching and research faculty serves students through 10 colleges: the Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters, the College of Business, the College for Design and Social Inquiry, the College of Education, the College of Engineering and Computer Science, the Graduate College, the Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College, the Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, the Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing and the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science. FAU is ranked as a High Research Activity institution by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. The University is placing special focus on the rapid development of critical areas that form the basis of its strategic plan: Healthy aging, biotech, coastal and marine issues, neuroscience, regenerative medicine, informatics, lifespan and the environment. These areas provide opportunities for faculty and students to build upon FAU’s existing strengths in research and scholarship. For more information, visit fau.edu.



Filters close

Showing results

110 of 5872
Released: 24-Jun-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Virus that causes COVID-19 can find alternate route to infect cells
Washington University in St. Louis

The virus that causes COVID-19 normally gets inside cells by attaching to a protein called ACE2. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a single mutation confers the ability to enter cells through another route, which may threaten the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics designed to block the standard route of entry.

Newswise: Is it a Virus or Bacteria? New Tech Rapidly Tests for COVID-19 and More
Released: 24-Jun-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Is it a Virus or Bacteria? New Tech Rapidly Tests for COVID-19 and More
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

S&T is preparing for future outbreaks/pandemics by investing in a new tech that can quickly discriminate between bacterial and viral infections so that the U.S. can triage patients and plan a response without delay.

Released: 24-Jun-2021 12:30 PM EDT
A tecnologia de IA e ECG pode descartar rapidamente a infecção por COVID-19, concluiu o estudo da Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic

A inteligência artificial (IA) pode oferecer uma maneira de determinar com precisão se uma pessoa não está infectada com a COVID-19. Um estudo retrospectivo internacional descobriu que a infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2, o vírus que causa a COVID-19, cria mudanças elétricas sutis no coração. Um eletrocardiograma (ECG) habilitado com IA pode detectar essas alterações e, potencialmente, ser usado como um teste de triagem rápido e confiável para descartar a infecção por COVID-19.

Released: 24-Jun-2021 12:10 PM EDT
妙佑医疗国际(Mayo Clinic)的研究发现,AI赋能的心电图技术有可能迅速排除COVID-19感染
Mayo Clinic

AI (人工智能)有可能提供准确判断一个人未感染COVID-19(2019冠状病毒病)的方法。一项国际回顾性研究发现,如果感染了导致COVID-19的SARS-CoV-2病毒,患者的心脏会产生微妙的电学变化。AI赋能的心电图(EKG)可以检测到这些变化,并有望被用于进行快速、可靠的COVID-19筛查检测,以排除COVID-19感染。

Newswise: 200421_Felgner_3205_sz-2-768x496.jpg
Released: 24-Jun-2021 11:50 AM EDT
UCI Professor Wins Spain’s Prestigious Princess of Asturias Award for Scientific Research
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June 24, 2021 — Philip Felgner, Ph.D., professor in residence of physiology & biophysics at the University of California, Irvine, is one of seven scholars worldwide to win Spain’s prestigious Princess of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research in recognition of their contributions to designing COVID-19 vaccines.

Released: 24-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT
New protein engineering method could accelerate the discovery of COVID-19 therapeutics
University of Michigan

Discovering and engineering nanobodies with properties suitable for treating human diseases ranging from cancer to COVID-19 is a time-consuming, laborious process.

Newswise: Decoding humans’ survival from coronaviruses
Released: 24-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT
Decoding humans’ survival from coronaviruses
University of Adelaide

An international team of researchers co-led by the University of Adelaide and the University of Arizona has analysed the genomes of more than 2,500 modern humans from 26 worldwide populations, to better understand how humans have adapted to historical coronavirus outbreaks.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 29-Jun-2021 4:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 24-Jun-2021 10:35 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Jun-2021 4:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: COVIDLockdownSimulations.jpg
Released: 24-Jun-2021 10:00 AM EDT
Pandemic Air Quality Affected By Weather, Not Just Lockdowns
Washington University in St. Louis

Using a diverse set of tools, the lab of Randall Martin shows how the pandemic did – or didn’t – affect levels of particulate matter during COVID lockdowns.

Released: 24-Jun-2021 6:05 AM EDT
Longest known SARS-CoV-2 infection of nearly 300 days successfully treated with new therapy
University of Bristol

An immunocompromised individual with the longest known PCR confirmed case of SARS-CoV-2 infection, lasting more than 290 days, has been successfully treated with two investigational monoclonal antibodies (laboratory engineered antibodies). Clinicians and researchers from the University of Bristol and North Bristol NHS Trust (NBT) worked closely to assess and treat the infection and want to highlight the urgent need for improved access to treatments for such people with persistent SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Showing results

110 of 5872

close
1.48997