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Newswise: Three Faces of Teen Popularity: Being Feared, Being Loved, and Being Feared and Loved

Article ID: 719134

Three Faces of Teen Popularity: Being Feared, Being Loved, and Being Feared and Loved

Florida Atlantic University

In novel longitudinal study, researchers identified three distinct types of teen popularity: prosocial popular; aggressive popular; and bistrategic popular or Machiavellian. These naughty and nice Machiavellian-like teens were the most popular and were above average on physical and relational aggression as well as prosocial behavior. Just like the “Mean Girls” in the iconic American teen comedy, they are aggressive when needed and then quickly “make nice” to smooth out any ruffled feathers.

Released:
18-Sep-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: New Method Reveals How Damage Occurs in Human Biological Cells Due to Mechanical Fatigue

Article ID: 719057

New Method Reveals How Damage Occurs in Human Biological Cells Due to Mechanical Fatigue

Florida Atlantic University

Researchers have developed a novel way to measure how mechanical fatigue affects biological cells. They also have established the important role of this effect in influencing physical properties of biological cells such as red blood cells (RBCs). This new technique assesses the mechanical integrity and fatigue behavior of RBCs using a general microfluidics method that incorporates amplitude-modulated electro-deformation. This method has important applications for mechanical fatigue studies in conjunction with other microenvironments related to health and materials engineering.

Released:
16-Sep-2019 4:30 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    15-Sep-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 718824

Antibiotic Resistance Surges in Dolphins, Mirroring Humans

Florida Atlantic University

Scientists obtained a total of 733 pathogen isolates from 171 individual wild Bottlenose dolphins in Florida and found that the overall prevalence of resistance to at least one antibiotic for the 733 isolates was 88.2 percent. Resistance was highest to erythromycin, followed by ampicillin. It is likely that these isolates from dolphins originated from a source where antibiotics are regularly used, potentially entering the marine environment through human activities or discharges from terrestrial sources.

Released:
11-Sep-2019 2:00 PM EDT
Newswise: It’s Not About Self-driving Cars, It’s About More People in Fewer Vehicles

Article ID: 718665

It’s Not About Self-driving Cars, It’s About More People in Fewer Vehicles

Florida Atlantic University

It now appears that pooled-ride services like car-pooling, public transit, and ride-splitting are much more important than self-driving cars and automation for sustainability and reducing traffic congestion. The idea is simple: put more people in fewer vehicles. Even modest levels of ride-pooling can result in significant energy savings. Increasing vehicle occupancy, especially during peak times, also can significantly reduce traffic congestion. These systems don’t require self-driving vehicles but simply centralized fleet coordination, which is achievable with today’s technologies.

Released:
10-Sep-2019 9:00 AM EDT
Newswise: ‘Dream Team’ Awarded $1.1 Million from NSF for Blind Mexican Cavefish Research

Article ID: 718199

‘Dream Team’ Awarded $1.1 Million from NSF for Blind Mexican Cavefish Research

Florida Atlantic University

The blind Mexican cavefish is becoming a leading model to study diabetes, insomnia, and obesity. They barely sleep, are obese and diabetic, yet they appear to be completely healthy. Researchers have received a $1.1 million NSF grant to develop genetic tools to use in this fish model that may help them understand why some humans are highly susceptible to neurological and metabolic disease, while others are resilient, and also make this fish model more accessible to other scientists.

Released:
29-Aug-2019 9:00 AM EDT
Newswise: Millennials, Think You’re Digitally Better Than Us? 
Yes, According to Science

Article ID: 718070

Millennials, Think You’re Digitally Better Than Us? Yes, According to Science

Florida Atlantic University

Legend has it that millennials, specifically the “Net Generation,” masterfully switch from one technology to the next. They claim that it’s easy and that they can do it better than older generations. Research, so far, hasn’t proven this claim.

Released:
28-Aug-2019 9:00 AM EDT
Newswise: Leading Scientist Lands $1.7 Million NIH Grant 
for Novel Tissue Engineering Approach

Article ID: 718009

Leading Scientist Lands $1.7 Million NIH Grant for Novel Tissue Engineering Approach

Florida Atlantic University

The project is focused on identifying the role of hypoxia or lack of oxygen to the cells and tissues in the body, and oxygen on the formation of the eye lens.

Released:
27-Aug-2019 9:00 AM EDT
Newswise: Yet Another Way Dogs Help the Military; Aeromedical Patient Evacuations

Article ID: 717809

Yet Another Way Dogs Help the Military; Aeromedical Patient Evacuations

Florida Atlantic University

Animal-assisted therapy has many benefits in health care settings. Yet, its biological and psychosocial effects in the military are limited, especially for injured, airlifted patients. Researchers teamed up with a not-for-profit animal organization that trains therapy dogs to see if an animal-assisted intervention is feasible and effective at reducing stress in this setting. Results showed that levels of the stress biomarkers cortisol, alpha-amylase, and immunoglobulin A, significantly decreased following a 20-minute intervention with these dogs, regardless of post-traumatic stress symptom severity.

Released:
22-Aug-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 717393

Who’s a ‘Good Boy?’ Astro, FAU’s Smart Robodog That’s Who

Florida Atlantic University

What would you get if you combined Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa with Boston Dynamic’s quadraped robots? You’d get “Astro,” the four-legged seeing and hearing intelligent robodog. Using deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI), scientists are bringing to life one of about a handful of these quadraped robots in the world. Astro is unique because he is the only one of these robots with a head, 3D printed to resemble a Doberman pinscher, that contains a (computerized) brain.

Released:
14-Aug-2019 9:00 AM EDT
Newswise: FAU Partners with USDA to Boost Domestic Production of Farm-raised Fish

Article ID: 717039

FAU Partners with USDA to Boost Domestic Production of Farm-raised Fish

Florida Atlantic University

The U.S. is the largest importer of seafood products in the world – importing 5.9 billion pounds of seafood in 2017 alone, resulting in about $14 billion of the U.S. trade deficit. More than 50 percent of seafood consumed comes from aquaculture. Yet, less than 1 percent is produced in the U.S. This year, FAU’s Harbor Branch has received $2.4 million from the USDA to help initiate a project that will boost the nation’s aquaculture industry.

Released:
7-Aug-2019 9:00 AM EDT

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