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Newswise: California Shellfish Farmers Adapt to Climate Change
Released: 23-May-2022 12:35 PM EDT
California Shellfish Farmers Adapt to Climate Change
San Diego State University

Because of their proximity to the ocean, Californians get to enjoy locally-sourced oysters, mussels, abalone and clams.

Released: 12-May-2022 4:10 PM EDT
Large-Scale Ocean Sanctuaries Could Protect Coral Reefs From Climate Change
Ohio State University

Earth’s oceans are home to some of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet, but warming temperatures are causing many marine animals, including coral, to die out.

Released: 28-Apr-2022 3:45 PM EDT
Study: Diminishing Arctic Sea Ice Has Lasting Impacts on Global Climate
University at Albany, State University of New York

As the impacts of climate change are felt around the world, no area is experiencing more drastic changes than the northern polar region.

Newswise: Solar energy explains fast yearly retreat of Antarctica’s sea ice
23-Mar-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Solar energy explains fast yearly retreat of Antarctica’s sea ice
University of Washington

Sea ice around Antarctica retreats more quickly than it advances, an asymmetry that has been a puzzle. New analysis shows that the Southern Hemisphere is following simple rules of physics, as peak midsummer sun causes rapid changes. In this aspect, it seems, it's Arctic sea ice that is more mysterious.

Newswise:Video Embedded salt-marsh-grass-on-georgia-s-coast-gets-nutrients-for-growth-from-helpful-bacteria-in-its-roots
VIDEO
Released: 22-Mar-2022 11:40 AM EDT
Salt Marsh Grass On Georgia’s Coast Gets Nutrients for Growth From Helpful Bacteria in Its Roots
Georgia Institute of Technology

A new study led by Georgia Tech points to possible help for restoring marine ecosystems — and provides more data on the role microbes play in marsh plant health and productivity.

Newswise: Nature Study: Ocean Life May Adapt to Climate Change, But With Hidden Costs
Released: 21-Mar-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Nature Study: Ocean Life May Adapt to Climate Change, But With Hidden Costs
University of Vermont

A first-of-its-kind study shows that some ocean animals may be able evolve their way out of troubles caused by climate change—but at a high cost. By artificially evolving 23 generations of a marine copepod, Acartia tonsa, a team of scientists at the University of Vermont found that the tiny creatures could adapt to the high temperatures and carbon dioxide levels forecast for the warming oceans. But to get there, the populations had to spend a lot of their genetic flexibility—leaving them vulnerable to new stresses, like low food.

Newswise: U.S. fires four times larger, three times more frequent since 2000
Released: 16-Mar-2022 3:40 PM EDT
U.S. fires four times larger, three times more frequent since 2000
University of Colorado Boulder

New analysis confirms a palpable change in fire dynamics already suspected by many.

Newswise: New study shows that Earth’s coldest forests are shifting northward with climate change
22-Feb-2022 4:40 PM EST
New study shows that Earth’s coldest forests are shifting northward with climate change
Northern Arizona University

The boreal forest is a belt of cold-tolerant conifer trees that stretches nearly 9,000 miles across northern North American and Eurasia; it makes up almost a quarter of the Earth's forest area. It's also the coldest—and most rapidly warming—forest biome on the planet, and its shifting characteristics amid climate change are raising concerns about increased fire activity, decreased biodiversity and other long-term adverse effects for the human and natural ecosystems.

Newswise: UF study shows how climate change can worsen impact of invasive plants
Released: 8-Feb-2022 9:50 AM EST
UF study shows how climate change can worsen impact of invasive plants
University of Florida

Scientists have long hypothesized that climate change, by intensifying stressors like drought or wildfires, would make an ecosystem more vulnerable to invasive plants. Those invasive plants may in turn alter the environment in ways that amplify the impacts of climate change, explained Luke Flory, a professor of ecology in the UF/IFAS agronomy department. A new long-term field study conducted by Flory’s lab offers the first experimental evidence to support this hypothesis.

Newswise: Increased storminess may give rise to North Atlantic’s ‘cold blob’
Released: 2-Feb-2022 9:10 AM EST
Increased storminess may give rise to North Atlantic’s ‘cold blob’
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

While climate change is making much of the world warmer, temperatures in a subpolar region of the North Atlantic are getting cooler. A team of researchers report that changes in the wind pattern, among other factors, may be contributing to this “cold blob.”

Newswise: Desert shrubs cranked up water use efficiency to survive a megadrought. It may not be enough.
15-Dec-2021 4:15 PM EST
Desert shrubs cranked up water use efficiency to survive a megadrought. It may not be enough.
University of Utah

Shrubs in the desert Southwest have increased their water use efficiency at some of the highest rates ever observed to cope with a decades-long megadrought. That’s the finding of a new study from University of Utah researchers, who found that although the shrubs’ efficiency increases are unprecedented and heroic, they may not be enough to adapt to the long-term drying trend in the West.

Newswise: Rutgers Study Unveils Carbon Mitigation Solutions to Combat Climate Change
Released: 7-Dec-2021 10:55 AM EST
Rutgers Study Unveils Carbon Mitigation Solutions to Combat Climate Change
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Increasing adoption of certain agricultural practices can help combat climate change, according to a new report by researchers from Rutgers and the University of Maine. The study explores how New Jersey’s plants and soils can help to absorb and store carbon dioxide from greenhouse gas emissions.

Newswise: Antarctic drilling project to offer insight into climate future
Released: 30-Nov-2021 11:25 AM EST
Antarctic drilling project to offer insight into climate future
Binghamton University, State University of New York

An international team of researchers including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York will drill into the ocean floor to discover the West Antarctic Ice Sheet's sensitivity to global warming.

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Released: 24-Nov-2021 4:30 PM EST
Collapse of ancient Liangzhu culture caused by climate change
University of Innsbruck

Referred to as "China's Venice of the Stone Age", the Liangzhu excavation site in eastern China is considered one of the most significant testimonies of early Chinese advanced civilisation.

Newswise: Global warming, not just drought, drives bark beetles to kill more ponderosa pines
Released: 23-Nov-2021 1:15 PM EST
Global warming, not just drought, drives bark beetles to kill more ponderosa pines
Los Alamos National Laboratory

In California’s Sierra Nevada, western pine beetle infestations amped up by global warming were found to kill 30% more ponderosa pine trees than the beetles do under drought alone.

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Released: 1-Nov-2021 3:30 PM EDT
Climate change will triple impacts to world’s “life zones” unless emission rates are dramatically reduced
Wildlife Conservation Society

A new study from WCS and multiple partners that modeled changes in the world’s 45 different “life zones” from climate change revealed that climate impacts may soon triple over these areas if the earth continues “business-as-usual” emissions.

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Released: 19-Oct-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Study finds U.S. bishops silent on moral issue of climate change
Creighton University

The study, “U.S. Catholic bishops’ silence and denialism on climate change,” examined more than 12,000 columns published from June 2014 to June 2019 by bishops in official publications for 171 of the 178 U.S. Catholic dioceses.

Newswise: Large effect of solar activity on Earth's energy budget
Released: 12-Oct-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Large effect of solar activity on Earth's energy budget
Technical University of Denmark

This is the result of a new study by researchers from DTU Space at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) and of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, who have traced the consequences of eruptions on the Sun on clouds and Earth's energy balance.

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Released: 5-Oct-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Improving the evidence: Scientists review quantitative climate migration literature
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Quantitative empirical studies exploring how climatic and other environmental drivers influence migration are increasing year by year. PIK scientists have now reviewed methodological approaches used in the quantitative climate migration literature.

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Released: 29-Sep-2021 11:15 AM EDT
Human behavior sabotages CO2-reducing strategies
University of Utah

University of Utah researchers compared every U.S. state’s CO2 emissions with their investment in the two solutions from 2009 to 2016. State governments’ policies aimed at helping consumers improve energy efficiency had no effect on CO2 emission. Investment in renewable energy sources led to more CO2 emissions in the residential sector.

Newswise: Could Climate Change be Altering the Marine Food Web?
Released: 28-Sep-2021 11:45 AM EDT
Could Climate Change be Altering the Marine Food Web?
Stony Brook University

Research by scientists at Stony Brook University’s School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS) reveals that climate velocity is affecting where large marine mammals are distributed relative to their prey species, which could have important implications for marine food web dynamics.

Newswise: Coral reefs are 50% less able to provide food, jobs, and climate protection than in 1950s, putting millions at risk
Released: 17-Sep-2021 12:30 PM EDT
Coral reefs are 50% less able to provide food, jobs, and climate protection than in 1950s, putting millions at risk
University of British Columbia

The capacity of coral reefs to provide ecosystem services relied on by millions of people worldwide has declined by half since the 1950s, according to a new University of British Columbia-led study.

Newswise: nuclear_blast_v21.jpg
Released: 15-Sep-2021 11:45 AM EDT
Climate Change from Nuclear War’s Smoke Could Threaten Global Food Supplies, Human Health
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nuclear war would cause many immediate fatalities, but smoke from the resulting fires would also cause climate change lasting up to 15 years that threatens worldwide food production and human health, according to a study by researchers at Rutgers University, the National Center for Atmospheric Research and other institutions.

Newswise: June%20Lake%20Beach.jpg
Released: 8-Sep-2021 10:25 AM EDT
Study Reveals Dramatic Impact of Climate Change in the Sierra Nevada
University of Kentucky

The new study, published today in Global Change Biology, reveals just how dramatically climate change has impacted aquatic ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada. Scientists can use the data to anticipate changes coming in the near future, and how those changes might influence water availability.

Newswise: phoenix_island_Mike_Fox-scaled-1-1200x675.jpg
Released: 7-Sep-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Some coral reefs are keeping pace with ocean warming
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Some coral communities are becoming more heat tolerant as ocean temperatures rise, offering hope for corals in a changing climate.

Newswise: Hurricane Ida ‘may be one of the best observed landfalling hurricanes’
Released: 3-Sep-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Hurricane Ida ‘may be one of the best observed landfalling hurricanes’
University of Oklahoma

A research team led by Michael Biggerstaff, a professor of meteorology in the College of Atmospheric and Geographic Sciences at the University of Oklahoma, successfully captured data with mobile radars and other weather instruments as Hurricane Ida made landfall in Louisiana.

Newswise: Thwaites glacier: Significant geothermal heat beneath the ice stream
Released: 18-Aug-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Thwaites glacier: Significant geothermal heat beneath the ice stream
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research

Ice losses from Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica are currently responsible for roughly four percent of the global sea-level rise.

Newswise: Public
Released: 29-Jul-2021 4:10 PM EDT
Rainfall Becomes Increasingly Variable as Climate Warms
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Climate models predict that rainfall variability over wet regions globally will be greatly enhanced by global warming, causing wide swings between dry and wet conditions, according to a joint study by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Met Office, the UK's national meteorological service.

Newswise: WideviewBigFireSimulation-1140x641.png
Released: 27-Jul-2021 2:40 PM EDT
Possible Future for Western Wildfires: Decade-Long Burst, Followed by Gradual Decline
University of Washington

A model of the eastern California forests of the Sierra Nevada looks at the longer-term future of wildfires under future climate change scenarios. Results show an initial roughly decade-long burst of wildfire activity, followed by recurring fires of decreasing area — a pattern that could apply to other drought-prone regions of the West.

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Released: 22-Jul-2021 1:05 PM EDT
California’s Carbon Mitigation Efforts May Be Thwarted by Climate Change Itself
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., July 22, 2021 – To meet an ambitious goal of carbon neutrality by 2045, California’s policymakers are relying in part on forests and shrublands to remove CO2 from the atmosphere, but researchers at the University of California, Irvine warn that future climate change may limit the ecosystem’s ability to perform this service.

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Released: 16-Jul-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Wildfire Smoke Exposure Linked to Increased Risk of Contracting COVID-19
Desert Research Institute (DRI)

Wildfire smoke may greatly increase susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, according to new research from the Center for Genomic Medicine at the Desert Research Institute (DRI), Washoe County Health District (WCHD), and Renown Health (Renown) in Reno, Nev.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:50 PM EDT
Climate Change Is Driving Plant Die-Offs In Southern California, UCI Study Finds
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June 21, 2021 – A shift is happening in Southern California, and this time it has nothing to do with earthquakes. According to a new study by scientists at the University of California, Irvine, climate change is altering the number of plants populating the region’s deserts and mountains. Using data from the Landsat satellite mission and focusing on an area of nearly 5,000 square miles surrounding Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, the research team found that between 1984 and 2017, vegetation cover in desert ecosystems decreased overall by about 35 percent, with mountains seeing a 13 percent vegetation decline.

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Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Climate change leads to unprecedented Rocky Mountain wildfires
University of Wyoming

Last fall, the Mullen fire west of Laramie raged for the better part of two months, burning more than 176,000 acres and 70 structures in Wyoming's Carbon and Albany counties, and in Jackson County, Colo.

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Released: 11-Jun-2021 5:20 PM EDT
Combating Maritime Litter
Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon

Plastic bottles drifting in the sea; bags in the stomachs of turtles; Covid-19 masks dancing in the surf: few images are as unpleasant to look at as those that show the contamination of our oceans.

Newswise: 266462_web.jpg
Released: 2-Jun-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Study pinpoints key causes of ocean circulation change
University of Exeter

Researchers have identified the key factors that influence a vital pattern of ocean currents.

25-May-2021 6:05 AM EDT
Mitigating emissions in the livestock production sector
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

A new study shows that emission intensity per unit of animal protein produced has decreased globally over the past two decades due to greater production efficiency, raising questions around the extent to which methane emissions will change in the future and how we can better manage their negative impacts.

18-May-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Earth’s Vegetation Is Changing Faster Today Than It Has Over the Last 18,000 Years
University of Wisconsin-Madison

A global survey of fossil pollen has discovered that the planet’s vegetation is changing at least as quickly today as it did when the last ice sheets retreated around 10,000 years ago.

Released: 5-May-2021 11:05 AM EDT
UCI researchers identify primary causes of Greenland’s rapid ice sheet surface melt
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., May 5, 2021 — Intense, wide-spread melting events in Greenland, such as one in July 2012 that touched nearly every part of the massive island’s frozen slab, are catastrophic, but they still account for only a small portion of the total deterioration of the ice sheet, according to researchers at the University of California, Irvine.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Why climate change is driving some to skip having kids
University of Arizona

When deciding whether to have children, there are many factors to consider: finances, support systems, personal values. For a growing number of people, climate change is also being added to the list of considerations, says a University of Arizona researcher.

Released: 31-Mar-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Floating gardens as a way to keep farming despite climate change
Ohio State University

Bangladesh’s floating gardens, built to grow food during flood seasons, could offer a sustainable solution for parts of the world prone to flooding because of climate change, a new study has found.

Released: 24-Mar-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Elevated CO2 emissions increase plant carbon uptake but decrease soil carbon storage
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Elevated carbon dioxide emissions from human activities increase the uptake of carbon by plants but may decrease storage in soil. An international team led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists synthesized 108 elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) experiments in various ecosystems to find out how much carbon is absorbed by plants and soil.

Released: 23-Mar-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Why our rivers are running drier
University of Adelaide

An international team of researchers including the University of Adelaide has demonstrated that climate change is responsible for the changes in the flow and water volume of rivers globally, with major implications for Australia.

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Released: 22-Mar-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Explosive Origins of 'Secondary' Ice—and Snow
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Where does snow come from? This may seem like a simple question to ponder as half the planet emerges from a season of watching whimsical flakes fall from the sky--and shoveling them from driveways. But a new study on how water becomes ice in slightly supercooled Arctic clouds may make you rethink the simplicity of the fluffy stuff. It describes definitive, real-world evidence for "freezing fragmentation" of drizzle as a major source of ice in slightly supercooled clouds. The findings have important implications for forecasting weather and climate.

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Released: 24-Feb-2021 6:05 PM EST
Record-high Arctic freshwater will flow through Canadian waters, affecting marine environment and Atlantic ocean currents
University of Washington

An unprecedented bulge of fresh water in the Arctic Ocean will travel through the Canadian Archipelago to the Labrador Sea, affecting local marine environments and global ocean circulation.

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Released: 15-Feb-2021 11:25 AM EST
Strange creatures accidentally discovered beneath Antarctica's ice shelves
Frontiers

Far underneath the ice shelves of the Antarctic, there's more life than expected, finds a recent study in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

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Released: 8-Feb-2021 3:00 PM EST
How Rocks Rusted on Earth and Turned Red
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

How did rocks rust on Earth and turn red? A Rutgers-led study has shed new light on the important phenomenon and will help address questions about the Late Triassic climate more than 200 million years ago, when greenhouse gas levels were high enough to be a model for what our planet may be like in the future.

Released: 1-Feb-2021 9:45 AM EST
Antarctica’s ice melt isn’t consistent, new analysis shows
Ohio State University

Antarctic ice is melting, contributing massive amounts of water to the world’s seas and causing them to rise – but that melt is not as linear and consistent as scientists previously thought, a new analysis of 20 years’ worth of satellite data indicates.

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Released: 29-Jan-2021 1:05 PM EST
Human activity caused the long-term growth of greenhouse gas methane
National Institute for Environmental Studies

Methane (CH4) is the second most important greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide (CO2).

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11-Jan-2021 7:55 AM EST
Climate Change is Hurting Children’s Diets, Global Study Finds
University of Vermont

A first-of-its-kind, international study of 107,000 children finds that higher temperatures are an equal or even greater contributor to child malnutrition than the traditional culprits of poverty, inadequate sanitation, and poor education. The 19-nation study is the largest investigation to date of the relationship between our changing climate and children's diet diversity. Of the six regions examined--in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America--five had significant reductions in diet diversity associated with higher temperatures.

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29-Dec-2020 11:45 AM EST
Paying for emissions we’ve already released
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

The planet is committed to global warming in excess of 2 degrees Celsius (3.6°F) just from greenhouse gases that have already been added to the atmosphere. This is the conclusion of new research by scientists from Nanjing University, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Texas A&M University, which appears in the latest edition of Nature Climate Change.


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