Breaking News: Volcanoes

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Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:25 PM EDT
New evidence of long-term volcanic, seismic risks in northern Europe
University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

An ancient European volcanic region may pose both a greater long-term volcanic risk and seismic risk to northwestern Europe than scientists had realized, geophysicists report in a study in the Geophysical Journal International.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Alaskan volcano linked to mysterious period with extreme climate in ancient Rome
University of Copenhagen

he cold, famine and unrest in ancient Rome and Egypt after the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE has long been shrouded in mystery.

Released: 29-Jun-2020 1:40 PM EDT
How volcanoes explode in the deep sea
University of Würzburg

Most volcanic eruptions take place unseen at the bottom of the world's oceans. In recent years, oceanography has shown that this submarine volcanism not only deposits lava but also ejects large amounts of volcanic ash.

Newswise: New research reveals how water in the deep Earth triggers earthquakes and tsunamis
23-Jun-2020 1:15 PM EDT
New research reveals how water in the deep Earth triggers earthquakes and tsunamis
University of Bristol

In a new study, published in the journal Nature, an international team of scientists provide the first conclusive evidence directly linking deep Earth’s water cycle and its expressions with magmatic productivity and earthquake activity.

Newswise: Volcanic Activity and Changes in Earth’s Mantle Were Key to Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen
Released: 9-Jun-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Volcanic Activity and Changes in Earth’s Mantle Were Key to Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen
University of Washington

Evidence from rocks billions of years old suggest that volcanoes played a key role in the rise of oxygen in the atmosphere of the early Earth.

Newswise: Study shows diamonds aren't forever
Released: 4-Jun-2020 5:50 PM EDT
Study shows diamonds aren't forever
Tulane University

The study, published in Nature, was conducted by a team of international resources, including two from Tulane University.

Newswise: 232002_web.jpg
Released: 15-May-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Researchers reveal largest and hottest shield volcano on Earth
University of Hawaii at Manoa

In a recently published study, researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology revealed the largest and hottest shield volcano on Earth.

Newswise: 229883_web.jpg
Released: 22-Apr-2020 3:15 PM EDT
Study suggests rainfall triggered 2018 Kīlauea eruption
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

In May 2018 Kīlauea volcano on the island of Hawaii erupted, touching off months of intense activity. Through August, incandescent lava from fissures spewed hundreds of feet in the air, and billowing ash clouds reached as high as six miles into the atmosphere. Huge lava flows inundated land up and down the Pacific island's southeast coast, destroying hundreds of homes.

Newswise:Video Embedded new-geochemical-tool-reveals-origin-of-earth-s-nitrogen
VIDEO
Released: 15-Apr-2020 6:00 PM EDT
New geochemical tool reveals origin of Earth’s nitrogen
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and their colleagues used a new geochemical tool to shed light on the origin of nitrogen and other volatile elements on Earth, which may also prove useful as a way to monitor the activity of volcanoes. Their findings were published April 16, 2020, in the journal Nature.

Released: 31-Mar-2020 4:15 PM EDT
For grounded forecast of volcanic unrest, spy from above
Cornell University

To better predict explosive, fiery volcanic activity, Cornell geologists have proposed a new classification system to discern the stages of a volcano’s unrest – as seen from smart, perceptive satellites.

Newswise: Saving lives through simulation: Ocean engineering doctoral student models volcanic tsunamis
Released: 4-Mar-2020 5:05 PM EST
Saving lives through simulation: Ocean engineering doctoral student models volcanic tsunamis
Texas A&M University

Volcanic tsunamis - those caused by an underwater eruption - are as devastating as they are abrupt. Richards Sunny, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Ocean Engineering, is developing and improving simulations to map, predict and research volcanic tsunamis.

Newswise: Supercomputer Models Accurately Simulate Tsunamis from Volcanic Events
Released: 4-Mar-2020 12:55 PM EST
Supercomputer Models Accurately Simulate Tsunamis from Volcanic Events
University of California San Diego

Researchers at the University of Rhode Island (URI) used San Diego Supercomputer Center’s (SDSC) Comet supercomputer to show that high-performance computer modeling can accurately simulate tsunamis from volcanic events. Such models could lead to early-warning systems that could save lives and help minimize catastrophic property damage.

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Released: 25-Feb-2020 11:40 AM EST
Lava flows tell 600-year story of biodiversity loss on tropical island
British Ecological Society

A natural experiment created by an active volcano gives new insight into the long-term negative impacts of human colonisation of tropical forest islands. The findings are published in the British Ecological Society journal, Journal of Ecology.

Newswise: 223373_web.jpg
Released: 4-Feb-2020 4:50 PM EST
Peeking at the plumbing of one of the Aleutian's most-active volcanoes
Carnegie Institution for Science

A new approach to analyzing seismic data reveals deep vertical zones of low seismic velocity in the plumbing system underlying Alaska's Cleveland volcano, one of the most-active of the more than 70 Aleutian volcanoes

Released: 21-Jan-2020 10:00 AM EST
Rutgers Geology Museum Hosts Open House
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Presentations on natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanoes and their impacts will be held in Scott Hall and are open to the public at the Rutgers Geology Museum’s 52nd Annual Open House. There will also be hands-on activity sessions for kids, a mineral sale and rock and mineral identification in Scott Hall, and make-and-take stations in the Rutgers Geology Museum. Field Station Dinosaurs will bring its baby Hadrosaurus puppet and will also offer hands-on activities for visitors. All events are free and no preregistration is required.

Newswise: Spock versus the volcano
Released: 20-Jan-2020 9:00 AM EST
Spock versus the volcano
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Kolumbo volcano—which sits 500 meters below the surface within the fault-heavy Hellenic Volcanic Arc just off Santorini—is the Aegean Sea’s most active and potentially dangerous volcano.

Newswise: Six Berkeley Lab Scientists Named AAAS Fellows
25-Nov-2019 8:00 PM EST
Six Berkeley Lab Scientists Named AAAS Fellows
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Six scientists from the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Newswise: Volcanic Ash Sparks a New Discovery
Released: 21-Oct-2019 1:55 PM EDT
Volcanic Ash Sparks a New Discovery
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists are now using plasma physics to predict the characteristics of volcanic hazardous ash plumes.

Newswise: Volcanic eruption may explain recent purple sunrises
Released: 12-Sep-2019 12:05 PM EDT
Volcanic eruption may explain recent purple sunrises
University of Colorado Boulder

Photographers and others with a keen eye have noticed that sunrises and sunsets have become a lot more purple in the U.S. New measurements from a high-altitude balloon could explain why.

Newswise: 210508_web.jpg
Released: 6-Sep-2019 10:05 AM EDT
Kilauea eruption fosters algae bloom in North Pacific Ocean
University of Southern California (USC)

Volcanoes are often feared for their destructive power, but a new study reminds us that they can foster new growth.

Newswise: Jurassic world of volcanoes found in central Australia
Released: 12-Aug-2019 11:05 PM EDT
Jurassic world of volcanoes found in central Australia
University of Adelaide

An international team of subsurface explorers from the University of Adelaide in Australia and the University of Aberdeen in Scotland have uncovered a previously undescribed ‘Jurassic World’ of around 100 ancient volcanoes buried deep within the Cooper-Eromanga Basins of central Australia.

Newswise: Geoengineering Versus a Volcano
Released: 5-Aug-2019 1:45 PM EDT
Geoengineering Versus a Volcano
Carnegie Institution for Science

While it's important to evaluate geoengineering proposals from an informed position, the best way to reduce climate risk is to reduce emissions

Newswise: Careful analysis of volcano’s plumbing system may give tips on pending eruptions
Released: 29-Jul-2019 1:05 AM EDT
Careful analysis of volcano’s plumbing system may give tips on pending eruptions
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

A volcano will not send out an official invitation when it’s ready to erupt, but a team of researchers suggest that scientists who listen and watch carefully may be able to pick up signs that an eruption is about to happen. In a study of Hawaii's Kīlauea volcano, the researchers reported that pressure changes in the volcano’s summit reservoirs helped explain the number of earthquakes — or seismicity — in the upper East Rift Zone. This zone is a highly active region where several eruptions have occurred over the last few decades, including a spectacular one in 2018.

Newswise: Chaos Theory Produces Map for Predicting the Paths of Particles Emitted Into the Atmosphere
12-Jul-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Chaos Theory Produces Map for Predicting the Paths of Particles Emitted Into the Atmosphere
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Floating air particles following disasters and other geological events can have a lasting impact on life on Earth, and a new model drawing on chaos theory looks to help predict how these particles move, with an eye toward applications for geoengineering. Using available wind data, Tímea Haszpra developed a model for following particles as they travel around the globe. Using it, she has generated maps that can be used to predict how particles will be dispersed above the world.

Newswise: Water drives explosive eruptions; here’s why magmas are wetter than we thought
Released: 2-Jul-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Water drives explosive eruptions; here’s why magmas are wetter than we thought
Washington University in St. Louis

Volatile elements in magma, primarily water, drive explosive volcanic eruptions. The tricky part is determining just how much volatile content was present before the eruption took place. This is especially difficult when the only evidence scientists have to go on is the end product after all the volatiles have been lost.

Newswise: Trekking to the top
Released: 19-Jun-2019 8:05 AM EDT
Trekking to the top
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Growing up riding four-wheelers and collecting rocks near her grandparents’ cabin in the valleys wedged between the Rocky Mountains, Shelby Isom’s childhood was an adventure.

Newswise: Aftershocks of 1959 earthquake rocked Yellowstone in 2017-18
Released: 23-May-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Aftershocks of 1959 earthquake rocked Yellowstone in 2017-18
University of Utah

A swarm of more than 3,000 small earthquakes in the Maple Creek area (in Yellowstone National Park but outside of the Yellowstone volcano caldera) between June 2017 and March 2018 are, at least in part, aftershocks of the 1959 quake.

Newswise: Strange Martian mineral deposit likely sourced from volcanic explosions
Released: 23-May-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Strange Martian mineral deposit likely sourced from volcanic explosions
Brown University

Ashfall from ancient volcanic explosions is the likely source of a strange mineral deposit near the landing site for NASA's next Mars rover

Newswise: Sedimentary, dear Johnson: Is NASA looking at the wrong rocks for clues to Martian life?
Released: 17-May-2019 11:05 AM EDT
Sedimentary, dear Johnson: Is NASA looking at the wrong rocks for clues to Martian life?
Frontiers

In 2020, NASA and European-Russian missions will look for evidence of past life on Mars.

Released: 15-May-2019 1:05 PM EDT
From Earth’s deep mantle, scientists find a new way volcanoes form
Cornell University

Far below Bermuda’s pink sand beaches and turquoise tides, geoscientists have discovered the first direct evidence that material from deep within Earth’s mantle transition zone – a layer rich in water, crystals and melted rock – can percolate to the surface to form volcanoes.

Newswise: Geosciences Grad Student Tackles Explosive Eruptions in Chile
Released: 3-May-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Geosciences Grad Student Tackles Explosive Eruptions in Chile
Boise State University

Aaron Marshall studies mafic magma on Llaima Volcano in Chile

Released: 26-Apr-2019 11:05 AM EDT
Mysterious volcanic ash layer from 29,000 years ago traced to volcano in Naples
University of Oxford

Researchers from the University of Oxford have traced the origin of a pre-historic eruption that blanketed the Mediterranean region in ash 29,000 years ago

Newswise: Study: Microbes could influence Earth's geological processes as much as volcanoes
Released: 25-Apr-2019 2:30 PM EDT
Study: Microbes could influence Earth's geological processes as much as volcanoes
University of Tennessee, Knoxville

By acting as gatekeepers, microbes can affect geological processes that move carbon from the earth's surface into its deep interior

Newswise: Major Deep Carbon Sink Linked to Microbes Found Near Volcano Chains
Released: 24-Apr-2019 1:00 PM EDT
Major Deep Carbon Sink Linked to Microbes Found Near Volcano Chains
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Up to about 19 percent more carbon dioxide than previously believed is removed naturally and stored underground between coastal trenches and inland chains of volcanoes, keeping the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere, according to a study in the journal Nature. Surprisingly, subsurface microbes play a role in storing vast amounts of carbon by incorporating it in their biomass and possibly by helping to form calcite, a mineral made of calcium carbonate, Rutgers and other scientists found.

Newswise: New evidence suggests volcanoes caused biggest mass extinction ever
Released: 15-Apr-2019 1:05 PM EDT
New evidence suggests volcanoes caused biggest mass extinction ever
University of Cincinnati

Researchers say mercury buried in ancient rock provides the strongest evidence yet that volcanoes caused the biggest mass extinction in the history of the Earth.

Released: 1-Apr-2019 10:05 AM EDT
Merged satellite, ground data may forecast volcanic eruptions
Cornell University

Cornell University postdoctoral researcher Kevin Reath has merged 17 years of satellite data on volcanoes with ground-based detail to form a model for state-of-the-art volcanic eruption prediction.

Newswise: Precise Chronology Suggests Extreme Volcanism Contributed to Dinosaur Extinction
Released: 21-Feb-2019 2:00 PM EST
Precise Chronology Suggests Extreme Volcanism Contributed to Dinosaur Extinction
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Not by meteorite alone did the dinosaurs die off. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory research scientist Kyle Samperton and colleagues present the most compelling evidence yet that massive volcanic eruptions in the Deccan Traps region of India contributed to the fall of the dinosaurs – also known as the end-Cretaceous mass extinction – approximately 66 million years ago.

Newswise: Satellite images reveal interconnected plumbing system that caused Bali volcano to erupt
Released: 15-Feb-2019 10:05 AM EST
Satellite images reveal interconnected plumbing system that caused Bali volcano to erupt
University of Bristol

A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has used satellite technology provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) to uncover why the Agung volcano in Bali erupted in November 2017 after 50 years of dormancy.

Newswise: Revising the history of big, climate-altering volcanic eruptions
Released: 5-Feb-2019 2:05 PM EST
Revising the history of big, climate-altering volcanic eruptions
University of Maryland, College Park

For all their destructive power, most volcanic eruptions are local events. Lava flows tend to reach only a few miles at most, while airborne ash and soot travel a little farther. But occasionally

Newswise: Large volcanic eruption in Scotland may have contributed to prehistoric global warming
Released: 24-Jan-2019 11:45 AM EST
Large volcanic eruption in Scotland may have contributed to prehistoric global warming
Uppsala University

Around 56 million years ago, global temperatures spiked. Researchers at Uppsala University and in the UK now show that a major explosive eruption from the Red Hills on the Isle of Skye may have been a contributing factor to the massive climate disturbance. Their findings have been published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Released: 3-Jan-2019 10:05 AM EST
URI scientists model Anak Krakatau volcano, tsunami to better prepare U.S. for future tsunamis
University of Rhode Island

The recent eruption of Anak Krakatau – which means “son of Krakatau” – is providing URI researchers Stephan Grilli and Steven Carey with a new opportunity to gain additional insights and create models that they hope will help the United States better prepare for future tsunamis.

Newswise: Scientists brew lava and blow it up to better understand volcanoes
Released: 10-Dec-2018 2:05 PM EST
Scientists brew lava and blow it up to better understand volcanoes
University at Buffalo

What happens when lava and water meet? Explosive experiments with manmade lava are exploring this question. This long-term, ongoing study published its first results on Dec. 10, and aims to shed light on the basic physics of lava-water interactions, which are common in nature but poorly understood.

Released: 31-Oct-2018 8:05 PM EDT
New Model Improves Thermal Models Tying Metamorphic Rocks to Subduction Zones
Boise State University

The temperatures associated with the earth’s subduction zones have been historically miscalculated, which has major implications for our understanding of how the planet’s deadliest earthquakes and volcanic arcs are generated.

Newswise:Video Embedded smaller,-more-frequent-eruptions-affect-volcanic-flare-ups
VIDEO
Released: 11-Oct-2018 8:05 AM EDT
Smaller, More Frequent Eruptions Affect Volcanic Flare-Ups
Michigan Technological University

Eruption patterns in a New Zealand volcanic system reveal how the movement of magma rising through the crust leads to smaller, more frequent eruptions.


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