Focus: Global Warming

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Released: 22-Oct-2009 11:55 AM EDT
New Park Protects Tigers, Elephants and Carbon
Wildlife Conservation Society

The government of Cambodia has transformed a former logging concession into a new, Yosemite-sized protected area that safeguards not only threatened primates, tigers, and elephants, but also massive stores of carbon according to the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), which worked closely with governmental agencies to help create the protected area.

25-Aug-2009 9:00 PM EDT
Scientists Uncover Solar Cycle, Stratosphere, and Ocean Connections
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Subtle connections between the 11-year solar cycle, the stratosphere, and the tropical Pacific Ocean work in sync to generate periodic weather patterns that affect much of the globe, according to research appearing this week in the journal Science.

20-Aug-2009 4:00 PM EDT
Ocean Warming May Increase the Abundance of Marine Consumers
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Warmer ocean temperatures could mean dramatic shifts in the structure of underwater food webs and the abundance of marine life, according to a new study by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Newswise: Professor Available to Discuss the Politics of Environmental Policymaking
Released: 21-Aug-2009 1:00 PM EDT
Professor Available to Discuss the Politics of Environmental Policymaking
University of New Hampshire

Stacy VanDeveer, associate professor of political science at the University of New Hampshire, is available to discuss the complexities and contradictions regarding climate policy in North America, and the politics of U.S.-EU energy and environmental policymaking.

Released: 20-Aug-2009 3:30 PM EDT
Cleaning Up Black Carbon Provides Instant Benefits Against Global Warming
University of California San Diego

The world could buy time to forestall disastrous environmental and geopolitical climate change effects by using existing technologies to curb emissions created through diesel and solid biomass fuel burning, according to an article co-authored by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego climate and atmospheric scientist V. Ramanathan.

Released: 19-Aug-2009 6:00 AM EDT
New Spout Nearly Doubles Maple Production, Has 1 Million Advance Orders
University of Vermont

An innovative new spout developed by the University of Vermont for the maple industry will increase production by up to 90 percent, by preventing a tree's tap hole from becoming contaminated with bacteria. It will also mitigate the effects of global warming, which is shortening the sugaring season.

Newswise: Report Presents New Research on Climate Change Effects in California
Released: 1-Apr-2009 1:20 PM EDT
Report Presents New Research on Climate Change Effects in California
University of California San Diego

Scripps researchers contribute to assessment concluding that loss of agricultural land, increased risk of wildfires among potential outcomes.

16-Jan-2009 4:45 PM EST
Survey: Scientists Agree Human-Induced Global Warming is Real
University of Illinois at Chicago

A broad poll of experts taken by UIC earth scientist Peter Doran finds that the vast majority of climatologists and other earth scientists believe in global warming and think human activity is a factor for the temperature rise. It dispels lingering doubts by some of a consensus among the scientists.

Released: 24-Nov-2008 12:00 PM EST
Global Warming Is Changing Organic Matter in Soil
University of Toronto

New research shows that we should be looking to the ground, not the sky, to see where climate change could have its most perilous impact on life on Earth.

Released: 24-Sep-2008 12:15 PM EDT
Severe Climate Change Costs Forecast for Pa., N.C., Tenn., N.D.
University of Maryland, College Park

College Park, Md. - The economic impact of climate change will cost a number of U.S. states billions of dollars, and delaying action will raise the price tag, concludes the latest series of reports produced by the University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Environmental Research (CIER). The new reports project specific long-term direct and ripple economic effects on North Carolina, North Dakota, Pennsylvania and Tennessee. In most cases, the price tag could run into billions of dollars.

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Released: 24-Sep-2008 10:45 AM EDT
New Studies Find Global Warming Will Have Significant Economic Impacts on Florida Coasts; Call for State Adaption
Florida State University

Leading Florida-based scientific researchers released two new studies today, including a Florida State University report finding that climate change will cause significant impacts on Florida's coastlines and economy due to increased sea level rise. A second study by researchers at Florida Atlantic University recommends that the state of Florida adopt a series of policy programs aimed at adapting to these large coastal and other impacts as a result of climate change.

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3-Sep-2008 11:30 AM EDT
Warmer Seas Linked to Strengthening Hurricanes: Study Fuels Global Warming Debate
Florida State University

The theory that global warming may be contributing to stronger hurricanes in the Atlantic over the past 30 years is bolstered by a new study led by a Florida State University researcher. The study will be published in the Sept. 4 edition of the journal Nature.

Released: 21-Aug-2008 11:00 AM EDT
Satellite Images Show Breakup of Two of Greenland's Largest Glaciers
Ohio State University

Researchers monitoring daily satellite images here of Greenland's glaciers have discovered break-ups at two of the largest glaciers in the last month. They expect that part of the Northern hemisphere's longest floating glacier will continue to disintegrate within the next year.

Newswise: Forests Could Benefit When Fall Color Comes Late
Released: 15-Aug-2008 1:00 PM EDT
Forests Could Benefit When Fall Color Comes Late
Michigan Technological University

Climate change delays the autumn spectacle of multi-colored leaves but increases forest productivity.

Newswise: Bering Glacier Melting Faster Than Scientists Thought
Released: 15-Aug-2008 1:00 PM EDT
Bering Glacier Melting Faster Than Scientists Thought
Michigan Technological University

A new technology for measuring glacial water melt reveals that the Bering Glacier is melting at twice the rate that scientists believed.

Newswise: Bones Beat Trees as Markers for Environmental Change
Released: 15-Aug-2008 1:00 PM EDT
Bones Beat Trees as Markers for Environmental Change
Michigan Technological University

The bones of wolves provide a much clearer picture of the history of environmental change than the traditionally studied rings in trees.

Newswise: Scientists Reveal Soot's Role in Climate Change
Released: 14-Aug-2008 1:00 PM EDT
Scientists Reveal Soot's Role in Climate Change
Weizmann Institute of Science

Soot, or aerosols, can have both heating and cooling effects on clouds. Weizmann Institute scientists and colleagues have now developed a model of this complex relationship, showing when aerosols rising into the clouds will result in heating or cooling. Their findings may help convey the true climatic consequences of fires and industrial fuels.

Newswise: Oceans on the Precipice: Scripps Scientist Warns of Mass Extinctions and "˜Rise of Slime'
Released: 13-Aug-2008 6:00 PM EDT
Oceans on the Precipice: Scripps Scientist Warns of Mass Extinctions and "˜Rise of Slime'
University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Threats to marine ecosystems from overfishing, pollution and climate change must be addressed to halt downward trends .

Released: 12-Aug-2008 2:00 PM EDT
Antarctic Climate: Short-Term Spikes, Long-Term Warming Linked to Tropical Pacific
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Dramatic year-to-year temperature swings and a century-long warming trend across West Antarctica are linked to conditions in the tropical Pacific, according to an analysis of ice cores. The findings show the connection of the world's coldest continent to global warming, as well as to events such as El Niño.

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Released: 8-Aug-2008 1:40 PM EDT
Birds Move Farther North; Climate Change Link Considered
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Birds in the Northeastern United States are moving their breeding ranges north, adding to concerns about the planet's changing climate.

Released: 23-Jul-2008 11:30 AM EDT
Costs of Climate Change, State-by-State: $Billions
University of Maryland, College Park

Climate change will carry a price tag of billions of dollars for a number of U.S. states, says a new series of reports from the University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Environmental Research. The researchers conclude that the costs have already begun to accrue and are likely to endure. They studied Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey and Ohio.

Released: 15-Jul-2008 3:00 PM EDT
Scattered Nature of Wisconsin's Woodlands Could Complicate Forests' Response to Climate Change
University of Wisconsin-Madison

If a warmer Wisconsin climate causes some northern tree species to disappear in the future, it's easy to imagine that southern species will just expand their range northward as soon as the conditions suit them.

Released: 8-Jul-2008 12:45 PM EDT
How Intense Will Storms Get? New Model Helps Answer Question
University of Michigan

A new mathematical model indicates that dust devils, water spouts, tornadoes, hurricanes and cyclones are all born of the same mechanism and will intensify as climate change warms the Earth's surface.

25-Jun-2008 10:30 AM EDT
Global Warming Causing Significant Shift in Composition of Coastal Fish Communities
University of Rhode Island

A detailed analysis of data from nearly 50 years of weekly fish-trawl surveys in Narragansett Bay and adjacent Rhode Island Sound has revealed a long-term shift in species composition, which scientists attribute primarily to the effects of global warming.

20-Jun-2008 12:20 PM EDT
Climate Modeling Shows California's Native Plant Species in Peril from Global Warming
Texas Tech University

California's native plant species are so vulnerable to global climate change that two-thirds of them could suffer 80 percent reduction in their geographic range by the end of the 21st century.

Released: 12-Jun-2008 12:00 PM EDT
Field Project Seeks Clues to Climate Change in Remote Atmospheric Region
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Scientists are deploying an advanced research aircraft to study a region of the atmosphere that influences climate change by affecting Earth's thermal balance. Researchers worldwide will use the project's findings to improve computer models of global climate in preparation for the next report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Released: 11-Jun-2008 8:00 AM EDT
Has Global Warming Research Misinterpreted Cloud Behavior?
University of Alabama Huntsville

When researchers observe natural changes in clouds and temperature, they have assumed that temperature change caused the clouds to change, and not the other way around. This can lead to overestimates of how sensitive Earth's climate is to greenhouse gas emissions.

Newswise: Permafrost Threatened by Rapid Retreat of Arctic Sea Ice
Released: 10-Jun-2008 11:00 AM EDT
Permafrost Threatened by Rapid Retreat of Arctic Sea Ice
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

The rate of climate warming in the Arctic could more than triple, raising concerns about thawing permafrost and the potential consequences for sensitive ecosystems, an NCAR study finds.

Released: 7-May-2008 1:50 PM EDT
Climate Models Overheat Antarctica
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Computer analyses of global climate have consistently overstated warming in Antarctica, new research concludes. The study can help scientists improve computer models and determine if Earth's southernmost continent will warm significantly this century, a major research question because of Antarctica's potential impact on global sea-level rise.

22-Apr-2008 11:00 AM EDT
Stratospheric Injections to Counter Global Warming Could Damage Ozone Layer
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

A much-discussed idea to offset global warming by injecting sulfates into the stratosphere would drastically affect the ozone layer. A new study, led by NCAR, warns that such an approach might delay recovery of the Antarctic ozone hole by decades and cause significant ozone loss over the Arctic.

Released: 2-Apr-2008 10:30 AM EDT
Models Look Good when Predicting Climate Change
University of Utah

The accuracy of computer models that predict climate change has been the subject of debate. A new University of Utah study shows that current climate models are quite accurate and can be valuable tools for those seeking solutions on reversing global warming trends. Most of these models project a global warming trend that amounts to about 7 degrees Fahrenheit over the next 100 years.

13-Feb-2008 2:10 PM EST
Warming Waters May Make Antarctica Hospitable to Sharks; Potentially Disastrous Consequences
University of Rhode Island

It has been 40 million years since the waters around Antarctica have been warm enough to sustain populations of sharks and most fish, but they may return this century due to the effects of global warming. If they do, the impact on Antarctic ecology could be serious.

Newswise: Strategy Could Lead to Emission-Free Cars
Released: 11-Feb-2008 12:55 PM EST
Strategy Could Lead to Emission-Free Cars
Georgia Institute of Technology

Researchers at Georgia Tech have developed a strategy to capture, store and eventually recycle carbon from vehicles. Georgia Tech researchers envision a zero emission car, and a transportation system completely free of fossil fuels.

Newswise: Coral Reefs May Be Protected By Natural Ocean Thermostat
Released: 7-Feb-2008 1:20 PM EST
Coral Reefs May Be Protected By Natural Ocean Thermostat
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Natural processes may prevent oceans from warming beyond a certain point, helping protect some biologically diverse coral reefs from the impacts of climate change. A new study, by scientists at NCAR and the Australian Institute of Marine Science, finds evidence that an ocean "thermostat" is helping regulate sea-surface temperatures.

28-Jan-2008 1:25 PM EST
Water Planners Call for Fundamental Shift to Deal with Changing Climate
University of Washington

The past is no longer a reliable base on which to plan the future of water management. So says a new perspectives piece written by a prominent group of hydrologists and climatologists, to be published Feb. 1 in Science magazine, that calls for fundamental changes to the science behind water planning and policy.

Newswise: Proposed Greenhouse Gas Legislation Will Not Hinder U.S. Economic Growth
Released: 17-Jan-2008 3:20 PM EST
Proposed Greenhouse Gas Legislation Will Not Hinder U.S. Economic Growth
RTI International

Proposed legislation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will have little impact on America's future economic growth, according to a new report conducted by researchers at RTI International and Harvard University for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Released: 10-Dec-2007 8:00 AM EST
Current Melting of Greenland's Ice Mimics 1920s-1940s Event
Ohio State University

Two researchers spent months scouring through old expedition logs and reports, and reviewing 70-year-old maps and photos before making a surprising discovery: They found that the effects of the current warming and melting of Greenland's glaciers that has alarmed the world's climate scientists occurred in the decades following an abrupt warming in the 1920s.

Released: 23-Nov-2007 8:00 AM EST
Kyoto Not Enough to Curb Climate Change
University of Adelaide

Kyoto was a valiant first attempt to tackle global carbon emissions, and support for the Kyoto Protocol is still needed in the international community, but it will not be enough to make a breakthrough with climate change. That's according to a letter co-authored by a University of Adelaide climate change expert and published today in the international journal Nature.

Released: 15-Nov-2007 2:00 PM EST
Forests Damaged by Katrina May Contribute to Global Warming
Tulane University

The widespread damage to Gulf Coast forests inflicted by Hurricane Katrina poses a significant setback in the battle against global warming, according to Tulane researchers led by Jeffrey Chambers, assistant professor of ecology and evolutionary biology.

Newswise: How Climate Change Will Change Fashions
Released: 13-Nov-2007 8:00 AM EST
How Climate Change Will Change Fashions
University of Maryland, College Park

Climate change will have a profound effect on clothes and fashion, changing styles, fabrics and laundering, says a University of Maryland expert. "Remember Jimmy Carter's sweaters from the 1970s energy crisis? With Seventh Avenue proclaiming that "˜green is the new black,' we can expect a surge in fashion innovations in response to climate change."

Released: 12-Oct-2007 12:25 PM EDT
Gore: A Tireless Voice From the Wilderness For the Wilderness
National Wildlife Federation (NWF)

Today the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Al Gore were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to address global warming. The National Wildlife Federation asked its staff for reaction to this news.

Released: 11-Oct-2007 2:00 PM EDT
New Membrane Strips Carbon Dioxide from Natural Gas Faster and Better
University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

A modified plastic material greatly improves the ability to separate global warming-linked carbon dioxide from natural gas as the gas is prepared for use, according to engineers at The University of Texas at Austin who have analyzed the new plastic's performance.

29-May-2007 3:05 PM EDT
Study Warns Climate Change and Deforestation will Lead to Declines in Global Bird Diversity
University of California San Diego

Global warming and the destruction of natural habitats will lead to significant declines and extinctions in the world's 8,750 terrestrial bird species over the next century, according to a study conducted by biologists at the University of California, San Diego and Princeton University.

Released: 10-May-2007 8:40 AM EDT
GM Food Debate Heats up with Global Warming
University of Adelaide

Pressure for consumer acceptance of genetically modified foods will intensify as global warming brings even harsher environments for our food crops, according to Professor Mark Tester at the University of Adelaide, Australia.

7-May-2007 3:10 PM EDT
As Rainfall Changes, Tropical Plants May Acclimate
University of Florida

Tropical plants may be more adaptable than commonly thought to changing rainfall patterns expected to accompany a warming climate, new research shows.

Newswise: Arctic Ice Retreating More Quickly Than Computer Models Project
Released: 30-Apr-2007 3:50 PM EDT
Arctic Ice Retreating More Quickly Than Computer Models Project
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

A new study published in Geophysical Research Letters concludes that Arctic sea ice is melting faster than indicated by the computer models used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The shrinking summertime ice is about 30 years ahead of IPCC projections.

Released: 26-Apr-2007 5:45 PM EDT
Ocean's "˜Twilight Zone' Plays Important Role in Climate Change
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

A major study has shed new light on the dim layer of the ocean called the "twilight zone""”where mysterious processes affect the ocean's ability to absorb and store carbon dioxide accumulating in our atmosphere.

Newswise: The Tropics May be Expanding
22-May-2006 12:05 AM EDT
The Tropics May be Expanding
University of Utah

Atmospheric temperature measurements by satellites indicate Earth's hot, tropical zone has expanded farther from the equator since 1979, say scientists from Utah and Washington state. But they don't know if the tropical expansion was triggered by natural climate variation or by human-caused phenomena such as depletion of the atmosphere's ozone layer or global warming due to the greenhouse effect.


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