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Newswise: Illinois studies explore converting wastewater to fertilizer with fungal treatment
Released: 18-Jul-2024 5:05 PM EDT
Illinois studies explore converting wastewater to fertilizer with fungal treatment
College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Creating fertilizers from organic waste can help reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and promote sustainable production. Two studies from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign explore the use of a fungal treatment to convert wastewater into fertilizer for agricultural crops.

Newswise: In Papua New Guinea, Explorers Study One of the Most Biodiverse Oceans on Earth
Released: 18-Jul-2024 4:05 PM EDT
In Papua New Guinea, Explorers Study One of the Most Biodiverse Oceans on Earth
Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS Papua New Guinea, lead national NGO partner on the expedition, lauds the continued attention on and ambition for Papua New Guinea’s coastal seas, particularly in light of recent major MPA commitments made by local communities who will be visited during the course of the expedition

Newswise: Your therapist wants you to go outside
Released: 18-Jul-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Your therapist wants you to go outside
University of Utah

Led by the University of Utah, a meta-analysis of existing research shows exposure to nature, even as little as 10 minutes, could benefit those with diagnosed mental illness.

Newswise:Video Embedded of-ants-and-trees-8216-evolutionary-d-j-8217-in-the-tropical-rainforest
VIDEO
Released: 18-Jul-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Of ants and trees: ‘Evolutionary déjà’ in the tropical rainforest
University of Utah

University of Utah biologists discover that multiple species of Myrmelachista ants have independently evolved the same specialized relationship with understory trees of Neotropical rainforests.

Released: 18-Jul-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Biodiversity Research Institute Announces Publication of a Special Issue on Mercury in Ecotoxicology
Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI)

To advance scientific understanding of mercury exposure in biota from around the world, an esteemed group of almost 200 scientists from more than 30 countries collaborated on producing 18 peer-reviewed papers that form a Special Issue of Ecotoxicology titled Assessing Global Environmental Mercury Exposure in Biota and Potential Impacts on Biodiversity.

Newswise: Against the odds: the genetic secrets of a rare conifer's climate change defiance
Released: 18-Jul-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Against the odds: the genetic secrets of a rare conifer's climate change defiance
Chinese Academy of Sciences

In a remarkable twist of evolutionary adaptation, the rare Tibetan cypress, Cupressus gigantea, has shown unexpected genetic resilience. Despite facing the brink of extinction due to climate change and habitat loss, the species has experienced a significant reduction in harmful genetic mutations.

Newswise: Ginseng's full genome sequenced: unraveling the roots of a medicinal marvel
Released: 18-Jul-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Ginseng's full genome sequenced: unraveling the roots of a medicinal marvel
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A landmark study has successfully decoded the complete ginseng genome, unveiling the genetic mechanisms that govern saponin biosynthesis. This detailed genetic map illuminates the evolutionary and metabolic pathways of Panax ginseng, a staple in traditional medicine.

Newswise: Bubbling with benefits: hydrogen nanobubbles boost tomato antioxidants
Released: 18-Jul-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Bubbling with benefits: hydrogen nanobubbles boost tomato antioxidants
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A pioneering study has unlocked the potential of hydrogen nanobubbles to significantly augment the antioxidant content in tomatoes. This innovative irrigation technique not only fortifies the fruit with higher concentrations of health-boosting compounds but also opens new avenues for enhancing the nutritional value of agricultural produce.

Newswise: Unlocking the genetic keys to cucumber perfection: a new player in flower and fruit development
Released: 18-Jul-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the genetic keys to cucumber perfection: a new player in flower and fruit development
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Scientists have illuminated the role of heterotrimeric G protein α-subunits in cucumber's development, a breakthrough in our comprehension of plant organ formation. This insight into the CLAVATA (CLV) signaling cascade may lead to innovative approaches in crop cultivation, promising advancements in both nutritional value and agricultural output.

Newswise: FruitFlow: a new citizen science initiative unlocks orchard secrets
Released: 18-Jul-2024 8:05 AM EDT
FruitFlow: a new citizen science initiative unlocks orchard secrets
Chinese Academy of Sciences

The "FruitWatch" initiative, a groundbreaking citizen science project, has significantly enhanced the accuracy of predicting flowering times for fruit trees across Great Britain. This improvement is vital for the agricultural sector, enabling better planning for pest management and pollinator support, which are crucial for maintaining optimal fruit yield and quality.

Newswise: From roots to leaves: the nitrogen connection to photosynthetic efficiency
Released: 18-Jul-2024 8:05 AM EDT
From roots to leaves: the nitrogen connection to photosynthetic efficiency
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Delving into the nuances of plant nutrition, researchers have discovered that the form of nitrogen intake profoundly affects the efficiency of photosynthesis in plants. This pivotal finding sheds light on how plants process and utilize nitrogen, offering critical insights for enhancing crop productivity and optimizing nitrogen use in agriculture.

Released: 18-Jul-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Using AI to scrutinize, validate theories on animal evolution
Ohio State University

By harnessing the power of machine learning, researchers have constructed a framework for analyzing what factors most significantly contribute to a species’ genetic diversity.

Newswise: Peeling back the genetic layers of stone fruit domestication
Released: 18-Jul-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Peeling back the genetic layers of stone fruit domestication
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Unraveling the genetic underpinnings of stone fruits, a pivotal study explores the genomic landscape of apricot, peach, plum, and mei. It uncovers the signatures of selection pressures driving their domestication and adaptation, revealing a rich tapestry of genetic diversity and evolutionary convergence that shapes the traits we value in these crops.

Newswise: Mulberry mystery solved: genetic insights into anthocyanin richness
Released: 18-Jul-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Mulberry mystery solved: genetic insights into anthocyanin richness
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Unlocking the genetic secrets of mulberry anthocyanin content, a study illuminates the regulatory mechanisms that dictate fruit color and nutritional quality.

Newswise: Decoding chieh-qua: unveiling the genetic secrets of a cultivated cucurbit
Released: 18-Jul-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Decoding chieh-qua: unveiling the genetic secrets of a cultivated cucurbit
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A pivotal study has successfully sequenced and assembled the chromosome-level genome of chieh-qua, a cucurbit crop with significant economic and cultural importance in Asia. The high-quality genome assembly provides a comprehensive genetic blueprint, revealing the crop's genetic diversity and evolutionary history.

Newswise: Nature's gender reveal: key gene controls female flowers in Cucurbita pepo
Released: 18-Jul-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Nature's gender reveal: key gene controls female flowers in Cucurbita pepo
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A transformative study has pinpointed the CpMYB62 transcription factor as a key determinant in the sex differentiation of Cucurbita pepo flowers. This gene mutation, which impedes the female floral transition, may be partially reversed by ethylene, indicating its critical role in ethylene-mediated sex determination pathways.

Newswise: Unlocking the genetic code of amur grape: insights into plant cold tolerance and evolution
Released: 18-Jul-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the genetic code of amur grape: insights into plant cold tolerance and evolution
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A pioneering study has meticulously pieced together the high-quality genome sequence of the Amur grape, Vitis amurensis, unveiling its evolutionary journey and the genetic secrets behind its exceptional cold tolerance.

Newswise: Blueprint for blueberry: decoding the genetic pathways of plant regrowth
Released: 18-Jul-2024 4:05 AM EDT
Blueprint for blueberry: decoding the genetic pathways of plant regrowth
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A pivotal study has shed light on the genetic factors that govern the ability of highbush blueberries to regenerate from shoots, a critical process for plant breeding and genetic engineering. By comparing the transcriptomes of two genotypes with contrasting regeneration rates, researchers identified key auxin-related genes and transcription factors crucial to this process.

Newswise: Although Tiny, Peatland Microorganisms Have a Big Impact on Climate
Released: 17-Jul-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Although Tiny, Peatland Microorganisms Have a Big Impact on Climate
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Polyphenols are generally toxic to microorganisms. In peatlands, scientists thought microorganisms avoided this toxicity by degrading polyphenols using an oxygen-dependent enzyme, and thus that low-oxygen conditions inhibit microbes’ carbon cycling.

Newswise: Coffee Producers Capture Rare Amazon Weasel on Video
Released: 17-Jul-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Coffee Producers Capture Rare Amazon Weasel on Video
Wildlife Conservation Society

A group of coffee producers has filmed an extremely rare small carnivore, the Amazon weasel (Neogale africana), near their shade-grown plots as part of a citizen science monitoring program. This species has never previously been recorded in Bolivia.



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