Curated News: Scientific Reports

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Released: 4-Aug-2021 8:50 AM EDT
’Til the Cows Come Home
Washington University in St. Louis

Meat and dairy played a more significant role in human diets in Bronze Age China than previously thought. A new analysis also suggests that farmers and herders tended to sheep and goats differently than they did their cows, unlike in other parts of the world — keeping cows closer to home and feeding them the byproducts of grains that they were growing for their own consumption, like the grass stalks from millet plants.

Released: 22-Jul-2021 4:05 PM EDT
COVID-19: Patients with Malnutrition May Be More Likely to Have Severe Outcomes
Scientific Reports

Adults and children with COVID-19 who have a history of malnutrition may have an increased likelihood of death and the need for mechanical ventilation, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.

Newswise: Newly-Hatched Pterosaurs May Have Been Able to Fly
22-Jul-2021 6:05 AM EDT
Newly-Hatched Pterosaurs May Have Been Able to Fly
University of Portsmouth

Newly-hatched pterosaurs may have been able to fly but their flying abilities may have been different from adult pterosaurs, according to a new study. Researchers found that hatchling humerus bones were stronger than those of many adult pterosaurs, indicating that they would have been strong enough for flight.

Newswise: ‘An Entourage Effect’: New Clues on How Low-Dose CBD Products Work
20-Jul-2021 9:50 AM EDT
‘An Entourage Effect’: New Clues on How Low-Dose CBD Products Work
University of Sydney

Pharmacologists at the University of Sydney have found tantalising clues as to why low-dose CBD products containing a full-spectrum of cannabinoids seem to have therapeutic impacts at relatively low doses.

Released: 20-Jul-2021 2:10 PM EDT
Elite Runners Spend More Time in Air, Less on Ground, Than Highly Trained but Nonelite Peers
University of Michigan

A recent study led by Geoff Burns, an elite runner and postdoctoral researcher at the University of Michigan Exercise & Sport Science Initiative, compared the "bouncing behavior"—the underlying spring-like physics of running—in elite-level male runners (sub-four-minute milers) vs. highly trained but not elite runners.

Released: 20-Jul-2021 12:50 PM EDT
“Springing Forward” Affects Early Birds Less Than Night Owls, Study Finds
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Every spring, the Daylight Saving Time shift robs people of an hour of sleep – and a new study shows that DNA plays a role in how much the time change affects individuals. People whose genetic profile makes them more likely to be “early birds” can adjust to the time change in a few days. But those who tend to be “night owls” could take more than a week to get back on track.

Released: 19-Jul-2021 10:45 AM EDT
Novel Coronavirus Discovered in British Bats
University of East Anglia

A coronavirus related to the virus that causes Covid-19 in humans has been found in UK horseshoe bats - according to new collaborative research from the University of East Anglia, ZSL (Zoological Society of London), and Public Health England (PHE).

Newswise: Computational Modeling Results in New Findings for Preeclampsia Patients
Released: 13-Jul-2021 1:35 PM EDT
Computational Modeling Results in New Findings for Preeclampsia Patients
University of California San Diego

Researchers used Comet at the San Diego Supercomputer Center to conduct cellular modeling to detail the differences between normal and preeclampsia placental tissue.

Newswise: The Rat’s Whiskers: Multidisciplinary Research Reveals How We Sense Texture
Released: 13-Jul-2021 8:05 AM EDT
The Rat’s Whiskers: Multidisciplinary Research Reveals How We Sense Texture
University of Bristol

Two very different teams of scientists have worked together to reveal important insights into how we sense texture by looking at the whiskers of a rat.

Released: 9-Jul-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
University of Birmingham

Eyewitnesses can identify perpetrators more accurately when they are able to manipulate 3D images of suspects, according to a new study.

Newswise: Cutting Through Noise for Better Solar Cells
Released: 7-Jul-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Cutting Through Noise for Better Solar Cells
University of Utah

Physicists used cross-correlation noise spectroscopy to measure miniscule fluctuations in electrical current flowing between materials inside silicon solar cells. They identified crucial signals that are invisible to conventional methods, and pinpointed the likely physical processes causing the noise.

Released: 24-Jun-2021 4:45 PM EDT
Food Protein Can Eliminate Pungency and Bitterness of Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Monell Chemical Senses Center

While experimenting in the laboratory, investigators put the extra virgin olive oil into a mayonnaise-like material that would be easier for sensory study participants to assess, rather than drinking unadulterated EVOO from a drinking glass, as is commonly done for EVOO tasting. They discovered that after several hours the oil-mayo mixture was much less pungent and bitter. Even a small amount of egg yolk in the mixture was sufficient to cause this reduction.

Released: 24-Jun-2021 9:45 AM EDT
Russian Forests Are Crucial To Global Climate Mitigation
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

A new study by IIASA researchers, Russian experts, and other international colleagues have produced new estimates of biomass contained in Russian forests, confirming a substantial increase over the last few decades.

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Released: 23-Jun-2021 10:30 AM EDT
Did the ancient Maya have parks?
University of Cincinnati

The ancient Maya city of Tikal was a bustling metropolis and home to tens of thousands of people.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Earlier flood forecasting could help avoid disaster in Japan
University of Tokyo

In Japan, thousands of homes and businesses and hundreds of lives have been lost to typhoons. But now, researchers have revealed that a new flood forecasting system could provide earlier flood warnings, giving people more time to prepare or evacuate, and potentially saving lives.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:30 PM EDT
VIMS study uncovers new cause for intensification of oyster disease
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

A new paper in Scientific Reports led by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science challenges increased salinity and seawater temperatures as the established explanation for a decades-long increase in the prevalence and deadliness of a major oyster disease in the coastal waters of the mid-Atlantic.

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Released: 14-Jun-2021 2:50 PM EDT
New model accounts for the effect of behavior changes to predict COVID-19 cases
Brown University

By adding behavioral components to an infectious disease model, Brown University researchers have developed a new modeling approach that captures the peaks and valleys in new COVID-19 cases seen over the past 16 months.

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Released: 9-Jun-2021 5:10 PM EDT
Food for thought: Eating soft foods may alter the brain's control of chewing
Tokyo Medical and Dental University

Incoming sensory information can affect the brain's structure, which may in turn affect the body's motor output. However, the specifics of this process are not always well understood.

Newswise: Protein in Prostate Cancer may Inhibit Tumor Growth
Released: 9-Jun-2021 12:20 PM EDT
Protein in Prostate Cancer may Inhibit Tumor Growth
University of Georgia

Research from the University of Georgia has identified a protein that appears to prevent the cancer from spreading to and colonizing the bone, providing a new target for future therapeutics.

Newswise: New drug to halt dementia after multiple head injuries
Released: 7-Jun-2021 12:05 AM EDT
New drug to halt dementia after multiple head injuries
University of South Australia

A world-first international study led by the University of South Australia has identified a new drug to stop athletes developing dementia after sustaining repeated head injuries in their career.

Newswise: New insights into survival of ancient Western Desert peoples
Released: 6-Jun-2021 10:05 PM EDT
New insights into survival of ancient Western Desert peoples
University of Adelaide

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have used more than two decades of satellite-derived environmental data to form hypotheses about the possible foraging habitats of pre-contact Aboriginal peoples living in Australia’s Western Desert.

Released: 4-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Computer simulations of the brain can predict language recovery in stroke survivors
Boston University

At Boston University, a team of researchers is working to better understand how language and speech is processed in the brain, and how to best rehabilitate people who have lost their ability to communicate due to brain damage caused by a stroke, trauma, or another type of brain injury.

Newswise:Video Embedded mangrove-root-model-may-hold-the-key-to-preventing-coastal-erosion
VIDEO
Released: 3-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Mangrove Root Model May Hold the Key to Preventing Coastal Erosion
Florida Atlantic University

How mangrove roots interact with water flow is believed to be a key element in mitigating coastal erosion. Researchers are the first to quantify the optimal mangrove root hydrodynamic with a predictive model, which provides insight into the sediment transport and erosion processes that govern the evolution of the shapes of shorelines. Results can provide useful guidance for coastal managers restoring estuarine mangrove forests or planting mangroves as part of living shoreline stabilization.

Released: 2-Jun-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Blacks and Native Americans More Likely to Have COVID-19 Complications Than Whites with Similar Medical Histories
University of Utah Health

Blacks and Native Americans with health problems prior to contracting COVID-19 are more likely to have longer hospital stays, require treatment with a ventilator, and have a higher risk of death than Whites who have similar preexisting conditions, according to a new nationwide study led by University of Utah Health scientists.

Newswise: Anyone can get super-hearing
Released: 2-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Anyone can get super-hearing
Aalto University

Humans can observe what and where something happens around them with their hearing, as long as sound frequencies lie between 20 Hz and 20 000 Hz. Researchers at Aalto University have now developed a new audio technique that enables people to also hear ultrasonic sources that generate sound at frequencies above 20,000 Hz with simultaneous perception of their direction.

Released: 1-Jun-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Avails Medical's eQUANT™ paper 'Novel electronic biosensor for automated inoculum preparation to accelerate antimicrobial susceptibility testing' published in Scientific Reports
Avails Medical, Inc.

Avails Medical, a pioneer in rapid, automated and fully electrical antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) announced today the publication of a new peer-reviewed paper on its eQUANT™ system and technology in Scientific Reports.

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Released: 28-May-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Helping doctors manage COVID-19
University of Waterloo

Artificial intelligence (AI) technology developed by researchers at the University of Waterloo is capable of assessing the severity of COVID-19 cases with a promising degree of accuracy.

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Released: 27-May-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
CNRS (Centre National de Recherche Scientifique / National Center of Scientific Research)

Since its discovery in the 1960s, the Jebel Sahaba cemetery (Nile Valley, Sudan), 13 millennia old, was considered to be one of the oldest testimonies to prehistoric warfare.

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Released: 27-May-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Fungus fights mites that harm honey bees
Washington State University

A new fungus strain could provide a chemical-free method for eradicating mites that kill honey bees, according to a study published this month in Scientific Reports.

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Released: 25-May-2021 12:50 PM EDT
Is deference to supernatural beings present in infancy?
University of Oxford

From shamans and mystics to cult leaders and divine kings, why have people throughout history accorded high status to people believed to have supernatural powers?

Newswise: Urban heat islands affect tree canopy temperatures and health, UAH study says
Released: 25-May-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Urban heat islands affect tree canopy temperatures and health, UAH study says
University of Alabama Huntsville

New research recently published in Scientific Reports on tree canopy temperatures in New York City by a University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) doctoral student offers new insights for urban forestry management.

Newswise: Researchers Shed Light on the Evolution of Extremist Groups
17-May-2021 9:45 AM EDT
Researchers Shed Light on the Evolution of Extremist Groups
George Washington University

Early online support for the Boogaloos, one of the groups implicated in the January 2021 attack on the United States Capitol, followed the same mathematical pattern as ISIS, despite the stark ideological, geographical and cultural differences between their forms of extremism.

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Released: 18-May-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Swiss farmers contributed to the domestication of the opium poppy
University of Basel

Fields of opium poppies once bloomed where the Zurich Opera House underground garage now stands.

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Released: 13-May-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Largest-ever study of artificial insemination in sharks--and the occasional 'virgin birth'
Field Museum

It's a tough time to be a shark. Pollution, industrialized fishing, and climate change threaten marine life, and the populations of many top ocean predators have declined in recent years.

Newswise: Fossilized tracks show earliest known evidence of mammals at the seashore
11-May-2021 5:45 PM EDT
Fossilized tracks show earliest known evidence of mammals at the seashore
University of Utah

Researchers report the discovery of several sets of fossilized tracks, likely from the brown bear-sized Coryphodon, that represent the earliest known evidence of mammals gathering near an ocean.

Newswise:Video Embedded orangutan-finding-highlights-need-to-protect-habitat
VIDEO
12-May-2021 4:15 PM EDT
Orangutan Finding Highlights Need to Protect Habitat
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Wild orangutans are known for their ability to survive food shortages, but scientists have made a surprising finding that highlights the need to protect the habitat of these critically endangered primates, which face rapid habitat destruction and threats linked to climate change. Scientists found that the muscle mass of orangutans on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia was significantly lower when less fruit was available. That’s remarkable because orangutans are thought to be especially good at storing and using fat for energy, according a Rutgers-led study in the journal Scientific Reports.

Released: 12-May-2021 4:25 PM EDT
Ancestors may have created 'iconic' sounds as bridge to first languages
University of Birmingham

The 'missing link' that helped our ancestors to begin communicating with each other through language may have been iconic sounds, rather than charades-like gestures - giving rise to the unique human power to coin new words describing the world around us, a new study reveals.

Newswise: People Living with HIV More Likely to Get Sick with, Die From COVID-19
Released: 11-May-2021 8:05 AM EDT
People Living with HIV More Likely to Get Sick with, Die From COVID-19
Penn State Health

Over the past year, studies have revealed that certain pre-existing conditions, such as cancer, diabetes and high blood pressure, can increase a person’s risk of dying from COVID-19.

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Released: 7-May-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Hologram experts can now create real-life images that move in the air
Brigham Young University

They may be tiny weapons, but Brigham Young University's holography research group has figured out how to create lightsabers -- green for Yoda and red for Darth Vader, naturally -- with actual luminous beams rising from them.

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Released: 7-May-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Having a ball: New English Premier League soccer ball more stable, drags more
University of Tsukuba

Scientists from the Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences at the University of Tsukuba used aerodynamics experiments to empirically test the flight properties of a new four-panel soccer ball adopted by the English Premier League this year.

Newswise: Story Tips from Johns Hopkins Experts on COVID-19
Released: 5-May-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Story Tips from Johns Hopkins Experts on COVID-19
Johns Hopkins Medicine

How Can Scientists Predict a COVID-19 Outbreak? There's an App for that; Johns Hopkins Medicine Collaborates with the City and Faith Organizations to Offer Guidance on Safely Reopening Houses of Worship; Johns Hopkins Hospital Patient ‘Grateful to Still Be Alive’ After Two-Month Hospitalization with COVID-19; “12 Things You Need To Know” Infographic...

Released: 3-May-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Dogs' aggressive behavior towards humans is often caused by fear
University of Helsinki

A study encompassing some 9,000 dogs conducted at the University of Helsinki demonstrated that fearfulness, age, breed, the company of other members of the same species and the owner's previous experience of dogs were associated with aggressive behaviour towards humans.

Released: 29-Apr-2021 12:20 PM EDT
When does the green monster of jealousy wake up in people?
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Adult heterosexual women and men are often jealous about completely different threats to their relationship.

Newswise:Video Embedded new-rapid-covid-19-test-the-result-of-university-industry-partnership
VIDEO
Released: 26-Apr-2021 3:25 PM EDT
New rapid COVID-19 test the result of university-industry partnership
UC Davis Health

A partnership between UC Davis and Maurice J. Gallagher, Jr., chairman and CEO of Allegiant Travel Company, has led to a 20-minute COVID-19 test. The method pairs a mass spectrometer with a powerful machine-learning platform to detect SARS-CoV-2 in nasal swabs. A recent study published in Nature Scientific Reports shows the test to be 98.3% accurate for positive COVID-19 tests and 96% for negative tests.

Newswise: AmirFirePhoto-768x512.jpg
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
California’s wildfire season has lengthened, and its peak is now earlier in the year
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., April 22, 2021 — California’s wildfire problem, fueled by a concurrence of climate change and a heightened risk of human-caused ignitions in once uninhabited areas, has been getting worse with each passing year of the 21st century. Researchers in the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Irvine have conducted a thorough analysis of California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection wildfire statistics from 2000 to 2019, comparing them with data from 1920 to 1999.

Newswise:Video Embedded 21st-century-medical-needles-for-high-tech-cancer-diagnostics
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
21st century medical needles for high-tech cancer diagnostics
Aalto University

A new type of biopsy needle – which vibrates ultrasonically – greatly increases the amount of tissue obtained for pathologists. Currently, pathologists have to use a thick, but painful needle to get large samples, but the new needle is thin and much more comfortable for patients.

Newswise:Video Embedded common-antibiotic-effective-in-healing-coral-disease-lesions
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Common Antibiotic Effective in Healing Coral Disease Lesions
Florida Atlantic University

An antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections in humans is showing promise in treating stony coral, found throughout the tropical western Atlantic, including several areas currently affected by stony coral tissue loss disease. Preserving M. cavernosa colonies is important due to its high abundance and role as a dominant reef builder in the northern section of Florida’s Coral Reef. Results show that the Base 2B plus amoxicillin treatment had a 95 percent success rate at healing individual disease lesions.

Released: 20-Apr-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Using engineering methods to track the imperceptible movements of stony corals
University of Washington

A new study led by University of Washington researchers borrowed image-analysis methods from engineering to spot the minute movements of a stony coral.


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