Feature Channels: Particle Physics

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Newswise: Making matter out of light: high-power laser simulations point the way
Released: 1-Jun-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Making matter out of light: high-power laser simulations point the way
University of California San Diego

Engineers at UC San Diego developed a set of simulations involving high-power lasers that could help us recreate the transformation of light into matter, and better understand what happened at the very beginning of the universe.

Newswise: Argonne researchers create active material out of microscopic spinning particles
Released: 28-May-2020 5:50 PM EDT
Argonne researchers create active material out of microscopic spinning particles
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne researchers have created a new kind of self-healing active material out of “microspinners,” which self-assemble under a magnetic field to form a lattice.

Newswise: Experimenting with Laser Wakefield Acceleration
Released: 27-May-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Experimenting with Laser Wakefield Acceleration
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Brookhaven Lab intern Prabhjot Kaur is working on an experiment to accelerate particles to greater energies in smaller spaces.

Newswise:Video Embedded largest-collection-of-3d-supernova-simulations-leads-to-new-insights-on-explosion-dynamics
VIDEO
Released: 11-May-2020 6:30 PM EDT
Largest collection of 3D supernova simulations leads to new insights on explosion dynamics
Argonne National Laboratory

Researchers using DOE supercomputers, including Argonne’s Theta, produced pivotal 3D simulations to elucidate the physics behind the collapse of massive stars.

Released: 7-May-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Rutgers’ Greg Moore Elected to National Academy of Sciences
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Professor Gregory W. Moore, a renowned physicist who seeks a unified understanding of the basic forces and fundamental particles in the universe, has been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences. Moore, Board of Governors Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Rutgers University–New Brunswick, joins 119 other new academy members and 26 international members this year who were recognized for their distinguished and ongoing achievements in original research.

Newswise: Four Years of Calculations Lead to New Insights Into Muon Anomaly
Released: 5-May-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Four Years of Calculations Lead to New Insights Into Muon Anomaly
Argonne National Laboratory

For two decades, physicists have been trying to reconcile a gap between theoretical and experimental data on a particle called the muon. A new study, powered by Argonne's supercomputer Mira, sharpens one piece of the puzzle.

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Released: 5-May-2020 10:55 AM EDT
Four Years of Calculations Lead to New Insights into Muon Anomaly
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Two decades ago, an experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory pinpointed a mysterious mismatch between established particle physics theory and actual lab measurements. A multi-institutional research team (including Brookhaven, Columbia University, and the universities of Connecticut, Nagoya and Regensburg, RIKEN) have used Argonne National Laboratory’s Mira supercomputer to help narrow down the possible explanations for the discrepancy, delivering a newly precise theoretical calculation that refines one piece of this very complex puzzle.

Newswise: Study: Could Dark Matter Be Hiding in Existing Data?
Released: 5-May-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Study: Could Dark Matter Be Hiding in Existing Data?
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new study, led by researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley, suggests new paths for catching the signals of dark matter particles that have their energy absorbed by atomic nuclei.

Newswise: A New Machine Learning Method Streamlines Particle Accelerator Operations
Released: 29-Apr-2020 1:45 PM EDT
A New Machine Learning Method Streamlines Particle Accelerator Operations
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SLAC researchers have developed a new tool, using machine learning, that may make part of the accelerator tuning process five times faster compared to previous methods.

Newswise: Major Upgrades of Particle Detectors and Electronics Prepare CERN Experiment to Stream a Data Tsunami
Released: 29-Apr-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Major Upgrades of Particle Detectors and Electronics Prepare CERN Experiment to Stream a Data Tsunami
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

For an experiment that will generate big data at unprecedented rates, physicists led design, development, mass production and delivery of an upgrade of novel particle detectors and state-of-the art electronics.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 12:00 PM EDT
How tiny water droplets form can have a big impact on climate models
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Understanding droplet formation in pure water in a controlled lab setting is challenging enough, but in the atmosphere, droplets form in the presence of many other substances.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Particle physics at home
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Browse Fermilab's many online resources to dive into the wonderful world of particle physics.

Newswise: Cosmic Understanding from Miniscule Particles
Released: 15-Apr-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Cosmic Understanding from Miniscule Particles
Department of Energy, Office of Science

To understand how elements heavier than iron formed, scientists are running particle physics experiments and astrophysical computing models that complement each other. They collaborate to find the distinctive signatures of heavy elements.

Newswise: New Research Helps Explain Why the Solar Wind Is Hotter Than Expected
Released: 14-Apr-2020 4:05 PM EDT
New Research Helps Explain Why the Solar Wind Is Hotter Than Expected
University of Wisconsin-Madison

When the sun expels plasma, the solar wind cools as it expands through space — but not as much as the laws of physics would predict. UW–Madison physicists now know the reason.

Newswise: IMSA High School Internship advances DUNE project and showcases unexplored potential of physics
Released: 6-Apr-2020 12:15 PM EDT
IMSA High School Internship advances DUNE project and showcases unexplored potential of physics
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne National Laboratory’s Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) High School Internship Program has this year’s exceptionally bright high school students working on the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE)’s world-changing research.

Released: 27-Mar-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Fermilab presents: March Magnets
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Missing March Madness? Let Fermilab fill a small part of the void created in these times of social distancing and shelter-in-place. Participate in Fermilab’s sendup of the NCAA tournament: March Magnets. Learn about eight different types of magnets used in particle physics, each with an example from a project or experiment in which Fermilab is a player. Then head over to the Fermilab Twitter feed on March 30 to participate in our March Magnets playoffs.

23-Mar-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Researchers look for dark matter close to home
University of Michigan

Eighty-five percent of the universe is composed of dark matter, but we don't know what, exactly, it is.

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Released: 20-Mar-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Coronavirus SARS-CoV2: BESSY II data accelerate drug development
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materialien und Energie

Teams around the world are working hard to develop active substances against SARS-CoV-2.

Newswise: Berkeley Lab Cosmologists Are Top Contenders in Machine Learning Challenge
Released: 20-Mar-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Berkeley Lab Cosmologists Are Top Contenders in Machine Learning Challenge
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

In a machine learning challenge dubbed the 2020 Large Hadron Collider Olympics, a team of cosmologists from Berkeley Lab developed a code that best identified a mock signal hidden in simulated particle-collision data.

Newswise: tevatron-magnet-11-0225-02D.hr_.jpg
Released: 19-Mar-2020 1:20 PM EDT
The power of attraction: magnets in particle accelerators
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Accelerator magnets — how do they work? Depending on the number of poles a magnet has, it bends, shapes or shores up the stability of particle beams as they shoot at velocities close to the speed of light. Experts design magnets so they can wield the beam in just the right way to yield the physics they're after. Here's your primer on particle accelerator magnets.

Newswise:Video Embedded three-national-laboratories-achieve-record-magnetic-field-for-accelerator-focusing-magnet
VIDEO
Released: 18-Mar-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Three national laboratories achieve record magnetic field for accelerator focusing magnet
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Fermilab, Brookhaven National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have achieved a milestone in magnet technology. Earlier this year, their new magnet reached the highest field strength ever recorded for an accelerator focusing magnet. It will also be the first niobium-tin quadrupole magnet to operate in a particle accelerator — in this case, the future High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider at CERN.

Newswise: An advance in molecular moviemaking reveals the subtle, complex ways a simple molecule can shimmy and fly apart
Released: 18-Mar-2020 2:05 PM EDT
An advance in molecular moviemaking reveals the subtle, complex ways a simple molecule can shimmy and fly apart
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Researchers observed atomic nuclei moving over distances of less than an angstrom in less than a trillionth of a second -- a level of resolution that can only be achieved with an X-ray free-electron laser.

Released: 10-Mar-2020 10:05 AM EDT
The Axion Solves Three Mysteries of the Universe
University of Michigan

A hypothetical particle called the axion could solve one of physics' great mysteries: the excess of matter over antimatter, or why we're here at all.

Newswise: They are there and they are gone: ICARUS chases a fourth neutrino
Released: 2-Mar-2020 12:50 PM EST
They are there and they are gone: ICARUS chases a fourth neutrino
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Scientists have begun filling the ICARUS detector at Fermilab with liquid argon, moving one step closer toward neutrino oscillation measurements and the potential discovery of sterile neutrinos.

Released: 2-Mar-2020 12:10 PM EST
Twenty-fifth anniversary of the discovery of the top quark at Fermilab
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Twenty-five years ago, scientists on the CDF and DZero particle physics experiments at Fermilab announced one of history’s biggest breakthroughs in particle physics: the discovery of the long-sought top quark. The two collaborations jointly made the announcement on March 2, 1995, to much fanfare.

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Released: 28-Feb-2020 12:05 PM EST
‘Flash photography’ at the LHC
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

An extremely fast new detector inside the CMS detector will allow physicists to get a sharper image of particle collisions.

24-Feb-2020 2:40 PM EST
Researchers Overcome the Space Between Protons and Neutrons to Study Heart of Matter
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Nuclear physicists have entered a new era for probing the strongest force in the universe at its very heart with a novel method of accessing the space between protons and neutrons in dense environments. The research, which was carried out at the Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, has been published in the journal Nature and opens the door for more precision studies of the strongest part of the strong nuclear force and the structure of neutron stars.

Released: 25-Feb-2020 5:50 PM EST
Radio waves detect particle showers in a block of plastic
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

A cheap technique could detect neutrinos in polar ice, eventually allowing researchers to expand the energy reach of IceCube without breaking the bank.

Newswise: Particle beam could help map Earth’s magnetic field to understand how space weather impacts the planet
Released: 20-Feb-2020 2:40 PM EST
Particle beam could help map Earth’s magnetic field to understand how space weather impacts the planet
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Magnetic field lines that wrap around the Earth protect our planet from cosmic rays. Researchers at PPPL have now found that beams of fast-moving particles launched toward Earth from a satellite could help map the precise shape of the field.

Newswise: DUNE collaboration finalizes the blueprint for the ultimate neutrino detector
Released: 11-Feb-2020 3:35 PM EST
DUNE collaboration finalizes the blueprint for the ultimate neutrino detector
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

The publication of the Technical Design Report is a major milestone for the construction of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, an international mega-science project hosted by Fermilab. It lays out in great detail the scientific goals as well as the technical components of the gigantic particle detectors of the experiment.

Newswise: UAH's Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research has central role in 2024 IMAP mission
7-Feb-2020 3:40 PM EST
UAH's Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research has central role in 2024 IMAP mission
University of Alabama Huntsville

The Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR) at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) will be central to the modeling and data crunching that follow the scheduled launch of NASA’s Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) mission in 2024.

Newswise:Video Embedded could-the-next-generation-of-particle-accelerators-come-out-of-the-3d-printer
VIDEO
Released: 6-Feb-2020 8:35 AM EST
Could the next generation of particle accelerators come out of the 3D printer?
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Imagine being able to manufacture complex devices whenever you want and wherever you are. It would create unforeseen possibilities even in the most remote locations, such as building spare parts or new components on board a spacecraft. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, could be a way of doing just that.

Newswise: Ultra-high energy events key to study of ghost particles
Released: 31-Jan-2020 12:35 PM EST
Ultra-high energy events key to study of ghost particles
Washington University in St. Louis

Physicists at Washington University in St. Louis have proposed a way to use data from ultra-high energy neutrinos to study interactions beyond the standard model of particle physics. The 'Zee burst' model leverages new data from large neutrino telescopes such as the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica and its future extensions.

Newswise: The Big Questions: Sally Dawson on the Higgs Boson
Released: 29-Jan-2020 1:25 PM EST
The Big Questions: Sally Dawson on the Higgs Boson
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The Big Questions series features perspectives from the five recipients of the Department of Energy Office of Science’s 2019 Distinguished Scientists Fellows Award describing their research and what they plan to do with the award. Sally Dawson is a senior scientist at DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Newswise: Meet the Director: Guy Savard
Released: 29-Jan-2020 12:55 PM EST
Meet the Director: Guy Savard
Department of Energy, Office of Science

This is a continuing profile series on the directors of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science user facilities. These scientists lead a variety of research institutions that provide researchers with the most advanced tools of modern science including accelerators, colliders, supercomputers, light sources and neutron sources, as well as facilities for studying the nano world, the environment, and the atmosphere.

Newswise: Particle Physics Turns to Quantum Computing for Solutions to Tomorrow’s Big-Data Problems
Released: 29-Jan-2020 11:15 AM EST
Particle Physics Turns to Quantum Computing for Solutions to Tomorrow’s Big-Data Problems
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Giant-scale physics experiments are increasingly reliant on big data and complex algorithms fed into powerful computers, and managing this multiplying mass of data presents its own unique challenges. To better prepare for this data deluge posed by next-generation upgrades and new experiments, physicists are turning to the fledgling field of quantum computing.

Newswise: Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Released: 14-Jan-2020 10:40 AM EST
Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nine sources of extremely high-energy gamma rays comprise a new catalog compiled by researchers with the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory.

Newswise: Connecting the dots in the sky could shed new light on dark matter
Released: 13-Jan-2020 3:45 PM EST
Connecting the dots in the sky could shed new light on dark matter
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Astrophysicists have come a step closer to understanding the origin of a faint glow of gamma rays covering the night sky. They found that this light is brighter in regions that contain a lot of matter and dimmer where matter is sparser – a correlation that could help them narrow down the properties of exotic astrophysical objects and invisible dark matter.

Newswise: Hubble Detects Smallest Known Dark Matter Clumps
Released: 8-Jan-2020 3:15 PM EST
Hubble Detects Smallest Known Dark Matter Clumps
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Using Hubble and a new observing technique, astronomers have uncovered the smallest clumps of dark matter ever detected. Dark matter is an invisible substance that makes up most of the universe's mass and forms the scaffolding upon which galaxies are built.

Newswise: Cosmic Magnifying Glasses Yield Independent Measure of Universe's Expansion
Released: 8-Jan-2020 3:15 PM EST
Cosmic Magnifying Glasses Yield Independent Measure of Universe's Expansion
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Astronomers using Hubble have made the most precise measurement yet of the universe’s expansion rate using the gravitational lensing method, which is independent from the usual cosmic distance ladder.

Newswise: Goldilocks Stars Are Best Places to Look for Life
Released: 8-Jan-2020 3:15 PM EST
Goldilocks Stars Are Best Places to Look for Life
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Hubble observations suggest that orange stars, slightly cooler than our Sun, are better hangouts for life. There are more of them in our galaxy, they live much longer than our Sun, and unleash less deadly radiation than red dwarf stars.

Newswise:Video Embedded the-turbulent-life-of-two-supermassive-black-holes-caught-in-a-galaxy-crash
VIDEO
Released: 5-Jan-2020 3:15 PM EST
The Turbulent Life of Two Supermassive Black Holes Caught in a Galaxy Crash
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

An international team of astronomers used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to create the most detailed image yet of the gas surrounding two supermassive black holes in a merging galaxy.

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Released: 19-Dec-2019 1:05 PM EST
Fireballs: mail from space
University of Helsinki

When should we send expeditions to look for meteorites that have impacted Earth?

Newswise: Grain traits traced to ‘dark matter’ of rice genome
Released: 19-Dec-2019 6:05 AM EST
Grain traits traced to ‘dark matter’ of rice genome
Washington University in St. Louis

Domesticated rice has fatter seed grains with higher starch content than its wild rice relatives — the result of many generations of preferential seed sorting and sowing. But even though rice was the first crop to be fully sequenced, scientists have only documented a few of the genetic changes that made rice into a staple food for more than half the world’s population.

Newswise: Ivan Bazarov: Then and Now
Released: 18-Dec-2019 2:05 PM EST
Ivan Bazarov: Then and Now
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Ivan Bazarov is a professor in the Department of Physics at Cornell University.

Newswise: Super Nanoparticle Superlattices
Released: 18-Dec-2019 11:55 AM EST
Super Nanoparticle Superlattices
Department of Energy, Office of Science

This new research shows how the ligands affect key structural and mechanical properties of the superlattices.

Newswise:Video Embedded goddess-detector-sees-the-origins-of-elements
VIDEO
Released: 17-Dec-2019 12:50 PM EST
GODDESS detector sees the origins of elements
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nuclear physicists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created the GODDESS detector to provide insight into astrophysical nuclear reactions that produce elements heavier than hydrogen.

Newswise: Image Release: Distant Milky Way-like Galaxies Reveal Star Formation History of the Universe
Released: 17-Dec-2019 9:00 AM EST
Image Release: Distant Milky Way-like Galaxies Reveal Star Formation History of the Universe
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Thousands of galaxies are visible in this radio image of an area in the Southern Sky, made with the MeerKAT telescope. The numerous faint dots are distant galaxies like our own Milky Way, that have never been observed in radio light before.

Newswise: STScI Astronomers Kathryn Flanagan and Colin Norman Elected AAAS Fellows
Released: 16-Dec-2019 10:05 AM EST
STScI Astronomers Kathryn Flanagan and Colin Norman Elected AAAS Fellows
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Council has elected Kathryn Flanagan and Colin Norman of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, Maryland, and 441 other AAAS members as Fellows of the AAAS.

Newswise: star-720px.jpg
Released: 16-Dec-2019 8:05 AM EST
20th Year of Particle Smashups Underway at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
Brookhaven National Laboratory

The 20th year of particle collisions is underway at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility for nuclear physics research at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The particle smashups will continue over a range of collision energies through the first half of 2020, with members of RHIC's STAR collaboration collecting data from millions of collisions that take place at the center of their house-sized particle detector.


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