Feature Channels: Particle Physics

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Newswise: magnet-steering-dipole-14.5-tesla-zlobin-scaled.jpg
Released: 13-Jul-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Fermilab achieves 14.5-tesla field for accelerator magnet, setting new world record
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Fermilab scientists have broken their own world record for an accelerator magnet. In June, their demonstrator steering dipole magnet achieved a 14.5-tesla field, surpassing the field strength of their 14.1-tesla magnet, which set a record in 2019. This magnet test shows that scientists and engineers can meet the demanding requirements for the future particle collider under discussion in the particle physics community.

Newswise: Learning more about particle collisions with machine learning
Released: 8-Jul-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Learning more about particle collisions with machine learning
Argonne National Laboratory

A team of Argonne scientists has devised a machine learning algorithm that calculates, with low computational time, how the ATLAS detector in the Large Hadron Collider would respond to the ten times more data expected with a planned upgrade in 2027.

Newswise: Saturday Morning Physics goes virtual
Released: 1-Jul-2020 1:35 PM EDT
Saturday Morning Physics goes virtual
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Fermilab's popular outreach program for high school students, started in 1980, takes full advantage of modern technology to reach a broader audience. Recordings now are available online.

Newswise: 236319_web.jpg
Released: 1-Jul-2020 1:20 PM EDT
Building a harder diamond
University of Tsukuba

Researchers at the University of Tsukuba used computer calculations to design a new carbon-based material even harder than diamond.

Newswise: Analyzing Matter’s Building Blocks
Released: 26-Jun-2020 3:30 PM EDT
Analyzing Matter’s Building Blocks
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Nobuo Sato is working to put the know in femto. He’s just been awarded a five-year, multimillion dollar research grant by the Department of Energy to develop a “FemtoAnalyzer” that will help nuclear physicists image the three-dimensional internal structure of protons and neutrons. Now, Sato is among 76 scientists nationwide who have been awarded a grant through the DOE Office of Science’s Early Career Research Program to pursue their research.

Newswise: Particle Physicist Takes the Lead on Groundbreaking Electron Measurement
Released: 25-Jun-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Particle Physicist Takes the Lead on Groundbreaking Electron Measurement
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

James “Jim” Fast has joined Jefferson Lab as the MOLLER Project Manager. MOLLER is the "Measurement of a Lepton-Lepton Electroweak Reaction" experiment that will measure the weak charge of the electron.

Newswise:Video Embedded introducing-a-new-isotope-mendelevium-244
VIDEO
Released: 23-Jun-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Introducing a New Isotope: Mendelevium-244
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A team of scientists working at Berkeley Lab’s 88-Inch Cyclotron has discovered a new form of the human-made element mendelevium. The newly created isotope, mendelevium-244, is the 17th and lightest form of the element, which was first discovered in 1955 by a Berkeley Lab team.

Newswise:Video Embedded in-international-physics-collaborations-working-remotely-is-nothing-new
VIDEO
Released: 17-Jun-2020 12:15 PM EDT
In International Physics Collaborations, Working Remotely Is Nothing New
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Marjorie Shapiro, an experimental particle physicist and faculty senior scientist at Berkeley Lab, has been accustomed to working remotely and observing extreme social distancing from some colleagues for years, given that the scientific experiment she supports is 5,800 miles away.

Newswise: MESSENGER Data show How Spacecraft could end Neutron Lifetime Stalemate
Released: 11-Jun-2020 3:05 PM EDT
MESSENGER Data show How Spacecraft could end Neutron Lifetime Stalemate
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

Now, a team of researchers from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, and Durham University in England has provided a way that could end the decades-long stalemate. Using data from NASA's MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft, the team shows that the lifetime of a neutron can be measured from space. The findings were reported June 11 in the journal Physical Review Research.

Newswise: muon-g-2-17-0188-20.jpg
Released: 11-Jun-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Physicists publish worldwide consensus of muon magnetic moment calculation
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

An international team of theoretical physicists have published their calculation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. Their work expands on an equation that revolutionized physics almost a century ago and that may aid scientists in the discovery of physics beyond the Standard Model.

Newswise: Jefferson Lab Graduate Student Researchers Receive DOE Awards
Released: 11-Jun-2020 8:15 AM EDT
Jefferson Lab Graduate Student Researchers Receive DOE Awards
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Three graduate students have gotten a financial boost from DOE to conduct research at the Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The students have received supplemental research awards from the DOE Office of Science Graduate Student Research Program.

Newswise: Virginia Tech Research Provides New Explanation for Neutrino Anomalies in Antarctica
Released: 9-Jun-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Virginia Tech Research Provides New Explanation for Neutrino Anomalies in Antarctica
Virginia Tech

A new research paper co-authored by a Virginia Tech assistant professor of physics provides a new explanation for two recent strange events that occurred in Antarctica - high-energy neutrinos appearing to come up out of the Earth on their own accord and head skyward.

Newswise: Shock Waves Created in the Lab Mimic Supernova-Powered Particle Accelerators
Released: 8-Jun-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Shock Waves Created in the Lab Mimic Supernova-Powered Particle Accelerators
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

In experiments at the National Ignition Facility, a SLAC-led team found new details about how supernovas boost charged particles to nearly the speed of light.

Newswise: tom-nicol-ssr1-cryomodule-pip-ii-20200110_091100-2.jpg
Released: 8-Jun-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Accelerating science globally: PIP-II engineers continue designs for particle-propelling machine from home
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Engineers from five countries are coordinating the design of the large cryomodules that will enable the new PIP-II accelerator at Fermilab to generate protons for the world’s most powerful beam of neutrinos, in support of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment.

Newswise: Making matter out of light: high-power laser simulations point the way
Released: 1-Jun-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Making matter out of light: high-power laser simulations point the way
University of California San Diego

Engineers at UC San Diego developed a set of simulations involving high-power lasers that could help us recreate the transformation of light into matter, and better understand what happened at the very beginning of the universe.

Newswise: Argonne researchers create active material out of microscopic spinning particles
Released: 28-May-2020 5:50 PM EDT
Argonne researchers create active material out of microscopic spinning particles
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne researchers have created a new kind of self-healing active material out of “microspinners,” which self-assemble under a magnetic field to form a lattice.

Newswise: Experimenting with Laser Wakefield Acceleration
Released: 27-May-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Experimenting with Laser Wakefield Acceleration
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Brookhaven Lab intern Prabhjot Kaur is working on an experiment to accelerate particles to greater energies in smaller spaces.

Newswise:Video Embedded largest-collection-of-3d-supernova-simulations-leads-to-new-insights-on-explosion-dynamics
VIDEO
Released: 11-May-2020 6:30 PM EDT
Largest collection of 3D supernova simulations leads to new insights on explosion dynamics
Argonne National Laboratory

Researchers using DOE supercomputers, including Argonne’s Theta, produced pivotal 3D simulations to elucidate the physics behind the collapse of massive stars.

Released: 7-May-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Rutgers’ Greg Moore Elected to National Academy of Sciences
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Professor Gregory W. Moore, a renowned physicist who seeks a unified understanding of the basic forces and fundamental particles in the universe, has been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences. Moore, Board of Governors Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Rutgers University–New Brunswick, joins 119 other new academy members and 26 international members this year who were recognized for their distinguished and ongoing achievements in original research.

Newswise: Four Years of Calculations Lead to New Insights Into Muon Anomaly
Released: 5-May-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Four Years of Calculations Lead to New Insights Into Muon Anomaly
Argonne National Laboratory

For two decades, physicists have been trying to reconcile a gap between theoretical and experimental data on a particle called the muon. A new study, powered by Argonne's supercomputer Mira, sharpens one piece of the puzzle.

Newswise: 16x8_%20mira_-_blue_gene_q_at_argonne_national_laboratory_with-feyndiagram4x-hr.jpg
Released: 5-May-2020 10:55 AM EDT
Four Years of Calculations Lead to New Insights into Muon Anomaly
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Two decades ago, an experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory pinpointed a mysterious mismatch between established particle physics theory and actual lab measurements. A multi-institutional research team (including Brookhaven, Columbia University, and the universities of Connecticut, Nagoya and Regensburg, RIKEN) have used Argonne National Laboratory’s Mira supercomputer to help narrow down the possible explanations for the discrepancy, delivering a newly precise theoretical calculation that refines one piece of this very complex puzzle.

Newswise: Study: Could Dark Matter Be Hiding in Existing Data?
Released: 5-May-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Study: Could Dark Matter Be Hiding in Existing Data?
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new study, led by researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley, suggests new paths for catching the signals of dark matter particles that have their energy absorbed by atomic nuclei.

Newswise: A New Machine Learning Method Streamlines Particle Accelerator Operations
Released: 29-Apr-2020 1:45 PM EDT
A New Machine Learning Method Streamlines Particle Accelerator Operations
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SLAC researchers have developed a new tool, using machine learning, that may make part of the accelerator tuning process five times faster compared to previous methods.

Newswise: Major Upgrades of Particle Detectors and Electronics Prepare CERN Experiment to Stream a Data Tsunami
Released: 29-Apr-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Major Upgrades of Particle Detectors and Electronics Prepare CERN Experiment to Stream a Data Tsunami
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

For an experiment that will generate big data at unprecedented rates, physicists led design, development, mass production and delivery of an upgrade of novel particle detectors and state-of-the art electronics.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 12:00 PM EDT
How tiny water droplets form can have a big impact on climate models
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Understanding droplet formation in pure water in a controlled lab setting is challenging enough, but in the atmosphere, droplets form in the presence of many other substances.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Particle physics at home
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Browse Fermilab's many online resources to dive into the wonderful world of particle physics.

Newswise: Cosmic Understanding from Miniscule Particles
Released: 15-Apr-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Cosmic Understanding from Miniscule Particles
Department of Energy, Office of Science

To understand how elements heavier than iron formed, scientists are running particle physics experiments and astrophysical computing models that complement each other. They collaborate to find the distinctive signatures of heavy elements.

Newswise: New Research Helps Explain Why the Solar Wind Is Hotter Than Expected
Released: 14-Apr-2020 4:05 PM EDT
New Research Helps Explain Why the Solar Wind Is Hotter Than Expected
University of Wisconsin-Madison

When the sun expels plasma, the solar wind cools as it expands through space — but not as much as the laws of physics would predict. UW–Madison physicists now know the reason.

Newswise: IMSA High School Internship advances DUNE project and showcases unexplored potential of physics
Released: 6-Apr-2020 12:15 PM EDT
IMSA High School Internship advances DUNE project and showcases unexplored potential of physics
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne National Laboratory’s Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) High School Internship Program has this year’s exceptionally bright high school students working on the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE)’s world-changing research.

Released: 27-Mar-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Fermilab presents: March Magnets
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Missing March Madness? Let Fermilab fill a small part of the void created in these times of social distancing and shelter-in-place. Participate in Fermilab’s sendup of the NCAA tournament: March Magnets. Learn about eight different types of magnets used in particle physics, each with an example from a project or experiment in which Fermilab is a player. Then head over to the Fermilab Twitter feed on March 30 to participate in our March Magnets playoffs.

23-Mar-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Researchers look for dark matter close to home
University of Michigan

Eighty-five percent of the universe is composed of dark matter, but we don't know what, exactly, it is.

Newswise: 227373_web.jpg
Released: 20-Mar-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Coronavirus SARS-CoV2: BESSY II data accelerate drug development
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materialien und Energie

Teams around the world are working hard to develop active substances against SARS-CoV-2.

Newswise: Berkeley Lab Cosmologists Are Top Contenders in Machine Learning Challenge
Released: 20-Mar-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Berkeley Lab Cosmologists Are Top Contenders in Machine Learning Challenge
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

In a machine learning challenge dubbed the 2020 Large Hadron Collider Olympics, a team of cosmologists from Berkeley Lab developed a code that best identified a mock signal hidden in simulated particle-collision data.

Newswise: tevatron-magnet-11-0225-02D.hr_.jpg
Released: 19-Mar-2020 1:20 PM EDT
The power of attraction: magnets in particle accelerators
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Accelerator magnets — how do they work? Depending on the number of poles a magnet has, it bends, shapes or shores up the stability of particle beams as they shoot at velocities close to the speed of light. Experts design magnets so they can wield the beam in just the right way to yield the physics they're after. Here's your primer on particle accelerator magnets.

Newswise:Video Embedded three-national-laboratories-achieve-record-magnetic-field-for-accelerator-focusing-magnet
VIDEO
Released: 18-Mar-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Three national laboratories achieve record magnetic field for accelerator focusing magnet
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Fermilab, Brookhaven National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have achieved a milestone in magnet technology. Earlier this year, their new magnet reached the highest field strength ever recorded for an accelerator focusing magnet. It will also be the first niobium-tin quadrupole magnet to operate in a particle accelerator — in this case, the future High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider at CERN.

Newswise: An advance in molecular moviemaking reveals the subtle, complex ways a simple molecule can shimmy and fly apart
Released: 18-Mar-2020 2:05 PM EDT
An advance in molecular moviemaking reveals the subtle, complex ways a simple molecule can shimmy and fly apart
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Researchers observed atomic nuclei moving over distances of less than an angstrom in less than a trillionth of a second -- a level of resolution that can only be achieved with an X-ray free-electron laser.

Released: 10-Mar-2020 10:05 AM EDT
The Axion Solves Three Mysteries of the Universe
University of Michigan

A hypothetical particle called the axion could solve one of physics' great mysteries: the excess of matter over antimatter, or why we're here at all.

Newswise: They are there and they are gone: ICARUS chases a fourth neutrino
Released: 2-Mar-2020 12:50 PM EST
They are there and they are gone: ICARUS chases a fourth neutrino
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Scientists have begun filling the ICARUS detector at Fermilab with liquid argon, moving one step closer toward neutrino oscillation measurements and the potential discovery of sterile neutrinos.

Released: 2-Mar-2020 12:10 PM EST
Twenty-fifth anniversary of the discovery of the top quark at Fermilab
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Twenty-five years ago, scientists on the CDF and DZero particle physics experiments at Fermilab announced one of history’s biggest breakthroughs in particle physics: the discovery of the long-sought top quark. The two collaborations jointly made the announcement on March 2, 1995, to much fanfare.

Newswise: Header_CMS_timing_detector.jpg?itok=1ToIxP3n
Released: 28-Feb-2020 12:05 PM EST
‘Flash photography’ at the LHC
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

An extremely fast new detector inside the CMS detector will allow physicists to get a sharper image of particle collisions.

24-Feb-2020 2:40 PM EST
Researchers Overcome the Space Between Protons and Neutrons to Study Heart of Matter
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Nuclear physicists have entered a new era for probing the strongest force in the universe at its very heart with a novel method of accessing the space between protons and neutrons in dense environments. The research, which was carried out at the Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, has been published in the journal Nature and opens the door for more precision studies of the strongest part of the strong nuclear force and the structure of neutron stars.

Released: 25-Feb-2020 5:50 PM EST
Radio waves detect particle showers in a block of plastic
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

A cheap technique could detect neutrinos in polar ice, eventually allowing researchers to expand the energy reach of IceCube without breaking the bank.

Newswise: Particle beam could help map Earth’s magnetic field to understand how space weather impacts the planet
Released: 20-Feb-2020 2:40 PM EST
Particle beam could help map Earth’s magnetic field to understand how space weather impacts the planet
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Magnetic field lines that wrap around the Earth protect our planet from cosmic rays. Researchers at PPPL have now found that beams of fast-moving particles launched toward Earth from a satellite could help map the precise shape of the field.

Newswise: DUNE collaboration finalizes the blueprint for the ultimate neutrino detector
Released: 11-Feb-2020 3:35 PM EST
DUNE collaboration finalizes the blueprint for the ultimate neutrino detector
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

The publication of the Technical Design Report is a major milestone for the construction of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, an international mega-science project hosted by Fermilab. It lays out in great detail the scientific goals as well as the technical components of the gigantic particle detectors of the experiment.

Newswise: UAH's Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research has central role in 2024 IMAP mission
7-Feb-2020 3:40 PM EST
UAH's Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research has central role in 2024 IMAP mission
University of Alabama Huntsville

The Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR) at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) will be central to the modeling and data crunching that follow the scheduled launch of NASA’s Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) mission in 2024.

Newswise:Video Embedded could-the-next-generation-of-particle-accelerators-come-out-of-the-3d-printer
VIDEO
Released: 6-Feb-2020 8:35 AM EST
Could the next generation of particle accelerators come out of the 3D printer?
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Imagine being able to manufacture complex devices whenever you want and wherever you are. It would create unforeseen possibilities even in the most remote locations, such as building spare parts or new components on board a spacecraft. 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, could be a way of doing just that.

Newswise: Ultra-high energy events key to study of ghost particles
Released: 31-Jan-2020 12:35 PM EST
Ultra-high energy events key to study of ghost particles
Washington University in St. Louis

Physicists at Washington University in St. Louis have proposed a way to use data from ultra-high energy neutrinos to study interactions beyond the standard model of particle physics. The 'Zee burst' model leverages new data from large neutrino telescopes such as the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica and its future extensions.

Newswise: The Big Questions: Sally Dawson on the Higgs Boson
Released: 29-Jan-2020 1:25 PM EST
The Big Questions: Sally Dawson on the Higgs Boson
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The Big Questions series features perspectives from the five recipients of the Department of Energy Office of Science’s 2019 Distinguished Scientists Fellows Award describing their research and what they plan to do with the award. Sally Dawson is a senior scientist at DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Newswise: Meet the Director: Guy Savard
Released: 29-Jan-2020 12:55 PM EST
Meet the Director: Guy Savard
Department of Energy, Office of Science

This is a continuing profile series on the directors of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science user facilities. These scientists lead a variety of research institutions that provide researchers with the most advanced tools of modern science including accelerators, colliders, supercomputers, light sources and neutron sources, as well as facilities for studying the nano world, the environment, and the atmosphere.

Newswise: Particle Physics Turns to Quantum Computing for Solutions to Tomorrow’s Big-Data Problems
Released: 29-Jan-2020 11:15 AM EST
Particle Physics Turns to Quantum Computing for Solutions to Tomorrow’s Big-Data Problems
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Giant-scale physics experiments are increasingly reliant on big data and complex algorithms fed into powerful computers, and managing this multiplying mass of data presents its own unique challenges. To better prepare for this data deluge posed by next-generation upgrades and new experiments, physicists are turning to the fledgling field of quantum computing.


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