Study Shows Evolution Turns Genes Back On to Regain Function


  • newswise-fullscreen Study Shows Evolution Turns Genes Back On to Regain Function

    Gábor Balázsi and undergraduate student Mirna Kheir are investigating how genes regain function through computational models.

Newswise — STONY BROOK, NY, November 25, 2019 –Genes often mutate and lose their natural or synthetic function over long-term evolution, which could be good if that stops drug resistance of infectious microbes or cancer. A new study by Stony Brook University researchers, published online in PNAS, shows that evolution can exploit positive feedback (PF) within cells to restore gene function. Such repair by evolution may provide a basis for regaining lost gene function, which has implications in medicine and other scientific endeavors.

Based on the idea and experiments of an undergraduate Biomedical Engineering student, Mirna Kheir, and led by Gábor Balázsi, PhD, the Henry Laufer Associate Professor in Stony Brook University’s Laufer Center for Physical and Quantitative Biology, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, the study included using synthetic PF in yeast cells by way of a chromosomally integrated gene circuit to test the process of regaining lost gene functions.

“We showed through these experiments and computational models that many drugs can activate mutant resistance genes through this process,” explains Balázsi. “Essentially we exposed mutant, drug-sensitive cell populations to conditions where regaining resistance would be beneficial, and we found adaptation scenarios with or without repairing lost gene circuit function.”

The results also suggest that inactive, nonfunctional natural drug resistance modules can also regain function upon drug treatment, quickly converting drug-sensitive cancer cells or microbes in drug-resistant ones.

The research is supported in part by a National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute of General Medical Sciences grant (R35 GM122561), the Laufer Center, and a Swiss National Science Foundation Ambizione grant.

 

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