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Released: 7-May-2021 5:05 PM EDT
试验表明AI引导有助于在常规实践中早期发现心脏疾病
Mayo Clinic

某些类型的心脏疾病可能很难发现,例如无症状的低射血分数,特别是在治疗最有效的早期阶段。心电图AI引导下的低射血分数筛查(EAGLE)试验旨在确定利用心电图数据开发的人工智能(AI)筛查工具是否能改善常规实践中这种病症的诊断。根据发表在《自然医学》上的研究结果,答案是肯定的。

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Released: 7-May-2021 3:50 PM EDT
Sleep Disorders Tally $94.9 Billion in Health Care Costs Each Year
Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Sleep disorders are associated with significantly higher rates of health care utilization, conservatively placing an additional $94.9 billion in costs each year to the U.S. health care system, according to a new study from researchers at Mass Eye and Ear, a member hospital of Mass General Brigham.

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Newswise: New study examines neighborhood and social network's relation to binge drinking among adults
Released: 7-May-2021 3:20 PM EDT
New study examines neighborhood and social network's relation to binge drinking among adults
Indiana University

Study examines how neighborhood and social network characteristics relate to adult binge drinking.

Released: 7-May-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Scientists discover how to trick cancer cells to consume toxic drugs
Massachusetts General Hospital

New research led by a team at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) points to a promising strategy to boost tumors' intake of cancer drugs, thereby increasing the effectiveness of chemotherapy treatments. The group's findings are published in Nature Nanotechnology.

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Released: 7-May-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Scrap for cash before coins
University of Göttingen

How did people living in the Bronze Age manage their finances before money became widespread? Researchers from the Universities of Göttingen and Rome have discovered that bronze scrap found in hoards in Europe circulated as a currency.

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Released: 7-May-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Researchers develop artificial intelligence that can detect sarcasm in social media
University of Central Florida

Computer science researchers at the University of Central Florida have developed a sarcasm detector.

Released: 7-May-2021 1:20 PM EDT
Head to toe: study reveals brain activity behind missed penalty kicks
Frontiers

Are penalty shots a soccer player's dream or nightmare? What should be an easy shot can become a mammoth task when the hopes and fears of an entire nation rest on a player's shoulders, leading them to choke under pressure.

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Newswise: Turning a pancreatic cancer cell’s addiction into a death sentence
7-May-2021 1:00 PM EDT
Turning a pancreatic cancer cell’s addiction into a death sentence
University Health Network (UHN)

Probing the unique biology of human pancreatic cancer cells in a laboratory has yielded unexpected insights of a weakness that can be used against the cells to kill them. Led by Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Scientist Dr. Marianne Koritzinsky, researchers showed that about half of patient-derived pancreatic cancer cell lines are highly dependent or “addicted” to the protein peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4), as a result of the altered metabolic state of the cancer cell. This addiction, which is vital for the cancer cell's survival, makes it a precise, potential target against the cancer.

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Embargo will expire: 10-May-2021 3:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 7-May-2021 12:10 PM EDT

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Newswise: New data provides clearer picture of historic volcano collapse
Released: 7-May-2021 12:00 PM EDT
New data provides clearer picture of historic volcano collapse
University of Rhode Island

Data collected by University of Rhode Island Professor Stéphan Grilli and his colleagues will appear in Nature Communications, which is considered one of the world’s leading multidisciplinary science journals.

Released: 7-May-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Anti-inflammatory Nanotherapy Improves Outcomes After Urethral Surgery
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

In the first study to evaluate the effects of anti-inflammatory nanofibers on wound healing following urethral surgery, scientists from the Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago found that this innovative therapy promotes faster and complete healing, preventing prolonged or excessive inflammation that commonly leads to the need for more surgery. Their results were published in the journal Macromolecular Bioscience.

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Released: 7-May-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Hologram experts can now create real-life images that move in the air
Brigham Young University

They may be tiny weapons, but Brigham Young University's holography research group has figured out how to create lightsabers -- green for Yoda and red for Darth Vader, naturally -- with actual luminous beams rising from them.

Newswise: Breaching the Blood-Brain Barrier to Deliver Precious Payloads
Released: 7-May-2021 11:35 AM EDT
Breaching the Blood-Brain Barrier to Deliver Precious Payloads
Georgia Institute of Technology

RNA-based drugs may change the standard of care for many diseases, making personalized medicine a reality. So far these cost-effective, easy-to-manufacture drugs haven’t been very useful in treating brain tumors and other brain disease. But a team of researchers at Georgia Tech and Emory University has shown that a combination of ultrasound and RNA-loaded nanoparticles can temporarily open the protective blood-brain barrier, allowing the delivery of potent medicine to brain tumors.

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Released: 7-May-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Having a ball: New English Premier League soccer ball more stable, drags more
University of Tsukuba

Scientists from the Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences at the University of Tsukuba used aerodynamics experiments to empirically test the flight properties of a new four-panel soccer ball adopted by the English Premier League this year.

Released: 7-May-2021 11:15 AM EDT
Asthma attacks plummeted among Black and hispanic/latinx individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic
Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Asthma attacks account for almost 50 percent of the cost of asthma care which totals $80 billion each year in the United States

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Released: 7-May-2021 10:35 AM EDT
Online learning doesn't improve student sleep habits, research suggests
Simon Fraser University

New research from Simon Fraser University suggests that students learning remotely become night owls but do not sleep more despite the time saved commuting, working or attending social events.

Released: 7-May-2021 10:35 AM EDT
Pandemic-driven telehealth proves popular at safety net health system
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

As state and federal authorities decide whether to continue reimbursing for telehealth services that were suddenly adopted last spring in response to the coronavirus pandemic, a new study out of UC San Francisco has found that clinicians in the San Francisco Health Network (SFHN) overwhelmingly support using these services for outpatient primary care and specialty care visits.

Released: 7-May-2021 9:35 AM EDT
18.5M-year-old vine fossil identified as new species
Cornell University

An 18.5 million-year-old fossil found in Panama provides evidence of a new species and is the oldest reliable example of a climbing woody vine known as a liana from the soapberry family. The discovery sheds light on the evolution of climbing plants.

Released: 7-May-2021 9:30 AM EDT
Study finds racial disparities in concussion symptom knowledge among college athletes
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Among collegiate football players and other athletes, Black athletes recognize fewer concussion-related symptoms than their White counterparts, reports a study in the May/June issue of the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation (JHTR). The official journal of the Brain Injury Association of America, JHTR is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 7-May-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Navigating the COVID-19 crisis to prevent pressure injuries: Learning health system helped one hospital adapt and update care in real time
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare systems scrambled to modify patient care processes – particularly when it came to strategies aimed at reducing the risk of hospital-related complications. A look at how one hospital applied its learning health system (LHS) framework to respond to a COVID-19-related increase in hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) is presented in the May/June Journal for Healthcare Quality (JHQ), the peer-reviewed journal of the National Association for Healthcare Quality (NAHQ). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

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Embargo will expire: 9-May-2021 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-May-2021 6:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: Laser Procedure Offers Advantages For Rare Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery
Released: 6-May-2021 5:45 PM EDT
Laser Procedure Offers Advantages For Rare Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – May 6, 2021 – Using a laser for a rare brain surgery to treat drop seizures, which cause a child with epilepsy to suddenly fall, holds some advantages over a traditional open craniotomy, including shorter hospital stays for patients, a study led by UT Southwestern researchers indicates. The findings, published in the Journal of Neurosurgery, provide the first quantitative data comparing the two types of surgery, called corpus callosotomies.

Newswise: Molecular analysis identifies key differences in lungs of cystic fibrosis patients
Released: 6-May-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Molecular analysis identifies key differences in lungs of cystic fibrosis patients
Cedars-Sinai

A team of researchers from UCLA, Cedars-Sinai and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has developed a first-of-its-kind molecular catalog of cells in healthy lungs and the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis.

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Released: 6-May-2021 4:45 PM EDT
First member of ill-fated 1845 Franklin expedition is identified by DNA analysis
University of Waterloo

With a living descendant's DNA sample, a team of researchers have identified the remains of John Gregory, engineer aboard HMS Erebus

Released: 6-May-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Swiping, swabbing elevates processing plant food safety
Cornell University

By swiping surfaces in commercial food processing plants with specially designed rapid-testing adenosine triphospate (ATP) swabs – which produce a light similar to the glow of fireflies in the presence of microorganisms – spoilage and foodborne illness could diminish, according to a new study from Cornell University food scientists.

Released: 6-May-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Feeling Younger Buffers Older Adults From Stress, Protects Against Health Decline
American Psychological Association (APA)

People who feel younger have a greater sense of well-being, better cognitive functioning, less inflammation, lower risk of hospitalization and even live longer than their older-feeling peers. A study published by the American Psychological Association suggests one potential reason for the link between subjective age and health: Feeling younger could help buffer middle-aged and older adults against the damaging effects of stress.

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Embargo will expire: 12-May-2021 4:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-May-2021 3:00 PM EDT

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Embargo will expire: 13-May-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-May-2021 2:45 PM EDT

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Released: 6-May-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Review of the Emerging Evidence Demonstrating the Efficacy of Ivermectin in the Prophylaxis and Treatment of COVID-19
Front Line COVID-19 Critical Care Alliance (FLCCC Alliance)

After the Most Comprehensive Review to Date, a Panel of Leading Medical Experts Conclude that Ivermectin Should be Systematically and Globally Adopted for the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19

6-May-2021 1:55 PM EDT
Discovery of a New Genetic Cause of Hearing Loss Illuminates How Inner Ear Works
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A gene called GAS2 plays a key role in normal hearing, and its absence causes severe hearing loss, according to a study led by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Released: 6-May-2021 1:35 PM EDT
Ice core chemistry study expands insight into sea ice variability in Southern Hemisphere
University of Maine

Sea ice cover in the Southern Hemisphere is extremely variable, from summer to winter and from millennium to millennium, according to a University of Maine-led study. Overall, sea ice has been on the rise for about 10,000 years, but with some exceptions to this trend.

Released: 6-May-2021 1:35 PM EDT
Care Protocol for Innovative Stroke Treatment at Hackensack Meridian Health JFK University Medical Center Published in Neurology Clinical Practice
Hackensack Meridian Health

A new treatment protocol that standardizes medical care for patients with acute stroke using an innovative clot-dissolving drug, has been reported by the stroke team at Hackensack Meridian JFK University Medical Center’s Stroke and Neurovascular Center at the Neuroscience Institute.

Released: 6-May-2021 1:30 PM EDT
Low achieving students benefit most from COVID-19 online switch
Flinders University

Students struggling academically benefited most when schools around the world transitioned from classroom teaching to online learning in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the switch also didn't negatively impact higher achievers.

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Released: 6-May-2021 1:30 PM EDT
Worth 1000 words: How the world saw Australia's black summer
Queensland University of Technology

Australia's 'black summer' of bushfires was depicted on the front pages of the world's media with images of wildlife and habitat destruction, caused by climate change, while in Australia the toll on ordinary people remained the visual front-page focus.

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Released: 6-May-2021 1:15 PM EDT
Slender-snouted Besanosaurus was an 8 m long marine snapper
PeerJ

Middle Triassic ichthyosaurs are rare, and mostly small in size. The new Besanosaurus specimens described in the peer-reviewed journal PeerJ - the Journal of Life and Environmental Sciences - by Italian, Swiss, Dutch and Polish paleontologists provide new information on the anatomy of this fish-like ancient reptile, revealing its diet and exceptionally large adult size: up to 8 meters, a real record among all marine predators of this geological epoch.

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Released: 6-May-2021 1:15 PM EDT
Many consumers misinterpret food date labels, yet use them with confidence
Elsevier

Misunderstanding food date labeling is common and educational communications are needed to improve consumer understanding, according to a new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier.

Released: 6-May-2021 12:40 PM EDT
Achieving high COVID-19 vaccine coverage levels by summer can prevent millions of cases
CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy

With around 30 percent of the U.S. population now fully vaccinated, the rate of daily vaccinations has started to slow, raising concerns that greater efforts and investments may be needed to reach higher coverage levels.

Newswise: By age 10, retinoblastoma patients’ learning and life skills rebound
Released: 6-May-2021 12:35 PM EDT
By age 10, retinoblastoma patients’ learning and life skills rebound
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude retinoblastoma researchers studied how survivors fared years later at home and at school.

Released: 6-May-2021 12:30 PM EDT
Evidence suggests bubonic plague had long-term effect on human immunity genes
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Scientists examining the remains of 36 bubonic plague victims from a 16th century mass grave in Germany have found the first evidence that evolutionary adaptive processes, driven by the disease, may have conferred immunity on later generations of people from the region.

Newswise: Researchers speed identification of DNA regions that regulate gene expression
Released: 6-May-2021 12:10 PM EDT
Researchers speed identification of DNA regions that regulate gene expression
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have developed a highly efficient method to address a major challenge in biology—identifying the genetic ‘switches’ that regulate gene expression.


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