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Released: 7-Aug-2020 8:05 PM EDT
Penn Medicine-Led Research Suggests Greater Access to Specific HIV and Tuberculosis Medications is Needed Worldwide
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A specific combination of HIV and TB treatments, difficult to obtain in certain parts of the world, decreased mortality risk for patients with HIV and multidrug-resistant TB

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Embargo will expire: 10-Aug-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT

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Newswise: Scientists Discover Curious Clues in the War Between CF Bacteria
Released: 7-Aug-2020 3:25 PM EDT
Scientists Discover Curious Clues in the War Between CF Bacteria
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

This research shows that both Pseudomonas and Burkholderia use toxic weaponry, called Type VI Secretion Systems (T6SS), to compete with and establish dominance over each other. It could be possible to target or mimic this weaponry to defeat the bacteria before they cause irreparable lung damage.

5-Aug-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Authors’ ‘Invisible’ Words Reveal Blueprint for Storytelling
University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

The “invisible” words that shaped Dickens classics also lead audiences through Spielberg dramas. And according to new research, these small words can be found in a similar pattern across most storylines, no matter the length or format.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Alcoholism treatment is potentially effective against COVID-19
National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE)

A team of chemists from HSE University and the Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry used molecular modelling to find out that two medications that have been known for a long time can be used to fight SARS-CoV-2.

Newswise: New intranasal vaccine platform provides potential for more effective vaccines with fewer side effects
6-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
New intranasal vaccine platform provides potential for more effective vaccines with fewer side effects
University of Chicago Medical Center

A new study at the University of Chicago and Duke University finds that a new type of intranasal vaccine induces a strong immune response in lungs, with possible implications for COVID-19. The system uses nanofibers tagged with antigens to prime the immune system against a potential invasion.

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Algal symbiosis could shed light on dark ocean
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

New research has revealed a surprise twist in the symbiotic relationship between a type of salamander and the alga that lives inside its eggs.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:25 PM EDT
Inconsistent EPA regulations increase lead poisoning risk to kids, study finds
Brown University

Two federal environmental standards regulating lead hazards in homes and child care facilities have different maximum thresholds, a discrepancy putting more than 35,000 kids in the United States at increased risk of lead poisoning.

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Electric cooker an easy, efficient way to sanitize N95 masks, study finds
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Owners of electric multicookers may be able to add another use to its list of functions, a new study suggests: sanitization of N95 respirator masks.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Brain noise contains unique signature of dream sleep
University of California, Berkeley

When we dream, our brains are filled with noisy electrical activity that looks nearly identical to that of the awake brain.

Newswise: Supercomputers Simulate Environmental Changes in Chesapeake Bay
Released: 7-Aug-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Supercomputers Simulate Environmental Changes in Chesapeake Bay
University of California San Diego

Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) researchers used supercomputer simulations to examine impacts of both regional and global changes affecting the Chesapeake Bay. They discovered that historical increases in fertilizers and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations have forced the bay to behave increasingly like a small sea on a continental shelf rather than a traditional estuary.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 12:30 PM EDT

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Study: Most Americans don't have enough assets to withstand 3 months without income
Oregon State University

A new study from Oregon State University found that 77% of low- to moderate-income American households fall below the asset poverty threshold, meaning that if their income were cut off they would not have the financial assets to maintain at least poverty-level status for three months.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 11:55 AM EDT
COVID recovery choices shape future climate
University of Leeds

A post-lockdown economic recovery plan that incorporates and emphasises climate-friendly choices could help significantly in the battle against global warming, according to a new study.

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Embargo will expire: 10-Aug-2020 8:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT

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Newswise: Pinpointing The Cells That Keep The Body’s Master Circadian Clock Ticking
5-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
Pinpointing The Cells That Keep The Body’s Master Circadian Clock Ticking
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – Aug. 7, 2020 – UT Southwestern scientists have developed a genetically engineered mouse and imaging system that lets them visualize fluctuations in the circadian clocks of cell types in mice. The method, described online in the journal Neuron, gives new insight into which brain cells are important in maintaining the body’s master circadian clock. But they say the approach will also be broadly useful for answering questions about the daily rhythms of cells throughout the body.

Newswise: Scientists use CRISPR to knock down gene messages early in development
3-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT
Scientists use CRISPR to knock down gene messages early in development
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas City, Missouri, and the Andalusian Center of Developmental Biology at Pablo de Olavide University in Seville, Spain, have harnessed the technology to target gene messages (messenger RNA) involved in early vertebrate development.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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Newswise: Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century
Released: 7-Aug-2020 10:50 AM EDT
Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

A key component of the Gulf Stream has markedly slowed over the past century—that’s the conclusion of a new research paper in Nature Communications published on August 7.

Newswise: New Sugar-based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides and Persists Despite Antiretroviral Therapy
Released: 7-Aug-2020 10:30 AM EDT
New Sugar-based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides and Persists Despite Antiretroviral Therapy
Wistar Institute

Wistar scientists may have discovered a new way of identifying and targeting hidden HIV viral reservoirs during treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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Embargo will expire: 10-Aug-2020 6:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 10:05 AM EDT

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:50 AM EDT
New Zealand's Southern Alps glacier melt has doubled
University of Leeds

Glaciers in the Southern Alps of New Zealand have lost more ice mass since pre-industrial times than remains today, according to a new study.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Potentially predictive humoral immune response markers in COVID-19 patients
Massachusetts General Hospital

Galit Alter, PhD, Group Leader at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and Helen Chu, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington School of Medicine, and UW Medicine physician, have recently published a paper which identifies five immune response markers which, collectively, were able to correctly classify both convalescent COVID-19 patients and those who did not survive the disease

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Study finds parents can help kids eat healthier by knowing their own sense of self-control
University of Oregon

Young children naturally like sugar and salt in food and develop food preferences based on what their parents serve them, but new research suggests that how parents view self-regulation also is a contributing factor.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
ACSM Publishes Call to Action Addressing COVID-19 and Return to Sports and Physical Activity
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM published a call to action statement addressing COVID-19 and safely returning to sports and exercise. Authored by ACSM subject matter experts, the statement highlights the current science around COVID-19 and provides 12 action steps to consider. “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity” is ACSM’s first call to action statement and published in the August issue of Current Sports Medicine Reports.

Newswise: University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

To address and overcome the challenges so Americans can return to or sustain physical activity safely, Thomas M. Best, M.D., Ph.D., FACSM, professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and research director of the UHealth Sports Medicine Institute, and sports medicine colleagues from around the U.S. wrote “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity,” published August 7 in Current Sports Medicine Reports, an American College of Sports Medicine journal.

Newswise: Test accurately IDs people whose gonorrhea can be cured with simple oral antibiotic
4-Aug-2020 7:10 PM EDT
Test accurately IDs people whose gonorrhea can be cured with simple oral antibiotic
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A test designed by UCLA researchers can pinpoint which people with gonorrhea will respond successfully to the inexpensive oral antibiotic ciprofloxacin, which had previously been sidelined over concerns the bacterium that causes the infection was becoming resistant to it.

Newswise: Heavier smoking linked to skyrocketing health risks
Released: 6-Aug-2020 9:05 PM EDT
Heavier smoking linked to skyrocketing health risks
University of South Australia

Each cigarette smoked a day by heavier smokers increases the risk of contracting some diseases by more than 30 per cent, according to a new international study published today.

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Embargo will expire: 10-Aug-2020 12:05 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 4:45 PM EDT

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Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Social work’s role in the health, well-being of LGBTQ people in China
Washington University in St. Louis

As China’s government seeks solutions to social problems related to an evolving society, professional social work is increasingly entering new areas, including migrant and aging services, and is poised to take on a larger role in assisting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people, said two experts from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:00 PM EDT
People Who Feel Dizzy When They Stand Up May Have Higher Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Some people who feel dizzy or lightheaded when they stand up may have an increased risk of developing dementia years later, according to a new study published in the August 12, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The condition, called orthostatic hypotension, occurs when people experience a sudden drop in blood pressure when they stand up.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:50 PM EDT
How Technological, Socioeconomic and Geopolitical Forces are Altering Everything We Know about Marketing
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

A new study examines technological, socioeconomic and geopolitical forces altering the marketing industry -- including deepening consumer relationships -- and the implications for marketing managers, educators and researchers.

Newswise: Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Florida Atlantic University

Researchers examined toxins in tissue concentrations and pathology data from 83 stranded dolphins and whales from 2012 to 2018. They looked at 11 different animal species to test for 17 different substances. The study is the first to report on concentrations in blubber tissues of stranded cetaceans of atrazine, DEP, NPE and triclosan. It also is the first to report concentrations of toxicants in a white-beaked dolphin and in Gervais’ beaked whales.

Newswise: Consumers find third-party use of personal location data privacy violations, study shows
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Consumers find third-party use of personal location data privacy violations, study shows
University of Notre Dame

New research from the University of Notre Dame showed that people are nuanced about how their location is tracked.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Placebos prove powerful...even when people know they're taking one
Michigan State University

A team of researchers from Michigan State University, University of Michigan and Dartmouth College is the first to demonstrate that placebos reduce brain markers of emotional distress even when people know they are taking one.

Newswise: New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers formulated polyurethane foams, made from algae oil, to meet commercial specifications for midsole shoes and the foot-bed of flip-flops. Their latest result, in a series of recent research publications, offers a complete solution to the plastics problem—at least for polyurethanes.

Newswise: New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in  ocean
6-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in ocean
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ten years after the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, radiation levels have fallen in all but the waters closest to the plant. But a new hazard exists and is growing every day in the number of storage tanks on land surrounding the power plant that hold contaminated wastewater.

4-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
DNA from an ancient, unidentified ancestor was passed down to humans living today
PLOS

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT

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Newswise:Video Embedded targeted-ultrasound-for-noninvasive-diagnosis-of-brain-cancer
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Targeted ultrasound for noninvasive diagnosis of brain cancer
Washington University in St. Louis

Brain tumors are typically diagnosed using MRI imaging, as taking a sample for a tissue biopsy is risky and may not be possible due to tumor location or a patient's health. Researchers are developing a method to diagnose brain tumors without any incisions.

Newswise: Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers have found that chemotherapy is not commonly used when treating adults with localized sarcoma, a rare type of cancer of the soft tissues or bone. In a nationwide analysis of nearly 20,000 patients whose cancer had not yet spread to other organs, the scientists learned that only 22% were treated with some form of chemotherapy.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Outside Looking In: Study Shows Variation in Hospital Visitor & ICU Communication Policies Due to COVID-19
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study documents how 49 hospitals in a state hit hard by COVID-19 changed their visitor policies and communications with families of intensive care unit patients in the first months of the pandemic -- and how those efforts varied. Virtually all hospitals put in place a “no visitors” blanket policy, but 59% of them did allow some exceptions to this rule.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Nanoparticle system captures heart-disease biomarker from blood for in-depth analysis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have developed a method combining sticky nanoparticles with high-precision protein measurement to capture and analyze a common marker of heart disease to reveal details that were previously inaccessible.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Credible assumptions replace missing data in COVID analysis
Cornell University

How contagious is COVID-19, and how severe is the virus for those who’ve caught it?

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Digital buccaneers boost box office bang
University of Georgia

Pirated movies circulated online after their theatrical release saw about 3% higher box office receipts because of the increase in word-of-mouth advertising.

Newswise:Video Embedded delay-in-breast-cancer-operations-due-to-covid-19-pandemic-appears-to-be-non-life-threatening-for-women-with-early-stage-disease
VIDEO
5-Aug-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Delay in breast cancer operations due to COVID-19 pandemic appears to be non-life-threatening for women with early-stage disease
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

A new breast cancer study brings reassuring findings for women with early-stage breast cancer who were forced to delay their cancer operations because of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Newswise: Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
5-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A team of researchers interviewed physicians and patients at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic to identify eight scenarios impacting cancer care. Using communication strategies, they created examples of language to help oncologists respond to patients empathetically.

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Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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