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16-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
How Have Changes in Anemia Care Affected Patients with Kidney Failure?
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

2011 changes in policies and recommendations related to the use of erythropoietin-stimulating agents were associated with lower hemoglobin levels and lower risks of major adverse cardiovascular events, mortality, and stroke among adults receiving hemodialysis, but with a higher risk of heart attack.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:35 PM EDT
Study shines light on longevity of COVID-19 immune response
American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

By uniting research from 8 cohorts across the U.S., a group of researchers has accelerated collection of data integral in answering questions about immune responses needed for long lasting protection from SARS-CoV-2.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:30 PM EDT
How fast-growing algae could enhance growth of food crops
Princeton University

A new study provides a framework to boost crop growth by incorporating a strategy adopted from a fast-growing species of green algae.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:25 PM EDT
How a cognitive bias is blocking the rise of electric cars
Université de Genève (University of Geneva)

What are the barriers to the adoption of electric cars? Although the main financial and technological obstacles have been removed, their market share still needs to increase.

Newswise: Fly researchers find another layer to the code of life
Released: 19-May-2022 4:20 PM EDT
Fly researchers find another layer to the code of life
Duke University

A new examination of the way different tissues read information from genes has discovered that the brain and testes appear to be extraordinarily open to the use of many different kinds of code to produce a given protein.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Medication treatment of pediatric psychiatric disorders reduces the later onset of substance use problems
Massachusetts General Hospital

One half of psychiatric and substance use disorders start by the age of 18; three-quarters by age 24.

Released: 19-May-2022 3:50 PM EDT
Talking about sexual consent and expectations can improve relationships and wellbeing
University of Waterloo

Teaching the benefits of affirmative sexual consent while also validating anxieties people might experience about consent communication is an important step for improving sexual health and wellbeing, according to a new study.

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Embargo will expire: 26-May-2022 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 3:45 PM EDT

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Released: 19-May-2022 3:30 PM EDT
Executive narcissism inhibits inter-unit knowledge transfer
Strategic Management Society

Narcissistic executives cause the units or subsidiaries they manage to be less receptive to knowledge coming from other units.

Newswise: Facebook Posts May Reveal Individuals at Risk for Excessive Drinking
Released: 19-May-2022 3:25 PM EDT
Facebook Posts May Reveal Individuals at Risk for Excessive Drinking
Stony Brook University

In a newly published study, co-author H. Andrew Schwartz, PhD, of the Department of Computer Science at Stony Brook University, and colleagues determined that the language people used in Facebook posts can identify those at risk for hazardous drinking habits and alcohol use disorders.

Released: 19-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Policy, Farm Management Help China Mitigate Climate Change
Cornell University

Production of animal protein in China has increased by 800% over the past 40 years, driven by population growth, urbanization and higher worker wages. However, the amount of climate-warming nitrous oxide released from animal farming in the country has not risen as quickly, thanks to science-led policy and farm management interventions in the way animals are fed and their manure recycled.

Released: 19-May-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Official measures of research ‘impact’ are failing to keep pace with socially-networked academics
University of Cambridge

A survey of how academics use social media to encourage people to interact with their research argues that much of the public value of their work is probably being overlooked in official ‘impact’ assessments.

Released: 19-May-2022 2:45 PM EDT
Without ‘work-life balance,’ this protein may promote disease
Ohio State University

A family of proteins that have a role in ensuring many types of cells move and maintain their shape may promote disease when they act like workaholics and disrupt the cellular environment, new research suggests.

Newswise: Recycling more precious metals from nuclear and electronic waste using the Picasso pigment, Prussian blue
Released: 19-May-2022 2:45 PM EDT
Recycling more precious metals from nuclear and electronic waste using the Picasso pigment, Prussian blue
Nagoya University

A big problem with the disposal of nuclear and electronic wastes is that the process wastes precious metals such as gold and platinum-group metals, which are key metals in computer chips.

Released: 19-May-2022 2:40 PM EDT
Standard test for multiple myeloma provides clues of a rare, more deadly type
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

A test for the common blood cancer multiple myeloma also holds clear clues that the patient has one of the most uncommon and deadly forms of this cancer, investigators say.

Released: 19-May-2022 2:20 PM EDT
How cranberries could improve memory and ward off dementia
University of East Anglia

Adding cranberries to your diet could help improve memory and brain function, and lower ‘bad’ cholesterol – according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UK).

Newswise: Research confirms eastern Wyoming Paleoindian site as Americas' oldest mine
Released: 19-May-2022 2:20 PM EDT
Research confirms eastern Wyoming Paleoindian site as Americas' oldest mine
University of Wyoming

Archaeological excavations led by Wyoming’s state archaeologist and involving University of Wyoming researchers have confirmed that an ancient mine in eastern Wyoming was used by humans to produce red ocher starting nearly 13,000 years ago.

Newswise: Climate crisis is driving cousins of The Lion King character to local extinction
Released: 19-May-2022 2:10 PM EDT
Climate crisis is driving cousins of The Lion King character to local extinction
Frontiers

The yellow-billed hornbill, cousins of fan-favorite Zazu from The Lion King, faces local extinction due to the climate crisis.

Released: 19-May-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Differential Privacy the Correct Choice for the 2020 U.S. Census
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

New study from Columbia Engineering computer scientists supports the Census Bureau’s switch to differential privacy as a de-identification mechanism for the 2020 Census.

19-May-2022 11:00 AM EDT
Making the Most of Crowdsourcing Campaigns
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

In a new study, an international team of researchers explored how crowdsourcing projects can make the most effective use of volunteer contributions.

Newswise: Avian influenza: How It’s Spreading and What to Know About This Outbreak
18-May-2022 4:20 PM EDT
Avian influenza: How It’s Spreading and What to Know About This Outbreak
Tufts University

A new study from Tufts University and other collaborators takes a data-driven look at influenza viruses circulating among different groups of birds and characterizes which types of birds are involved in spreading the virus. This paper publishes at a time when a highly pathogenic strain of avian influenza has been spreading across North America.

Newswise: Some people fared better than others during COVID-19 pandemic due to genetics
11-May-2022 4:15 PM EDT
Some people fared better than others during COVID-19 pandemic due to genetics
PLOS

Genetic factors played a greater role in a person's overall wellbeing as the pandemic wore on.

Released: 19-May-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Using light and sound to reveal rapid brain activity in unprecedented detail
Duke University

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have developed a method to scan and image the blood flow and oxygen levels inside a mouse brain in real-time with enough resolution to view the activity of both individual vessels and the entire brain at once.

Released: 19-May-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Epilepsy Drug Stops Nervous System Tumor Growth in Mice
Washington University in St. Louis

People with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) develop tumors on nerves throughout their bodies. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered that nerve cells with the mutation that causes NF1 are hyperexcitable and that suppressing this hyperactivity with the epilepsy drug lamotrigine stops tumor growth in mice.

Newswise: ‘Sting’ Protein’s Efforts to Clean Up Brain Cell Damage May Speed Parkinson’s Disease Progress
Released: 19-May-2022 1:25 PM EDT
‘Sting’ Protein’s Efforts to Clean Up Brain Cell Damage May Speed Parkinson’s Disease Progress
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In studies with mouse and human tissue, as well as live mice, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that a snag in the normal process of cleaning up broken DNA in brain cells may hasten the progression of Parkinson’s disease.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 25-May-2022 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 12:45 PM EDT

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Released: 19-May-2022 12:45 PM EDT
Researchers propose global initiative to study female health across species
University of California, Santa Barbara

Giraffes have the highest blood pressure of all mammals — up to 300/200, more than double that of a typical human. But pregnant giraffes don’t suffer from pre-eclampsia, a dangerous disorder caused by hypertension.

Newswise: Are people swapping their cats and goldfish for praying mantises?
Released: 19-May-2022 11:50 AM EDT
Are people swapping their cats and goldfish for praying mantises?
Pensoft Publishers

Rearing insects at home as pets may sound strange and a bit nerdy, but thousands of people all over the world have already swapped their hamsters for praying mantises or stick insects.

Newswise: Satellite monitoring of biodiversity moves within reach
Released: 19-May-2022 11:45 AM EDT
Satellite monitoring of biodiversity moves within reach
University of Zurich

Internationally comparable data on biodiversity is needed to protect threatened ecosystems, restore destroyed habitats and counteract the negative effects of global biodiversity loss.

Newswise: Exploring Cancer and Health Data on Asian American and Pacific Islanders
Released: 19-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Exploring Cancer and Health Data on Asian American and Pacific Islanders
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Cancer health disparities are often identified from population-based surveillance data routinely captured by statewide cancer registries. Antoinette Stroup, PhD, of Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Jersey’s only National Cancer Institute – Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center together with RWJBarnabas Health and Rutgers School of Public Health is the director of the New Jersey State Cancer Registry (NJSCR), explores cancer and health data on the Asian American and Pacific Islander population.

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Embargo will expire: 24-May-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: New strategies to save the world’s most indispensable grain
Released: 19-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
New strategies to save the world’s most indispensable grain
University of California, Riverside

Plants — they’re just like us, with unique techniques for handling stress.

Released: 19-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
New Report Provides Strategies for Managing Contrast Shortage
Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)

Recent disruptions in a pharmaceutical supply chain have impacted the global availability of GE Healthcare Omnipaque™ iohexol iodinated contrast media (ICM) for radiologic examinations. A new Special Report published in the journal Radiology provides consensus recommendations for dealing with the shortage of ICM in the near term and discusses long-term issues and potential solutions to supply chain problems.

Newswise: Colon Microbes Provide Clues to Favorable Treatment Options in a Subset of Colon Cancer Patients
Released: 19-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Colon Microbes Provide Clues to Favorable Treatment Options in a Subset of Colon Cancer Patients
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Investigators from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Jersey’s only National Cancer Institute- Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center, led a collaborative study to examine the patterns of druggable oncogenic fusions in colon cancer specimens including microsatellite-stable and unstable (MSI) tumors.

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Embargo will expire: 24-May-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: Hubble Reaches New Milestone in Mystery of Universe's Expansion Rate
Released: 19-May-2022 10:00 AM EDT
Hubble Reaches New Milestone in Mystery of Universe's Expansion Rate
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Completing a nearly 30-year marathon, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has calibrated more than 40 "milepost markers" of space and time to help scientists measure the expansion rate of the universe to a precision of just over 1%. The measurement is about eight times more precise than Hubble's expected capability.

Newswise:Video Embedded high-fat-diet-induces-high-blood-pressure-in-rat-kidneys
VIDEO
Released: 19-May-2022 9:50 AM EDT
High-fat Diet Induces High Blood Pressure in Rat Kidneys
American Physiological Society (APS)

A high-fat diet after 16 weeks induced hypertension in rats, according to researchers from Henry Ford Health and Wayne State University in Detroit.

Newswise: Oxygen Formation in the Light of Gamma Beams
Released: 19-May-2022 9:35 AM EDT
Oxygen Formation in the Light of Gamma Beams
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear fusion reactions in stars consume carbon-12 to produce oxygen-16, and the resulting ratio of carbon to oxygen shapes a star’s evolution. Physicists have not been able to measure this ratio with precision using existing experimental methods. A new method shines gamma beams on an oxygen-16 target and captures images of the outgoing reaction products to obtain higher-quality data on this reaction.

Newswise:Video Embedded study-finds-why-baby-leatherback-marine-turtles-can-t-see-the-sea
VIDEO
Released: 19-May-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Study Finds Why Baby Leatherback Marine Turtles Can’t ‘See the Sea’
Florida Atlantic University

For most sea turtles, the journey to find the ocean from their nests is pretty straightforward. However, leatherback hatchlings more often crawl around in circles trying to find the ocean. Circling delays their entry into the ocean, wastes energy, and places them at greater danger from natural predators. Under different moon phases: bright light during full moon and only starlight under new moon, researchers have a better understanding of why this circling behavior happens and why it is most commonly observed in leatherbacks.

Released: 19-May-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Diet plays key role in ADHD symptoms in children
Ohio State University

Here’s a good reason for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to eat their fruits and vegetables: It may help reduce inattention issues, a new study suggests.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 23-May-2022 12:15 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT

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Newswise:Video Embedded a-drone-for-ultrafast-transitions-between-air-and-water
VIDEO
Released: 19-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
A Drone for Ultrafast Transitions Between Air and Water
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

A new robot is capable of switching from an underwater drone to an aerial vehicle in less than one second. The robot also features a suction disc inspired by the remora fish, which enables it to hitchhike on wet or dry moving objects to significantly reduce its power consumption. It is designed for biological and environmental monitoring in marine ecosystems such as surveying ocean pollution in the open sea as the scientist of Beihang University, Imperial College London and Empa point out in a new study published in Science Robotics.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 23-May-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT

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Released: 19-May-2022 1:35 AM EDT
Both nature and nurture contribute to signatures of socioeconomic status in the brain
University of Pennsylvania

Your education, your job, your income, the neighborhood you live in: Together these factors are considered to represent socioeconomic status (SES) and contribute to a variety of health and social outcomes, from physical and mental health to educational achievement and cognitive capacities.

Released: 19-May-2022 1:20 AM EDT
COVID long-haulers: Study shows who is most at risk, impact on local communities
Hiroshima University

A Japanese research team looking at COVID-19’s lingering impacts on survivors and local communities found that having a mild case of COVID-19, smoking status, comorbidities, or your sex aren’t significant predictors to tell if you are less likely to develop long-term symptoms but age is.

Released: 19-May-2022 1:05 AM EDT
15-minute city within reach for Vancouver
Simon Fraser University

The idea of a 15-minute city – one where everyone’s essential needs can be met within walking distance – is within reach for Vancouver, but more needs to be done to provide access in neighbourhoods with higher proportions of children, older adults, and racialized populations.

Released: 19-May-2022 12:05 AM EDT
Dwarf planet Ceres was formed in coldest zone of Solar System and thrust into Asteroid Belt
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

In an article published in the journal Icarus, researchers at São Paulo State University (UNESP) and collaborators report the findings of a study reconstituting the formation of the dwarf planet Ceres.

Released: 18-May-2022 6:20 PM EDT
Astronauts may one day drink water from ancient moon volcanoes
University of Colorado Boulder

Billions of years ago, a series of volcanic eruptions broke loose on the moon, blanketing hundreds of thousands of square miles of the orb’s surface in hot lava.

Newswise: Tooth unlocks mystery of Denisovans in Asia
Released: 18-May-2022 6:10 PM EDT
Tooth unlocks mystery of Denisovans in Asia
Flinders University

What links a finger bone and some fossil teeth found in a cave in the remote Altai Mountains of Siberia to a single tooth found in a cave in the limestone landscapes of tropical Laos?

Released: 18-May-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Pollution responsible for nine million deaths in 2019, with little progress in four years
Lancet

An update to The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health reveals that there were nine million deaths attributable to pollution in 2019 (equivalent to one in six deaths worldwide), the same number as in 2015.


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