Feature Channels: Crime and Forensic Science

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Newswise: csm_20220517_armes-a-feu_f28e71db53.jpg
Released: 20-May-2022 11:40 AM EDT
Gun ownership and homicide in the U.S.: a stronger correlation
Universite de Montreal

In 2017, there were nearly 40,000 gun-related deaths in the United States, including homicides and suicides.

Released: 16-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Departmental policies key to police officers’ decisions to activate body-worn cameras
Crime and Justice Research Alliance

Body-worn cameras (BWCs) have become increasingly common in U.S. police departments, but we know little about their use in the field, including the factors related to whether and why police activate them.

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Released: 26-Apr-2022 1:05 PM EDT
FSU Expert Available to Comment on Antisemitic Violence
Florida State University

By: Bill Wellock | Published: April 26, 2022 | 12:39 pm | SHARE: Reported antisemitic incidents in the United States reached their highest level ever in 2021, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported.ADL noted 2,717 incidents last year, a 34% increase from 2020. It is the highest number since the organization began tracking incidents in 1979.

Released: 25-Apr-2022 8:05 AM EDT
New White Paper on Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse: Challenges in Achieving Justice
Wellesley College, Wellesley Centers for Women

This white paper delves into the factors that impact whether cases of child sexual abuse move forward to prosecution. It makes actionable recommendations for achieving justice for all involved and for strengthening the safety of communities.

Released: 20-Apr-2022 11:50 AM EDT
PSPI Live: Test a Witness’s Memory of a Suspect Only Once
Association for Psychological Science

PSPI Live is an online symposium series that highlights papers published in the APS journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest (PSPI).

Newswise: Perception matters: How fear about crime impacts presidential approval
Released: 18-Apr-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Perception matters: How fear about crime impacts presidential approval
Washington University in St. Louis

Using Gallup survey data from 2000-2019 spanning across four presidential administrations, political scientists at Washington University in St. Louis find anxiety about crime, race and the president’s political party influence whether Americans hold presidents accountable for crime.

Newswise: Poverty, crime linked to differences in newborns’ brains
12-Apr-2022 7:30 AM EDT
Poverty, crime linked to differences in newborns’ brains
Washington University in St. Louis

Scanning the brains of newborns, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that maternal exposure to poverty and crime can influence the structure and function of young brains even before babies make their entrances into the world.

Released: 12-Apr-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Former partners-in-crime likely to violently turn on one another – UK crime gang study
University of Cambridge

The first study to take a “network analysis” approach to patterns of violence within UK organised crime gangs (OCG) has shown that OCG members who previously offended together are likely to end up attacking one another.

Released: 11-Apr-2022 4:05 PM EDT
'Threatening' faces and beefy bodies do not bias criminal suspect identification, study finds
University of Cambridge

We’re all familiar with the classic “look” of a movie bad guy: peering through narrowing eyes with a sinister sneer (like countless James Bond villains, including Christopher Walken’s memorable Max Zorin in A View to a Kill) or pumped up to cartoon-like dimensions (like the Soviet boxer Drago who growls “I must break you” to Rocky Balboa in Rocky IV).

Newswise: Under 6 Percent of Criminal Justice Cases Get Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Released: 30-Mar-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Under 6 Percent of Criminal Justice Cases Get Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Florida Atlantic University

A study of a nationally representative database of 105,988 admissions referred to treatment by the criminal justice system who reported heroin or other opiate as their primary, secondary, or tertiary substance used showed that fewer than 6 percent of cases received opioid agonist treatment as part of the treatment plan. Those with daily substance use, comorbid psychiatric problems, prior treatment, females, Latinos, and those who were older and those who were living independently were more likely to receive this treatment, as were those living in the Northeast and with government health insurance.

Released: 29-Mar-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Job seekers face prison credential dilemma
Cornell University

New research published March 11 in Criminology by Sadé Lindsay, sociologist in the Cornell Brooks School of Public Policy, finds that the formerly incarcerated face a “prison credential dilemma” when deciding whether to use credential from prison education and training programs when seeking employment.

Released: 25-Mar-2022 10:05 AM EDT
New Study Estimates Annual Cost of Incarcerating Adults Convicted of Child Sex Crimes Topped $5.4 Billion in 2021
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Paper notes that the U.S. federal government budgeted $1.5 million in 2021 for child sexual abuse prevention research.

Released: 8-Mar-2022 10:05 AM EST
Juvenile justice: We are coming up short’
Washington University in St. Louis

Analyzing data from thousands of young people, Joshua Jackson in Arts & Sciences finds the juvenile justice system is not rehabilitating kids.

Newswise: Counties that rely on the courts for revenue sentence more women to incarceration
Released: 2-Mar-2022 12:05 PM EST
Counties that rely on the courts for revenue sentence more women to incarceration
University of Washington

Washington counties that rely more on revenue from court-imposed fines and fees also sentence more women to incarceration, a study by the University of Washington finds.

Newswise: Criminologist discusses intersection of criminal justice and immigration
Released: 1-Mar-2022 3:30 PM EST
Criminologist discusses intersection of criminal justice and immigration
DePaul University

Immigration has been a politically charged topic for decades in the U.S. What’s missing from the discussion is consideration of criminal justice practice and policy, says Xavier Perez, a criminology faculty member in DePaul University’s College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences.

Newswise: UAH helping create AI cell phone forensics tool to help police solve mass crimes
Released: 1-Mar-2022 12:40 PM EST
UAH helping create AI cell phone forensics tool to help police solve mass crimes
University of Alabama Huntsville

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), Florida State University (FSU) and Purdue University have teamed to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) tool to help law enforcement target, extract and collate cell phone evidence related to an incident.

Newswise: America’s Jails in Crisis: Study Identifies Those at Risk of Suicide Behind Bars
Released: 24-Feb-2022 8:30 AM EST
America’s Jails in Crisis: Study Identifies Those at Risk of Suicide Behind Bars
Florida Atlantic University

In America’s jails, suicide is the leading cause of death – nearly three times higher than in prisons or the general public. Researchers have long recognized the shock and lack of control associated with circumstances and surroundings in jail, however, the extent to which these experiences culminate in a propensity for suicide and self-harm (SSH) remains understudied. A study is the first to examine the risk factors for attempting and threatening SSH in a large metropolitan jail. Among the results: those in protective custody are seven times more likely to threaten and/or attempt SSH; the threat is 61 percent greater for first-time inmates; and the rate is 64 percent lower for males vs. females – individuals had a similar risk regardless of their age or race.

Released: 21-Feb-2022 4:10 PM EST
Large numbers of Americans morally opposed to abortion would still help friend or family member seeking one
New York University

A substantial minority of Americans morally opposed to abortion would nonetheless offer help to a friend or close family member who is seeking one, finds a new analysis of both public opinion data and in-depth interviews.

Released: 21-Feb-2022 2:05 PM EST
Most unemployed young men have criminal records
RAND Corporation

More than half of unemployed American men in their 30s have a history of being arrested or convicted of a crime, a stigma that poses a barrier to them participating in the nation’s labor force, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Released: 31-Jan-2022 11:50 AM EST
Landmark research shows increase in online sex blackmailing during pandemic
Taylor & Francis

During the pandemic men were twice as likely as women to fall victim to online extortionists threatening to publish explicit photos, videos, and information about them.

Newswise:Video Embedded nih-grant-tests-strategies-to-limit-covid-19-spread-among-formerly-incarcerated-people
Released: 31-Jan-2022 9:45 AM EST
NIH Grant Tests Strategies to Limit COVID-19 Spread Among Formerly Incarcerated People
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Prisons and jails have been fertile ground for COVID-19 outbreaks, leading to millions of cases in the United States. Individuals released from these facilities often transition to other congregate settings, such as homeless shelters and group homes, where COVID-19 infections can continue to spread. Now, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System have been awarded a five-year, $3.4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to test a program aimed at reducing SARS- CoV-2 transmission among people recently released from incarceration.

Released: 26-Jan-2022 1:45 PM EST
The latest news in Behavioral Science for media

Here are some of the latest articles we've posted in the Behavioral Science channel.

Newswise: UCI online criminology master’s program is again ranked No. 1 by U.S. News
Released: 25-Jan-2022 11:55 AM EST
UCI online criminology master’s program is again ranked No. 1 by U.S. News
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Jan. 25, 2022 — The University of California, Irvine Master of Advanced Study in criminology, law & society has been named the nation’s best online criminal justice master’s program by U.S. News & World Report for the third year in a row. The 2022 rankings also mark the fifth consecutive year in which the UCI program has placed in the top three.

Released: 15-Dec-2021 9:00 AM EST
Mass shootings occur less frequently in towns with more religious congregations
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Communities with more religious congregations have fewer mass public shootings, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Newswise: In 30 cases of police killing unarmed Black people, team found few words of healing in news conferences, releases
Released: 2-Dec-2021 1:00 PM EST
In 30 cases of police killing unarmed Black people, team found few words of healing in news conferences, releases
Arizona State University (ASU)

A new research study by an Arizona State University criminology professor finds that empathy is rarely expressed by criminal justice officials in the aftermath of police killings of unarmed African Americans, potentially missing an opportunity to ease tensions.

Newswise: New UniSA study helps keep kids safe online
Released: 1-Dec-2021 10:05 PM EST
New UniSA study helps keep kids safe online
University of South Australia

Keeping children safe online is always important, but with the rapid rise of children using social media amid COVID-19 also comes increased opportunities for predators to access and exploit our youngest and most vulnerable citizens.

Released: 4-Nov-2021 1:00 AM EDT
One and Done: Researchers Urge Testing Eyewitness Memory Only Once
Association for Psychological Science

To prevent wrongful convictions, only the first identification of a suspect should be considered.

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Released: 28-Oct-2021 3:30 PM EDT
Punishment alone isn't the deterrent many think it is, ASU professor says in new book
Arizona State University (ASU)

Adam Fine, an ASU assistant professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University, has co-written a book on misbehavior.

Released: 25-Oct-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Police Training Needs Urgent Reforms, New Report from American University Reveals
American University

The instructional models that are used to train police officers across the U.S. are in many cases antiquated, inadequate, and in critical need of immediate transformation, according to a new report by American University's School of Public Affairs.

Released: 22-Oct-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Study: Massachusetts Gun-Control Legislation Has Had No Effect on Violent Crime
American University

A new study examined the impact changes to background checks and licensing policies has made on different types of violent crime in Massachusetts. The study found no immediate impact, suggesting that state lawmakers may want to ensure their legislation is being implemented as intended.

Released: 19-Oct-2021 11:00 AM EDT
Baltimore’s No-Prosecution Policy for Low-Level Drug Possession and Prostitution Finds Almost No Rearrests for Serious Offenses
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The findings suggest the new no-prosecution policies did not result in increased public complaints about drug use or sex work in Baltimore, and that those who had charges dropped did not go on to commit serious crimes.

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Released: 14-Oct-2021 4:05 PM EDT
For 50 years, mass incarceration has hurt American families. Here’s how to change it
Washington University in St. Louis

A review including new data analysis, published Oct. 14 in Science, exposes the harm mass incarceration has on families and advocates for family-friendly criminal justice interventions.

Released: 1-Oct-2021 1:55 PM EDT
UK police find missing Brits quicker, at home or abroad.
University of Portsmouth

A new report shows that British citizens who are missing abroad were more than twice as likely to be found by UK police as police in the country of disappearance. Research by the Centre for the Study of Missing Persons (CSMP) at the University of Portsmouth also shows they were likely to be missing for much longer than if they’d disappeared in the UK.

Released: 23-Sep-2021 7:00 AM EDT
New Study Casts Doubt on Electronic Ankle Monitors as Alternative to Incarceration
George Washington University

The use of GPS-equipped ankle monitors is increasingly viewed as a more humane alternative to incarceration, yet a report released today finds they cause many of the same harms associated with traditional incarceration.

Released: 21-Sep-2021 11:15 AM EDT
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School Hosting Panel Discussion on Gun Violence and Community Calls to Action
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

On Wednesday, September 22, the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Prevention and Policy is hosting a virtual panel discussion about the gun violence epidemic in the U.S. and specific calls to action state policymakers can take to address the issue.

Released: 17-Sep-2021 12:25 PM EDT
Bowen Law School Receives $1 million from Walmart to Fund Court Observation Project
University of Arkansas at Little Rock

The UA Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law has received a $1 million grant from Walmart, Inc. The grant will fund a Court Observation Project through Bowen’s new Center for Racial Justice and Criminal Justice Reform. The project will introduce a state-wide court observation initiative that will create and share a transparent body of reliable data and research about Arkansas’s criminal justice system that is otherwise unavailable in the state.

Released: 9-Sep-2021 3:55 AM EDT
Missing people fall through the cracks after government cuts
University of Portsmouth

Police forces in England say the potential for significant harm to people who go missing is rising after decades of cuts to police budgets, rising demand and lack of training.

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Released: 7-Sep-2021 4:25 PM EDT
Providing Better Health Care to Women Who Have Been Incarcerated
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Women’s Health Institute addresses the unique health concerns of women reentering society after incarceration through a new state commission

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