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Released: 8-Dec-2022 5:45 PM EST
Microbial miners could help humans colonize the moon and Mars
University of California, Irvine

The biochemical process by which cyanobacteria acquire nutrients from rocks in Chile’s Atacama Desert has inspired engineers at the University of California, Irvine to think of new ways microbes might help humans build colonies on the moon and Mars.

Newswise: Martian Dust Devil Analogues in the Mojave Desert #ASA183
30-Nov-2022 3:45 PM EST
Martian Dust Devil Analogues in the Mojave Desert #ASA183
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Louis Urtecho and his team hope to study dust devils in the Mojave Desert on Earth, then extend the analysis to scale for the different atmosphere on Mars. Based on microbarometer data from the Mojave, they built an algorithm to look for the pressure activity indicative of a dust devil. The vortices have a distinct drop in pressure near their centers, and their pressure fluctuates to look like an electrocardiogram signal over time. The team hopes to learn more about the convective vortices and how they move, which will improve the accuracy of Martian weather models.

Newswise: Tiny Underwater Sand Dunes May Shed Light on Larger Terrestrial and Martian Formations
2-Dec-2022 2:15 PM EST
Tiny Underwater Sand Dunes May Shed Light on Larger Terrestrial and Martian Formations
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

In Physics of Fluids, researchers have been studying the dynamics of how crescent-shaped sand dunes are formed. Known as barchans, these formations are commonly found in various sizes and circumstances, on Earth and on Mars. Using a computational fluid dynamics approach, the team carried out simulations by applying the equations of motion to each grain in a pile being deformed by a fluid flow, showing the ranges of values for the proper computation of barchan dunes down to the grain scale.

Released: 1-Dec-2022 8:00 PM EST
Planetary science: Mars megatsunami may have been caused by Chicxulub-like asteroid impact
Scientific Reports

A Martian megatsunami may have been caused by an asteroid collision similar to the Chicxulub impact – which contributed to the mass extinction of all non-avian dinosaurs on Earth 66 million years ago – in a shallow ocean region, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.

Newswise: Space exploration goes underground
Released: 16-Nov-2022 8:05 AM EST
Space exploration goes underground
Northern Arizona University

In two connected studies, cave ecologist Jut Wynne, along with dozens of co-authors including engineers, astrophysicists, astrobiologists and astronauts, lay out the research that needs to be done to get us closer to answering the old-age question about life beyond Earth.

24-Oct-2022 12:00 PM EDT
New study improves the chances of finding life on Mars
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

If in fact there is or has been life on Mars, it would likely still be there today, billions of years later, according to a new study published Oct. 25 in Astrobiology led by the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU).

Newswise: Algae Could be Instrumental in Making Human Exploration of Mars Possible
Released: 18-Oct-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Algae Could be Instrumental in Making Human Exploration of Mars Possible
University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

A team of UNLV scientists is already researching how we can support extended space travel with oxygen and food needs for people.

Released: 26-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Layering, not liquid: Astronomers explain Mars’ watery reflections
Cornell University

Cornell astronomers believe bright reflections beneath the surface of Mars’ South Pole are not necessarily evidence of liquid water, but instead geological layers.

Newswise: Newly formed craters located on mars by UMD geologist and NASA InSight team
Released: 21-Sep-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Newly formed craters located on mars by UMD geologist and NASA InSight team
University of Maryland, College Park

An international team of researchers with NASA’s InSight mission located four new craters created by impacts on the surface of Mars.

Released: 6-Sep-2022 3:00 PM EDT
Martian rock-metal composite shows potential of 3D printing on Mars
Washington State University

A little Martian dust appears to go a long way. A small amount of simulated crushed Martian rock mixed with a titanium alloy made a stronger, high-performance material in a 3D-printing process that could one day be used on Mars to make tools or rocket parts.

Released: 31-Aug-2022 3:10 PM EDT
MIT’s MOXIE experiment reliably produces oxygen on Mars
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

On the red and dusty surface of Mars, nearly 100 million miles from Earth, an instrument the size of a lunchbox is proving it can reliably do the work of a small tree.

Released: 26-Aug-2022 11:40 AM EDT
The sands of Mars are green as well as red, rover Perseverance discovers
Purdue University

The accepted view of Mars is red rocks and craters as far as the eye can see.

Newswise: Perseverance rover retrieves key rocky clues to Mars’ geologic and water history
Released: 25-Aug-2022 3:25 PM EDT
Perseverance rover retrieves key rocky clues to Mars’ geologic and water history
University of California, Berkeley

In its first year exploring Jezero Crater on Mars, the Perseverance rover collected rock samples that scientists anticipate will provide a long-awaited timeline for the planet’s geologic and water history.

Newswise: New research sheds light on when Mars may have had water
Released: 25-Aug-2022 2:20 PM EDT
New research sheds light on when Mars may have had water
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Scientists on NASA’s Perseverance mission made a surprising discovery about the composition of rock in Jezero Crater, one that will help them get a better idea of when water existed on Mars, and ultimately, help them understand if the red planet was ever habitable to microbial life.

Released: 18-Aug-2022 3:05 PM EDT
How Martian ionospheric dispersion effected on SAR imaging
Beijing Institute of Technology

The subsurface of Mars records important historical information on the formation and evolution of Mars. As an ionized medium, the Martian ionosphere plays a special role in radio wave propagation and is directly related to the local communication on Mars and the communication between Mars and Earth.

Newswise: Harvesting Resources on Mars with Plasmas
10-Aug-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Harvesting Resources on Mars with Plasmas
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Researchers have devised a plasma-based way to produce and separate oxygen within the Martian environment. It's a complementary approach to NASA's Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment and may deliver high rates of molecule production per kilogram of instrumentation sent to space. In the Journal of Applied Physics, the team presents the method for harnessing and processing local resources to generate products on Mars.

Newswise: PradhanangCardaceValtierra2-1280x848.jpg
Released: 11-Aug-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Three URI professors win $735,000 grant from NASA-EPSCoR to study methane emissions from rocks common to Earth, Mars
University of Rhode Island

KINGSTON, R.I. – Aug. 10, 2022 – Over the next three years, three University of Rhode Island researchers are hoping to broaden the scientific understanding of methane emission dynamics in ultramafic rock systems – work that one day may help answer the mystery of the existence of past or present microbial life on Mars.Dawn Cardace and Soni Pradhanang, associate professors of geosciences, and Serena Moseman-Valtierra, an associate professor of biological sciences, have been awarded a $735,000 grant by the NASA Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research to study methane gas emissions at a site in northern California that has a rock system comparable to known sites on Mars.

Newswise: WVU space robotics research helps Mars rovers find their footing 
Released: 10-Aug-2022 12:35 PM EDT
WVU space robotics research helps Mars rovers find their footing 
West Virginia University

West Virginia University scientists have developed a way for extraplanetary rovers to use nonvisual information to maneuver over treacherous terrain. This will help to prevent future losses of expensive equipment like that of the Martian exploration rover Spirit, which ceased communications after its wheels became trapped in invisibly shifting sands in 2010.

Newswise: What a Martian Meteorite Can Teach US About Earth’s Origins
Released: 12-Jul-2022 4:35 PM EDT
What a Martian Meteorite Can Teach US About Earth’s Origins
Northern Arizona University

Astronomy postdoc Valerie Payré is on an international team that discovered the origin of the martian meteorite known as Black Beauty, one of the most-studied meteorites in the world. It may hold clues to the development of Earth and other terrestrial planets and help explain why Earth sustains life when its closest neighbor does not.

Released: 16-Jun-2022 5:55 PM EDT
Martian Meteorite Upsets Planet Formation Theory
University of California, Davis

A new study of an old meteorite contradicts current thinking about how rocky planets like the Earth and Mars acquire volatile elements such as hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and noble gases as they form. The work is published June 16 in Science.

Newswise: On Mars, NASA's Perseverance Rover's Playlist Like No Other #ASA182
18-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
On Mars, NASA's Perseverance Rover's Playlist Like No Other #ASA182
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

After more than a year of recording on the surface, the team reduced the data to a Martian playlist that features about five hours of sounds.

Released: 27-Apr-2022 5:20 PM EDT
Solar energy is superior to nuclear for powering crewed mission to Mars, show scientists
Frontiers

No other planet in our solar system has sparked the human imagination more than Mars.

Newswise: Curiosity reports back on ‘most chemically diverse part’ of Gale Crater on Mars
Released: 21-Apr-2022 11:15 AM EDT
Curiosity reports back on ‘most chemically diverse part’ of Gale Crater on Mars
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The first analysis of the Glen Torridon region in the Gale crater on Mars shows that bedrock in the area was changed by groundwater in the planet’s early history, which has important implications for understanding past habitability and the possibility of finding past life on Mars.

Newswise: Using bacteria to build settlements on Mars
Released: 20-Apr-2022 11:45 AM EDT
Using bacteria to build settlements on Mars
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore IISC

In collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), a team of researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has developed a sustainable method for making bricks out of Martian soil, using bacteria and urea.

Newswise: Mars May Have Less Water Than Previously Estimated
Released: 19-Apr-2022 4:10 PM EDT
Mars May Have Less Water Than Previously Estimated
Oden Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences

A team of computational scientists made a model for a hypothetical ocean in the northern lowlands of Mars that is connected, or “recharged”, by a groundwater aquifer across the whole southern highlands of the Red Planet.

Newswise: Curiosity Rover ChemCam Engineering Team awarded Explorers Club Citation of Merit
Released: 12-Apr-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Curiosity Rover ChemCam Engineering Team awarded Explorers Club Citation of Merit
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The Curiosity Rover ChemCam Engineering Team was awarded the Citation of Merit by the Explorers Club, a society that promotes exploration and scientific field study.

Newswise: Perseverance analyzes the first sounds from Mars
Released: 1-Apr-2022 3:00 AM EDT
Perseverance analyzes the first sounds from Mars
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The NASA Perseverance rover, which has been exploring the Jezero Crater on Mars since February 2021, has recorded the acoustic environment of the red planet for the first time.

Newswise: UAH Space Hardware Club team’s robotic rover on its way to summertime competition in Utah
Released: 25-Mar-2022 1:30 PM EDT
UAH Space Hardware Club team’s robotic rover on its way to summertime competition in Utah
University of Alabama Huntsville

After two years of work, a four-function robotic rover developed for use on Mars by a 21-person Space Hardware Club (SHC) team at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), a part of the University of Alabama System, will be in summer competition at the University Rover Challenge (URC) finals.

Newswise:Video Embedded extraterrestrial-surface-simulation-lab-launches-new-chapter-in-space-research
VIDEO
22-Mar-2022 2:30 AM EDT
Extraterrestrial surface simulation lab launches new chapter in space research
University of Adelaide

Today, Thursday 24 March, the University of Adelaide launched its new Exterres Laboratory. The lab, which is the first of its kind in Australia, is an off-Earth surface testing environment for space technology such as rovers, which are destined for the furthest reaches of the universe.

Newswise: Searching for ‘ground truth:’ Planetary geologist to lead next phase of Mars Science Lab Curiosity Rover project
Released: 23-Mar-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Searching for ‘ground truth:’ Planetary geologist to lead next phase of Mars Science Lab Curiosity Rover project
Northern Arizona University

Planetary scientist Christopher Edwards and his team will use renewed NASA funding for Mars Science Lab Curiosity Rover project to continue exploring the rock record on the Red Planet.

Newswise: URI engineering students work with NASA on nuclear thermal propulsion for human mission to Mars
Released: 7-Feb-2022 1:05 PM EST
URI engineering students work with NASA on nuclear thermal propulsion for human mission to Mars
University of Rhode Island

KINGSTON, R.I. – Feb. 7, 2022 – Thirteen University of Rhode Island mechanical engineering students are working with NASA and other prestigious universities on a project that could cut in half the travel time for a human mission to Mars. The project involves nuclear thermal propulsion, which scientists and engineers say can get astronauts to Mars more quickly and safely than they can with current chemical propulsion and technology.

Newswise: Extremely harsh volcanic lake shows how life might have existed on Mars
Released: 28-Jan-2022 4:05 PM EST
Extremely harsh volcanic lake shows how life might have existed on Mars
Frontiers

A few specialist microbes survive conditions analogous to those of Mars’ early history, reports a new publication in Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Science—and this may be thanks to a broad range of adaptations.

Newswise:Video Embedded secretary-s-honor-awards-recognize-dozens-of-ornl-employees
VIDEO
Released: 27-Jan-2022 6:05 PM EST
Secretary’s Honor Awards recognize dozens of ORNL employees
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

More than 50 current employees and recent retirees from ORNL received Department of Energy Secretary’s Honor Awards from Secretary Jennifer Granholm in January as part of project teams spanning the national laboratory system.

Newswise: Hope for present-day Martian groundwater dries up
Released: 24-Jan-2022 2:20 PM EST
Hope for present-day Martian groundwater dries up
University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Liquid water previously detected under Mars’ ice-covered south pole is probably just a dusty mirage, according to a new study of the red planet led by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Newswise: Consistent asteroid showers rock previous thinking on Mars craters
Released: 21-Jan-2022 1:55 PM EST
Consistent asteroid showers rock previous thinking on Mars craters
Curtin University

New Curtin University research has confirmed the frequency of asteroid collisions that formed impact craters on Mars has been consistent over the past 600 million years.

Newswise: FAU Scientist Aims to Ensure ‘Microbe-free’ Mars Samples Collected by the Perseverance Rover
Released: 6-Jan-2022 8:30 AM EST
FAU Scientist Aims to Ensure ‘Microbe-free’ Mars Samples Collected by the Perseverance Rover
Florida Atlantic University

Fields was invited to work on the heat sterilization step with researchers from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory based out of California, Nelson Laboratories headquartered in Utah, and Johnson & Johnson based in New Jersey. The research group has been addressing not only heat-resistant bacteria, but individual proteins that, on Earth, can act as infectious agents (e.g. Mad Cow Disease). These biomolecules were chosen for testing as representatives of the simplest, hardiest infectious agents known.

Released: 14-Dec-2021 10:45 AM EST
Locked in stone: Mars’ missing water might be stored in clay mineral
Binghamton University, State University of New York

A clay mineral known as smectite could hold a substantial portion of the water missing from Mars, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Newswise:Video Embedded high-tech-sleeping-bag-could-solve-vision-issues-in-space
VIDEO
7-Dec-2021 11:00 AM EST
High-tech sleeping bag could solve vision issues in space
UT Southwestern Medical Center

A subtle smile emerged on Dr. James Leidner’s face as he envisioned telling people of the unusual contribution he made to mankind’s mission to Mars.

Newswise: Alien organisms – hitchhikers of the galaxy?
16-Nov-2021 11:30 PM EST
Alien organisms – hitchhikers of the galaxy?
University of Adelaide

Scientists warn, without good biosecurity measures ‘alien organisms’ on Earth may become a reality stranger than fiction. Scientists warn, without good biosecurity measures ‘alien organisms’ on Earth may become a reality stranger than fiction.

Newswise: Bio-ISRU%20on%20Mars.png
Released: 26-Oct-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Making Martian Rocket BioFuel on Mars
Georgia Institute of Technology

Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a concept that would make Martian rocket fuel, on Mars, that could be used to launch future astronauts back to Earth.

Newswise: Rocks on floor of Jezero Crater, Mars, show signs of sustained interactions with water
Released: 11-Oct-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Rocks on floor of Jezero Crater, Mars, show signs of sustained interactions with water
Geological Society of America (GSA)

Since the Perseverance rover landed in Jezero crater on Mars in February, the rover and its team of scientists back on Earth have been hard at work exploring the floor of the crater that once held an ancient lake.

Newswise:Video Embedded mars-rover-images-help-uf-scientist-nasa-team-narrow-the-search-for-ancient-life
VIDEO
Released: 7-Oct-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Mars rover images help UF scientist, NASA team narrow the search for ancient life
University of Florida

Stunning images from the Perseverance rover have revealed how an ancient river delta in Mars' Jezero Crater formed.

Newswise: WateryMars-1536x768.png
17-Sep-2021 11:40 AM EDT
Mars habitability limited by its small size, isotope study suggests
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers measured the potassium isotope compositions of Martian meteorites in order to estimate the presence, distribution and abundance of volatile elements and compounds, including water, on Mars, finding that Mars has lost more potassium than Earth but retained more potassium than the Moon or the asteroid 4-Vesta; the results suggest that rocky planets with larger mass retain more volatile elements during planetary formation and that Mars and Mars-sized exoplanets fall below a size threshold necessary to retain enough water to enable habitability and plate tectonics.

Newswise: 800_moonandmarsbiocomposites.jpg
Released: 13-Sep-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Affordable housing in outer space: Scientists develop cosmic concrete from space dust and astronaut blood
University of Manchester

Transporting a single brick to Mars can cost more than a million British pounds – making the future construction of a Martian colony seem prohibitively expensive.

Released: 19-Aug-2021 3:00 PM EDT
VIDEO AND TRANSCRIPT AVAILABLE: Breakthrough Cases and COVID Boosters: Live Expert Panel for August 18, 2021
Newswise

Expert Q&A: Do breakthrough cases mean we will soon need COVID boosters? The extremely contagious Delta variant continues to spread, prompting mask mandates, proof of vaccination, and other measures. Media invited to ask the experts about these and related topics.


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