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Embargo will expire:
22-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
17-Jan-2019 3:05 PM EST

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Embargo will expire:
22-Jan-2019 10:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
17-Jan-2019 11:05 AM EST

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Jan-2019 10:00 AM EST

The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application.
If you have not yet registered, please do so. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 706400

Sexual Minorities More Likely to Suffer Severe Substance Use Disorders

University of Michigan

Researchers know that lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are more likely than heterosexuals to use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs, but until now they didn't know to what degree.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 706397

Pain and substance abuse interact in a vicious cycle

Binghamton University, State University of New York

Pain and substance use interact in a vicious cycle that can ultimately worsen and maintain both chronic pain and addiction, according to a research team including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 9:40 AM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    31-Dec-2018 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 705851

Gene Changes Associated with Motivation to Drink Alcohol

Research Society on Alcoholism

Epigenetics refers to external changes to DNA that turn genes “on” or “off.” These modifications do not change the sequence of the “letters” in DNA, but are physical changes that affect how cells "read" genes. Researchers hypothesized that alcohol’s effect on one kind of epigenetic change - called DNA methylation - on certain genes is associated with the motivation to drink alcohol in binge and heavy drinkers. Methylation is a change in the DNA that reduces gene expression. They measured changes in the methylation of two genes that have been implicated in the control of drinking behavior or the response to stress: the period 2 (PER2) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) genes. Methylation changes were measured in blood samples drawn from groups of non-smokers who were moderate drinkers, binge drinkers, or heavy drinkers. These drinkers also participated in a laboratory study that measured behavioral alcohol motivation. During the three-day experiment, the participants experienced str

Released:
27-Dec-2018 4:05 PM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    28-Dec-2018 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 705829

Moderate drinking not harmful for older patients with heart failure

Washington University in St. Louis

A new study suggests that people over age 65 who are newly diagnosed with heart failure can continue to drink moderate amounts of alcohol without worsening their condition. However, the findings do not suggest that nondrinkers should start imbibing after a heart failure diagnosis, the researchers emphasized.

Released:
26-Dec-2018 11:05 AM EST
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Article ID: 705833

How Does Social Drinking Become Problematic as We Age?

Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

As we age, we become more vulnerable to developing an alcohol use disorder, more commonly known as alcoholism. Your body processes alcohol less efficiently the older you get. Also, seniors may be drinking more to seek relief from the boredom, loneliness and grief that are common with aging.

Released:
28-Dec-2018 9:00 AM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    20-Dec-2018 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 705589

Cannabis Use May Lessen Risk of Developing Alcohol-Related Pancreatitis

Research Society on Alcoholism

The pancreas is an organ located behind the stomach that produces enzymes and hormones that help with digestion and blood-sugar regulation. Both heavy drinking and gallstones can cause an inflamed pancreas, called pancreatitis, which is associated with significant illness and, in about 10% of cases, death. The recent use of cannabis to manage the development of pancreatitis and its progression has yielded conflicting results. This study assessed the impact of cannabis use on both acute (sudden onset) and chronic (persistent) pancreatitis.

Released:
17-Dec-2018 8:05 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Dec-2018 12:05 AM EST

Article ID: 705513

Your Postal Code May Influence Your Health

McMaster University

Researchers at McMaster University have identified trends linking health and lifestyle factors like access to public transit, the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables in grocery stores, the prices of popular foods, the availability and prices of cigarettes and alcohol, and the promotion, or lack thereof, of healthy foods in restaurants. The study findings are based on detailed data collected across Canada’s 10 provinces.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 4:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705531

What Looks Like Substance Abuse Could be Self-Medication, Study Finds

Johns Hopkins University

When improved antidepressants hit the market in the 1980s, heavy drinking among people with depression dropped 22 percent, suggesting people who knowingly use drugs and alcohol to relieve mental and physical pain will switch to safer, better treatment options when they can get them,

Released:
17-Dec-2018 10:05 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences


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