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  • Embargo expired:
    17-May-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712889

Stigma towards sexual minorities increases alcohol craving

Research Society on Alcoholism

Exposure to stigma elicits negative mood and alcohol craving among sexual minority young adults who are heavy drinkers, according to findings from a novel study at American University, Washington, DC, and Brown University, Rhode Island.

Released:
15-May-2019 6:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 712976

Panel: Less Than Half of Approaches in Campus Alcohol Policies Get High Marks for Efficacy

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Alcohol policy experts and researchers have rated policies typically included in official campus alcohol policies on their likely effectiveness; in doing so, they have developed an evidence-based approach for colleges to use in analyzing and updating their campus alcohol policies. Their review found that fewer than half of the specific approaches to reduce problematic alcohol consumption are “most effective."

Released:
16-May-2019 8:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    14-May-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712745

Take two (attempts): Hope for overcoming substance use disorders

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol and drug problems are often described as ‘chronically relapsing’ conditions, implying that multiple recovery attempts are needed before an addiction can be overcome for good. However, a new study by researchers at Harvard Medical School indicates that most people with an alcohol or drug problem achieve resolution after a surprisingly small number of serious quit attempts.

Released:
13-May-2019 12:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    7-May-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712334

Blackout or pass-out? What twins tell us about sensitivity to alcohol

Research Society on Alcoholism

A new study involving more than three thousand adult twins from Australia has investigated the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to blacking and passing out after drinking. Twins are an important resource for health research, including alcohol studies. By comparing the frequency of an outcome ─ such as blackout ─ among pairs of identical twins (who share all their genes) and non-identical twins (who share only half of their genes but many aspects of their environment), researchers can better understand the roles of genetic and enviromental factors in influencing the outcome.

Released:
3-May-2019 2:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 712295

Survey shatters misconceptions about American Indian mothers

South Dakota State University

During pregnancy, American Indian mothers are less likely to consume alcohol and no more likely to smoke than white mothers in South Dakota after adjusting for socioeconomic factors.

Released:
2-May-2019 2:40 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    29-Apr-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711919

Genes, Roommates, And Residence Halls: Influences on College Student Drinking

Research Society on Alcoholism

Individual genetic make-up, roommates’ drinking behavior, and how much individuals think their friends are drinking all influence students’ own alcohol use, according to new findings from the ‘Spit for Science’ project at an urban campus university.

Released:
25-Apr-2019 11:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    29-Apr-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711915

Seeing the World – Great Opportunity but Increases Hazardous Drinking in Students

Research Society on Alcoholism

Many thousands of young people opt to study abroad for part of their degree course, seizing the personal, cultural, and academic opportunities this brings. However, excess alcohol consumption also features in some stays abroad ─ with new research showing that young people studying abroad have more excessive and harmful drinking behaviors during their stay than those staying home. This raises concern over short-term risks to health and well being, and that exchange program stays might act as a stepping stone to an alcohol use disorder in future.

Released:
25-Apr-2019 10:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 712000

No Safe Amount of Alcohol During Pregnancy, Suggest Researchers

American Institute of Physics (AIP)

An international group of researchers has taken one of the first major steps in finding the biological changes in the brain that drive fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. New work using chaos theory to analyze brain signals, discussed in the journal Chaos, shows the long-term effects. Researchers found that teenagers who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb showed altered brain connections that were consistent with impaired cognitive performance.

Released:
26-Apr-2019 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711949

College-age males at bars, parties more likely to be sexually aggressive

Washington State University

College men who frequently attend parties or go to bars are more likely to be sexually aggressive compared to those who don't, Washington State University researchers have found.

Released:
25-Apr-2019 2:40 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711878

Alcohol Relapse Rate Among Liver Transplant Recipients Identical Whether or Not There is A 6-Month Wait Before Transplant

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Alcohol Relapse Rate Among Liver Transplant Recipients Identical Whether or Not There is A 6-Month Wait Before Transplant 04/25/2019 AddThis Sharing Buttons Share to Facebook Share to TwitterShare to EmailShare to PrintShare to More Credit: Getty Images For decades, patients with liver disease related to alcohol use have been told they must be sober for six months before they can get a liver transplant. Many die before that six-month wait period is up. Now, a growing number of researchers are questioning that six-month waiting period.

Released:
25-Apr-2019 10:00 AM EDT

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