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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702251

Using Money to Encourage Alcohol Abstinence Can Be Effective

Research Society on Alcoholism

It is estimated that only 20 to 24 percent of individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) ever receive treatment of any kind for their disease. Most of the reasons given for not seeking treatment relate to the person’s inability or unwillingness to attend traditional in-person treatment. One alternative may be “contingency management.” This is a method in which a reward is given – for example, money, privileges, or prizes – once abstinence from alcohol or the drug in question is verified. This study examined the effectiveness of providing a financial reward for alcohol abstinence.

Released:
15-Oct-2018 5:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 702140

Alcohol Disorder Screening Tests Fail in Weight-Loss Surgery Patients

Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

People who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, a common type of bariatric surgery, are at an increased risk for alcohol-related problems. However, common screening tools that help physicians identify patients at high risk for alcohol use disorder fail to work well in this population.

Released:
15-Oct-2018 8:30 AM EDT
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Article ID: 701747

Detecting Anomalies on a Car Computer Network

American University

Using machine learning techniques, American University Computer Science Professor Nathalie Japkowicz and her colleagues designed a way to detect unusual activity in a car’s computer system. Unusual activity could signal a cyberattack.

Released:
5-Oct-2018 2:05 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    3-Oct-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 701294

Guidelines for “Healthy Drinking” Should Be Lowered

Research Society on Alcoholism

Both the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the Centers for Disease Control have concluded that up to one drink daily for women, and up to two drinks daily for men, fall within U.S. dietary guidelines. Several studies have reported that consuming one to two drinks on occasion – called low-level drinking – is protective against cardiovascular disease. However, other research has shown that any alcohol use appears to increase the risk of some types of cancer. This study used large-scale databases to analyze the association between alcohol use and risk of death.

Released:
28-Sep-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    3-Oct-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 701459

Even light drinking increases risk of death

Washington University in St. Louis

Analyzing data from more than 400,000 people, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that consuming one to two drinks four or more times per week — an amount deemed healthy by current guidelines — increases the risk of premature death by 20 percent.

Released:
2-Oct-2018 11:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    26-Sep-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 700910

Alcohol Outlets such as Liquor Stores are More Often Associated with Violent Crimes

Research Society on Alcoholism

Previous research has shown that violent crimes are associated with greater access to alcohol outlets. It is unclear, however, whether on-premise outlets such as bars, or off-premise outlets such as liquor stores, have a stronger association with violent crimes. This study used more precise measurement of outlet locations to examine associations between violent crimes and access to different types of alcohol outlets in Baltimore, Maryland.

Released:
21-Sep-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Arts and Humanities

  • Embargo expired:
    26-Sep-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 701081

Baltimore Liquor Stores Linked More to Violent Crime Than Bars and Restaurants

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A new study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) found that alcohol outlets in Baltimore that sell alcohol for off-premise consumption (such as liquor stores and beer and wine stores) have a stronger association with incidences of violent crimes, including homicides, aggravated assaults, sexual assaults, and robbery, than alcohol outlets in Baltimore where alcohol is bought and consumed on-site, such as bars and restaurants.

Released:
25-Sep-2018 12:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 700776

Self-Regulation Significant to Overcoming Early Adversity

University of Georgia

“Would you rather have $14 today or $25 in 19 days?” Researchers studied adults aged 18-25 from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and found that self-regulation may hold the key to helping young adults overcome their risk for developing alcohol and drug problems

Released:
19-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    14-Sep-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 700374

Alcohol and Marijuana Use May Increase when Marijuana is Used by Young Adult Drinkers

Research Society on Alcoholism

The risks of alcohol consumption differ by the presence or absence of simultaneous use of other substances, the most common one being marijuana. Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use may increase alcohol-related risks and societal costs. This paper examined historical changes in simultaneous alcohol/marijuana use among young adult alcohol users from 1977 – 2016.

Released:
11-Sep-2018 6:05 PM EDT

Arts and Humanities

  • Embargo expired:
    4-Sep-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 699729

The Contribution of Genetics to Alcohol Use and Eating-Disorder Symptoms in Girls

Research Society on Alcoholism

Prior research has shown that alcohol use disorders and eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa – binge eating often followed by self-induced vomiting – may have a shared genetic risk. It is unclear, however, whether this risk extends to eating-disorder symptoms other than those associated with bulimia nervosa. This study examined several measures of alcohol use and drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction, which are core eating-disorder symptoms, in adolescent female and male twins.

Released:
29-Aug-2018 11:05 AM EDT

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