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Science

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Astrobiology, Extremophile, salt, Microbe, Bacteria, cold, cold adaptation, MARS, Biotechnology, milk, Salty, Protein

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Nov-2017 11:30 AM EST

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Global, Ebola, Reservation, Indian, Native American, Tribal, Suicide, Violence, Youth, Substance Abuse

A Sense of Place

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Experiencing worlds we might never step foot in—through the vivid memories of Johns Hopkins Nursing researchers

Medicine

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Mercy Medical Center Announces Third Graduation of mWORKS Participants

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In 2015, protests and civil unrest thrust Baltimore into the national spotlight. To aid in the healing, Mercy Medical Center sought to find ways to provide greater job training and economic opportunities for Baltimore City residents. The result is the mWORKS job training program which debuted in 2016. Entirely funded by Mercy Health Services, mWORKS serves to train and hire more unemployed City residents who face significant socio-economic challenges for positions in the hospital’s environmental services, dietary and transport areas.

Medicine

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Blood Pressure, Low Sodium, Dash Diet, Stephen Juraschek, Lawrence Appel

Combination Low-Salt and Heart-Healthy “Dash” Diet as Effective as Drugs for Some Adults with High Blood Pressure

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A study of more than 400 adults with prehypertension, or stage 1 high blood pressure, found that combining a low-salt diet with the heart-healthy DASH diet substantially lowers systolic blood pressure — the top number in a blood pressure test — especially in people with higher baseline systolic readings.

Medicine

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Breastfeeding, milk, Breast Milk, Lactation, Genomics, RNA Expression, Metabolic Disorder, Type 2 Diabetes, high-fat diet, Infant Health

High-Fat Diet May Change Breast Milk Makeup, Affect Baby's Health

New research suggests that following a high-fat diet during lactation—regardless of diet during pregnancy—alters RNA activity in breast milk. The changes in genetic material may increase the risk of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes in offspring.

Science

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Crystals, Optoelectronic, Light, Perovskite, Nanocrystal, colloidal nanocrystals, emitters, Zhili Yang, Matthew Pelton, Maryna I. Bodnarchuk, Maksym V. Kovalenko, Edo Waks, University Of Maryland, ETH Zurich, Applied Physics Letters

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Nov-2017 11:00 AM EST

Science

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Citrus, Peel, exocarp, Microjet, Fluid Dynamics, oil glands, citrus fruit, jetting behavior, Nicholas Smith, Andrew Dickerson, University of Central Florida, Division of Fluid Dynamics, DFD, American Physical Society, APS

Bursting Citrus Peel Oil Glands Inspire New Approach for Microjetting Fluids

When was the last time you took a close look at an orange, lime or lemon peel? Outer citrus peels are covered with tiny oil glands or cavities that can explode in an outward direction, often spraying toward you, if bent in an attempt to gain access to the inner fruit. Researchers at the University of Central Florida set out to explore how the material properties during this phenomenon enable the production of these high-speed jets that often go unnoticed or unappreciated, even by avid citrus consumers. They’ll discuss their work at the 70th meeting of the Division of Fluid Dynamics, Nov. 19-21, 2017.

Science

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Snoring, Sleep Apnea, Apnea, Sleep Patterns, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), uvula vibration, uvula motion, Fluid Dynamics, Division of Fluid Dynamics, DFD, American Physical Society, APS

Snoring Sounds Provide Insight for Obstructive Airway Disorders

Often unnoticed by the patient, Obstructive Sleep Apnea results in fragmented sleep patterns causing daytime fatigue and cardiovascular problems. However, the question remains of how to differentiate normal snoring from sleep apnea. Researchers will present their results on the 3-D modeling of uvula vibrational patterns and sound frequencies during snoring at the 70th meeting of the Division of Fluid Dynamics, Nov. 19-21, 2017.

Science

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Acoustics, acoustical waves, Sound, Vibrations, Noise, Auditory, Bubble, eggs, Volcano, New Orleans, JAZZ, Acoustical Society of America, ASA

Save the Date: Acoustical Society of America Fall Meeting in New Orleans, Dec. 4-8

Acoustical waves and vibrations allow us to hear and experience the world with fuller sensory stimulation. Acoustics has applications that cover a broad spectrum of topics including anthropogenic noise in marine environments, the dangers of hospital noise, and auditory sensitivity after drinking. The Acoustical Society of America’s fall meeting this year will showcase the diversity of sound and its applications, held Dec. 4-8, 2017, in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Medicine

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Seven Frank, Blood Transfusion, anestesiology, Critical Care, Patient Safety

Blueprint to Reduce Wasteful Blood Transfusions

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By analyzing data from randomized clinical trials comparing blood transfusion approaches, Johns Hopkins experts, along with colleagues at Cleveland Clinic and NYU Langone Medical Center, endorse recommendations for blood transfusions that reduce blood use to improve patient safety and outcomes. Publishing this week in JAMA Internal Medicine, the report also provides a how-to guide for launching a patient blood management program.







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