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4-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Whiteness of AI erases people of colour from our ‘imagined futures’, researchers argue
University of Cambridge

The overwhelming ‘Whiteness’ of artificial intelligence – from stock images and cinematic robots to the dialects of virtual assistants – removes people of colour from the way humanity thinks about its technology-enhanced future, according to Cambridge researchers.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:25 PM EDT
Waning attention to climate change amid pandemic could have lasting effects
University of Colorado Boulder

Attention to climate change has significantly declined in recent months, as the pandemic has monopolized news coverage. That's concerning, say study authors who found that simply directing one's attention to an environmental risk—even briefly and involuntarily—makes people more concerned about it and willing to take action.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Problem gambling and crime appear co-symptomatic, not causal
University at Buffalo

New research from a University at Buffalo sociologist is providing valuable insight into better understanding the association between criminal behaviors and problem gambling. “We’re finding that it’s not so much that problem gambling causes crime, but rather that the same background characteristics that contribute to predicting the likelihood of someone being a problem gambler also predict that they’ll engage in crime,” says Christopher Dennison, an assistant professor of sociology at UB.

Newswise: UIC physicist earns innovation award from Microscopy Today
Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:15 PM EDT
UIC physicist earns innovation award from Microscopy Today
University of Illinois at Chicago

Groundbreaking approach in high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy has been judged to be one of the 10 best microscopy innovations in the 2020 Microscopy Today Innovation Award competition.

Newswise: Promising new research identifies innovative approach for controlling defects in 3D printing
Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Promising new research identifies innovative approach for controlling defects in 3D printing
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne scientists use temperature data to tune — and fix — defects in 3D-printed metallic parts.

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Newswise: Philanthropist and Real Estate Developer, Howard S. Brown Makes $2.5 Million Gift to UM School of Medicine
Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Philanthropist and Real Estate Developer, Howard S. Brown Makes $2.5 Million Gift to UM School of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Mr. Brown’s Gift Memorializes his Daughter, Esther Ann Brown Adler, and Establishes the Thomas M. Scalea, MD Endowed Distinguished Professorship in Trauma Surgery

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Newswise:Video Embedded uab-department-of-pathology-develops-strategy-to-support-guidesafe-entry-testing-process-more-than-200-000-samples
VIDEO
Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:10 PM EDT
UAB Department of Pathology develops strategy to support GuideSafe™ Entry Testing, process more than 200,000 samples
University of Alabama at Birmingham

This strategy will allow for ramping up testing capacity tenfold for the next 20-plus days leading up to the start of school.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Journalists' Twitter use shows them talking within smaller bubbles
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Usher and Ng, journalism professors at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, identified nine clusters of journalists or “communities of practice” in their study, published online by the journal Social Media and Society.

31-Jul-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Vitamin D Twice a Day May Keep Vertigo Away
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Taking vitamin D and calcium twice a day may reduce your chances of getting vertigo again, according to a study published in the August 5, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT
To bond with nature, kids need solitary activities outdoors
North Carolina State University

A new study found solitary activities like fishing, hunting or exploring outside are key to building strong bonds between children and nature. Activities like these encourage children to both enjoy being outside and to feel comfortable there.

Newswise: Dr. Kathleen Yaremchuk Recognized with Trailblazer Award
Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:20 PM EDT
Dr. Kathleen Yaremchuk Recognized with Trailblazer Award
Henry Ford Health System

DETROIT – Kathleen Yaremchuk, M.D., chair of the Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery at Henry Ford Health System, was announced as the 2020 Helen F. Krause, MD Trailblazer Award recipient by Women In Otolaryngology (WIO).The announcement was published in the August issue of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery magazine.

Newswise: Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
Argonne National Laboratory

University reports a new electrocatalyst that converts carbon dioxide and water into ethanol with very high energy efficiency, high selectivity for the desired final product and low cost.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
New findings on enzymes with important role in SARS-CoV-2 infection
Uppsala University

Researchers at Uppsala University have described the presence, throughout the human body, of the enzyme ACE2.

Newswise: Button Project Lets Children See the Faces Behind the Masks
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Button Project Lets Children See the Faces Behind the Masks
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

When COVID-19 cases began rising in Nashville, masking became a regular part of life across Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Children’s Hospital as one of several public health safety measures to protect employees and patients from potential COVID-19 exposure. Children’s Hospital decided to get creative to ensure that the 1,700 children and families who visit the hospital and clinics each day can see that the same friendly faces they’ve always known still exist behind the masks.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:45 PM EDT
Body weight has surprising, alarming impact on brain function
IOS Press

As a person's weight goes up, all regions of the brain go down in activity and blood flow, according to a new brain imaging study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Astronomers Sink Their Teeth Into Special Supernova
NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory

Astronomers using several telescopes at NOIRLab, including the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) Telescope, have obtained critical data on a particular type of exploding star that produces copious amounts of calcium. The calcium produced in this unique type of supernova explosion is the same calcium found in our bones and teeth and these events account for up to half of the calcium found in the Universe.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Gut microbes shape our antibodies before we are infected by pathogens
University of Bern

B cells are white blood cells that develop to produce antibodies.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
AAOS Alarmed by CMS Proposal that Reduces the Value of and Access to Orthopaedic Care
American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons

American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) President Joseph A. Bosco III, MD, FAAOS, issued the following statement in response to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) newly released Calendar Year (CY) 2021 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule rule, which proposes to reduce all orthopaedic surgical services by approximately 5%.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Ammonia sparks unexpected, exotic lightning on Jupiter
Cornell University

NASA’s Juno spacecraft – orbiting and closely observing the planet Jupiter – has unexpectedly discovered lightning in the planet’s upper atmosphere, according to a multi-institutional study led by the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), which includes two Cornell University researchers.

Newswise: Molecular Storytelling Helps Diverse Audiences Understand Biomolecular Science
28-Jul-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Molecular Storytelling Helps Diverse Audiences Understand Biomolecular Science
American Crystallographic Association (ACA)

Reducing the barriers preventing everyone from exploring the science behind biomolecular interactions and structures is the goal of molecular storytelling, a combination of visual and interactive methods used to explain the complex subject of structural biology. Through a 20-year partnership with the RCSB Protein Data Bank, researcher David Goodsell and a team of scientists have developed the Molecule of the Month series, which uses visual and interactive storytelling as an educational bridge for a wide audience of students, educators and the public.

Newswise: Implanted Neural Stem Cell Grafts Show Functionality in Spinal Cord Injuries
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Implanted Neural Stem Cell Grafts Show Functionality in Spinal Cord Injuries
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine report successfully implanting specialized grafts of neural stem cells directly into spinal cord injuries in mice, then documenting how the grafts grew and filled the injury sites, mimicking the animals’ existing neuronal network.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
Cancer Research Institute Awards $30.2 Million in Grants and Fellowships to Support Basic and Clinical Research in Immunology and Cancer Immunotherapy
Cancer Research Institute

The Cancer Research Institute (CRI), a U.S. nonprofit organization dedicated to the discovery and development of powerful immunotherapies for all cancers, awarded more than $30.2 million in research grants and fellowships in the 2020 fiscal year ending June 30, 2020.

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Embargo will expire: 7-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 5-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT

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Newswise: Surgery Milestone Reached for Rutgers Cancer Institute Urologic Oncology Leader at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Surgery Milestone Reached for Rutgers Cancer Institute Urologic Oncology Leader at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Urologic Oncology chief marks a major milestone in completing his 2,000th robotic prostatectomy at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, an RWJBarnabas Health facility and one of the few hospitals in the state designated to teach surgeons about this technique.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Massey scientist suggests COVID-19 should be treated as an acute inflammatory disease
Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)

The COVID-19 pandemic has had detrimental effects on global infrastructure sectors, including economic, political, health care, education and research systems, and there is still no definitive treatment strategy for the disease.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
Epigenetic Changes in ADNP Syndrome, a Cause of Autism, Do Not Indicate Profound Presentation of the Disorder
Mount Sinai Health System

A study led by the Seaver Autism Center for Research and Treatment at Mount Sinai found that two different blood epigenetic signatures associated with ADNP syndrome (also known as Helsmoortel-Van Der Aa syndrome) have only a modest correlation with clinical manifestations of the syndrome.

Newswise: Quality suffers for audit offices with clients from different industries, study shows
Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
Quality suffers for audit offices with clients from different industries, study shows
University of Notre Dame

If an audit office has a diversified client portfolio, it is more difficult to audit a particular type of client, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:10 PM EDT
HDAC6 Can Control Tumor Growth and Halt Metastasis in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
George Washington University

Genetic modifier HDAC6 was found to control tumor growth and halt metastasis in triple-negative breast cancer in vivo, according to a new study published in the journal Cancer Research by investigators at the GW Cancer Center.

Newswise: How Climate Change Affects Allergies, Immune Response and Autism
Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
How Climate Change Affects Allergies, Immune Response and Autism
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The changes in the environment and biodiversity brought on by climate change could be responsible for increases in allergies, autoimmune diseases and autism, according to a Rutgers researcher

Newswise: Helping protect medical professionals
Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Helping protect medical professionals
Sandia National Laboratories

A media comprised of a sandwich of materials, tested by Sandia National Laboratories, is being manufactured into N95-like respirators that could be used in local medical facilities. The project originated from the urgent need for personal protective equipment when the COVID-19 outbreak began.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
UCI scientists get ‘initial hit’ in developing drug to treat COVID-19
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Aug. 5, 2020 – When the coronavirus pandemic hit, almost everyone at the University of California, Irvine – and colleges across the nation – had to abandon campus. But James Nowick, professor of chemistry, was not a part of that exodus. That’s because his lab, which designs and constructs chemical molecules, had the right equipment to help in the global push to find treatments for COVID-19.

Newswise: Fermilab scientist Laura Fields receives $2.5 million DOE award to study beams of shape-shifting ghost particles
Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Fermilab scientist Laura Fields receives $2.5 million DOE award to study beams of shape-shifting ghost particles
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Laura Fields has won an Early Career Research Award from the Department of Energy to help physicists better understand the composition of neutrino beams used by Fermilab experiments. Her work will help gather and validate results that could shed light on why the universe consists of something rather than nothing.

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Embargo will expire: 6-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 5-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Understanding the Why of Potato Virus Y
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Potatoes are a multi-billion-dollar crop in the US. Potato harvests can be reduced by up to 80 percent because of disease caused by Potato virus Y (PVY) that attacks both the tubers and leaves.

Newswise: Imitation May Be a Sincere Form of Treatment
Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Imitation May Be a Sincere Form of Treatment
University of California San Diego Health

The National Institutes of Health will soon launch a phase II clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of potential new therapeutics for COVID-19, including the use of investigational synthetic monoclonal antibodies. Davey Smith of UC San Diego is the protocol chair and answers questions.

Newswise: NIH harnesses AI for COVID-19 diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring
Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:30 PM EDT
NIH harnesses AI for COVID-19 diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NIH has launched an ambitious effort to use artificial intelligence, computation, and medical imaging to enable early disease detection, inform successful treatment strategies, and predict individual disease outcomes of COVID-19.

Newswise:Video Embedded assembling-offshore-wind-turbines
VIDEO
Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Assembling Offshore Wind Turbines
University of Delaware

To meet the current and anticipated demand for offshore wind, we’re going to need marshalling ports, large waterside sites with the acreage and weight-carrying capacity necessary to assemble, house and deploy the huge wind turbines ready to ship out into the ocean. A new study from the University of Delaware has identified two prime east coast locations for marshalling ports on either side of the Delaware bay.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:00 PM EDT
RSNA, ACR and AAPM Launch Massive Open-Source COVID-19 Medical Image Database via NIBIB contract with Univ. of Chicago
American College of Radiology (ACR)

The nation’s largest medical imaging associations are developing the new Medical Imaging and Data Resource Center (MIDRC), an open-source database with medical images from tens of thousands of COVID-19 patients. The MIDRC will help doctors better understand, diagnose and treat COVID-19.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:00 PM EDT
Study Reveals New Targets for Next-Generation COVID-19 Vaccines and Tests, Beyond Antibodies
Atlantic Health System

This clinical trial increased an understanding of how T cells mount a response to COVID-19 infection. These findings pave the way for diagnostic tests that detect COVID immunity based on T cells instead of antibodies. Research demonstrates that generating neutralizing antibodies rather than T cells, may not be sufficient for long-term immunity. New discoveries suggest that vaccines will need to incorporate T cell targets to generate lasting COVID-19 immunity.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 12:00 PM EDT
The University of Chicago is awarded a major federal contract to host a new COVID-19 medical imaging resource center
University of Chicago Medical Center

A new center hosted at the University of Chicago — co-led by the largest medical imaging professional organizations in the country — will help tackle the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic by curating a massive database of medical images to help better understand and treat the disease. The work is supported by a $20 million, two-year federal contract that could be renewable to $50 million over five years.

Newswise: Interpreting the Human Genome’s Instruction Manual
Released: 5-Aug-2020 11:50 AM EDT
Interpreting the Human Genome’s Instruction Manual
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Berkeley Lab bioscientists are part of a nationwide research project, called ENCODE, that has generated a detailed atlas of the molecular elements that regulate our genes. This enormous resource will help all human biology research moving forward.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 11:50 AM EDT
EPA Approves Thirteen Surface Disinfectants Tested on SARS-CoV-2
Household and Commercial Products Association

The Household & Commercial Products Association (HCPA) released the following statement today, attributed to Steve Caldeira, President & CEO, after the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced that thirteen surface disinfectants from List N have been tested and proven effective against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

Newswise: Summer Sundays Go Virtual
Released: 5-Aug-2020 11:40 AM EDT
Summer Sundays Go Virtual
Brookhaven National Laboratory

rookhaven Lab is moving its Summer Sunday program to an online format for 2020. Over three Sundays this summer, the Lab will host a series of live, virtual events for everyone to interact with the Lab in a new way. Each event will feature a guided tour of a Brookhaven Lab facility followed by a live Q&A with a panel comprised of the facility’s scientists.

Newswise: Application of machine learning can optimize hurricane track forecast
Released: 5-Aug-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Application of machine learning can optimize hurricane track forecast
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

When a hurricane approaches, providing a few extra hours’ notice can be the difference between life and death. Now, Penn State researchers report that applying a machine learning technique to a group of possible storm paths could help meteorologists provide more accurate medium-term forecasts and issue timely warnings to communities in the path of these potentially deadly storms.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 11:15 AM EDT
Incorporating Solar Harvesting Into the Side of Buildings Could Enhance Energy Sustainability
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

If builders could incorporate solar harvesting into the siding of a building, the amount of energy from the grid that a structure would need may significantly decrease. In research published recently in Renewable Energy, a team of researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, led by Diana-Andra Borca-Tasciuc, a professor of mechanical, aerospace, and nuclear engineering, demonstrated the potential of wedge-shaped luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs). These efficient modular solar units could easily be hung on the side of a building.


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