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Streamlining Thin Film Processing for Electrodes, Display Screens

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Energy storage devices and computer screens may seem worlds apart, but they’re not. When associate professor Qi Hua Fan of the South Dakota State University electrical engineering and computer science department set out to make a less expensive supercapacitor for storing renewable energy, he developed a new plasma technology that will streamline the production of display screens.

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Discovery Sheds Light on Nuclear Reactor Fuel Behavior During a Severe Event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents.

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Stony Brook Scientists Unveil First Structure Measurements of Molten Uranium Dioxide

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Nuclear power is part of the worldwide energy mix, accounting for around 10% of global electricity supply. Safety is the paramount issue. Uranium dioxide (UO2) is the major nuclear fuel component of fission reactors, and the concern during severe accidents is the melting and leakage of radioactive UO2 as it corrodes through its protective containment systems. Understanding—in order to predict—the behavior of UO2 at extreme temperatures is crucial to improved safety and optimization of this electricity source.

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Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

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As the installation of photovoltaic solar cells continues to accelerate, scientists are looking for inexpensive materials beyond the traditional silicon that can efficiently convert sunlight into electricity. Theoretically, iron pyrite could do the job, but when it works at all, the conversion efficiency remains frustratingly low. Now, a University of Wisconsin-Madison research team explains why that is, in a discovery that suggests how improvements in this promising material could lead to inexpensive yet efficient solar cells.

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Toyota Fuel-Cell Car Needs Hydrogen Fuel – and Government Subsidies – to Survive

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Oak Ridge to Acquire Next Generation Supercomputer

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The U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility has signed a contract with IBM to bring a next-generation supercomputer to Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

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Life

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Cornell Global Labor Institute Report Says Proponents of Keystone Pipeline Overstate Job Creation

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Nov-2014 8:00 PM EST

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Communities Support Wind Farms on the Prairies

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When it comes to potential for wind energy, the Midwest has it. However, to harness that power communities will have to come to terms with a landscape dotted with wind towers. That’s a reality people are willing to accept, according assistant professor of sociology and rural studies Jeffrey Jacquet. He and graduate student Josh Fergen have done research in South Dakota and Minnesota to gauge attitudes about wind farms and their impact on the community and the environment.

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A Billion Holes Can Make a Battery

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Researchers at the University of Maryland have invented a single tiny structure that includes all the components of a battery that they say could bring about the ultimate miniaturization of energy storage components.

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