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Modeling of the Universe with Einstein; Learning About the Future From the Distant Past; Particle Zoo in a Quantum Computer and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

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Simulations Foresee Hordes of Colliding Black Holes in Gravitational Wave Observatory’s Future

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New calculations predict that the Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (LIGO) will detect approximately 1,000 mergers of massive black holes annually once it achieves full sensitivity early next decade.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Successful First Observations of Galactic Center with GRAVITY

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The GRAVITY instrument is now operating with the four 8.2-metre Unit Telescopes of ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT - http://www.eso.org/public/teles-instr/paranal/) , and even from early test results it is already clear that it will soon be producing world-class science.

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Hubble Confirms New Dark Spot on Neptune

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New images obtained on May 16, 2016, by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope confirm the presence of a dark vortex on Neptune. Though similar features were seen during the Voyager 2 flyby of Neptune in 1989 and by Hubble in 1994, this vortex is the first one observed on Neptune in the 21st century.

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Learning About the Future From the Distant Past

Our universe came to life nearly 14 billion years ago in the Big Bang — a tremendously energetic fireball from which the cosmos has been expanding ever since. Today, space is filled with hundreds of billions of galaxies, including our solar system's own galactic home, the Milky Way. But how exactly did the infant universe develop into its current state, and what does it tell us about our future?

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Dormant Black Hole Eats Star, Becomes X-Ray Flashlight

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Roughly 90 percent of the biggest black holes in the known universe are dormant, meaning that they are not actively devouring matter and, consequently, not giving off any light or other radiation. But sometimes a star wanders too close to a dormant black hole and the ensuing feeding frenzy, known as a tidal disruption event, sets off spectacular fireworks.

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Announcing Laureates of the 2016 Blavatnik National Awards for Young Scientists

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Three Pioneering Scientists Recognized for Breakthroughs in Astrophysics, Organic Chemistry, and Molecular Biology.

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Discovery of Newborn Exoplanet Could Help Explain Planetary Evolution

A team of international researchers have discovered the youngest fully-formed exoplanet ever detected, orbiting a young star 500 light years from Earth.

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Astrophysicists Release New Study of One of the First Stars

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Timothy Beers, the Notre Dame Chair in Astrophysics at the University of Notre Dame, is part of a team that has used the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope to study key regions of the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum of a star thought to have been enriched by elements from one of the first generation of stars.

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'Space Tsunami' Causes the Third Van Allen Belt

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Earth's magnetosphere, the region of space dominated by Earth's magnetic field, protects our planet from the harsh battering of the solar wind. Like a protective shield, the magnetosphere absorbs and deflects plasma from the solar wind which originates from the Sun. When conditions are right, beautiful dancing auroral displays are generated. But when the solar wind is most violent, extreme space weather storms can create intense radiation in the Van Allen belts and drive electrical currents which can damage terrestrial electrical power grids. Earth could then be at risk for up to trillions of dollars of damage.

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Will a Tiny Satellite Answer Life’s Big Questions? Huge U of M Project Hopes So

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Looking for a win at the Canadian Satellite Design Challenge

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ALMA Observes Most Distant Oxygen Ever

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Astronomers used ALMA to detect glowing oxygen in a distant galaxy seen just 700 million years after the Big Bang. This is the most distant galaxy in which oxygen has ever been unambiguously detected, and it is most likely being ionized by powerful radiation from young giant stars.

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American U Physics Prof Available for Comment on Latest #GravitationalWaves Discovery

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Black Holes and Measuring Gravitational Waves

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The supermassive black holes found at the centre of every galaxy, including our own Milky Way, may, on average, be smaller than we thought, according to work led by University of Southampton astronomer Dr Francesco Shankar.

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Scientists Detect Second Pair of Colliding Black Holes

The new window onto the universe just opened a little bit wider. For the second time in history, an international team of scientists, including Northwestern University astrophysicists and a laser scientist, has detected gravitational waves and a pair of colliding black holes. This time, the gravitational waves resulted in a longer signal, or chirp, providing more data. The higher-frequency gravitational waves from the lower-mass black holes of the second pair better spread across the LIGO detectors’ sweet spot of sensitivity.

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‘Mosh Pits’ in Star Clusters a Likely Source of LIGO’s First Black Holes

Northwestern University astrophysicists have predicted history. They show their theoretical predictions last year were correct: The historic merger of two massive black holes detected Sept. 14, 2015, could easily have been formed through dynamic interactions in the star-dense core of an old globular cluster. These binary black holes are born in the cluster’s chaotic “mosh pit,” kicked out of the cluster and then eventually merge into one black hole. LIGO’s first detection of colliding black holes is perfectly consistent with the Northwestern model.

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New Gravitational Wave Observed From Second Pair of Black Holes

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RIT scientists help identify, analyze gravitational wave, properties of the final black hole.

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Gravitational Waves Detected From Second Pair of Colliding Black Holes

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Members of UWM's Center for Cosmology, Gravitation and Astrophysics have made a significant contribution in the computer resources behind a second detection of gravitational waves from data collected from the twin observatories called Advanced LIGO.

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Largest Crowdsource Astronomy Network Helps Confirm Discovery of “Tatooine” Planet

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Lehigh University Assistant Professor of Physics Joshua Pepper is using crowdsourcing to gather observations worldwide—and the information is being used to verify the discovery of new planets, including Kepler-1647 b.