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Science

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hypomorphic mutants, Genetic Engineering, poly adenylation

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Jan-2017 5:00 AM EST

Science

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Chicago Community Trust, Terry Mazany, Chicago Biomedical Consortium, Searle Funds, Biomedicine

Support for Chicago Biomedical Consortium Renewed

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The Searle Funds at The Chicago Community Trust has renewed its funding commitment to the Chicago Biomedical Consortium (CBC), an innovative research and education collaboration of Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Chicago that has helped establish the Chicago area as a leader in biomedical sciences.

Science

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Cell Division Regulation

Study Finds New Target for Controlling Cell Division

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Modern genome sequencing methods used to measure the efficiency of synthesis of individual protein during cell division has found that the enzymes that make lipids and membranes were synthesized at much greater efficiency when a cell is ready to split.

Medicine

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New Avenue for Anti-Depressant Therapy Discovered

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Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. In so doing, they identified a new molecule that alleviates anxiety and depressive behaviour in rodents. The research, led by Eleanor Coffey, Research Director at Åbo Akademi University in Finland is a collaborative effort between scientists in Finland and the US.

Science

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super-resolution microscopy, stem cell differentiation

Super-Resolution Imaging Offers Fast Way to Discern Fate of Stem Cells

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Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a new way to identify the state and fate of individual stem cells earlier than previously possible.

Science

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Bioethics, Organoids, Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Animal Testing, Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 19-Jan-2017 2:00 PM EST

Medicine

Science

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Technology, Computer Science, Engineering, Health And Medicine

'5-D Protein Fingerprinting' Could Give Insights Into Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

In research that could one day lead to advances against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, University of Michigan engineering researchers have demonstrated a technique for precisely measuring the properties of individual protein molecules floating in a liquid.

Science

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Cholesterol, Membranes, Signalling

Researchers Zero-in on Cholesterol's Role in Cells

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For the first time, by using a path-breaking optical imaging technique to pinpoint cholesterol's location and movement within the cell membrane, chemists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have made the surprising finding that cholesterol is a signaling molecule that transmits messages across the cell membrane.

Science

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Populus, SNP dataset, Lignin, recalcitrance, Biofuels, Materials Science, secondary plant metabolism, single nucleotide polymorphism, PAG XXV meeting, genome-wide association study

Largest Populus SNP Dataset Holds Promise for Biofuels, Materials, Metabolites

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have released the largest-ever single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset of genetic variations in poplar trees, information useful to plant scientists as well as researchers in the fields of biofuels, materials science, and secondary plant metabolism.

Medicine

Science

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Vaccine, Immune System, pathogenic particles, Biophysics, biophysical

Biophysics Plays Key Role in Immune System Signaling and Response

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How big you are may be as important as what you look like, at least to immune system cells watching for dangerous bacteria and viruses.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Synthetic Biology, risk, Modeling, Policy, Research, Risk Assessment, Regulation

New Tool Can Help Policymakers Prioritize Information Needs for Synthetic Biology Tech

New technologies are developed at a rapid pace, often reaching the market before policymakers can determine how they should be governed. Now researchers have developed a model that can be used to assess emerging synthetic biology products to determine what needs to be done to inform future policies.

Science

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Adhesion, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Podosome, Arf1, myosin II, Cytoskeleton

Cellular Podiatry

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A study by researchers from the labs of Prof Alexander Bershadsky at the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore and Prof Gareth E Jones at King’s College London has revealed that a protein known as Arf1 plays a role in podosome formation by regulating the assembly of myosin-II within the cytoskeleton.

Science

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Cryo Electron Microscope, DNA

New Study Reveals the Structure of DNA Helicase at the Replication Fork

Scientists at Van Andel Research Institute and Rockefeller University have successfully described a crucial structure involved in DNA replication, placing another piece in the puzzle of how life propagates.

Science

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Penn State Engineer Authors New, Comprehensive Book on 3D Bioprinting

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Ibrahim Tarik Ozbolat, associate professor of engineering science and mechanics at Penn State, has authored a new book titled “3D Bioprinting: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications,” published by Elsevier (Academic Press).

Medicine

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"Mysterious" Non-Protein-Coding RNAs Play Important Roles in Gene Expression, NCI-Designated Cancer Centers Endorse Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Science

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Algae, algae biofuel, Biofuel Production, Energy, Renewable Energy

Biofuel Matchmaker: Finding the Perfect Algae for Renewable Energy

A new streamlined process could quickly pare down heaps of algae species into just a few that hold the most promise for making biofuel.

Science

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Biology, Genetics, Evolution, Fruit Flies

Scientists Engineer Animals with Ancient Genes to Test Causes of Evolution

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Scientists at the University of Chicago have created the first genetically modified animals containing reconstructed ancient genes, which they used to test the evolutionary effects of genetic changes that happened in the deep past on the animals’ biology and fitness.

Science

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Pharmaceucticals, Biochemistry, Proteins, formalism, Biomolecules, Cells, Drugs, drugs design

U of A Chemist Develops New Theory for Explaining the Function of Proteins

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A University of Arkansas chemist and his collaborator at North Carolina State University have developed a new theory for explaining how proteins and other biomolecules function based on movement and change of shape and structure rather than content.

Science

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additive manufacturing, Advanced Manufacturing, 3D printer, 3D printing, liquid metal, Magnetic, Biomedical

Vader Systems Creates Liquid Metal 3-D Printer for Manufacturing

A father and son team have created a liquid metal 3-D printing machine that could represent a significant transformation in manufacturing. The machine is so novel it represents a quantum leap in the ability to print three-dimensional objects in metal. Other metal printers exist, but most use a process of laying down powered metal and melting it with a laser or electron beam.

Science

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Biofuels, biorenewble chemicals, pyrolysis, thermochemical conversion

Iowa State Engineer Helps Journal Highlight How Pyrolysis Can Advance the Bioeconomy

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Iowa State's Robert C. Brown is a guest editor of the current issue of the journal Energy Technology. The special issue features 20 scientific papers about Brown's specialty: using pyrolysis technologies to convert biomass into fuels, chemicals and fertilizers.







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