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Neurons, vocal learning, learning vocalizations, speech and language, Ut Southwestern

Researchers ID Network of Neurons Crucial for Vocal Learning

Researchers have identified a network of neurons that plays a vital role in learning vocalizations by aiding communication between motor and auditory regions of the brain.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, ER-positive breast cancer, Retinoblastoma Protein, Cyclin E

Study Shows Biomarkers Can Predict Which ER-Positive Breast Cancer Patients Respond Best to First-Line Therapy

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Two challenges in treating patients with estrogen-positive breast cancer (ER+) have been an inability to predict who will respond to standard therapies and adverse events leading to therapy discontinuation. A study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center revealed new information about how the biomarkers retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and cytoplasmic cyclin E could indicate which patients will respond best to current first-line therapies.

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Basic Energy Sciences, Basic Energy Research, Material Science, material sciences, Materials Science, Materials Science & Engineering, materials science engineering, materials sciences, skyrmion, skyrmions, skyrmion bubbles, Nature Physics, Physics, Magnets, Magnet, Magnetic Materials, magnetic curve balls, Hall Effect, Center For Nanoscale Materials, Center

Magnetic Curve Balls

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A twisted array of atomic magnets were driven to move in a curved path, a needed level of control for use in future memory devices.

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Cancer, Lung Cancer, pharmac

Blocking Cancer — Scientists Find New Way to Combat Disease

A compound developed by Dean Kip Guy’s lab of UK College of Pharmacy, with research that began at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, now shows promise for blocking cancer-causing proteins on a cellular level.

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Evolution, tyrosine biosynthesis, secondary metabolism

Pulling the Tablecloth Out From Under Essential Metabolism

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Most organisms share the biosynthetic pathways for making crucial nutrients because it is is dangerous to tinker with them. But now a collaborative team of scientists has caught plants in the process of altering where and how cells make an essential amino acid.

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Detecting Diluteness

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Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis and Princeton University developed a new way to dive into the cell's tiniest and most important components. What they found inside membraneless organelles surprised them, and could lead to better understanding of fatal diseases including cancer, Huntington's and ALS.

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Amino Acids, Plants, Botany, Chemistry

Peanut Family Secret for Making Chemical Building Blocks Revealed

The peanut and its kin have not one, but two ways to make the amino acid tyrosine, one of the 20 required to make all of its proteins, and an essential human nutrient. That might seem small, but why this plant family has a unique way to make such an important chemical building block is a mystery that has captured the attention of Hiroshi Maeda, a professor of botany at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Medicine

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supar protein , Kidney Disease, Kidney Failure, Nephrology, Blacks, Genetic Mutation

Catalyst for Genetic Kidney Disease in Black People Identified

Between 15 and 20 percent of black people carry a genetic mutation that puts them at risk for certain chronic kidney disease, but only about half of them develop the illness – a variance that long has puzzled researchers. Now a study has found that the gene mutation’s toxic effects require higher than normal levels of a protein called suPAR to trigger the onset and progression of the disease.

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Materials, Materials Science, material sciences, topological, topological matter, 2-D, 2D, Berkeley, Berkeley Lab, LBNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, UC Berkeley, University of California, Berkeley, 2-D materials, Advanced Light Source, X-Ray, X-rays, photon science

2-D Material’s Traits Could Send Electronics R&D Spinning in New Directions

Researchers created an atomically thin material at Berkeley Lab and used X-rays to measure its exotic and durable properties that make it a promising candidate for a budding branch of electronics known as “spintronics.”

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Microscope, Cancer, Optics, Mechanical Engineering, Pathology

Microscope Can Scan Tumors During Surgery and Examine Cancer Biopsies in 3-D

A new UW microscope could provide real-time results during cancer-removal surgeries, potentially eliminating the 20 to 40 percent of women who have to undergo multiple lumpectomy surgeries because cancerous breast tissue is missed the first time around.







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