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Marine Protected Area, Geography, sanctuaries, Marine Reserves

FSU Professor: Inadequate Resources Diminish Benefits of Marine Protected Areas

FSU Assistant Professor of Geography Sarah Lester partnered with more than 20 institutions on a multiyear research project that found only 9 percent of marine protected areas (MPAs) report having adequate staff. MPAs — such as marine reserves, sanctuaries, parks and no-take zones — are areas designated to protect marine species and habitats from both global and local threats.

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Marine Protected Areas

Lack of Staffing, Funds Prevent Marine Protected Areas From Realizing Full Potential

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Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an increasingly popular strategy for protecting marine biodiversity, but a new global study demonstrates that widespread lack of personnel and funds are preventing MPAs from reaching their full potential. Only 9 percent of MPAs reported having adequate staff.

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Professor Graeme Day, Atoms, Molecular, Crystallise, Crystallize

Molecular ‘Treasure Maps’ to Help Discover New Materials

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Scientists at the University of Southampton working with colleagues at the University of Liverpool have developed a new method which has the potential to revolutionise the way we search for, design and produce new materials.

Medicine

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Tendon, Tendon Injury, stretch, Bioengineering, Engineering

Combating Wear and Tear

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University of Utah bioengineering researchers have discovered that damage to collagen, the main building block of all human tissue, can occur much earlier at a molecular level from too much physical stress. This could be helpful for some who want to know earlier if they are developing diseases such as arthritis or for athletes whose bodies are taking a toll.

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Materials Science, Advanced Photon Source (APS), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), Nanoscience, Surface & interface studies, Synchrotron Radiation, Synchrotron instruments & techniques, X-ray imaging & holography, X-ray scattering & detection

Single-Angle Ptychography Allows 3D Imaging of Stressed Materials

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Scientists have used a new X-ray diffraction technique called Bragg single-angle ptychography to get a clear picture of how planes of atoms shift and squeeze under stress.

Medicine

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New Software Tool Powers Up Genomic Research

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A group of computational biological researchers, led by Stony Brook University’s Rob Patro, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, has developed a new software tool, Salmon — a lightweight method to provide fast and bias-aware quantification from RNA-sequencing reads. The research was published in the March 6 edition of Nature Methods. .

Medicine

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Bioinformatics, Genetics, Cancer, Pharmaceutical Science, Precision Medicine, CRISPR/Cas9

Gene Editing Technique Helps Find Cancer’s Weak Spots

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Genetic mutations that cause cancer also weaken cancer cells, allowing researchers to develop drugs that will selectively kill them. This is called “synthetic lethality” because the drug is only lethal to mutated (synthetic) cells. Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine and Jacobs School of Engineering developed a method to search for synthetic-lethal gene combinations. The technique, published March 20 in Nature Methods, uncovered 120 new opportunities for cancer drug development.

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Laser, Quantum Dot, Nanoscience, Nanotechnology

‘Flying Saucer’ Quantum Dots Hold Secret to Better, Brighter Lasers

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Vanderbilt University chemists collaborated in research that ‘squashes’ the shape of nanoparticles to create inexpensive lasers that continuously emit light in a customizable rainbow of colors.

Medicine

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Leukemia, Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, tryosine kinase, Cancer, Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Nature, Nature Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Pediatrics, Experimental Treatment, Research, Pharmaceutical, press release distribution, news

Scientists Find Possible Achilles Heel of Treatment Resistant Cancers

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Scientists identify two signaling proteins in cancer cells that make them resistant to chemotherapy, and show that blocking the proteins along with chemotherapy eliminate human leukemia in mouse models. Reporting results March 20 in Nature Medicine, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center suggest that blocking the signaling proteins c-Fos and Dusp1 as part of combination therapy might cure several types of kinase-driven, treatment-resistant leukemia and solid tumor cancers.

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iron, moon, Earth, isotopic analysis

Research Proposes New Theories About Nature of Earth’s Iron

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New research challenges the prevailing theory that the unique nature of Earth’s iron was the result of how its core was formed billions of years ago.







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