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Substance User’s Social Connections: Family, Friends, and the Foresaken

It’s no secret that social environments can play a role in the development as well as recovery from substance-abuse problems. A new study, designed to uncover how individual relationships respond to substance use and social influences, has found that the links between substance use and social connections are bidirectional and strong.

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Understanding Risk Factors Involved in Initiation of Adolescent Alcohol Use

Underage drinking is a major public health and social problem in the U.S. The ability to identify at-risk children before they initiate heavy alcohol use has immense clinical and public health implications. A new study has found that demographic factors, cognitive functioning, and brain features during the early-adolescence ages of 12 to 14 years can predict which youth eventually initiate alcohol use during later adolescence around the age of 18.

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How Make-Up Makes Men Admire but Other Women Jealous

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A psychology study by the University of Stirling has found that men think women with make-up on are more ‘prestigious’, while women think women who wear make-up are more ‘dominant’.

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Sparrows with Unfaithful ‘Wives’ Care Less for Their Young

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Sparrows form pair bonds that are normally monogamous, but many females are unfaithful to their partner and have offspring with other males.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Jun-2016 5:00 AM EDT

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Researchers Offer New Theory About How Climate Affects Violence

Researchers have long struggled to explain why some violent crime rates are higher near the equator than other parts of the world. Now, a team of researchers have developed a model that could help explain why.

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Depression Decreases Adherence to COPD Maintenance Medications

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A recent study in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society found that in a nationally representative sample of Medicare beneficiaries who were newly diagnosed with COPD, adherence to maintenance medications decreased with new episodes of depression.

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Texas A&M University Supreme Court Expert Available to Comment on Recent Decisions, Tie Vote

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Alexandra Solomon, PhD, Available to Discuss Work/Family/Love Balance

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Educational Psychologist K. Ann Renninger Describes the Power of Interest in New Book

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Do you ever wonder why you are interested in one subject but not in another? Is it your sense that people are just born interested in one thing or another?

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Not Only Trauma but Also the Reversal of Trauma Is Inherited

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Traumatic experiences in childhood increase the risk of developing behavioral and psychiatric disorders later in life. It is also known that the consequences of a trauma can likewise be observed in the children of people affected even if those children have themselves not experienced any trauma. However, childhood trauma in some conditions can also help individuals deal better with difficult situations later in life. This ability, too, is passed onto following generations. These findings have recently been uncovered by Isabelle Mansuy, Professor of Neuroepigenetics at the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, during investigations carried out in mice.

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United States Parents Not as Happy as Those Without Children, Baylor University Researcher Says

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Parents in the United States generally are not as happy as those who aren’t parents. Not only that, the U.S. has the largest “happiness gap” among parents compared to non-parents in 22 industrialized countries, according to a new report.

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Philosophers Examine Near-Death Experiences

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Drawing from research supported by The Immortality Project at the University of California, Riverside and their own investigation, philosophers John Martin Fischer and Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin examine the phenomenon of near-death experiences in a book published this month by Oxford University Press.

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“Leaning in” Hurts Poor Women When Childcare Is Scarce

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Poor moms who return to the workforce after a period of unemployment suffer significantly higher rates of depression, anxiety and physical symptoms of stress when they don’t have access to decent childcare, according to Vanderbilt sociology graduate student Anna Jacobs.

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Psychiatric Diagnostic Tools May Not Be Valid for African Americans

Depression in African Americans, according to Sirry Alang, assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh University, is expressed in ways that are inconsistent with symptoms of depression laid out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). The DSM-V is the primary source of diagnostic information, relied upon by not only clinicians and researchers, but also psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.

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Early Behavior Problems Impact Long-Term Educational Attainment More for Boys Than Girls

A new study finds that behavioral problems in early childhood have a larger negative effect on high school and college completion rates for boys than girls, which partially explains the substantial gender gap in educational attainment that currently exists in the United States.

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How to Get the Most from Millennial and Generation Z Employees

Millennials, those who were born in the 1980’s and 1990’s—have emerged as the largest age cohort in today’s U.S. workforce, bringing digital savvy and an ‘always-on’ mentality to most jobs. Yet, millennials and Generation Z, who were born in the late 1990’s and 2000’s, are also challenging traditional employers with their professional restlessness and increased need for feedback and mentoring.

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Kids Coping with Disaster Need Guidance. UCLA App Helps Parents Give It

A new UCLA app helps families cope with the trauma of natural disasters, including wildfires and extreme weather events like heat waves.

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Taking Notes Boosts Memory of Jurors, New Study Finds

Jurors who are allowed to take and review notes during court trials are less likely to forget critical evidence, a new University of Liverpool study has found.