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Behavioral Science

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Medicine

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Gay Men, College of Global Public Health, NYU, New York University, Gay Minorities, Cortisol

NYU Researchers Identify Stress-Hormone Differences Among Gay Men

Increased stigma and discrimination can affect circadian HPA-axis functioning; the majority of previous studies have been conducted among white heterosexuals, with very little research examining HPA-axis functioning between different minorities. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect this HPA-axis functioning. NYU researchers examined differences in diurnal cortisol rhythm between young, self-identified, white gay men and black gay men.

Medicine

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Abuse, Hospital, Operating Room, Staff, Behavior

Abusive Behavior in the Operating Room?

A new study has found that healthcare workers in operating rooms are at a risk of witnessing physical and psychological abuse.

Medicine

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ACSM, American College of Sports Medicine, Research, Sedentary Lifestyle

Sedentary Behavior and Obesity: Does Type Matter?

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Latest Research Highlights from ACSM

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mental Health, post-Soviet states , War, Conflict, Healing, Yugoslavia, post-conflict mental health, post-conflict states, Bosnia Herzegovina

New Study Abroad Program Focuses on Post-Conflict Mental Health

A new Northwestern study abroad program will allow students to study the psychological impact of war in post-Soviet countries Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Medicine

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ACSM, Sports Medicine, American College of Sports Medicine, Fatigue

How Does Fatigue Impact Human Performance?

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Latest Research Highlights from ACSM

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Children, Anger, Acoustics, Listening, Speech, emotional speech, emotional cues, emotional environment, Peter Moriarty, Michelle Vigeant, Pamela Cole , Pennsylvania State University, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA

How Do Children Hear Anger?

Even if they don’t understand the words, infants react to the way their mother speaks and the emotions conveyed through speech. What exactly they react to and how has yet to be fully deciphered, but could have significant impact on a child’s development. Researchers in acoustics and psychology teamed up to better define and study this impact.

Medicine

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Falls, Aging, Brain, Aging Brain, Cognitive, Fall risk, Brain Imaging, walking while talking

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 7-Dec-2016 4:00 PM EST

Business

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Those Funny Ads May Make You Laugh, but Maybe Not Buy

Advertisers often use humor to grab customers' attention, but they should do so with caution, according to a recently published study in the Journal of Marketing Behavior.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Research Suggests Creatives Worry Less About Dying

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Creative achievement can provide a buffer against being anxious about death, research from psychologists at the University of Kent shows.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Memory, Working Memory, synaptic theory

‘the Frankenstein Effect’ of Working Memory: Researchers Examine How Brain Stimulation Affects Memory Reactivation

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A new study from Nathan Rose, assistant professor of psychology at the University of Notre Dame, examined a fundamental problem your brain has to solve, which is keeping information “in mind,” or active, so your brain can act accordingly.

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Gift Ideas, Gifts, Gift Giving, Gift Givers, gift giving rituals, Charitable Donations, Charitable Giving Opportunity, Holidays, holidays, psychology, health, holiday eating, children, families, Marketing, Marketing Research, Consumer Behavior, Consumer complaints, Consumer Satisfaction, consumer dissatisfaction, Retail Industry, Christmas gifts, Christmas

When Good People Get Bad Gifts

New research from NYIT (New York Institute of Technology) details reasons why some people intentionally give bad gifts.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Narcissism, Social Media, Psychology

Narcissistic Individuals Use Social Media to Self-Promote

A new statistical review of 62 studies with over 13,000 individuals found that narcissism has a modest but reliable positive relationship with a range of social media behaviors.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Rehabilitation, Substance Abuse, Prison, Criminal Behavior, therapeutic communities, peer counseling

Use Your Words: Written Prisoner Interactions Predict Whether They’ll Clean Up Their Acts

The evolution of how prisoners in substance-abuse programs communicate is a good indicator of whether they’ll return to crime, new research has found.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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female radicalization, ISIS, ISIS recruitment, violent extremism, Extremism, ISIL, terrorist organizations, women in terrorism

Study Finds Female American Jihadists Share Many of the Same Roles as Their Male Counterparts

A first-of-its-kind study examining the roles of American jihadi women found a steep increase in women’s participation in terrorist activity in the last five years.

Medicine

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Roland Griffiths, Cancer, Drugs, Anxiety, Psilocybin

Hallucinogenic Drug Psilocybin Eases Existential Anxiety in People with Life-Threatening Cancer

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In a small double-blind study, Johns Hopkins researchers report that a substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in hallucinogenic "magic mushrooms."

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Learning Makes Animals Intelligent

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Researchers at Stockholm University and Brooklyn College have combined knowledge from the fields of artificial intelligence, ethology and the psychology of learning to solve several problems concerning the behaviour and intelligence of animals.

Medicine

Science

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alcohol use disorders, personality traits, Resilience, Genetics, Environment, risk, Influences

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-Dec-2016 5:00 PM EST

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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What if You Couldn't Taste Your Favorite Holiday Foods?

What, exactly, is Neurogastronomy? In this edition of "Behind the Blue," we meet with scientists and chefs who discuss brain and behavior in the context of food.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Retail, Fashion, Body Image Research

An Eye for Fashion: Researcher Finds Optical Illusion Garments Can Improve Body Image

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Optical illusion dresses have the power to change how women see their bodies.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Online Insomnia Program Can Improve Sleep for Many, Study Finds

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An online program designed to help people overcome insomnia significantly improves both the amount and quality of sleep, a new study has found.  The study is the first to look closely at the effects of the Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (SHUTi) program on people with health conditions that could be affecting their sleep.







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