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Certainty in Our Choices Often a Matter of Time, Researchers Find

When faced with making choices, but lack sufficient evidence to guarantee success, our brain uses elapsed time as a proxy for task difficulty to calculate how confident we should be, a team of neuroscientists has found. Their findings help untangle the different factors that contribute to the decision-making process.

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War Metaphors for Cancer Hurt Certain Prevention Behaviors

It's not unusual for people to use war metaphors such as "fight" and "battle" when trying to motivate patients with cancer.

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Worms’ Mental GPS Helps Them Find Food

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Salk scientists develop a theory to explain how animals gather information and switch attention

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Are You Helping Your Toddler’s Aggressive Behaviour?

Physical aggression in toddlers has been thought to be associated with the frustration caused by language problems, but a recent study by researchers at the University of Montreal shows that this isn’t the case. The researchers did find, however, that parental behaviours may influence the development of an association between the two problems during early childhood. Frequent hitting, kicking, and a tendency to bite or push others are examples of physical aggression observed in toddlers.

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How Are CTE and Behavior Linked? The Answer Requires More in-Depth Research, Scientists Say

Media reports routinely link chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the neurodegenerative brain disease, with behavioral symptoms in former football players. But just how CTE and behavioral changes are related is poorly understood, researchers write.

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NYU Researchers Find Silver Lining Playbook for Performance

If we believe a negative trait we possess is linked to a related positive characteristic, we will be more productive in that domain, NYU researchers have found. Their study establishes a novel “silver lining theory”: negative attributes can produce positive results.

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U-M Expert Notes That in Ferguson Case, Perceptions Differ Between Whites and Blacks

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Does Dip Decrease or Deepen Addiction to Nicotine?

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Smokeless tobacco products are marketed as a way for smokers to cut back on the negative effects of tobacco, while still being able to use it. Is that really the case? A professor in the Department of Psychology at West Virginia University is investigating whether smokers are using smokeless tobacco products as a replacement, or supplement to cigarettes.

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New Resource Available for Parents of Children Diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

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NEWARK, NJ (November 20, 2014) – Navigating through the maze of health and medical services can be challenging for parents of children who have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). A new resource is now available for caregivers, health professionals and, especially, parents. A pediatric neurologist and pediatrician/geneticist at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School recognized a need for a comprehensive guide to help parents obtain quality medical care for each stage of their child’s development.

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Cost of Meeting Basic Needs Rising Faster Than Wages in Washington State

The Self-Sufficiency Standard for Washington State 2014 report finds that the costs of meeting basic needs have far outstripped wages statewide, particularly for families.

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