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Behavioral Science

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Medicine

Science

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Impulsivity, Youth, Alcohol Abuse, family history of alcoholism, social drinker, inhibition control, Offspring

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify At-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this study, researchers examined “waiting” impulsivity – a tendency toward prematurely responding to a reward, and previously associated with a predisposition to drinking. The study sample comprised young, moderate-to-heavy social drinkers who were either positive (FHP) or negative (FHN) for a family history of alcoholism. Impulsivity was assessed after an alcoholic or non-alcoholic drink.

Science

Channels:

Vision, Perception, Psychology, eye, brain

A Visual Nudge Can Disrupt Recall of What Things Look Like

Interfering with your vision makes it harder to describe what you know about the appearance of even common objects, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Medicine

Channels:

Depression, Mental Health

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Aug-2016 11:00 AM EDT

Medicine

Channels:

sertraline, sertrali, MIND Institute, Uc Davis, SSRI

Sertraline, Brand Named Zoloft, Improves Functioning in Young Children with Fragile X

Treatment with sertraline may provide nominal but important improvements in cognition and social participation in very young children with fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability and the leading single-gene cause of autism, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Hurricane Katrina, Katrina Recovery, Pay inequality, Gender Disparities

Study: Women Are Healthier, but Losing Financial Ground in N.O. Post-Katrina Recovery

Tulane University’s Newcomb College Institute releases a comprehensive report on the status of women in New Orleans since Hurricane Katrina.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Aug-2016 11:00 AM EDT

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Behavior, Social And Behavioral Sciences

How Easy Is It to Spot a Lie?

"Who broke Grandma's favorite vase?" As you listen to a chorus of "I don't know" and "Not me," how will you determine the culprit? Conventional wisdom says, divide and conquer, but what does scientific research show us about questioning a group of people at one time? Unfortunately, very little.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Milwaukee, Violence, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, UWM, UW-Milwaukee , Jenna Loyd, Public Health, Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health, Zilber School of public health, urban violence, city, Cities, Segregation, Incarceration

Milwaukee Researcher Studies the Root Causes of Violence

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Medicine

Science

Channels:

Neuroscience, Brain, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Hippocampus, Reward-based learning, place cells

The Brain Uses Backward Instant Replays to Remember Important Travel Routes

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Neuroscientists believe they have figured out how rats solve certain navigational problems. If there’s a “reward” at the end of the trip, specialized neurons in the hippocampus of the brain “replay” the route taken to get it, but backward. And the greater the reward, the more often the rats’ brains replay it.

Medicine

Channels:

Essential Tremor, Movement Disorders, Focused Ultrasound

Scalpel-Free Surgery Proves Safe, Effective for Treating Essential Tremor

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A study published today in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine offers the most in-depth assessment yet of the safety and effectiveness of a high-tech alternative to brain surgery to treat the uncontrollable shaking caused by the most common movement disorder. And the news is very good.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Southern, Accent, southern accent, Linguistics, speech and language, Speech

What Makes Southerners Sound Southern?

Linguistic researchers will be isolating and identifying the specific variations in speech that make Southerners sound Southern.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Behavior, parenting child care, Social And Behavioral Sciences

Queen's Researchers Measure Emotional Flexibility in Mother-Daughter Dyads

Queen's University researchers Tom Hollenstein and Jessica Lougheed have published new research on the emotional bonds between mothers and adolescent daughters. The study examined how well mother-daughter pairs were able to manage rapid transitions between emotional states and the so-called "emotional rollercoaster" of adolescence.

Medicine

Channels:

Stroke, Prevention, biomarkers, Brain, Aging, Neurology, American Academy Of Neurology, AAN

Biomarkers May Help Better Predict Who Will Have a Stroke

People with high levels of four biomarkers in the blood may be more likely to develop a stroke than people with low levels of the biomarkers, according to a study published in the August 24, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Business

Channels:

corporate wellness, Health & Wellness, productivity measurement

Working Well by Being Well

Nearly 90 percent of companies in the United States use some form of employee wellness program – from gym memberships to health screenings to flu shots – all designed to improve health. A study currently under review and co-authored by a faculty member at Washington University in St. Louis empirically tested how these programs affect worker productivity. The research paired individual medical data from employees taking part in a work-based wellness program to their productivity rates over time.

Medicine

Channels:

Aging, Geriatrics, Psychiatry, Mental Health, Wisdom, Well-being

Graying but Grinning: Despite Physical Ailments, Older Adults Happier

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While even the best wines eventually peak and turn to vinegar, a new study by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine suggests a paradoxical trend in the mental health of aging adults: They seem to consistently get better over time.

Medicine

Channels:

antidepressant drugs , Pharmacology, Anxiety, Side Effects

How Do Antidepressants Trigger Fear and Anxiety?

UNC School of Medicine scientists mapped out a serotonin-driven anxiety brain circuit that may explain the acute anxiety side effect of antidepressant use.

Science

Channels:

Institute Of Food Technologists, Food Science, Consumer Trends, Food Trends, Foodie, What does foodie mean, Foodie Definition, Culinary

8 Facts Behind the “Foodie” Phenomena

Forty-eight million Americans define themselves as “foodies,” and 29 million are further categorized as members of a highly involved, seriously culinary group (Packaged Facts). In the August issue of Food Technology magazine published by the Institute of Food Technologists, contributing editor A. Elizabeth Sloan explored the current “foodie” trend in America and the consumer behaviors driving it.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Religion, Children, Psychology, Research

Parents, Listen up: Children Keep Still During Prayer

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Preschool-aged children, and their parents, are more likely to view the physical actions of prayer (i.e., closing eyes, folding hands) to help with reflection and communicating with God. This is according to a new study by Rebekah Richert, a psychology professor at the University of California, Riverside. The paper, titled “Folding Your Hands Helps God Hear You: Prayer and Anthropomorphism in Parents and Children,” was published in Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion.

Science

Channels:

Center for Behavioral Neuroscience , Georgia State University, National Science Foundation, Human Brain, Evolution, technological learning, Erin Hecht

Neuroscientists Receive NSF Grant to Study Evolution of Brain To Support Technological Learning

The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience (CBN) at Georgia State University has received a three-year, $970,704 grant from the National Science Foundation to investigate how the human brain has evolved to support technological learning.

Business

Channels:

Restaurant, restaurant tipping, Food Service, restaurant management, Service Industries

Tipped Out: Gratuities Present Challenges for Restaurant Operations

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Tipping in restaurants is a widespread practice in need of reform, according to a new study conducted by University of Guelph professors. They found tipping poses significant challenges for restaurants, with managers seeing difficulties in hiring chefs and maintaining a cordial workplace environment. Surprisingly, servers welcomed changes to how tips are divvied up, even at the risk of less income.







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