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  • Embargo expired:
    17-Aug-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 698999

Alcohol Use Disorders Have Long-Term Effects on Brain Structure and Cognitive Function

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are known to adversely impact brain structure and function. Although recovery of brain morphology and function has been reported following abstinence from long-term alcohol use, some structural (e.g., brain area volumes and connections) and functional (e.g., cognitive) abnormalities due to long-term effects of AUDs may persist even after abstinence from alcohol. To further our understanding, scientists assessed the consequences of long-term alcohol use on brain circuitry, structural impairment patterns, and the impact of these impairments on cognitive function among individuals with AUDs who were abstinent.

Released:
14-Aug-2018 4:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    16-Aug-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 698956

Language Acquisition in Toddlers Improved by Predictable Situations

Arizona State University (ASU)

Two year-old children were taught novel words in predictable and unpredictable situations. Children learned words significantly better in predictable situations.

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14-Aug-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    16-Aug-2018 12:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 699082

YouTube is Source of Misinformation on Plastic Surgery, Rutgers Study Finds

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The first study to evaluate videos on facial plastic surgery procedures finds most are misleading

Released:
16-Aug-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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Embargo will expire:
20-Aug-2018 9:00 AM EDT
Released to reporters:
15-Aug-2018 1:30 PM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Aug-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 699048

Prenatal Exposure to Violence Leads to Increased Toddler Aggression Toward Mothers, Study Finds

University of Notre Dame

Babies whose mothers experience interpersonal violence during pregnancy are more likely to exhibit aggression and defiance toward their mothers in toddlerhood, according to new research by Laura Miller-Graff and Jennifer Burke Lefever.

Released:
15-Aug-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 699040

When Lying Helps, and When It Hurts

University of Chicago Booth School of Business

If you think you’re helping someone by lying, you may want to think again. Telling a lie in order to help or protect someone—a practice known as prosocial lying—backfires if the person being lied to perceives the lie as paternalistic, according to new research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

Released:
15-Aug-2018 12:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 699009

How Ugly Marital Spats Might Open the Door to Disease

Ohio State University

Married people who fight nastily are more likely to suffer from leaky guts – a problem that unleashes bacteria into the blood and can drive up disease-causing inflammation, new research suggests.

Released:
15-Aug-2018 8:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 698949

Research Shows More Seniors Are Happy Despite Cognitive Decline

University of Kentucky

A new study, authored by Anthony Bardo and Scott Lynch, examines "cognitive life expectancy." What exactly does that term mean? Bardo, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Kentucky, describes "cognitive life expectancy" as how long older adults live with good versus declining brain health.

Released:
15-Aug-2018 8:00 AM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 698987

A Re-Evaluation of Resilience in Adults

Arizona State University (ASU)

Research on how adults deal with adversity has been dominated by studies claiming the most common response is uninterrupted and stable psychological functioning. In other words, this research suggests that most adults are essentially unfazed by major life events such as spousal loss or divorce. These provocative findings have also received widespread attention in the popular press and media.

Released:
14-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 698983

Tabak receives $3.3 million NIH grant to study obesity in young mothers

Washington University in St. Louis

Young mothers are facing obesity and chronic disease at epidemic proportions, and Washington University in St. Louis researchers will use a new grant to test alternatives for prevention and intervention.Rachel Tabak, research associate professor at the Brown School, has received a five-year, $3.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study ways to prevent weight gain and chronic disease among mothers age 18-35.

Released:
14-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences


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