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U-M Expert Notes That in Ferguson Case, Perceptions Differ Between Whites and Blacks

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Does Dip Decrease or Deepen Addiction to Nicotine?

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Smokeless tobacco products are marketed as a way for smokers to cut back on the negative effects of tobacco, while still being able to use it. Is that really the case? A professor in the Department of Psychology at West Virginia University is investigating whether smokers are using smokeless tobacco products as a replacement, or supplement to cigarettes.

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Cost of Meeting Basic Needs Rising Faster Than Wages in Washington State

The Self-Sufficiency Standard for Washington State 2014 report finds that the costs of meeting basic needs have far outstripped wages statewide, particularly for families.

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Employees of Small, Locally Owned Businesses Have More Company Loyalty, Baylor Study Finds

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Employees at small, locally owned businesses have the highest level of loyalty to their employers — and for rural workers, size and ownership of the company figure even more into their commitment than job satisfaction, a Baylor University study finds.

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Job Authority Increases Depression Symptoms in Women, Decreases Them in Men

A new study finds that having job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men.

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Lean Times Ahead: Preparing for an Energy-Constrained Future

Some time this century, the era of cheap and abundant energy will end, and Western industrial civilization will likely begin a long, slow descent toward a resource-limited future characterized by "involuntary simplicity."

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Primary Care Docs Diagnose, but Don’t Refer, Eating Disorders

Research suggests more referrals needed from primary care doctors to mental health professionals when dealing with eating disorders.

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Reported Opioid Abuse in Pregnant Women More Than Doubles in 14 Years

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The number of pregnant women who abuse or are dependent on opioids (narcotics) jumped 127 percent in 14 years, leading to an increased risk of maternal death and stillbirth among other serious problems, according to a review of more than 57 million American women admitted for delivery. The results were published in the December issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®).

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Behavioral Flexibility Impaired After Exposure to Oxycodone

Brief usage of the painkiller oxycodone may impair behavioral flexibility even after that use ends, suggesting impaired decision-making as an enduring consequence of exposure, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published November 17 in the journal Learning and Memory.

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Hope for Those with Social Anxiety Disorder: You May Already Be Someone’s Best Friend

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Making friends is often extremely difficult for people with social anxiety disorder and to make matters worse, people with this disorder tend to assume that the friendships they do have are not of the highest quality. The problem with this perception, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis, is that their friends don’t necessarily see it that way.

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