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Yellowstone's Thermal Springs -- Their Colors Unveiled

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Researchers at Montana State University and Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences in Germany have created a simple mathematical model based on optical measurements that explains the stunning colors of Yellowstone National Park’s hot springs and can visually recreate how they appeared years ago, before decades of tourists contaminated the pools with make-a-wish coins and other detritus. The model, and stunning pictures of the springs, appear today in the journal Applied Optics.

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Physicists Characterize Electronic, Magnetic Structure in Transition Metal Oxides

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An international team of scientists, led by physicists at the University of Arkansas, has characterized the electronic and magnetic structure in artificially synthesized materials called transition metal oxides.

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How the Physics of Champagne and Soda Bubbles May Help Address the World's Future Energy Needs

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Most power stations rely on boilers to convert water into steam, but the phase transition involved is highly complex. During the phase transition, no one is exactly sure what's occurring inside the boiler -- especially how bubbles form. So a team of researchers in Japan set out to find an answer and in the Journal of Chemical Physics, they describe how they were able to simulate bubble nucleation from the molecular level.

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Is the Higgs Boson a Piece of the Matter-Antimatter Puzzle?

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Several experiments, including the BaBar experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, have helped explain some – but not all – of the imbalance between matter and antimatter in the universe. Now a SLAC theorist and his colleagues have laid out a possible method for determining if the Higgs boson is involved.

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Is an Understanding of Dark Matter Around the Corner? Experimentalists Unsure

Scientists working on the three newest dark matter experiments are hopeful that we’ll soon understand a quarter of the universe – but they’re making no promises.

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Iowa State Physicist Helps Write the (Very Big) Book on Two Major Physics Experiments

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Iowa State's Soeren Prell helped write the new and definitive book on the BaBar and Bell experiments. "The Physics of the B Factories" is a combined biography of the two major experiments. Prell was one of five co-editors who worked for five years on the epic.

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World Record for Compact Particle Accelerator

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Using one of the most powerful lasers in the world, Berkeley Lab researchers have accelerated subatomic particles to the highest energies ever recorded. They used an emerging class of compact particle accelerator that physicists believe can shrink traditional, miles-long accelerators to machines that can fit on a table.

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Physicist Presents New Observational Solar Weather Model

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Scientists now have an observational framework to help predict solar weather, says physicist Dr. S.T. Wu, distinguished professor emeritus of The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.

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Unusual Electronic State Found in New Class of Unconventional Superconductors

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Scientists have discovered an unusual form of electronic order in a new family of unconventional superconductors, giving scientists a new group of materials to explore to understand ability to carry current with no energy loss.

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A First-of-Its-Kind Discovery with an XFEL

Using a Free Electron Laser (XFEL), a team of physicists has proven a method that makes it possible to find the atomic structure of proteins in action by producing “snapshots” of them with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution. The experiment, done by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, has opened the door to discovering nearly all protein structures – information vital to fields like, health, food, drug discovery and energy.

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