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Science

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Fungal Enzymes, Vanadium, Wearable Sensors, Floating Rocks, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

Medicine

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-May-2017 11:00 AM EDT

Science

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wheat yields, grain size, International Wheat Yield Partnership Program, G20 Wheat Initiative, Gene Editing, CRISPR/Cas9

Improving Wheat Yields by Increasing Grain Size, Weight

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As part of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture’s International Wheat Yield Partnership Program, researchers aim to improve wheat yields by increasing grain size and weight using a precise gene-editing tool known as CRISPR/Cas9.

Science

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Fungi, DOE Office of Science, Genomics, Bioenergy, genetic, Enzyme, Emsl, Joint Genome Institute, PNNL, Berkeley Lab, Department of Energy (DOE), UC Santa Barbara, Biofuel

Fungal Enzymes Team Up to More Efficiently Break Down Cellulose

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Cost-effectively breaking down bioenergy crops into sugars that can then be converted into fuel is a barrier to commercially producing sustainable biofuels. Enabled by DOE User Facilities, a team reports that early lineages of fungi can form enzyme complexes capable of degrading plant biomass.

Science

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Tortoise, Adaptation

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-May-2017 2:00 PM EDT

Science

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soybean nodules, Auxin, genetic mechanisms, nodule formation, Nitrogen Fixation, National Science Foundation

Gene Linked to Hormone That Impacts Soybean Nodule Development

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Researchers have identified the SUR2 gene as playing a key role in the production of auxin, a hormone that affects soybean nodule development. The work is part of a National Science Foundation project to identify the genetic mechanisms that direct and coordinate formation of the soybean nodule.

Medicine

Science

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Genetics, Fruit Flies, Cancer, Development

In Fruit Fly and Human Genetics, Timing Is Everything

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Every animal starts as a clump of cells, which over time multiply and mature into many different types of cells, tissues, and organs. This is fundamental biology. Yet, the details of this process remain largely mysterious. Now, scientists have begun to unravel an important part of that mystery.

Medicine

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GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Big Data, genetic, Gene, BRCA, Brca 1/2, Cancer, Breast Cancer, NEJM

Preliminary Study Finds BRCA Variation May Work Alongside COMT Variation to Reduce Breast Cancer Incidence

George Washington University researchers, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, find through looking at genetic data sets of presumed cancer-free women who carry BRCA 1/2 variants, the co-occurrence of a rare COMT genetic variant in some women. This research outlines a strategy for looking at large genetic data sets for clues as to why a genetic carrier may never develop the associated diseases.

Medicine

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Bicuspid Aortic Valve, Genetics, Genome, GWA

Study Implicates Two Genetic Variants in Bicuspid Aortic Valve Development

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Michigan Medicine researchers report a key protein is affected during heart valve formation, in the first genomewide study of bicuspid aortic valve.

Medicine

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ISPOR Annual International Meeting, Gene Therapies, Affordability, health technology assessment, HTA

Developing and Paying for Gene Therapies: How to Measure Value?

ISPOR hosted a session this morning at its 22nd Annual International Meeting in Boston, MA, USA that examined the issue of developing and paying for gene therapies.







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