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Science

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Dna Chip, Cell Biology, anti-cancer drug, cancer diagnostic, simulated cell, Beta Lapachone, Dna Damage, Dna Repair, Biophysics

Physicist’s DNA Chip Offers Big Possibilities in Cell, Cancer Studies

A University of Texas at Dallas physicist has developed a novel technology that not only sheds light on basic cell biology, but also could aid in the development of more effective cancer treatments or early diagnosis of disease.

Medicine

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Cancer, esophageal adenocarcinoma, Tumor, Gene Fusion, Barret's Esophagus

Fused Genes Found in Esophageal Cancer Cells Offer New Clues on Disease Mechanisms

Now, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have characterized structurally abnormal genes in esophageal adenocarcinoma, the findings of which could pave way for developing new biomarkers in this fatal disease.

Medicine

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Aortic Dissection, John Elefteriades, MD, Heart Condition, Aortic Institute at Yale, Aortic Aneurysm, Familial, Family History, Familial Dissection

Potentially Deadly Heart Condition Plagues Family Members Around Same Age

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People with a family member who had an aortic dissection—a spontaneous tear in one of the body’s main arteries—should take note of the age that family member was when the aortic dissection occurred. According to a new study published online in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, aortic dissections have the potential to run in families and often occur within 10 years of the same age.

Medicine

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Asthma, Children, Pediatric, Gene, Viral Illness, Respiratory

Study Found a Gene Associated with Asthma in Children Who Had a Viral Illness Early in Life

Results of a study published in PLOS ONE show that asthma risk increased 17 times when children who had bronchiolitis in the first two years of life also had a common variation of the Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene.

Science

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Funneling Fundamental Particles, Neutrino Experiments, Physicists Discover 'Apparent Departure From the Laws of Thermodynamics', and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

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Science

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Streamlining Accelerated Computing, New Possibilities for Cancer Treatment, New Way to Display the 3-D Structure of Molecules, and More in the DOE Science News Source

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Medicine

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microcephaly , zika, zika virus

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

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In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new Columbia University Medical Center study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the developing brain.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer, BRCA, basser center for brca, Penn Medicine, abramson cancer center, Brca 1/2

Fourth Annual Basser Global Prize Awarded to Canadian Women’s Cancer Geneticist Steven Narod

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The Basser Center for BRCA at Penn’s Abramson Cancer Center has announced the recipient of the 2016 Basser Global Prize. The honor will go to cancer geneticist Steven Narod, MD, FRCPC, PhD (hon), FRSC, director of the Familial Breast Cancer Research Unit and a senior scientist at the Women’s College Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Medicine

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Epigenetics, Dna Methylation, Methyltransferase, Intrinsic Membrane Excitability

Discovery of Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Researchers show that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control — dynamic changes in DNA methylation — is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural cells. The sites of such methylation changes may offer a potential therapeutic target in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Medicine

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Nanoparticle That Mimics Salmonella Counteracts Chemotherapy Resistance, Protein’s Role in Cell Division, A Novel MRI Method, and MORE in the Cancer News Source

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Medicine

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AIDS, HIV, Genetics, Immunology/Allergies/Asthma, Medicine And Health, Vaccines

Mutational Tug of War Over HIV's Disease-Inducing Potential

A study from Emory AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system and its ability to reproduce.

Science

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Ornithology, Warbler, Genetics

Genetically Speaking, Blue-Winged and Golden-Winged Warblers Are Almost Identical

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New research from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s Fuller Evolutionary Biology Program shows that, genetically speaking, blue-winged and golden-winged warblers are almost identical. Scientists behind the research say the main differences between the two species are in feather color and pattern, in some cases just a simple matter of dominant or recessive pairings of gene variants, or alleles.

Science

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Addiction, Drug Addiction, Drugs, Drug Abuse, genes, Brain, Brain Function, empire innovation , NIH, National Institutes of Health, National Institute On Drug Abuse, NIDA, Research, Nih Grant, Grant, Grants, Addictions, Neurogenetics, Neurobiology, Self-Control, jentsch, J. David Jentsch, brain systems, Mouse Models, gene pathways, Genetics, Drug Treatment, addictio

New NIH-Funded Study to Identify Risks for Vulnerability to Drug Addiction

A new study aims to better understand what makes some individuals particularly vulnerable to developing drug addiction. A team of researchers from across the country will look at how genes that influence brain function cause risk for addictions. J. David Jentsch, Empire Innovation Professor of psychology at Binghamton University, is part of the team of investigators awarded a new grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to conduct the research.

Science

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Evolution, genes, evolutionary development, cylcopism, Beetles, etymology, evodevo, Genetics, Development, Insects

'Cyclops' Beetles Hint at Solution to 'Chicken-and-Egg' Problem in Novel Trait Evolution

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Beetles with cyclops eyes have given Indiana University scientists insight into how new traits may evolve through the recruitment of existing genes -- even if these genes are already carrying out critical functions.

Medicine

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genes, Genetics, Medicine & Health, pets, Ethology

Canine Hereditary Disorders Are More Widespread Than Previously Indicated

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Genoscoper Ltd. has published in cooperation with the researchers of University of Helsinki and Pennsylvania (USA) so far the most comprehensive study on canine hereditary disorders. The research brings new information about genetic disorders causing diseases in different dog breeds. The results can be utilized both in dog breeding and veterinary diagnostics. The study was published on PLOS ONE on Aug. 15, 2016.

Medicine

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Chromosomes, condensin, Cohesin, cohesin complex, Cancer, DNA

Two Key Proteins Preserve Vital Genetic Information

New research from The Wistar Institute demonstrates how two key proteins mediate the organization of chromosomes and our genome, shedding light on one of the key genetic processes for every person. With this key basic information in hand, scientists may now be able to pinpoint the origins of cancer due to genetic mutations.

Medicine

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Diet and Body Weight, genetic, Medicine And Health, mental health and children , Parents And Children, Child Care, Family

Unhealthy Diet During Pregnancy Could Be Linked to ADHD

New research led by scientists from King's College London and the University of Bristol has found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet during pregnancy may be linked to symptoms of ADHD in children who show conduct problems early in life.

Science

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Biodiversity, Biology, Genetics, Zoology, veterinary science

Genetic Influence in Juvenile Songbird Babblings

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As human language and birdsong are both acquired through vocal practice, different patterns emerge among individuals. These distinctions play an important role in communication and identification. Until now, however, it was unclear how individual birds learned slightly different vocal patterns.

Medicine

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Cancer, Inherited Disease, Genetics, Molecular Diagnostics, Healthcare Policy, patient advocacy, clinical utility, Genetic Testing, Precision Medicine, Pathology Diagnostics

The Association for Molecular Pathology Establishes New Standard for Clinical Utility of Molecular Diagnostics for Inherited Diseases and Cancer

AMP has established new standards for defining and assessing the clinical utility of molecular diagnostic testing procedures for inherited diseases and cancer. In a new report published in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, AMP recommends a fundamental shift to achieve the proactive, patient-centered approach necessary for modern healthcare. This report is available online free of charge to both members and non-members.

Medicine

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Type 2 Diabetes, Pharmacogenomics, Metformin, Genetics

Gene Variant Explains Differences in Diabetes Drug Response

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A large international study of metformin, the world’s most commonly used type 2 diabetes drug, reveals genetic differences among patients that may explain why some respond much better to the drug than others.







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