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Modeling of the Universe with Einstein; Learning About the Future From the Distant Past; Particle Zoo in a Quantum Computer and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

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Analysis of Genetic Repeats Suggests Role for DNA Instability in Schizophrenia

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International researchers centered at Nagoya University use a highly sensitive technique to identify significantly more DNA sequence repeats in patients with schizophrenia than in control individuals, and outline a possible link between genome instability and disease.

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'Amazing Protein Diversity' Is Discovered in the Maize Plant

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Cold Spring Harbor, NY -- The genome of the corn plant - or maize, as it's called almost everywhere except the US - "is a lot more exciting" than scientists have previously believed. So says the lead scientist in a new effort to analyze and annotate the depth of the plant's genetic resources.

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In Mice, Daughters of Overweight Dads Have Altered Breast Tissue, Higher Cancer Risk

Obese male mice and normal weight female mice produce female pups that are overweight at birth through childhood, and have delayed development of their breast tissue as well as increased rates of breast cancer. The findings come from one of the first animal studies to examine the impact of paternal obesity on future generations’ cancer risk.

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DNA Testing Challenges Traditional Species Classification

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Experts from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and the National University of Singapore (NUS) have made a surprising discovery that could subvert the significance of traditional criteria used for species classification.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Researchers Discover How Faulty Genetic Instructions Drive a Deadly Blood Cancer in Adults

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A study by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers has revealed the genetic mechanism for how acute myeloid leukemia cells with a specific DNA mutation stay as undifferentiated cells.

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New Findings Challenge Current View on Origins of Parkinson's Disease

The neurodegeneration that occurs in Parkinson's disease is a result of stress on the endoplasmic reticulum in the cell rather than failure of the mitochondria as previously thought, according to a study in fruit flies. It was found that the death of neurons associated with the disease was prevented when chemicals that block the effects of endoplasmic reticulum stress were used.

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Changing Our Genetic Code to Erase Human Disease: Gene Editing, #CRISPR Expert Available

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Not Only Trauma but Also the Reversal of Trauma Is Inherited

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Traumatic experiences in childhood increase the risk of developing behavioral and psychiatric disorders later in life. It is also known that the consequences of a trauma can likewise be observed in the children of people affected even if those children have themselves not experienced any trauma. However, childhood trauma in some conditions can also help individuals deal better with difficult situations later in life. This ability, too, is passed onto following generations. These findings have recently been uncovered by Isabelle Mansuy, Professor of Neuroepigenetics at the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, during investigations carried out in mice.

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IU Study: 'Smoke Alarm' One of 36 Genes Newly Found to Play Role in Pain Sensation

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Indiana University researchers have that found a suite of genes in both fruit flies and humans -- including one dubbed "smoke alarm" -- plays a role in nerve sensitivity. The study, published June 23 in Cell Reports, could help lead to new drug targets in pain management.

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Novel Gene-Hunting Method Implicates New Culprit in Pancreatic Cancer

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Using an innovative approach to identify a cancer’s genetic vulnerabilities by more swiftly analyzing human tumors transplanted into mice, researchers have identified a new potential target for pancreatic cancer treatment, published online in Cell Reports.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Jun-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Loss of Essential Protein in the Choroid Plexus Epithelium Linked to Hydrocephalus

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The multifunctional “scaffold” protein Alix is essential for maintaining the integrity of the cell cytoskeleton and the blood-cerebral spinal fluid barrier in the choroid plexus of the mouse brain; animals lacking Alix develop hydrocephalus.

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Zika Mosquitoes Differ From West Nile Mosquitoes; First Zika Vaccine to Be Tested in Human Clinical Trial; Potential Drug Target Identified for Zika, and MORE in the Zika Virus News Source

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Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Funding to Participate in Launch of Genomics Center on Alzheimer's Disease

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine is one of six recipients of a five-year, $10.8 million award from the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, to establish the Coordinating Center for Genetics and Genomics of Alzheimer’s disease.

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Get a clue: Biochemist studies fruit fly to understand Parkinson's disease, muscle wasting

By studying the fruit fly, Kansas State University researchers have found a connection between a gene called clueless and genes that cause Parkinson's disease.

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Pilot Study Successfully Uses DNA Sequencing to Diagnose Brain Infections

In a proof-of-principle study, a team of physicians and bioinformatics experts at Johns Hopkins reports they were able to diagnose or rule out suspected brain infections using so called next-generation genetic sequencing of brain tissue samples.

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Telephones Can Bring Cancer Genetic Counseling to Rural Women

For women in rural communities, traveling to meet in person with cancer genetic counselors can be time-consuming and expensive. Now, a new study shows that getting cancer genetic counseling over the phone can be just as good as getting the same counseling in person. The work, led by Anita Kinney, PhD, RN, at The University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center, was published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Robots to Measure the Galaxy, Two DNA-based Nanostructure Self Assembly Approaches, A New Material that Might Help in Nuclear Fuel Recycling, and More in the DOE Science News Source

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