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Science

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Agriculture, Climate Change, carbon, Carbon Sequestration, Greenhouse Gas, Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Counting Carbon on the Farm Topic of Symposium

Several solutions adaptable by agricultural systems to be discussed

Science

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Antarctic Mystery Solved?

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Scientists say ocean fossils found in mountains are cause for concern over future sea levels

Science

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Caspian Terns Discovered Nesting 1,000 Miles Farther to the North Than Ever Recorded in Alaska

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WCS reported today that in the late summer of 2016, a WCS field team led by Dr. Trevor Haynes monitored Caspian tern chicks through to fledging in Cape Krusenstern National Monument in Alaska. This discovery of Caspian terns breeding above the Arctic Circle in the Chukchi Sea is nearly 1,000 miles farther north than previously recorded – a strikingly large jump in the range of nesting for this (or any) species.

Science

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soil, Carbon, earth system science, CO2, Greenhouse Gas, Climate Change

Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century, UCI-Led Study Finds

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By adding highly accurate radiocarbon dating of soil to standard Earth system models, environmental scientists from the University of California, Irvine and other institutions have learned a dirty little secret: The ground will absorb far less atmospheric carbon dioxide this century than previously thought.

Science

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Fralin Life Science Institute, Climate Change, Trees, Genetics, Virginia Tech, Science, Science (magazine)

Different Tree Species Use the Same Genes to Adapt to Climate Change, Researchers Find

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Large-scale analysis revealed that both pine and spruce use the same suite of 47 genes to adapt to geographic variation in temperature, and to appropriately time acquisition of cold hardiness – a trait that allows plants to tolerate the adverse conditions of winter.

Science

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Climate Change, Greenland Ice Sheet, Greenland, ice, GPS, GNET, Mantle

Greenland Ice Is Melting 7 Percent Faster Than Previously Thought

The same hotspot in Earth’s mantle that feeds Iceland’s active volcanoes has been affecting scientists' calculations of ice loss in the Greenland ice sheet, causing them to underestimate the melting by about 20 gigatons (20 billion metric tons) per year.

Science

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Climate Change, Climate Science, Greenland Ice Sheet, Ice Sheets, Geology, Postglacial Rebound, Mantle, Crust, Earth Sciences, GPS

What’s Happening Beneath Greenland?

An expert comments on a new study on the Greenland Ice Sheet that provides valuable insight on climate change. The research uses unique research methods to establish new estimates of ice loss for both modern and ancient times, the expert explains.

Science

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Virology, ocean carbon, Global Warming, Climate Change

Scientists Triple Known Types of Viruses in World’s Oceans

Researchers report they’ve tripled the known types of viruses living in waters around the globe, and now have a better idea what role they play in nature. The discovery could influence carbon reduction efforts.

Medicine

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Life

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Law and Public Policy

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Presidential Debate: Expert Panel Gives Scientific Analysis of Candidates' Performances

Four expert panelists each day will present their analyses and answer your questions live and face-to-face. This event will be virtual. You can attend with any device -- PC, Mac, iPad, iPhone or Android device (with a webcam) – anywhere with good bandwidth. To participate (ask questions) in the meeting, you must be on video, just as a normal news conference. Register below for guaranteed seating; there is limited seating in the virtual room. Eight experts (four at each event) will present their analyses. The diverse expert team (7 universities and an institute) will analyze both candidates during the debates for their gestures, facial expressions (including smiles--number, type, appropriateness, etc.), posture, language, including sentiment, tone, inflammatory language, repetition, vocabulary, sentence structure, metaphors, framing, themes, suggestions, subtlety, nuance, honesty (deceit/lies—explicit and implicit), transparency, gender issues, and more...

Science

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Climate Change, Ecology, Forests, Wildlife, forest and wildlife ecology, Climate, Geography

New Study Examines Where and How Climate Change Is Altering Species

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New research published Monday (Sept. 19) in the journal Nature Climate Change by researchers at Aarhus University in Denmark and the University of Wisconsin–Madison illuminates where and why novel species combinations are likely to emerge due to recent changes in temperature and precipitation.

Science

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Climate Change, Crops, Wheat, Maize, rice, University of Birmingham, UK, Dr Tom Pugh

Climate Change Means Land Use Will Need to Change to Keep Up with Global Food Demand, Say Scientists

A team of researchers led by the University of Birmingham warns that without significant improvements in technology, global crop yields are likely to fall in the areas currently used for production of the world’s three major cereal crops, forcing production to move to new areas.

Science

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Increased Carbon Dioxide Concentrations Alters Brain Chemistry in Ocean's Fish

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In this study, the researchers designed and conducted a novel experiment to directly measure behavioral impairment and brain chemistry of the Spiny damselfish.

Science

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Carbon Dioxide, Brain Chemistry, fish

Study Links Altered Brain Chemistry, Behavioral Impairments in Fish Exposed to Elevated CO2

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Study Links Altered Brain Chemistry, Behavioral Impairments in Fish Exposed to Elevated CO2 Research team studied damselfish behavior and physiology under ocean acidification conditions predicted for year 2300

Science

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Birds Are Changing Migration in Response to Climate Change

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A University of Oklahoma study demonstrates for the first time that remote sensing data from weather surveillance radar and on-the-ground data from the eBird citizen science database both yield robust indices of migration timing, also known as migration phenology.

Science

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Nuclear, Uranium Mining, Climate Change, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Nuclear Energy, Renewable Energy

Study Shows That Saskatchewan Uranium Mining Emits Few Greenhouse Gases

A research group from the University of Saskatchewan has found that the mining and milling of Canadian uranium contributes very few greenhouse gases to nuclear power’s already low emissions. The study, conducted by David Parker, a graduate student in the College of Engineering co-supervised by U of S professor emeritus Gordon Sparks and environmental engineer Cameron McNaughton, was published online in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Science and Technology.

Science

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Calculating the Role of Lakes in Global Warming

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As global temperatures rise, how will lake ecosystems respond? As they warm, will lakes—which make up only 3 percent of the landscape, but bury more carbon than the world’s oceans combined—release more of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane?

Science

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Future Fisheries Can Expect $10 Billion Revenue Loss Due to Climate Change

Global fisheries stand to lose approximately $10 billion of their annual revenue by 2050 if climate change continues unchecked, and countries that are most dependent on fisheries for food will be the hardest hit, finds new UBC research.

Science

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Water, Drought, Flood, Water Quality, water quantity, Climate Change, Aboriginal Communities, water security

Canadian Government Awards $77.8M to Lead “Global Water Futures” Research Program at the University of Saskatchewan

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The University of Saskatchewan has been awarded $77.8 million from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund to lead the “Global Water Futures: Solutions to Water Threats in an Era of Global Change” initiative—the largest university-led water research program ever funded worldwide. With more than 140 partners around the world, the research will position Canada as a global leader in cold regions water science.

Science

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Study Demonstrates Seasonality of Bird Migration in Response to Environmental Cues

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A University of Oklahoma study demonstrates for the first time that remote sensing data from weather surveillance radar and on-the-ground data from the eBird citizen science database both yield robust indices of migration timing, also known as migration phenology. These indices can now be used to address the critical gap in our knowledge regarding the cues that migrants use for fine tuning their migration timing in response to climate.

Science

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Storm tracks, anthropogenic climate change

‘Tug of war’ keeps scientists working on storm tracks

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A new analysis published this week in Nature Geoscience by the University of Chicago’s Tiffany Shaw and others finds that human-induced climate change complicates projecting the future position of such storms.







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