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Abundant and Diverse Ecosystem Found in Area Targeted for Deep-Sea Mining

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In a study published in Scientific Reports, scientists discovered impressive abundance and diversity among the creatures living on the seafloor in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (CCZ)--an area in the equatorial Pacific Ocean being targeted for deep-sea mining. The study, lead authored by Diva Amon, a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), found that more than half of the species they collected were new to science, reiterating how little is known about life on the seafloor in this region.

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Researchers Pinpoint Abrupt Onset of Modern Day Indian Ocean Monsoon System

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A new study by an international team of scientists reveals the exact timing of the onset of the modern monsoon pattern in the Maldives 12.9 million years ago, and its connection to past climate changes and coral reefs in the region. The analysis of sediment cores provides direct physical evidence of the environmental conditions that sparked the monsoon conditions that exist today around the low-lying island nation and the Indian subcontinent.

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ORNL-Led Study Analyzes Electric Grid Vulnerabilities in Extreme Weather Areas

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Climate and energy scientists have developed a new method to pinpoint which electrical service areas will be most vulnerable as populations grow and temperatures rise.

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Maintaining Healthy Relationships: University of Waterloo Studies Identify a Promising Way

Thinking about the future helps overcome relationship conflicts, according to a University of Waterloo study just published online in Social Psychological and Personality Science.

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Evolution Drives How Fast Plants Could Migrate with Climate Change

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New research from the University of British Columbia suggests evolution is a driving mechanism behind plant migration, and that scientists may be underestimating how quickly species can move.

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Keep a Lid on It: Utah State University Geologists Probe Geological Carbon Storage

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Effective carbon capture and storage or "CCS" in underground reservoirs is one possible way to meet ambitious climate change targets demanded by countries and international partnerships around the world. But are current technologies up to the task of securely and safely corralling buoyant carbon dioxide (CO2) for at least 10,000 years - the minimum time period required of most agreements?

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Cod and Climate

In recent decades, the plight of Atlantic cod off the coast of New England has been front-page news. Since the 1980s in particular, the once-seemingly inexhaustible stocks of Gadus morhua -- one of the most important fisheries in North America -- have declined dramatically.

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Can Adirondack Forests Help Fight Climate Change?

Environmental studies and sciences professor Kurt Smemo and student researchers Daniel Casarella ’18 and Jen Cristiano ’18 have embarked on an ambitious, multiyear study to identify a primary factor for controlling organic-matter decomposition in forest ecosystems—processes that either capture or release carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and therefore mediate our climate system.

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Before Animals, Evolution Waited Eons to Inhale; Discovery of a New Extinct Carnivorous Marsupial; Research Could Lead to More and Healthier Sorghum, and More in the Environment News Source

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Marine Carbon Sinking Rates Confirm Importance of Polar Oceans

Polar oceans pump organic carbon down to the deep sea about five times as efficiently as subtropical waters, because they can support larger, heavier organisms. The finding helps explain how the oceans may function under climate change.

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Geospatial Expert Available to Comment on Greenhouse Gas Inventories

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Geospatial Science Expert to Help Determine Greenhouse Gas Guidelines

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Jason Tullis, an associate professor of geosciences at the University of Arkansas, is part of a U.S. delegation to set methodologies for nations to estimate future greenhouse gas levels.

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Extensive Flooding From Hurricane Season, Sea-Level Rise, and Climate Change Expert

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'Green' Energy From Garden Grass, Mars Rover's Laser Can Now Target Rocks All by Itself, World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector Completes Search, and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

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Birds on Top of the World, with Nowhere to Go

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Climate change could make much of the Arctic unsuitable for millions of migratory birds that travel north to breed each year, according to a new international study published today in Global Change Biology.

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North American Forests Unlikely to Save Us From Climate Change, Study Finds

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Forests take up 25 - 30 percent of human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide -- a strong greenhouse gas -- and are therefore considered to play a crucial role in mitigating the speed and magnitude of climate change. However, a new study that combines future climate model projections, historic tree-ring records across the entire continent of North America, and how the growth rates of trees may respond to a higher concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has shown that the mitigation effect of forests will likely be much smaller in the future than previously suggested.

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Oceanographers Grow, Sequence Genome of Ocean Microbe Important to Climate Change

A University of Washington team has shed new light on a common but poorly understood bacteria known to live in low-oxygen areas in the ocean. By culturing and sequencing the microbe's entire genome, the oceanographers found that it significantly contributes to the removal of life-supporting nitrogen from the water in new and surprising ways.

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For Ancient Deep-Sea Plankton, a Long Decline Before Extinction

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A study of nearly 22,000 fossils finds that ancient plankton communities began changing in important ways as much as 400,000 years before massive die-offs ensued during one of Earth’s great mass extinctions. This turmoil, in a time of ancient climate change, could hold lessons for the modern world.

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Researchers Create Means to Monitor Anthropogenic Global Warming in Real Time

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A research team simulated in a computer model, for the first time, the realistic evolution of global mean surface temperature since 1900. In doing so, they also created a new method by which researchers can measure and monitor the pace of anthropogenic global warming

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Climate Experts Help Communities Cope with Impact of the Indian Monsoon

Work by University of Exeter experts to predict the weather in India could help millions of people prepare for the devastating effects of the country's summer monsoons.