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Stony Brook Scientists Disprove Theory That Reconstructed Boron Surface is Metallic

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Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition, subject to constant checking and rechecking. Recently, a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators—nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons. The effect, based on relativity theory, exists only in special materials—those with heavy elements—and has the potential to revolutionize electronics.

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Super Stable Garnet Ceramics May Be Ideal for High-Energy Lithium Batteries

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Scientists have discovered exceptional properties in a garnet material that could enable development of higher-energy battery designs.

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Goldilocks Principle Wrong for Particle Assembly: Too Hot & Too Cold Is Just Right

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Microscopic particles that bind under low temperatures will melt as temperatures rise to moderate levels, but re-connect under hotter conditions, a team of New York University scientists has found. Their discovery points to new ways to create “smart materials,” cutting-edge materials that adapt to their environment by taking new forms, and to sharpen the detail of 3D printing.

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Atomic Trigger Shatters Mystery of How Glass Deforms

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A new study has cracked one mystery of glass to shed light on the mechanism that triggers its deformation before shattering.

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Researchers Develop World’s Thinnest Electric Generator

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Researchers from Columbia Engineering and the Georgia Institute of Technology report today that they have made the first experimental observation of piezoelectricity and the piezotronic effect in an atomically thin material, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), resulting in a unique electric generator and mechanosensation devices that are optically transparent, extremely light, and very bendable and stretchable.

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ORNL Researchers Make First Observation of Atoms Moving Inside Bulk Material

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Researchers have obtained the first direct observations of atomic diffusion inside a bulk material.

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NUS Research Team Pioneers Novel Ultra Light-Weight Cloud Arch Architectural Technology for Sustainable Construction

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First-of-its-kind, light-as-cloud architectural technology boasts lower setup cost and time, and is set to revolutionise long-span architecture and construction.

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Dissolvable Silicon Circuits and Sensors

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Electronic devices that dissolve completely in water, leaving behind only harmless end products, are part of a rapidly emerging class of technology pioneered by researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and their advances suggest a new era of devices that range from green consumer electronics to ‘electroceutical’ therapies, to biomedical sensor systems that do their work and then disappear. The work will be presented at the AVS 61st International Symposium.

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Plasmonic Paper

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Using a common laboratory filter paper decorated with gold nanoparticles, researchers have created a unique platform, known as “plasmonic paper,” for detecting and characterizing even trace amounts of chemicals and biologically important molecules—from explosives, chemical warfare agents and environmental pollutants to disease markers. The work will be described at the AVS 61th International Symposium and Exhibition.

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AIP’s 2014 Physics Nobel Prize Resource Page Offers Context, Commentary, Technical Manuscripts and More on the Invention of Blue LEDs

The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics was jointly awarded to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes, which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources.” To help journalists and the public understand the context of this work, AIP is compiling a Physics Nobel Prize Resources page featuring relevant scientific papers and articles, quotes from experts and other resources.

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