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Business

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Manufacturing, manufacturing innovation, Mechanical Engineering, Machining, milling, CNC

Researchers Develop Ways to Improve Machining, Milling Processes

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Fixing flaws introduced during the machining of large components used in the aircraft and heavy equipment industries can be time-consuming for manufacturers – and costly if they must scrap the flawed parts after they’ve been fabricated. A new approach developed by researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology is helping manufacturers eliminate those flaws before the parts are created.

Science

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Populus, SNP dataset, Lignin, recalcitrance, Biofuels, Materials Science, secondary plant metabolism, single nucleotide polymorphism, PAG XXV meeting, genome-wide association study

Largest Populus SNP Dataset Holds Promise for Biofuels, Materials, Metabolites

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have released the largest-ever single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset of genetic variations in poplar trees, information useful to plant scientists as well as researchers in the fields of biofuels, materials science, and secondary plant metabolism.

Science

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Materials, Turbines, Turbine, JET ENGINE , Alloy, superalloy

Discovery Could Lead to Jet Engines That Run Hotter—and Cleaner

Researchers here have made a discovery in materials science that sounds like something from the old Saturday morning cartoon Super Friends: They’ve found a way to deactivate “nano twins” to improve the high-temperature properties of superalloys that are used in jet engines.The advance could speed the development of powerful and environmentally friendly turbine engines of all sorts, including those used for transportation and power generation.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Synthetic Biology, risk, Modeling, Policy, Research, Risk Assessment, Regulation

New Tool Can Help Policymakers Prioritize Information Needs for Synthetic Biology Tech

New technologies are developed at a rapid pace, often reaching the market before policymakers can determine how they should be governed. Now researchers have developed a model that can be used to assess emerging synthetic biology products to determine what needs to be done to inform future policies.

Science

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X-ray science, Materials Science, Advanced Photon Source, Energy Sources, Hydrogen, Defects in materials , Nanoscience, Superconductivity, Synchrotron Radiation, Synchrotron Instruments and Techniques, X-ray Scattering and Detection

For First Time Ever, X-Ray Imaging at Argonne Captures Material Defect Process

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new approach to detail the formation of material defects at the atomic scale and in near-real time, an important step that could assist in engineering better and stronger new materials.

Science

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Materials Science, Energy

Flexible Ferroelectrics Bring Two Material Worlds Together

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Thanks to a new discovery by Argonne National Laboratory in collaboration with researchers at Northwestern University, scientists have pioneered a new class of materials with advanced functionalities that moves the idea of flexible ferroelectrics from the realm of oxymoron into reality.

Medicine

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UTHealth Neonatal Researcher Funded by NIH to Study Plastic Products Used in NICUs

The impact of the chemicals in the plastic products used in pediatric intensive care units will be the focus of a new $1 million study led by Andrea Duncan, M.D., M.S.ClinRes, associate professor at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and an attending physician with Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital.

Science

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ohmic, conducting polymer , Semiconductors, work function, Electron

NUS Researchers Achieve Major Breakthrough in Flexible Electronics

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A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore has successfully developed conducting polymer films that can provide unprecedented ohmic contacts to give superior performance in plastic electronics, including organic light-emitting diodes, solar cells and transistors.

Science

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additive manufacturing, Advanced Manufacturing, 3D printer, 3D printing, liquid metal, Magnetic, Biomedical

Vader Systems Creates Liquid Metal 3-D Printer for Manufacturing

A father and son team have created a liquid metal 3-D printing machine that could represent a significant transformation in manufacturing. The machine is so novel it represents a quantum leap in the ability to print three-dimensional objects in metal. Other metal printers exist, but most use a process of laying down powered metal and melting it with a laser or electron beam.

Science

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Materials Science, Nanoscience

Fast Track Control Accelerates Switching of Quantum Bits

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An international collaboration among physicists at the University of Chicago, Argonne National Laboratory, McGill University and the University of Konstanz recently demonstrated a new framework for faster control of a quantum bit—the basic unit of information in yet-to-be created quantum computers—in findings published online Nov. 28 in Nature Physics. Their experiments on a single electron in a diamond chip could create quantum devices less prone to errors when operated at high speeds.

Science

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metal powders, materials and manufacturing, Materials Science & Engineering, Ames Laboratory, Department of Energy Office of Science

Perfect Powder: Ames Laboratory Perfects Metal Powders for Manufacturing

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Ames Laboratory's high-pressure gas atomization process has garnered the laboratory at least 16 patents over the last two decades and created a spin-off company.

Science

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Joint Bioenergy institute, Great lakes Bioenergy Research Center, stilbene, dioxygenase, Carotenoid, Lignin, Biomass, Bioenergy

Finding Diamonds in the Rough

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New crystallography finding benefits bioenergy industry.

Science

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, SSRL, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, lightsource, Materials Science, X-ray science, Magnetism, Electricity, X-ray imaging

Sketching Out Magnetism With Electricity

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In a proof-of-concept study published in Nature Physics, researchers drew magnetic squares in a nonmagnetic material with an electrified pen and then “read” this magnetic doodle with X-rays.

Science

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GOLD, Basic Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Nanoscience, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticle, nanoparticle gold, Light, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Catalyst, Catalysts, Catalysis, Nature Materials, polyvinylpyrrolidone, Industry, medical advances, medical advancement, Medical Advan

Light Strikes Gold

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While scientists have used light to sculpt tiny crystals to do big jobs since 2001, they haven't been able to apply the process to gold—until now. Scientists created a strategy that enables synthesis of desirable gold crystals with potential for industry or medical uses.

Science

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Basic Energy Sciences, single crystal, Crystals, Crystal, Lehigh University, Material Science, material sciences, Materials Science, materials sciences, Chalcogenides, Crystalline Structure, Atoms, atomic sculpting, Solar Cell, solar cell development, solar panel, Solar Panels, cut glass, Fabrication, Superconductor, Superconductors

Not Your Typical “Cut Glass Crystal”

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With a new approach, scientists can fabricate single crystals of compositions that are unstable at the high temperatures. The team’s process is simple and low cost. It enables fabrication of complex shapes with single crystals. These shapes could enable new materials for solar cell devices or other uses.

Science

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New Active Filaments Mimic Biology, Zeroing in on the True Nature of Fluids, New Limits in the Search for Sterile Neutrinos, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

Science

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Biodegradable, Sustainable, Renewable, economical, Affordable, susan sun, SUN, Donghai Wang, Wang, Kollbe Ahn, Ahn, K-State, Kansas State, Kansas State University, KSU

Cost-Saving, Longer-Lasting Biodegradable Adhesive Patented by Kansas State University

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A new type of resin for adhesives and coatings, developed by researchers at Kansas State University, is the first plant-based resin of its kind.

Science

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Surf and Earth: How Prawn Shopping Bags Could Save the Planet

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Bioengineers at The University of Nottingham are testing how to use shrimp shells to make biodegradable shopping bags, as a ‘green’ alternative to oil-based plastic, and as a new food packaging material to extend product shelf life.

Science

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Basic Energy Sciences, Material Science, Materials Science, materials sciences, material sciences, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, NERSC, Advanced Light Source, ALS, Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley Lab, molybdenum disulfide, transition metal dichalcogenides , transition metal dichalcogenide , Chalc

New Properties Discovered in Atom-Wide Troughs

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Could adding defects make a good material better? Scientists have found that linear defects in a promising thin film create one-atom-thick metallic wires. These wires cross the otherwise intact material, offering a way to channel electrons and photons, tiny packets of light

Science

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ice, Water, Computers, Data Storage, Nanoscience, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Nat'l Laboratory, artificial magnetic charge ice, magnetic charge ice, Basic Energy Sciences, Material Science, Materials Science, materials sciences, Magnets, Nanomagnet, Nanomagnetic, Nanomagnetism, Magnetism, Science

Magnetic Discovery Could Be Tip of the “Ice”Berg

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A new material, called "rewritable magnetic charge ice," has an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields. This material has write-read-erase capabilities at room temperature, which may have implications for new computing technologies.







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