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Article ID: 699211

Researchers Discover Link Between Magnetic Field Strength and Temperature, Improving Thermometry Resolution

American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Researchers recently discovered that the strength of the magnetic field required to elicit a particular quantum mechanical process corresponds to the temperature of the material. Based on this finding, scientists can determine a sample’s temperature to a resolution of one cubic micron by measuring the field strength at which this effect occurs. Temperature sensing is integral in most industrial, electronic and chemical processes, so greater spatial resolution could benefit commercial and scientific pursuits. The team reports their findings in AIP Advances.

Released:
20-Aug-2018 10:40 AM EDT
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24-Aug-2018 12:00 AM EDT
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20-Aug-2018 8:05 AM EDT

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    20-Aug-2018 5:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 698170

A New Generation of Artificial Retinas Based on 2D Materials

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Scientists report they have successfully developed and tested the world’s first ultrathin artificial retina that could vastly improve on existing implantable visualization technology for the blind. The flexible device, based on very thin 2D materials, could someday restore sight to the millions of people with retinal diseases. And with a few modifications, the device could be used to track heart and brain activity.

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7-Aug-2018 8:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 699200

Italian Highway Collapse Spurs Closer Look at Other Bridge Systems

Arizona State University (ASU)

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19-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 699124

Novel Sensors Could Enable Smarter Textiles

University of Delaware

A fabric coating with thin, lightweight and flexible pressure sensors that can be embedded into shoes and other functional garments, sensors that can measure everything from the light touch of a finger to being driven over by a forklift. And it’s comfortable to boot!

Released:
16-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 699123

ICARUS neutrino detector installed in new Fermilab home

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

For four years, three laboratories on two continents have prepared the ICARUS particle detector to capture the interactions of mysterious particles called neutrinos at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. On Tuesday, Aug. 14, ICARUS moved into its new Fermilab home, a recently completed building that houses the large, 20-meter-long neutrino hunter. Filled with 760 tons of liquid argon, it is one of the largest detectors of its kind in the world.

Released:
16-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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    16-Aug-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 698833

Twisted Electronics Open the Door to Tunable 2D Materials

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Columbia University researchers report an advance that may revolutionize the field of 2D materials such as graphene: a “twistronic” device whose characteristics can be varied by simply varying the angle between two different 2D layers placed on top of one another. The device provides unprecedented control over the angular orientation in twisted-layer devices, and enables researchers to study the effects of twist angle on electronic, optical, and mechanical properties in a single device.

Released:
12-Aug-2018 8:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    16-Aug-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 699070

National Ignition Facility Reveals How Hydrogen Becomes Metallic Inside Giant Gas Planets

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Swirling dense metallic hydrogen dominates the interiors of Jupiter, Saturn and many extra-solar planets. Building precise models of these giant planets requires an accurate description of the transition of pressurized hydrogen into this metallic substance – a long-standing scientific challenge. In a paper published by Science, a research team led by scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory describes optical measurements of the insulator-to-metal transition in fluid hydrogen, resolving discrepancies in previous experiments and establishing new benchmarks for calculations used to construct planetary models. The multi-institution team included researchers from the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, University of Edinburgh, University of Rochester, Carnegie Institution of Washington, University of California, Berkeley and The George Washington University.

Released:
15-Aug-2018 4:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    16-Aug-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 699081

When Sulfur Disappears Without Trace

University of Vienna

Many natural products and drugs feature a so-called dicarbonyl motif – in certain cases however their preparation poses a challenge to organic chemists. In their most recent work, Nuno Maulide and his coworkers from the University of Vienna present a new route for these molecules. They use oxidized sulfur compounds even though sulfur is not included in the final product. The results are now published in the prestigious journal "Science".

Released:
16-Aug-2018 4:05 AM EDT
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21-Aug-2018 11:00 AM EDT
Released to reporters:
16-Aug-2018 1:05 PM EDT

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