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Science

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Water, states of water, supercooling, supercooled water, thermodynamic, Phases, water molecules, confined water, Margherita De Marzio, Gaia Camisasca, Maria Martin Conde, Mauro Rovere, Paola Gallo, Roma Tre University, The Journal Of Chemical Physics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Feb-2017 11:00 AM EST

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Masdar Institute Files Patent for Innovative Cloud Seeding Material that Could Trigger More Rainfall from Clouds

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First Time Nanotechnology Leveraged to Increase Rainfall, Would Support Greater Water Security in the UAE.

Science

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ceramic coatings, room temperature ceramic coatings

Sandia Using Kinetics, Not Temperature, to Make Ceramic Coatings

Sandia National Laboratories is working to lay down ceramic coatings kinetically at room temperature. Coating at room temperature makes microelectronics design and fabrication more flexible and could someday lead to better, less expensive microelectronics components that underpin modern technology.

Science

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Materials, Glass Display, Physics, Chemistry

Understanding ‘Glass Relaxation’ and Why It’s Important for Next-Generation Displays

Display manufacturers can account for a certain level of relaxation in the glass, referring to the intermolecular rearrangement, if it’s known and reproducible. But fluctuations in this relaxation behavior tend to introduce uncertainty into the manufacturing process, possibly leading to misalignment of pixels within displays. Now, researchers reports on a new modeling technique to quantify and predict glass relaxation fluctuations, important for next-generation displays.

Science

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Space, NASA, NASA Ames, Berkeley, Berkeley Lab, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, NASA Ames Research Center, Materials, Spacecraft, Heat Shielding, X-rays, X-Ray, Synchrotron, Advanced Light Source, Tomography, Micro, Meteor, Meteorite

When Rocket Science Meets X-Ray Science

NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers have teamed up to explore next-generation spacecraft materials at the microscale using an X-ray technique that produces 3-D images. This work could help ensure future spacecraft survive the rigors of otherworldly atmospheres.

Science

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Battery, JCESR, Electrochemistry, redox-flow batteries, Renewable Energy

Stabilizing Energy Storage

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University of Utah and University of Michigan chemists, participating in a U.S. Department of Energy consortium, predict a better future for these types of batteries, called redox flow batteries. Using a predictive model of molecules and their properties, the team has developed a charge-storing molecule around 1,000 times more stable than current compounds.

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Why Are There Different 'Flavors' of Iron Around the Solar System?

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New work shows that interactions between iron and nickel under the extreme pressures and temperatures similar to a planetary interior can help scientists understand the period in our Solar System's youth when planets were forming and their cores were created.

Medicine

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Physics, Chemisry, Magnetic, NMR, University of Warwick, Molecules, molecules and magnets, Phenomenon, self-assembling , Solution, Solid State

Molecular Phenomenon Discovered by Advanced NMR Facility

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Cutting edge technology has shown a molecule self-assembling into different forms when passing between solution state to solid state, and back again – a curious phenomenon in science – says research by the University of Warwick.

Business

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clean energy, Tech Transfer, energy innovation, Chemical Engineering, Nanotechnology, Cleantech, Materials Science

New Clean Energy Facility Accelerates Testing of Cleantech Innovations and Launching of Companies

The Clean Energy Institute (CEI), a research unit at the University of Washington (UW), has opened the Washington Clean Energy Testbeds to increase the rate at which breakthrough science and engineering discoveries turn into market-adopted clean energy technologies.

Science

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Physics, Materials, Technology, technology development, Two Dimensional, heterostructures, 2D, Semiconductor, Electrical, wonder material, Warwick, University of Warwick, Science, Atoms, Measure, Gadgets

Breakthrough in ‘Wonder’ Materials Paves Way for Flexible Tech

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Gadgets are set to become flexible, highly efficient and much smaller, following a breakthrough in measuring two-dimensional ‘wonder’ materials by the University of Warwick.

Medicine

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flu, Influenza, Virus, Health, Virology, Medicine, Science, Rutgers, Rutgers University, New Jersey, NJ, HIV, Ebola, therapeutic interfering particles, tips, Materials Science, Engineering, Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, Nanoparticles, GOLD

Attacking the Flu by Hijacking Infected Cells

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They’re called TIPs and their task would be to infiltrate and outcompete influenza, HIV, Ebola and other viruses. Soon, Rutgers’ Laura Fabris will play a key role in a project aimed at designing TIPs – therapeutic interfering particles to defuse the flu. For the first time in virology, Fabris and her team will use imaging tools with gold nanoparticles to monitor mutations in the influenza virus, with unprecedented sensitivity, when it enters cells. Fabris will soon receive a $820,000 grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). It’s part of a four-year, $5.2 million INTERfering and Co-Evolving Prevention and Therapy (INTERCEPT) program.

Science

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Levitation, material chemistry, driven gases, manufactuing

New Method Uses Heat Flow to Levitate Variety of Objects

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Although scientists have been able to levitate specific types of material, a pair of UChicago undergraduate physics students helped take the science to a new level. Third-year Frankie Fung and fourth-year Mykhaylo Usatyuk led a team of UChicago researchers who demonstrated how to levitate a variety of objects—ceramic and polyethylene spheres, glass bubbles, ice particles, lint strands and thistle seeds—between a warm plate and a cold plate in a vacuum chamber.

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Extreme Waves, Melting Canadian Glaciers, Lionfish in the Gulf, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

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American Concrete Institute Releases 2017 Edition of Manual of Concrete Practice

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The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has released the printed and digital editions of one of its 2017 Manual of Concrete Practice.

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Using 'Scotch Tape' and Laser Beams, Researchers Craft New Material That Could Improve LED Screens

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“We’d someday like to see LEDs that are thinner, more energy efficient and bendable,” said researcher Hui Zhao. “Think about a computer or phone screen if you could fold it a few times or and put it in your pocket.”

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Research at Sandia Looking at How Brittle Materials Fail

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Sandia National Laboratories' Brittle Materials Assurance Performance Program is working to understand how brittle materials inside devices behave and fail.

Science

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Material Science, Microscopy, Chemistry, Nanoscience

Kalinin, Paranthaman Elected Materials Research Society Fellows

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Two researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Sergei Kalinin and Mariappan Parans Paranthaman, have been elected fellows of the Materials Research Society.

Science

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Nanodiamond, Quantum Mechanics, quantum sensing, Nanocrystals, X-ray imaging, nanodiamond healing, Stephan O. Hruszkewycz, Wonsuk Cha, Paolo Andrich, Christopher P. Anderson, Andrew Ulvestad, Ross Harder, Paul Fuoss, David D. Awschalom, F. Joseph P. Heremans, Argonne National Laboratory, University Of Chicago, APL Materials

Turning Up the Heat for Perfect (Nano)Diamonds

For use in quantum sensing, the bulk nanodiamond crystal surrounding the point defect must be highly perfect. Any deviation from perfection will adversely affect the quantum behavior of the material. Highly perfect nanodiamonds are also quite expensive and difficult to make. A cheaper alternative, say researchers, is to take defect-ridden, low-quality, commercially manufactured diamonds, and then “heal” them. In APL Materials, they describe a method to heal diamond nanocrystals under high-temperature conditions.

Science

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2D materials, Surface and interface studies, Graphene, Graphite

Exploring Mysteries on the Surface

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Ames Laboratory scientists Pat Thiel and Michael Tringides are explorers, discovering the unique properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials and metals grown on graphene, graphite, and other carbon coated surfaces.

Science

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Materials Science, materials simulation & theory, Thin Films

New Study of Ferroelectrics Offers Roadmap to Multivalued Logic for Neuromorphic Computing

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Research published Wednesday in Nature Scientific Reports lays out a theoretical map to use ferroelectric material to process information using multivalued logic – a leap beyond the simple ones and zeroes that make up our current computing systems that could let us process information much more efficiently.







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