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HPV Infection Can Be Identified in Self-Collected Vaginal Swabs

High risk, potentially cancer causing human papillomavirus infections are common among women in Papua New Guinea. But self sampling with vaginal swabs may provide materials that screen as accurately as the more labor-intensive approach using cervical samples obtained by clinicians. This finding is critical to developing same day screening and treatment, which is key to ensuring that women with precancerous lesions are treated in this largely unconnected (electronically) country, and in others like it. The research appeared online April 13, 2016 in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, which is published by the American Society for Microbiology.

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Coal-Tar Based Sealcoats on Driveways, Parking Lots Far More Toxic Than Suspected

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The pavement sealcoat products used widely around the nation on thousands of asphalt driveways and parking lots are significantly more toxic and mutagenic than previously suspected, according to a new paper published this week by researchers from Oregon State University.

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Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

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One Minus One Does Not Always Equal Zero in Chemistry

In 1848, Louis Pasteur showed that molecules that are mirror images of each other had exactly opposite rotations of light. When mixed in solution, they cancel the effects of the other, and no rotation of light is observed. Now, a research team from Northwestern University and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in France is the first to demonstrate that a mixture of mirror-image molecules crystallized in the solid state can be optically active.

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Magnifying Smartphone Screen Apps For Visually Impaired, Online Anti-Bullying Programs, A One Atom Engine and more in the Technology News Source

Magnifying Smartphone Screen Apps For Visually Impaired, Online Anti-Bullying Programs, A One Atom Engine and more in the Technology News Source

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Seeing Atoms and Molecules in Action with an Electron 'Eye'

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A unique rapid-fire electron source—originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers—will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale.

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Metal Ions First Sneak in, Then Bust Through

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For the first time, scientists obtained an atomic view of two key processes in batteries as they are charged; this study offers new insights about the underlying principles involved in energy storage.

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First Small Molecule Targeted Therapy to Mitigate Hearing Loss in Usher Syndrome Type 3

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A new study published in Nature Chemical Biology reports the first small molecule targeted therapy for progressive hearing loss in a mouse model of USH3, an USH classified by progressive loss of hearing and vision starting in the first few decades of life along with variable balance disorder.

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Madison-Made Electrolyte Going Big at Global Battery Manufacturer

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Silatronix, a University of Wisconsin-Madison startup that has invented a safer electrolyte for the lithium-ion batteries used in phones, laptops and tablets, says its formulation has survived several years of evaluation and is now moving into pilot production at a major Japanese battery manufacturer.

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Soy Shows Promise as Natural Anti-Microbial Agent: Study

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Soy isoflavones and peptides may inhibit the growth of microbial pathogens that cause food-borne illnesses, according to a new study from University of Guelph researchers.

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Revolutionary Antibiotics Will Save the World

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An international team of including the Lomonosov Moscow State University researchers discovered which enzyme enables Escherichia coli bacterium (E. coli) to breathe. The study is published in the Scientific Reports.

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New Understanding of Enzymes Could Help to Develop New Drugs to Treat Diseases

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University of Leicester researchers shed light on the role of inositol phosphate molecules in gene regulatory complexes.

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Missing Links Brewed in Primordial Puddles?

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How easily did life arise on Earth, how likely is it on other planets? A new experiment strongly supports the idea that very early life coding molecules, ancestors of RNA and DNA, arose in primordial puddles with relative ease and speed, and not necessarily just in rarer fiery cataclysms.

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UMMS Scientists Identify Genes That Control Smooth Muscle Contraction

Researchers at UMass Medical School have identified a new molecular pathway critical for maintaining the smooth muscle tone that allows the passage of materials through the digestive system. This finding, based on studying calcium ion-controlled pathways in mice, may lead to new treatments for a host of digestive disorders ranging from common gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to swallowing disorders, incontinence and pancreatitis. Details of the study were published in Nature Communications.

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Atoms Placed Precisely in Silicon Can Act as Quantum Simulator

In a proof-of-principle experiment, researchers at UNSW Australia have demonstrated that a small group of individual atoms placed very precisely in silicon can act as a quantum simulator, mimicking nature - in this case, the weird quantum interactions of electrons in materials.

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Has Virginity Lost Its Virtue? Prevalence of Homosexuality in Men Is Stable Throughout Time Thanks to Genetics, Peer Pressure May Have Turned Humans Into Monogamists, and more in the Sex and Relationships Channel

Has Virginity Lost Its Virtue? Prevalence of Homosexuality in Men Is Stable Throughout Time Thanks to Genetics, Peer Pressure May Have Turned Humans Into Monogamists, and more in the Sex and Relationships Channel

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Temporal Cues Help Keep Human Looking Human

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Researchers believe that genetically modified bacteria can help explain how a developing animal keeps all of its parts and organs in the same general proportions as every other member of its species.

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Advances in Extracting Uranium From Seawater Announced in Special Issue

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The oceans hold more than four billion tons of uranium—enough to meet global energy needs for the next 10,000 years if only we could capture the element from seawater to fuel nuclear power plants. Major advances in this area have been published.

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Building a CRISPR Rainbow

UMMS scientists develop multicolored labeling system to track genomic locations in live cells.

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Vitamins May Protect Against Nerve Damage in Breast Cancer Treatment, and more Cancer News in the Newswise Channels

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