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Trending Stories Report for 24 April 2015

Trending news releases with the most views in a single day. Topics include: exercise and obesity, Focused Ultrasound to treat uterine fibroids, neurology, diet supplements and cancer (day 4 in top 10), genetics, geology, skin cancer, sleep and Alzheimer's, and water conservation.

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Trending Stories Report for 22 April 2015

Trending news releases with the most views in a single day. Topics include: diet supplements and cancer, pancreatic cancer, bird flu, parenting, respiratory health, physics from the DOE office of science, breast cancer awareness, and childhood cancer survivors.

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Making Chemistry Greener

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Chemists funded by NIH are working to develop “greener” processes for discovering, developing and manufacturing medicines and other molecules with therapeutic potential, as well as compounds used in biomedical research. Organic chemist Bob Lees describes some of these efforts.

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Messenger RNA-Associated Protein Drives Multiple Paths in T-Cell Development

The lab of Kristen Lynch, PhD studies how this splicing occurs in T cells and how it is regulated by multiple proteins. A new study describes a cascade of events that may explain changes in gene expression that occur during the development of the human immune system.

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Better Battery Imaging Paves Way for Renewable Energy Future

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In a move that could improve the energy storage of everything from portable electronics to electric microgrids, University of Wisconsin–Madison and Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers have developed a novel X-ray imaging technique to visualize and study the electrochemical reactions in lithium-ion rechargeable batteries containing a new type of material, iron fluoride.

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Iowa State, Ames Lab Scientists Describe Protein Pumps That Allow Bacteria to Resist Drugs

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Research teams led by Edward Yu of Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory have described the structure of two closely related protein pumps that allow bacteria to resist certain medications.

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Happily Ever After: Scientists Arrange Protein-Nanoparticle Marriage

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University at Buffalo researchers have discovered a way to easily and effectively fasten proteins to nanoparticles – essentially an arranged marriage – by simply mixing them together. The biotechnology, described April 20 online in the journal Nature Chemistry, is in its infancy. But it already has shown promise for developing an HIV vaccine and as a way to target cancer cells.

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New Model to Predict Pharmacodynamic Activity May Improve Drug Discovery

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A new mathematical model that uses drug-target kinetics to predict how drugs work in vivo may provide a foundation to improve drug discovery, which is frequently hampered by the inability to predict effective doses of drugs. The discovery by Peter Tonge, a Professor of Chemistry and Radiology, and Director of Infectious Disease Research at the Institute for Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery (ICB & DD) at Stony Brook University, along with collaborators at Stony Brook University and AstraZeneca, will be published advanced online on April 20 in Nature Chemical Biology.

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Examining How Radiative Fluxes Are Affected by Cloud and Particle Characteristics

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Climate models calculate a changing mix of clouds and emissions that interact with solar energy. To narrow the broad range of possible answers from a climate model, researchers analyzed the effect of several proven numerical stand-ins for atmospheric processes on the energy flux at the top of the atmosphere. They found that the flux is the main driver of surface temperature change.

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Major Advance in Artificial Photosynthesis Poses Win/Win for the Environment

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By combining biocompatible light-capturing nanowire arrays with select bacterial populations, a potentially game-changing new artificial photosynthesis system offers a win/win situation for the environment: solar-powered green chemistry using sequestered carbon dioxide.