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On-Chip Processor the First Step in Point-of-Care Asthma and Tuberculosis Diagnostics

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A device to mix liquids utilizing ultrasonics is the first and most difficult component in a miniaturized system for low-cost analysis of sputum from patients with pulmonary diseases such as tuberculosis and asthma.

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New Insight on How Crystals Form May Advance Materials, Health, Basic Science Research

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The findings in the journal Science have implications for questions regarding how animals and plants grow minerals into shapes that have no relation to their original crystal symmetry, and why some contaminants are difficult to remove from stream sediments.

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Patent Awarded for Drug Developed to Fight Baldness

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The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has issued a patent to the University of Arkansas for a drug developed through research at the university for treatment of hair loss and other disorders.

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Research on First Lab-on-Cartridge Device That Can Perform All Common Medical Tests to Be Presented at 2015 AACC Annual Meeting

Clinical laboratory tests play a crucial role in making sure patients get appropriate care, yet many small labs and clinics in low resource settings cannot afford the instruments needed to provide these tests. Research on a novel fingerprick test that can perform all common clinical diagnostics could help to expand access to basic medical testing in the developing world, and will be featured at the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo.

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First Smartphone DNA Test for Chlamydia to Be Presented at 2015 AACC Annual Meeting

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At the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo, researchers will present findings that a first-of-its-kind smartphone test for chlamydia can detect the disease with high accuracy, which could reduce the prevalence of this sexually transmitted disease (STD) by making chlamydia screening easier and cheaper.

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Lobster-Eye Imager Detects Soft X-ray Emissions

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This week in the journal Review of Scientific Instruments, from AIP Publishing, the group describes developing and launching their imager, which centers on "Lobster-Eye optics," as well as its capabilities and future applications in space exploration.

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Origins of Life: New Model May Explain Emergence of Self-Replication on Early Earth

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One question of the origin of life in particular remains problematic: what enabled the leap from a primordial soup of individual monomers to self-replicating polymer chains? A new model published this week in The Journal of Chemical Physics, proposes a potential mechanism by which self-replication could have emerged. It posits that template-assisted ligation, the joining of two polymers by using a third, longer one as a template, could have enabled polymers to become self-replicating.

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Hair Samples May Offer New Insights Into the Relationship Between Asthma, Cortisol, and Complications in Pregnancy

Hair samples can be used to measure the effects of asthma on the cortisol levels of women during pregnancy, according to research presented today at the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo in Atlanta. This research also shows that levels of cortisol, a stress-related hormone, tend to be lower among pregnant women with asthma than among pregnant women without the chronic, inflammatory lung disease.

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Researchers Announce Two New Tests That May Make Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes Easier and More Affordable

Researchers have successfully tested two new potential methods for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes in its standard and gestational forms. These findings, presented today at the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo in Atlanta, may lead to easier, timelier, and more affordable ways of identifying and treating this chronic disease.

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Rapid Ebola Test Could Play Key Role in Efforts to End Lingering Outbreak

Research presented at the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo will expand on the studies that led to a fingerprick Ebola test becoming the first and only rapid diagnostic for this disease to receive approval from the World Health Organization (WHO). This test could prove vital to breaking Ebola’s grip on West Africa by identifying suspected Ebola cases within minutes, and enabling healthcare workers to isolate and treat these patients much faster than is currently possible.