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Infectious Diseases

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Medicine

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Diagnostics, Metabolism, Cell Biology, Psychiatry

Researchers Identify Characteristic Chemical Signature for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a mysterious and maddening condition, with no cure or known cause. But researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, using a variety of techniques to identify and assess targeted metabolites in blood plasma, have identified a characteristic chemical signature for the debilitating ailment and an unexpected underlying biology: It is similar to the state of dauer, and other hypometabolic syndromes like caloric restriction, diapause and hibernation.

Medicine

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zika, Anthony Fauci

Zika Virus: Our Common Future with Anthony Fauci

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As Zika continues to dominate news headlines and political discussions, the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law Colloquium hosts “Zika Virus: Our Common Future,” a panel discussion led by Anthony Fauci, MD, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Medicine

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Hongjun Song, Guo-li Ming, Hengli Tang, zika, Drugs, cell, Infection, Virus

New Hope for Zika Treatment Found in Large-Scale Screen of Existing Drugs

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Scientists report that a specialized drug screen test using lab-grown human cells has revealed two classes of compounds already in the pharmaceutical arsenal that may work against mosquito-borne Zika virus infections.

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FSU Research Team Makes Zika Drug Breakthrough

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A team of researchers from Florida State University, Johns Hopkins University and the National Institutes of Health have found existing drug compounds that can both stop Zika from replicating in the body and from damaging the crucial fetal brain cells that lead to birth defects in newborns. One of the drugs is already on the market as a treatment for tapeworm.

Medicine

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Cholera, blood type

Study May Explain Why People with Type O Blood More Likely to Die of Cholera

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People with blood type O get sicker from cholera than people of other blood types. Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that cholera toxin activates a key molecule more strongly in people with blood type O than type A, possibly worsening symptoms.

Medicine

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tuberculosis and HIV co-infection, people with tuberculosis and HIV, Tuberculosis, TB, HIV, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Mtb, active tuberculosis, active tb, latent tuberculosis, latent TB, TB therapy, HIV and Africa, HIV and TB in Africa, HIV and tuberculosis in Africa, Global Health

NIH Funds Research to Detect Tuberculosis Progression in People with HIV

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Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death worldwide among people infected with HIV. But as yet, no test can reliably show when latent (inactive) TB infections in people with HIV starts progressing to active—and potentially fatal—TB disease. Now, a researcher at Albert Einstein College of Medicine has received a five-year, $3.7 million National Institutes of Health grant to identify biomarkers that signal an increase in activity by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the bacterium that causes TB, in people with HIV.

Medicine

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Autoimmune, Autoimmunity, Heroes, National Coalition of Autoimmune Patient Groups (NCAPG), NIH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School Of Public Health, The Autoimmune Connection, Autoimmune Advocacy, Aarda

AARDA Salutes August #Autoimmune Heroes for Board Service

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American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) announced today its August Autoimmune Heroes – the 46 Board members and advisors who have loyally and generously donated their time and talents to helping AARDA and its mission evolve and grow these last 25 years.

Medicine

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Cell Biology, Collaboration, Health Professionals, infectious and emerging disease, Medical Education, Medicine And Health, Neurology

Researchers Report New Zika Complication

New Orleans, LA - Dr. John England, Professor and Chair of Neurology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, and colleagues in Honduras and Venezuela have reported a new neurological complication of infection with the Zika virus. They described the first confirmed case of Zika-associated sensory polyneuropathy in a paper published online by the Journal of the Neurological Sciences, available at http://www.jns-journal.com/article/S0022-510X(16)30535-4/abstract.

Medicine

Science

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Biology, Microbiology, Virology

Scientists Succeed at Growing Noroviruses in Human Intestinal Cell Cultures in the Lab

The USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture supports NoroCORE, a multidisciplinary research collaborative of 30 researchers from 25 universities who are joining forces to understand and control food borne virus risks.

Medicine

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Bacteriology, Biology, Dentistry/Periodontal Disease, Food, Food Science, Microbiology

Bacteria in Smokeless Tobacco Products May Be a Health Concern

Washington, DC - August 26, 2016 - Several species of bacteria found in smokeless tobacco products have been associated with opportunistic infections, according to a paper published August 26 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

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UNC School of Medicine Experts Available to Discuss FDA Guidelines to Screen Blood for Zika Virus

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Friday issued an advisory that all U.S. blood banks screen donated blood for Zika virus.

Medicine

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rosemary rochford, University Of Colorado Cancer Center, africa cancer, Burkitt lymphoma, Cancer Viruses, Sub-Saharan Africa, Virology

In Sub-Saharan Africa, Cancer Can Be an Infectious Disease

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University of Colorado Cancer Center researcher shows that women who contract malaria while pregnant may have children with an increased risk of Burkitt's lymphoma.

Medicine

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Crohn Disease, Immune System, Celiac Disease

Case Western Reserve Researchers Receive Major NIH Renewal Grant to Build on Progress in Understanding Crohn's Disease

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received a five-year renewal program project grant totaling $9.7 million from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institute of Health, with the goal of better understanding the origins of Crohn's disease and eventually developing a cure.

Science

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University Of The Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Massachusetts General Hospital, Zika Foundation, Atheric Pharmaceutical, Global Clinical Scholars Research Training Program , Harvard Medical School, zika, USciences

Understanding the Likely Causes of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome

In “Zika Fetal Neuropathogenesis: Etiology of a Viral Syndrome,” published in the most recent PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, the authors analyze Zika fetal neuropathogenesis from a comparative pathology perspective.

Medicine

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Bidmc, Beth Israel Deaconess, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, zika virus, brain damage infants, fetal brain development, fetal abnormalities, zika

Special Report Documents Zika Virus’ Impact on the Fetal Brain

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BOSTON – In a special report released August 23 in the journal Radiology, a team of researchers including Deborah Levine, MD, Director of Obstetric & Gynecologic ultrasound at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and professor of radiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS), documented the brain abnormalities associated with congenital Zika in 45 confirmed and presumed cases from northeastern Brazil.

Medicine

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Crohn's Disease, Digestive Disorders, Medicine And Health, Healthcare Systems

New Research Shows Impact of Crohn's Disease on Brain Function

New research published in the UEG Journal1 has found that Crohn's disease sufferers experience slower response times than matched individuals that do not have the disease.

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Molecules Maintain Equilibrium Between Fighting Infection, Inflammatory Havoc

Special RNA molecules called long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key controllers for maintaining immune health when fighting infection or preventing inflammatory disorders.

Medicine

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zika, Florida, Mosquito

Non-Travel Zika Cases in Fla. Could Approach 400 by Summer’s End

Nearly 400 non travel-related Zika infections will occur in Florida before the end of the summer, according to new projections by biostatisticians at the University of Florida and other institutions.

Medicine

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Celiac, Gluten, Gut Bacteria

Gut Bacteria Could Tip Balance in Developing Celiac Disease or Staying Healthy

About 40 per cent of the population have a genetic disposition to celiac disease, but only about one per cent develop the autoimmune condition when exposed to gluten, and this could be promoted by the type of bacteria present in the gut. Researchers at McMaster University have found that gluten, a common protein in the Western diet which is not well digested by the gut enzymes, could be metabolized by bacteria.

Medicine

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William May, zika, zika virus, Jeanne Sheffield, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Wilmer Zika Center

Johns Hopkins Opens First-Known Multidisciplinary Zika Virus Center in the World

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As the number of patients with Zika virus grows worldwide, Johns Hopkins Medicine announces the opening of the new Johns Hopkins Wilmer Zika Center dedicated primarily to caring for patients with the mosquito-borne and sexually transmitted virus. The center is composed of providers and staff from departments and divisions at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, including epidemiology, infectious diseases, maternal-fetal medicine, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, pediatrics, physiotherapy, psychiatry and social work. Medical experts from Brazil, a country greatly affected by Zika virus, are also members of the center.







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