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How a Female Sex Hormone May Protect Against STIs: Study

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A team of researchers led by McMaster University’s Charu Kaushic has revealed for the first time how estradiol, a female sex hormone present during the menstrual cycle and found in oral contraceptives, may work to protect women against sexually transmitted viral infections.

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Children in Developing World Infected with Parasite – Even Without Appearing Ill – May Be More Prone to Stunted Growth

Children infected even just once with a certain type of waterborne parasite are nearly three times as likely to suffer from moderate or severe stunted growth by the age of two than those who are not – regardless of whether their infection made them feel sick, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

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UCI’s New Biocontainment Lab to Be Designated a National Training Center

University of California, Irvine’s high-containment biosafety level 3 training laboratory has been selected as the third facility in the U.S. designated by the National Institutes of Health’s National Biosafety & Biocontainment Training Program to provide continuing education to professionals.

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Yeast Infection Linked to Mental Illness

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In a study prompted in part by suggestions from people with mental illness, Johns Hopkins researchers found that a history of Candida yeast infections was more common in a group of men with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder than in those without these disorders, and that women with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder who tested positive for Candida performed worse on a standard memory test than women with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder who had no evidence of past infection.

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Unnecessary antibiotics: UGA’s Mark Ebell available for comment on JAMA article

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Bacteria Use Traffic-Cop-Like Mechanism to Infect Gut

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WSU scientists discover mechanism critical to pathogens' success.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 6-May-2016 12:00 PM EDT

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When It Comes to Spring Allergies, Oak Pollen More Potent Than Pine; Food Allergies of Low-Income Kids Are Poorly Managed; Flowers Not to Blame for Allergies, and More in the Allergies Channel

When It Comes to Spring Allergies, Oak Pollen More Potent Than Pine; Food Allergies of Low-Income Kids Are Poorly Managed; Flowers Not to Blame for Allergies, and More in the Allergies Channel

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HIV Infections Drop, but U.S. Falls Short of National Goals

The number of new HIV infections and the transmission rate in the United States dropped by 11 and 17 percent, respectively, between 2010 and 2015, but fell short of the goals put forth by President Obama’s U.S. National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

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Infants Much Less Likely to Get the Flu if Moms Are Vaccinated While Pregnant

A study found that 97 percent of confirmed flu cases among babies 6 months and younger occurred in those whose moms were not vaccinated while they were pregnant.

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Funding Decline for a U.S. Government HIV/AIDS Initiative Raises Concerns

A U.S. government agency whose mission is to help save the lives of people around the world living with HIV and AIDS has seen a steep drop in funding for an important part of its budget. The finding, from a UCLA study, could be a cause for concern because many countries rely on the agency to help pay for vital health care services for people with the disease.

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Diagnosing Mononucleosis: UGA’s Mark Ebell Works to Expedite Proper Treatment

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The University of Georgia’s Mark Ebell wasn’t impressed with research on infectious mononucleosis when he wrote his first published review on it back in the 1990s. He still isn’t—a subject he discusses in the April issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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HPV Infection Can Be Identified in Self-Collected Vaginal Swabs

High risk, potentially cancer causing human papillomavirus infections are common among women in Papua New Guinea. But self sampling with vaginal swabs may provide materials that screen as accurately as the more labor-intensive approach using cervical samples obtained by clinicians. This finding is critical to developing same day screening and treatment, which is key to ensuring that women with precancerous lesions are treated in this largely unconnected (electronically) country, and in others like it. The research appeared online April 13, 2016 in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, which is published by the American Society for Microbiology.

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Ebola Virus Genome Provides Clues to Repeated Disease 'Flare-Ups' in Western Africa

Ebola virus samples taken from patients in Liberia in June 2015 are strikingly similar in their genetic makeup to other Ebola virus sequences from Western Africa, according to research published online today in the journal Science Advances. The study sheds light on several aspects of the "flare-ups" that have occurred in Liberia since the country was initially declared free of Ebola virus disease.

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Researchers Discover Potential Treatment for Sepsis and Other Uncontrollable Responses to Infection

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai say that tiny doses of a cancer drug may stop the raging, uncontrollable immune response to infection that leads to sepsis and kills up to 500,000 people a year in the U.S.

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Zika, Ebola, West Nile Experts and Humanitarians to Speak at Free Events

The Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) is the largest gathering of eye and vision researchers in the world, with over 11,000 attendees from more than 75 countries. Two free events will feature speakers highlighting recent successes — and emerging threats — facing ophthalmic clinicians and researchers around the world.

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Influenza in the Tropics Shows Variable Seasonality

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Whilst countries in the tropics and subtropics exhibit diverse patterns of seasonal flu activity, they can be grouped into eight geographical zones to optimise vaccine formulation and delivery timing, according to a study published April 27, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Siddhivinayak Hirve from the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, and colleagues.

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Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

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Nanoparticles Hold Promise as Double-Edged Sword Against Genital Herpes

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An effective vaccine against the virus that causes genital herpes has evaded researchers for decades. But now, researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago working with scientists from Germany have shown that zinc-oxide nanoparticles shaped like jacks can prevent the virus from entering cells, and help natural immunity to develop.

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#Zika Virus: Subject Matter Experts

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