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Immune System Research May Help Doctors Predict Who Gets Long-Term Complications From Lyme Disease

A team of scientists led by Johns Hopkins and Stanford University researchers has laid the groundwork for understanding how variations in immune responses to Lyme disease can contribute to the many different outcomes of this bacterial infection seen in individual patients. A report on the work appears online April 16 in PLOS One.

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Non-Vaccine Measles Treatment Identified: UPDATE - Watch Pre-Recorded Q&A with Researchers

A novel antiviral drug may reduce the spread and severity of measles without a vaccination. Dr. Richard Plemper from the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University and Dr. Michael Natchus of the Emory Institute for Drug Discovery (EIDD) will be available to answer questions from the media at a live virtual press conference at 1 PM EDT, Wednesday, April 16th.

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Researchers See Hospitalization Records as Additional Tool to Monitor Disease Outbreaks

By comparing hospitalization records from Massachusetts hospitals with data reported to local boards of health, researchers found a more accurate way to monitor how well communities track disease outbreaks.

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Researchers Develop A New Drug to Combat the Measles: UPDATE - Watch Pre-Recorded Q&A with Researchers

A novel antiviral drug may protect people infected with the measles from getting sick and prevent them from spreading the virus to others, an international team of researchers says.

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Study Discovers Novel Pathway for Parasite Invasion and Dissemination

Researchers in the Center for Immunity and Inflammation at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School describe a novel hybrid invasion pathway that starts with the host cell eating the Toxoplasma parasite which, in turn, escapes to form its own vacuolar niche. This study has been published by the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Combating Malaria Using Environmental, Disease Data

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Dealing with malaria is a fact of life for more than 91 million Ethiopians. Each year four to five million contract malaria, one of the biggest health problems in this poor country. Through a five-year, $1.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, and Michael Wimberly of the Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence and an international team of scientists will combine environmental data gathered through earth-imaging satellites and surveillance data from public health professionals in the Amhara region of Ethiopia to anticipate malaria outbreaks.

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Progress in Understanding Immune Response in Severe Schistosomiasis

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Researchers at Tufts University have uncovered a mechanism that may help explain the severe forms of schistosomiasis, or snail fever, which is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in the world. The study in mice, published online this week in The Journal of Immunology, may also offer targets for intervention and amelioration of the disease.

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Sneezing and Coughing Creates A Rain Cloud of Infectious Diseases

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Each sneeze, cough or burp generates a cloud of invisible gas that propels droplets of infectious material farther than originally thought, and smaller droplets actually travel farther than larger ones. A new study from MIT researchers published in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics says this gas cloud extends the reach of droplets by 5 to 200 times. “Colds, flu, measles, TB and other airborne diseases can be transmitted through the air by a simple sneeze,” says Sylvia Suarez-Ponce, RN, infection control practitioner at Loyola University Health System. “The new study reinforces that sick people need to stay home for the sake of the community.”

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Community-Based HIV Prevention Can Boost Testing, Help Reduce New Infections

Study finds that communities in Africa and Thailand that worked together on HIV-prevention efforts saw not only a rise in HIV screening but a drop in new infections, demonstrating that programs such as this can encourage community-wide testing and help reduce HIV transmission.

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Keim Lab Pathogen Research May Open Pathways to Precision Medicine

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Blunting the sinister potential of melioidosis may hold the promise of life-saving precision medicine. With $7 million in Pentagon funding, a research team at Northern Arizona University will use genetic sequencing and high-performance computing in the quest to treat or even prevent the disease.

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