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Antiretroviral Therapy May Not Be Enough to Reduce HIV-Associated Arterial Inflammation

Additional immune-system-modulatory approaches may help reduce risk of cardiovascular disease.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-May-2016 3:00 PM EDT

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Researchers Make a Key Discovery in How Malaria Evades the Immune System

The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum hijacks an immune system process to invade red blood cells, according to a study led by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine. Understanding how malaria invades the cells could lead to a more effective vaccine.

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Zika Virus May Be Linked to More Eye Problems in Brazilian Babies with Microcephaly

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Researchers from Brazil and Stanford University report on an ocular case study of three Brazilian infants with microcephaly presumed to be caused by Zika virus. Findings will appear in Ophthalmology, journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

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Releasing the Brakes of Cell’s “Engine” Could Give Flu and Other Vaccines a Boost

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A relatively unknown molecule that functions like the engine of the cell and regulates metabolism could be the key to boosting an individual’s immunity to the flu – and potentially other viruses.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-May-2016 2:00 PM EDT

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Higher Salt Intake May Increase Risk of CVD among Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

In a study appearing in the May 24/31 issue of JAMA, Jiang He, M.D., Ph.D., of the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, and colleagues evaluated more than 3,500 participants with chronic kidney disease (CKD), examining the association between urinary sodium excretion and clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.

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Environmental Toxicologist to Discuss Zika Virus with House Science Committee in D.C.

Environmental toxicology expert Steven Presley is testifying in front of the House Science Committee about his work with mosquito-borne illnesses and how to combat Zika.

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New Clinical Trial to Investigate Whether Chinese Herbal Medicine Could Be Alternative Treatment to Antibiotics

Researchers at the University of Southampton are to study the use of Chinese Herbal Medicines in treating recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs), in the first clinical trial of its kind in the UK.

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Researchers Identify Top Commercial Products to Repel Mosquitoes

New Mexico State University researchers are testing the efficacy of commercially available wearable mosquito repellent devices.

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A Tool to Support Public Health Decisions on Zika Virus Predicts Most Planned Interventions to Be Cost-Effective

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A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases presents a cost-effectiveness tool that can help guide decisions regarding resource allocation to fund interventions targeted at curtailing the ongoing Zika virus outbreak. Analyses using the tool suggest that proposed funds to combat Zika in the US and other countries would be cost-effective, based on quantification of the serious health conditions associated with Zika infection.

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Yellow Fever Epidemic Threatens to Spread From Angola to China

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Action needs to be taken now in order to avert a global catastrophe, according to noted experts reporting in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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The Trial, Error of Viral Evolution: The Difference Between Fading Out, Pandemic

In a review article, researchers from Virginia Tech, Yale University, and the National Institutes of Health study viral evolution with the aim of finding knowledge that might help prevent disease.

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Drop in Childhood Obesity Cannot Be Explained by Health Behaviors, The Latest in Heart Defect Prediction Tech, Eating After 8pm Not Linked to Childhood Obesity, and more Children's Health News

Click to visit the Children's Health Channel

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-May-2016 1:30 PM EDT

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Harvard Chemists Develop Simple New Platform for Development of Macrolide Antibiotics

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Harvard researchers have created a new, greatly simplified, platform for antibiotic discovery that may go a long way to solving the crisis of antibiotic resistance.

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Temperature Influences Gene Expression, Life Cycle in Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio cholerae infects roughly four million people annually, worldwide, causing severe diarrheal disease, and killing an estimated 140,000 people. Its success as a pathogen belies the challenges this bacterium faces. The waters this bacterium inhabits when it's not infecting H. sapiens can be 40 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than our normal body temperature. Now a team of investigators from the University of California, Santa Cruz provides new insights into how different temperatures in the bacterium's environment control expression of genes required for life at those temperatures. The research is published ahead of print May 20, 2016 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

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New International Initiative Will Focus on Immunology Research and Treatments

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Immunology – and the idea that many diseases can best be addressed by boosting the body’s own immune response – is one of the hottest areas in medical research and clinical treatment. University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Chiba University School of Medicine in Japan have announced a new collaborative research center to investigate the most promising aspects of immunology, especially the area of mucosal immunology, and to speed development of clinical applications.

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UT Southwestern Medical Students Honored by White House for Hepatitis Awareness Efforts

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A project by UT Southwestern Medical Center students is being recognized at a White House ceremony today for their outstanding commitment to increasing hepatitis awareness as part of the annual National Hepatitis Testing Day observance.

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Georgetown Professor Comments on Zika Funding

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Georgetown’s Lawrence O. Gostin, a public health law expert, says the U.S. House Zika bill on emergency funding at $622 million falls dramatically short of what is needed, and the delay in Congressional action has “compromised the ability of state health departments to prepare for Zika.”