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Gene Amplification -- the Fast Track to Infection

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Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden are first to discover that bacteria can multiply disease-inducing genes which are needed to rapidly cause infection. The results were published in Science on June 30, 2016.

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Individual Mycobacteria Respond Differently to Antibiotics Based on Growth and Timing

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Tufts scientists have identified factors linked to why individual mycobacteria of the same genetic background can respond differently to antibiotics. The findings shed light on the complexity of antibiotic tolerance and may improve the future design of drug regimens.

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Benign Bacteria Block Mosquitoes From Transmitting Zika, Chikungunya Viruses

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Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have confirmed that a benign bacterium called Wolbachia pipientis can completely block transmission of Zika virus in Aedes aegypti. Matthew Aliota, a scientist at the UW–Madison School of Veterinary Medicine (SVM), says the bacteria could present a “novel biological control mechanism,” aiding efforts to stop the spread of Zika virus.

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Air Pollution Linked to Increased Rates of Kidney Disease

• The likelihood of developing membranous nephropathy, an immune disorder of the kidneys that can lead to kidney failure, increased 13% annually over 11 years in China. • Regions with high levels of fine particulate air pollution had the highest rates of membranous nephropathy.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-Jul-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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U.S. Needs Greater Preparation for Next Severe Public Health Threats, Independent Panel Finds

An Independent Panel formed to review the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service’s response to Ebola calls for increased coordination both within HHS and across all involved federal agencies and strengthened coordination and collaboration with state and local governments and their private-sector partners.

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UGA Expert: Don’t Let Ticks Scare You

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Saint Louis University to Conduct Zika Research

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With mosquito season underway, SLU vaccine researchers have received NIH funding to study the body’s immune response to Zika.

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Researchers to Use Innovative Alternative to Autopsy to Better Understand Child Mortality

The Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) has been awarded a large grant for research that will help determine why so many children under five are dying in the world’s poorest countries. The grant will fund use of an innovative alternative to traditional autopsy known as minimally invasive tissue sampling.

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Scientists Develop Computer Models to Unravel the Complexities of TB Infection

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NIBIB-funded scientists used computers to model the formation of tuberculosis granulomas in the lung -- the non-active (latent) form of infection found in 2 billion individuals worldwide (11 million in the U.S.) that can activate to become a life-threatening infection. Employing a computer model aims to speed analysis of TB’s complex life-cycle and to identify potential new antibiotics, antibiotic targets, and biomarkers that can predict transition to active infection.

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Likelihood of Widespread Zika Outbreak in United States Low

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High mosquito and human population densities, combined with mosquito breeding conditions, are the central cause for Zika virus.

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Reporter Needed to Cover New 'Fast Pitch' Service from Newswise

Newswise Fast Pitch is the first service to invite reporters and communications people to meet via video conference and pitch story ideas. Reporters are highly satisfied with the results.

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NIH Awards $11 Million to UTHealth Researchers to Study Deadly Prion Diseases

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Led by Claudio Soto, Ph.D., researchers from McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have been awarded $11 million from the NIAID to study the pathogenesis, transmission and detection of prion diseases – such as chronic wasting disease in deer – that can potentially spread to humans.

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Rice University Lab Runs Crowd-Sourced Competition to Create 'Big Data' Diagnostic Tools

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Big data has a bright future in personalized medicine, as demonstrated by an international competition centered at Rice University that suggested ways forward for treatment of patients with leukemia.

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Allergy-Causing 'Bad Guy' Cells Unexpectedly Prove Life-Saving in C. difficile

Researchers have identified immune cells vital for protecting us from potentially fatal C. difficile infection. Surprisingly, those cells are often vilified for their role in causing asthma and allergies. But when it comes to C. difficile, they could be the difference in life and death.

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Testing for Malaria—or Cancer—at Home, via Cheap Paper Strips

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Chemists at The Ohio State University are developing paper strips that detect diseases including cancer and malaria—for a cost of 50 cents per strip.

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A Better Understanding of Microbiome Functioning, Trees with Altered Lignin Are Better for Biofuels, the Energy Use of Data Centers, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

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TSRI Scientists Stabilize HIV Structure, Design Potential AIDS Vaccine Candidates

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Two new studies led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute advance efforts to produce HIV vaccine candidates, potentially suitable for large-scale production.

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Monkey Study Shows Zika Infection Prolonged in Pregnancy

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University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.

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New Research Shows Vaccine Protection Against Zika Virus

The rapid development of a safe and effective vaccine to prevent the Zika virus (ZIKV) is a global priority, as infection in pregnant women has been shown to lead to fetal microcephaly and other major birth defects. The World Health Organization declared the Zika virus epidemic a global public health emergency on February 1, 2016.