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Medicine

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air pollution and human health, Kidney Infection

Breathing Dirty Air May Harm Kidneys

Outdoor air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease and contribute to kidney failure, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. Scientists culled national VA databases to evaluate the effects of air pollution and kidney disease on nearly 2.5 million people over a period of 8.5 years, beginning in 2004. The scientists compared VA data on kidney function to air-quality levels collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The study is published Sept. 21 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Medicine

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Ebola, Infectious Disease, Epidemic, Public Health

Trusted Messages Key to Counter Community Concerns During Disease Outbreak

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Utilizing messages focused on images created by local artists and written information communicated through local dialects proved essential to counter misperceptions during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, according to a study conducted in part by Muriel J. Harris, Ph.D., associate professor, University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences, Department of Health Promotion and Behavior Sciences.

Medicine

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MRSA, Superbug, Staph

Investigators May Unlock Mystery of How Staph Cells Dodge the Body’s Immune System, Allowing Patients to Be Infected Again and Again

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For years, medical investigators have tried and failed to develop vaccines for a type of staph bacteria associated with the deadly superbug MRSA. But a new study by Cedars-Sinai investigators shows how staph cells evade the body’s immune system, offering a clearer picture of how a successful vaccine would work.

Medicine

Science

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Electrical Engineering, SUN, solar probe, NASA, sudden unexpected infant death, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, Nurse, Nurses, Advanced Practice Nurses, Psilocybin, Magic Mushrooms, Public Health, Injection Drug Users, illegal drugs, Neuroscience, pain, itch

Science and Health News Tips from Johns Hopkins

These news tips, from stories in the fall 2017 issue of Johns Hopkins Magazine, include an engineer/fisherman's idea for a "smart" lure and the need for a really high SPF sunscreen for a new solar probe.

Medicine

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Virology, business economics, pharmaceutial science, Medicine & Health, Vaccines, Public Health, Immunology, Infectious Disease

Flu Vaccine Used in Elderly May Benefit Middle-Aged Adults with Chronic Conditions

Expanding the high-dose influenza vaccine recommendation to include middle-aged adults with chronic health conditions may make economic sense and save lives. The findings may justify for clinical trials of the high-dose and new recombinant trivalent influenza vaccines in 50- to 64-year-old adults with chronic illnesses, such as heart or lung disease, diabetes, or cancer, to determine if they do provide considerably better protection than the currently recommended standard dose quadrivalent vaccine.

Medicine

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Immune Cells, Macrophages, Wound Repair, Intestine, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, treatments, Tim Denning, Institute for Biomedical Sciences

Immune Cells Produce Wound Healing Factor, Could Lead To New IBD Treatment

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Specific immune cells have the ability to produce a healing factor that can promote wound repair in the intestine, a finding that could lead to new, potential therapeutic treatments for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a new research study.

Business

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Malaria, Malaria Drug Resistance

Texas Biomed Scientists part of $11.5 million NIH project aimed at combatting drug resistance in the malaria parasite

Texas Biomedical Research Institute researchers, Dr. Tim Anderson and Dr. Ian Cheeseman, have partnered with researchers at the University of Notre Dame and the Center for Infectious Disease Research in Seattle to pursue studies in drug resistant malaria.

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UF Scientist Recognized for Research in Mosquito-Borne Disease Control

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University of Florida entomology professor Jeffrey Bloomquist was honored with the American Chemical Society International Award for Research in Agrochemicals, an award that recognizes a lifetime of achievement in agrochemical research.

Medicine

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Flint Water Crisis Led to Lower Fertility Rates, Higher Fetal Death Rates, Researchers Find

Flint's lead-contaminated water crisis caused fewer babies being born there — through reduced fertility rates and higher fetal death rates — compared with other Michigan cities during that time, according to a working paper that includes a University of Kansas researcher.

Medicine

Science

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Drug Discovery, High Throughput Screening, Drug Development, antifungal therapy

New Drug Discovery Collaboration Targets Novel Treatments Against Diseases

Southern Research and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) have formed a partnership to advance promising research that could lead to new drugs that address unmet medical needs.







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