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Infectious Diseases

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Medicine

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MERS, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, Rabies, Virus, Vaccine, genes, Camel, bats, DNA, Protein

Researchers Combine MERS and Rabies Viruses to Create Innovative 2-for-1 Vaccine

In a new study, researchers have modified a rabies virus, so that it has a protein from the MERS virus; this altered virus works as a 2-for-1 vaccine that protects mice against both Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and rabies.

Medicine

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c. diff, C. Difficile, infectious and emerging disease, Infectious Disease, Infectious Diseases, Beaumont Health, Beaumont Hospital Royal Oak, Diarrhea, Deadly Disease, deadly infections, Bacteria, Clostridium Difficile, Clostridium difficile infection, Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality, Vancomycin, Clinical Trial, Research, Health Care Costs

Controlling Risk of C. Diff Saves Lives, Prevents Infection and Reduces Health Care Costs

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality recently awarded a $2.4 million grant to study a theory that could prevent thousands of C. difficile infections, relapses and deaths all over the world. Beaumont Health has developed a medical animation to help illustrate the research study.

Medicine

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Antibiotics, Blood, Purification, Magnetic

"Pulling" Bacteria Out of Blood

Magnets instead of antibiotics could provide a possible new treatment method for blood infection. This involves the blood of patients being mixed with magnetic iron particles, which bind the bacteria to them after which they are removed from the blood using magnets. The initial laboratory tests at Empa in St. Gallen have been successful, and seem promising.

Medicine

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Queen’s University Belfast Expert Leading €4m Bid to Reduce Impact of Chemicals on Long-Term Health

A Queen’s University Belfast expert is leading a €4m international initiative to investigate whether natural toxins and manmade chemicals are creating potentially dangerous mixtures that affect our natural hormones and cause major illnesses such as cancer, obesity, diabetes or infertility.

Medicine

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Autoimmune Disease, Infectious Disease, Bone Marrow Transplant

Researchers Discover a New Gatekeeper Role for Thymic Dendritic Cells in Controlling T Cell Release into the Bloodstream

A team of scientists led by Julie Saba, MD, PhD at UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland, has unveiled a novel role of thymic dendritic cells, which could result in new strategies to treat conditions such as autoimmune diseases, immune deficiencies, prematurity, infections, cancer, and the loss of immunity after bone marrow transplantation.

Medicine

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DNA, endogenous retrovirus, Human Genome, provirus

BGSU Researcher: More Ancient Viruses Lurk in Our DNA Than We Thought

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In our recent study, we identified 19 “new” pieces of DNA — left by retroviruses that first infected our ancestors’ germlines hundreds of thousands of years ago –lurking between our own genes.

Medicine

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IBD, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Widjaja, Dermot McGovern , Stephan Targan, Stephan R Targan, David Underhill

Cedars-Sinai Receives $10 Million for Pioneering Studies of Debilitating Digestive Tract Disease

Cedars-Sinai investigators in gastroenterology have been awarded $10 million by the National Institutes of Health to conclude a groundbreaking, decades-long investigation of the genetic and immunological causes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This is the longest IBD study of its kind funded by the NIH and the first to explore the genetic makeup of the disease.

Medicine

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Influenza, flu, Vaccine, Pharmaceticals, genes

New, More Effective Strategy for Producing Flu Vaccines

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A team of researchers led by Yoshihiro Kawaoka, professor of pathobiological sciences at the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Veterinary Medicine, has developed technology that could improve the production of vaccines that protect people from influenza B.

Medicine

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flu, Vaccines, Influenza

New Survey Shows Only Half of People Plan to Get Flu Shots This Year

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Americans are split on getting an annual flu shot, with four out of 10 having done so in the past year and around half saying they had already received or were planning to get the vaccine this year, according to new national survey data analyzed by University of Georgia researchers.

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Malaria Mystery: Researchers Find Overwhelming Evidence of Malaria’s Existence 2,000 Years Ago at the Height of the Roman Empire

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An analysis of 2,000-year-old human remains from several regions across the Italian peninsula has confirmed the presence of malaria during the Roman Empire, addressing a longstanding debate about its pervasiveness in this ancient civilization.

Medicine

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Virus, West Nile, zika, Influenza, Ebola

New Mechanism to Control Human Viral Infections Discovered

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A team of researchers, co-led by a University of California, Riverside professor, has found a long-sought-after mechanism in human cells that creates immunity to influenza A virus, which causes annual seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics.

Medicine

Science

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A Bacterial Aphrodisiac, Amyloids Protecting Dormant Eggs and Zika’s Cellular Damage Among Top Honor Cell Biology Picks at ASCB 201

ASCB names 10 "Novel & Newsworthy" Honor abstracts out of 1263 being presented in San Francisco, Dec. 3-7

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Where the Rains Come From, Glowing Crystals Can Detect Contaminated Drinking Water, 'Polarons' and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

Medicine

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Anesthesia, Analgesia, zika, zika virus, Blood Transfusions, Disease, Blood Disease, Zika infection

Preventing Zika From Blood Transfusion—Steps to Reduce Transfusion Needs Will Also Lower Zika Risk

As the Zika epidemic spreads to the United States, the potential for contracting the disease via blood transfusion has emerged as a serious concern. The problem of transfusion-related Zika virus transmission—and recommended strategies to reduce that risk—are outlined in a special article in Anesthesia & Analgesia. Anesthesia & Analgesia is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 8-Dec-2016 12:00 PM EST

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Today Is World AIDS Day. Find the Latest Resources and Experts on the AIDS Epidemic in the AIDS and HIV News Source

Today is World AIDS Day. Find the latest resources and experts on the AIDS epidemic in the AIDS and HIV News Source

Medicine

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Pathogens, Immune System

UGA-Led Research Team Discovers a Pathogen’s Motility Triggers Immune Response

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Until now, a pathogen’s ability to move through the body has been overlooked as a possible trigger of immune response, but new research from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine found that motility will indeed alarm the host and activate an immune response.

Medicine

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Lisa Maragakis, Aaron Milstone, flu, Infectious Diseases, Vaccine, Virus

’Tis the Season to Protect Yourself Against the Flu

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Flu cases are being reported in Maryland and across the country, and experts at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine expect to see numbers continue to rise. To prevent the flu, Johns Hopkins experts say everyone 6 months and older should get vaccinated against the influenza virus every year.

Medicine

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amyloidosis, Ash, ASH Conference, carfilzomib

With Promising Results From Emerging Therapies, Penn Research Yields Fresh Hope for Treatment of Rare Disease AL Amyloidosis

Two new treatments are showing promise and overall survival is on the rise for AL amyloidosis, according to a series of studies involving researchers in the Abramson Cancer Center and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. They will present their findings at this week’s 58th Annual American Society of Hematology Meeting and Exposition in San Diego.

Science

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Bill & Melina Gates Foundation, zika virus, DNA monoclonal antibody therapy

The Wistar Institute Awarded Nearly $9 Million to Advance Synthetic DNA Antibody-Based Therapy to Protect Against Zika Virus

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The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded an $8,777,578 million grant to The Wistar Institute to create a preventative Zika therapy utilizing synthetic DNA monoclonal antibodies (dMAbs).







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