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New Research at Wayne State Will Lead to More Accurate Multi-Component System Reliability and Failure Predictions in the Auto Industry and Beyond

A team of researchers from Wayne State University recently received a $350,000 award from the National Science Foundation for the project, “Failure Prediction and Reliability Analysis of Ultra-High Strength Steel Autobody Manufacturing Systems by Utilizing Material Microstructure Properties.”

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A New Multi-Bit 'Spin' for MRAM Storage

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Interest in magnetic random access memory (MRAM) is escalating, thanks to demand for fast, low-cost, nonvolatile, low-consumption, secure memory devices. MRAM boasts all of these advantages as an emerging technology, but so far it hasn't been able to match flash memory in terms of storage density. In Applied Physics Letters, a France-U.S. research team reports an intriguing new multi-bit MRAM storage paradigm with the potential to rival flash memory.

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Room for Improvement in Elementary School Children’s Lunches and Snacks from Home

Open a child’s lunch box and you’re likely to find that the lunches and snacks inside fall short of federal guidelines, report researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Jul-2014 12:00 PM EDT

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Study Links Enzyme to Alzheimer’s Disease

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Unclogging the body’s protein disposal system may improve memory in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, according to researchers in Korea.

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When Temperatures Get Cold, Newly-Discovered Process Helps Fruit Flies Cope

Cold-blooded animals cannot regulate their body temperature, so their cells are stressed when facing temperature extremes. Worse still, even at slightly colder temperatures, some biological processes in the cell are slowed down more than others, which should throw the cells’ delicate chemical balance out of whack. Yet, those cells manage to keep their biological processes coordinated. Now researchers have found out how they do that.

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Fecal Transplants Let Packrats Eat Poison

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Woodrats lost their ability to eat toxic creosote bushes after antibiotics killed their gut microbes. Woodrats that never ate the plants were able to do so after receiving fecal transplants with microbes from creosote-eaters, University of Utah biologists found.

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Metabolic Enzyme Stops Progression of Most Common Type of Kidney Cancer

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Researchers found that an enzyme called FBP1 – essential for regulating metabolism – binds to a transcription factor in the nucleus of certain kidney cells and restrains energy production in the cell body. What’s more, they determined that this enzyme is missing from all kidney tumor tissue analyzed. These tumor cells without FBP1 produce energy at a much faster rate than their non-cancer cell counterparts

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The Bend in the Appalachian Mountain Chain Is Finally Explained

The 1500 mile Appalachian mountain chain runs along a nearly straight line from Alabama to Newfoundland—except for a curious bend in Pennsylvania and New York State. Researchers from the College of New Jersey and the University of Rochester now know what caused that bend—a dense, underground block of rigid, volcanic rock forced the chain to shift eastward as it was forming millions of years ago.

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Faithful Cell Division Requires Tightly Controlled Protein Placement at the Centromeres

The protein CENP-A, which is integrated into human DNA at the centromere on each chromosome, has a vital role in cell division. Work from Whitehead Institute Member Iain Cheeseman’s lab describes how the vital and tightly controlled replenishment of CENP-A progresses.

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