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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 7-Jul-2015 12:00 PM EDT

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Treatment Reduces Symptoms in Syndrome That Causes Extreme Light Sensitivity

A novel synthetic hormone that makes certain skin cells produce more melanin significantly increases pain-free sun exposure in people with erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare, genetic disorder resulting in excruciating pain within minutes of sun exposure.

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Scientists Unravel Elusive Structure of HIV Protein

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HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is the retrovirus that leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. Globally, about 35 million people are living with HIV, which constantly adapts and mutates creating challenges for researchers. Now, scientists at the University of Missouri are gaining a clearer idea of what a key protein in HIV looks like, which will help explain its vital role in the virus’ life cycle. Armed with this clearer image of the protein, researchers hope to gain a better understanding of how the body can combat the virus with the ultimate aim of producing new and more effective antiviral drugs.

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Study Finds Males May Contribute to Offspring's Mental Development Before Pregnancy

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A new study from Indiana University provides evidence in mice that males may play a positive role in the development of offspring’s brains starting before pregnancy.

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National Multiple Sclerosis Society Funds Grant to Explore New Model of MS Pathology

The National Multiple Sclerosis Society has awarded a grant to a Wayne State University School of Medicine professor to explore a new model of MS pathology.

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Trends in Antipsychotic Medication Use in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults

Despite concerns that use of antipsychotic medications in treating young people has increased, use actually declined between 2006 and 2010 for children ages 12 and under, and increased for adolescents and young adults.

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Institute for Biomedical Sciences Researcher Gets $1.6 Million to Develop Anti-Inflammatory Drug

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Dr. Jian-Dong Li, a professor and director of the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University and a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Inflammation and Immunity, has received a five-year, $1.6 million federal grant to develop novel anti-inflammatory therapeutics against middle-ear infections.

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Animal Study Shows Experimental Drug Combined with Standard Chemo May Shrink Treatment-Resistant Ovarian Cancers

Working in cell cultures and mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that an experimental drug called fostamatinib combined with the chemotherapy drug paclitaxel may overcome ovarian cancer cells’ resistance to paclitaxel.

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Rewriting the Book on Chemo-Resistant Cancers with a DNA Library

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KU Cancer Center researcher is finding out why ovarian cancer is resistant to certain types of chemo to eventually identify a different drug target.

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Where the Wild Things Aren't: Cats Avoid Places Coyotes Roam

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Caught in the act: Millions of images from citizen scientists show that domestic cats do their hunting close to home in neighborhoods and small urban forests, avoiding areas with coyotes.