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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 5:00 PM EDT

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Researchers Identify Genetic Subtypes Linked to Increased Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Researchers in the Center for Immunotherapy at Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) have evaluated the human leukocyte antigen (HLA), a group of genes that help regulate the body’s immune system, for underlying differences in ovarian cancer patients’ response to therapy. The scientists report that women with certain types of HLA may have an increased risk of ovarian cancer and may also respond better to immunotherapy. The research was recently published online ahead of print in the journal Gynecologic Oncology.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Jun-2016 12:00 PM EDT

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How a Huge Landslide Shaped Zion National Park

A Utah mountainside collapsed 4,800 years ago in a gargantuan landslide known as a “rock avalanche,” creating the flat floor of what is now Zion National Park by damming the Virgin River to create a lake that existed for 700 years.

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How Do You Kill a Malaria Parasite? Clog It with Cholesterol

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Drexel scientists have discovered an unusual mechanism for how two antimalarial drugs kill Plasmodium parasites. Amidst growing concerns about drug resistance, these findings could help to develop more effective drugs against the disease.

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Metagenomics Pathogen Detection Tool Could Change How Infectious Diseases Are Diagnosed

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Scientists at the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories, and IDbyDNA, Inc., have developed ultra-fast, meta-genomics analysis software called Taxonomer that dramatically improves the accuracy and speed of pathogen detection. In a paper published today in Genome Biology, the collaborators demonstrated the ability of Taxonomer to analyze the sequences of all nucleic acids in a clinical specimen (DNA and RNA) and to detect pathogens, as well as profile the patient’s gene expression, in a matter of minutes.

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Spring Snow a No-Go?

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Spring snowpack, relied on by ski resorts and water managers throughout the Western United States, may be more vulnerable to a warming climate in coming decades, according to a new University of Utah study.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Jun-2016 6:00 AM EDT

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Wayne State Researcher Receives NSF Grant to Improve the Quality of Imaging and Chemical Sensing of Disease Biomarkers

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With the help of a $341,694 grant from the National Science Foundation, “Establishing the Crystallochemical Principles Governing Energy-Transfer Processes in Upconversion Nanocrystals,” a Wayne State University researcher aims to improve upconversion nanocrystals’ composition and atomic structure to expand the library of bright and multicolor upconverters, while also generating fundamental understanding of light-matter interactions at the nanoscale.

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Study Reveals Protein That Dials Immune Responses Up and Down

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Research led by scientists at SBP has identified a new regulator of immune responses. The opens the door for a new approach to modulating T cell responses to treat infections, autoimmune diseases, and cancer.

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New MRI Coils Aim to Improve Patient Comfort and Decrease Scan Time

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New, screen-printed, flexible MRI coils may be able to reduce the amount of time it takes to get an MRI scan. Researchers funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have developed light and flexible MRI coils that produce high quality MRI images and in the future could lead to shorter MRI scan time periods.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-May-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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New NIH-EPA Research Centers to Study Environmental Health Disparities

The National Institutes of Health has partnered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to fund five new research centers to improve health in communities overburdened by pollution and other environmental factors that contribute to health disparities. Within each center, scientists will partner with community organizations to study these concerns and develop culturally appropriate ways to reduce exposure to harmful environmental conditions.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-May-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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New Veterinary Research Helps Distinguish Accidents From Abuse

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Using data from criminal cases of animal abuse, researchers from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) have demonstrated that motor vehicle accidents and non-accidental blunt force trauma cases in dogs and cats present with different types of injuries. The research, which appears online in advance of the September 2016 print edition of the Journal of Forensic Sciences, can help in the effort to uncover and address animal abuse.

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Releasing the Brakes of Cell’s “Engine” Could Give Flu and Other Vaccines a Boost

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A relatively unknown molecule that functions like the engine of the cell and regulates metabolism could be the key to boosting an individual’s immunity to the flu – and potentially other viruses.

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Researchers Identify Genes Linked to the Effects of Mood and Stress on Longevity

The visible impacts of depression and stress that can be seen in a person's face -- and contribute to shorter lives -- can also be found in alterations in genetic activity, according to newly published research from the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Scripps Research Institute.

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University of Iowa researchers create iPad app to help K-12 teachers improve student behavior

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University of Iowa faculty, along with colleagues at Vanderbilt University, were recently awarded a three-year, nearly $1.2 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education’s Institute of Education Sciences to further develop their self-monitoring behavior intervention app called Score It.

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Telephone-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Significantly Improves Menopause Symptoms

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Chatting on the phone with a “sleep coach” and keeping a nightly sleep diary significantly improve sleep quality and reduce insomnia in women through all stages of menopause, according to a new study published in JAMA Internal Medicine. The study also found that such phone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly reduced the degree to which hot flashes interfered with daily functioning.

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Breaking Down Cancer Cell Defenses

The mistaken activation of certain cell-surface receptors contributes to a variety of human cancers. Knowing more about the activation process has led researchers to be able to induce greater vulnerability by cancer cells to an existing first-line treatment for cancers (mainly lung) driven by a receptor called EGFR.