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Medicine

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Health, Vasculature, Regenerative Medicine

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-May-2017 12:00 AM EDT

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Dramatic Shift in Gut Microbes and Their Metabolites Seen After Weight Loss Surgery

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Obesity is linked with the composition of microbes in the human gut. In new research, bacterial composition in the gut, as well as accompanying metabolites are shown to undergo a profound and permanent shift, with microbial diversity significantly increasing following gastric bypass surgery.

Medicine

Science

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ohio river, Water, PFOA, Environmental Health, PFC, Ohio River Valley

High Levels of PFOA Found in Mid-Ohio River Valley Residents From 1991 to 2013

New research from the University of Cincinnati (UC) reveals that residents of the Mid-Ohio River Valley had higher than normal levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) based on blood samples collected over a 22-year span. The exposure source was likely from drinking water contaminated by industrial discharges upriver. This is the first study of PFOA serum concentrations in U.S. residents in the 1990s.

Medicine

Science

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Scientists Jump Hurdle in HIV Vaccine Design

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made another important advance in HIV vaccine design.

Medicine

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Gray Matter, Adolescence, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Executive Function, Speech, Decision Making, cortical thickness, self control, Brain Volume, Brain Density

Gray Matter Density Increases During Adolescence

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A new study published by Penn Medicine researchers this month and featured on the cover of the Journal of Neuroscience reveals that while volume indeed decreases from childhood to young adulthood, gray matter density actually increases.

Science

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Cancer, Metastasis, Tumor, Interleukin

New Cellular Target May Put the Brakes on Cancer’s Ability to Spread

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Researchers have discovered a biochemical signaling process that causes densely packed cancer cells to break away from a tumor and spread the disease elsewhere in the body.

Science

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bioelectricity, Regeneration, Infection, Ion Channel, Immune

Bioelectricity New Weapon to Fight Dangerous Infection

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Changing natural electrical signaling in non-neural cells improves innate immune response to bacterial infections and injury. Tadpoles that received therapeutics, including those used in humans for other purposes, which depolarized their cells had higher survival rates when infected with E. coli than controls. The research has applications for treatment of emerging diseases and traumatic injury in humans.

Medicine

Science

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MRSA, Infection, Health, Medicine, Disease

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-May-2017 3:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Penn Nursing Science, Penn Nursing, mary ersek, Lung Cancer, Aggressive Treatment, veteran research

Aggressive Care at End of Life for Patients with Advanced Lung Cancer Linked to Poorer Outcomes

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For patients with advanced cancer, aggressive care — chemotherapy, mechanical ventilation, acute hospitalizations and intensive care unit admissions — at the end of life is commonplace. Yet until now, little is known about the relationship between patients’ and families’ satisfaction with this aggressive care within the last 30 days of life.

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Partnerships, , Research, Chemisry, Liquid Crystal, National Science Foundation, polish academy of sciences

International Liquid Crystal Chemistry Research Project Launches at MTSU

A unique partnership between MTSU and the Centre of Molecular and Macromolecular Studies at the Polish Academy of Sciences will allow MTSU undergraduate students to interact daily with European scientists as the students conduct National Science Foundation-funded research on liquid crystals.







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