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New Guideline for Treatment of Prolonged Seizures in Children and Adults

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Status epilepticus - continuous or rapid sequential seizure activity for 30 minutes or more - is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate in both children and adults. Prompt and effective treatment is key; therefore the American Epilepsy Society (AES) has released a new guideline to help physicians, hospitals, and health systems treat patients effectively.

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Social Hormone Promotes Cooperation in Risky Situations

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A hormone implicated in monogamy and aggression in animals also promotes trust and cooperation in humans in risky situations, Caltech researchers say.

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ROCK’N the Tau? Vasospasm Drug Shows Promise in Models of Dementia

Inhibiting the Rho kinases ROCK1 and ROCK2 with fasudil, a drug approved in China and Japan, stimulates tau autophagy in cell culture and flies.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 14-Feb-2016 11:00 AM EST

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 11-Feb-2016 12:00 PM EST

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Using Medical Marijuana to Stop Seizures in Kids

Desperate for relief, parents are taking unusual steps to help children plagued with seizures. The relief, however, comes in a most unlikely form: marijuana.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 12-Feb-2016 2:00 PM EST

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UCLA–Stanford Researchers Pinpoint Origin of Sighing Reflex in the Brain

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A new UCLA-Stanford study has pinpointed two tiny clusters of neurons in the brain stem that are responsible for transforming normal breaths into sighs. The discovery may one day allow physicians to treat patients with breathing disorders.

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Brain Scars in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Reveal Possible Cause of Taste Problems

Taste deficits appear to be more prevalent among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients than previously reported and correlate with brain lesions left by the debilitating disease, a new study from the University of Pennsylvania’s Smell and Taste Center and the department of Radiology found.

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Past Experiences Affect Recognition, Memory

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New research from the University of Guelph on the brain and memory could help in developing therapies for people with schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease.

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A Football Helmet Design That Listens to Physics

A shock-absorbing football helmet system being developed at the University of Michigan could blunt some dangerous physics that today's head protection ignores.

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American Association of Neurological Surgeons Announces New Executive Director

AANS announces Kathleen Craig as new Executive Director for the association.

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Cells That Show Where Things Are Going

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Neurobiologists characterize nerve cells that detect motion by light changes.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 11-Feb-2016 12:00 PM EST

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Researchers Work to Change Athletes' Perception, Reporting of Concussions

Researchers are working to reduce the stigma surrounding concussions—and reporting concussions.

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Mount Sinai Heart Initiates Study to Explore the Link Between Dementia and Atherosclerosis in Patients Age 60-85

Study to investigate the relationship between dementia, atherosclerosis, and other cardiovascular risk factors measured by state-of-the-art imaging technique

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First-of-Its-Kind Study Explains Why Rest is Critical After A Concussion

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Georgetown University Medical Center neuroscientists say rest — for more than a day — is critical for allowing the brain to reset neural networks and repair any short-term injury. The new study in mice also shows that repeated mild concussions with only a day to recover between injuries leads to mounting damage and brain inflammation that remains evident a year after injury.

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Study Suggests More Effective Speech Therapy Approach for Children with Down Syndrome

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A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients.

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Harvard’s Christopher Walsh Wins Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize

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Harvard's Christopher Walsh wins the 16th Perl UNC Neuroscience Prize for the "discovery of genes and mechanisms regulating human cortical development" from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.

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Experiences Change Brain Cells Differently, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute Scientists Say

Scientists had thought that most synapses of a similar type and in a similar location in the brain behaved in a similar fashion with respect to how experience induces plasticity. This study found dramatic differences in the plasticity response, even between neighboring synapses.