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Breastfeeding Associated with Better Brain Development and Neurocognitive Outcomes

A new study, which followed 180 pre-term infants from birth to age seven, found that babies who were fed more breast milk within the first 28 days of life had had larger volumes of certain regions of the brain at term equivalent and had better IQs, academic achievement, working memory, and motor function.

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Penn Study Verifies Human Gene Therapy in Model of Rare Metabolic Disorder

Researchers are closer to finding a better way to treat children with a rare metabolic disorder called MPS I.

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The Feel of Food

Some people love avocados. Others hate them. For many of the latter, the fruit's texture is the source of their intense dislike. What gives?

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Aug-2016 4:00 PM EDT

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Deactivation of Brain Receptors in Postmenopausal Women May Lead to Lack of Physical Activity

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Researchers from the University of Missouri have found a connection between lack of ovarian hormones and changes in the brain’s pleasure center, a hotspot in the brain that processes and reinforces messages related to reward, pleasure, activity and motivation for physical exercise.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-Aug-2016 10:00 AM EDT

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Unlocking the Languages of Autistic Children in Families

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Researchers at the University of Kent are arguing that creativity and intermedial languages can be used as a bridge to communicate with autistic children.

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UAB Researchers Discover Why Brain Neurons in Parkinson’s Disease Stop Benefiting From Levodopa

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Many Parkinson’s disease patients using L-DOPA develop irreversible and involuntary repetitive, rapid and jerky movements. UAB researchers have uncovered an essential mechanism of long-term memory for L-DOPA-induced-dyskinesia, and this may be a therapeutic target to prevent or reverse dyskinesia

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Blood Pressure Hormone Promotes Obesity

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New research by University of Iowa scientists helps explain how a hormone system often targeted to treat cardiovascular disease can also lower metabolism and promote obesity.

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No Dream: Electric Brain Stimulation During Sleep Can Boost Memory

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For the first time, UNC School of Medicine scientists report using transcranial alternating current stimulation, or tACS, to target a specific kind of brain activity during sleep and strengthen memory in healthy people.

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First Clinical Guidelines in Canada for Pain Following Spinal Cord Injury

Researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute are the first in Canada to develop clinical practice guidelines for managing neuropathic pain with patients who have experienced a spinal cord injury (SCI).

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'Pain Paradox' Discovery Provides Route to New Pain Control Drugs

A natural substance known to activate pain in the central nervous system has been found to have the opposite effect in other parts of the body, potentially paving the way to new methods of pain control.

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Rush University Medical Center to Launch Mobile Stroke Unit

The Rush Comprehensive Stroke Center is planning a mobile stroke unit that literally will bring immediate stroke diagnosis and treatment to patients’ homes. The unit, serving in parts of the western suburbs, will be the first in Illinois and one of only a handful of its kind in the United States.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Aug-2016 9:30 AM EDT

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Indicators of Parkinson’s Disease Risk Found in Unexpected Places

Clues that point toward new risk mechanisms for developing Parkinson’s disease are hiding in some unusual spots, according to a study published today in Scientific Reports.

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Adolescent Drinking Damages Later Verbal Learning and Memory Performance

Adolescence is both a time of rapid neurobiological changes and of the initiation of drinking – alcohol is the most commonly used substance among students in grades eight to 12. Binge-drinking effects are particularly concerning, although it is unclear whether and how much it affects neurocognitive performance. This study looked at two questions: first, whether moderate, binge, or extreme-binge drinking in adolescence had an impact on later performance in tests of verbal learning and memory (VLM); and second, whether the amount of alcohol consumed is associated with specific changes in learning and memory during six years of adolescence.

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AAN: Closure Not Recommended for People with Heart Defect and Stroke

MINNEAPOLIS – An updated recommendation from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) states that catheter-based closure should not be routinely recommended for people who have had a stroke and also have a heart defect called a patent foramen ovale (PFO), a channel between the top two chambers in the heart. The practice advisory, which updates a previous AAN guideline, is published in the July 27, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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New Recommendations for Transitioning Youths with Brain Disorders to Adult Care

MINNEAPOLIS – A new consensus statement provides recommendations for transitioning adolescents and young adults with neurologic disorders to adult care. The statement is endorsed by the American Academy of Neurology and created by the Child Neurology Foundation. The research is published in the July 27, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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The Brain’s Super-Sensitivity to Curbs

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Humans rely on boundaries like walls and curbs for navigation, and Johns Hopkins University researchers have pinpointed the areas of the brain most sensitive to even the tiniest borders.

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For the First Time, Researchers See Structure That Allows Brain Cells to Communicate

For more than a century, neuroscientists have known that nerve cells talk to one another across the small gaps between them, a process known as synaptic transmission. But the details of how this crucial aspect of brain function occurs have remained elusive. Now, new research has for the first time elucidated details about the architecture that Allows Brain Cells to Communicate. The paper was published today in the journal Nature.