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Iowa State Engineers Developing Pavement Technologies to Clear Snow and Ice From Runways

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Iowa State University researchers are developing technologies – including heated pavements, electrically conductive concrete and nanostructured superhydrophobic coatings – to quickly and economically clear snow and ice from airport runways.

Medicine

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Clever Application of Magnetic Force Enhances Laparoscopic Surgery

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A team of Vanderbilt engineers is using magnetic force to design new and improved instruments for minimally invasive surgery. The use of magnetic actuation allows them to create tools that are more flexible and more powerful than conventional designs, which place the instruments on the end of long sticks.

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URI Researchers Invent Lab-on-Paper for Rapid, Inexpensive Medical Diagnostics

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A team of URI engineers has created a new paper-based platform for conducting a wide range of complex medical diagnostics. The key development was the invention of fluid actuated valves embedded in the paper that allow for sequential manipulation of sample fluids and multiple reagents in a controlled manner to perform complex multi-step immune-detection tests without human intervention.

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Borrowing From Whales to Engineer a New Fluid Sensor

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UAH researchers borrowed from biological structures called tubercles that humpback whales use to maneuver in the ocean to make a piezoelectric energy harvester for use as an airflow or fluid speed and direction-sensing device.

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The Better to See You With

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A mechanical engineer and his team have developed a computer-controlled camera that enables their robotic ankle to see where it is going.

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Cherenkov Effect Improves Radiation Therapy for Patients with Cancer

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The complex parts of the blue light known as the Cherenkov Effect can be measured and used in dosimetry to make therapies safer and more effective.

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New Solder for Semiconductors Creates Technological Possibilities

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A research team led by the University of Chicago’s Dmitri Talapin has demonstrated how semiconductors can be soldered and still deliver good electronic performance.

Life

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Changing Stereotypes Key to Getting Girls Interested in Computer Science

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Stereotypes are a powerful force in discouraging girls from careers in computer science and engineering, but there are ways to effectively counteract them, two new studies from the University of Washington find.

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UAH Scientists Ship Instrument That Will Expand View of Global Lightning

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An expanded view of lightning around the globe is coming closer for scientists at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), thanks to a repurposed measuring instrument.

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Researcher Improves Cancer Detection with Image Analysis

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Bin Zheng, OU electrical and computer engineering professor and Oklahoma Tobacco Settlement Endowment Trust Cancer Research Scholar, and his research team have developed image processing algorithms to generate quantitative image markers by analyzing multiple digital X-ray images and building statistical data learning-based prediction models. The goal is to develop a new quantitative image analysis method that better predicts cancer risk or cancer prognosis, which ultimately leads to help establish more effective personalized cancer screening and treatment strategies.