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Exposure to Alcohol Before Birth May Make Drinking More Appealing to Teens

A new study suggests that fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) reduces the taste system’s responsiveness to the bitter flavor and burning sensation of many varieties of alcoholic beverages. These factors make alcohol unappealing to some people, but, for...
18-May-2017 9:30 AM EDT Add to Favorites

Beetroot Juice May Provide Benefits to Heart Disease Patients

A new study finds that dietary nitrate—a compound that dilates blood vessels to decrease blood pressure—may reduce overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system that occurs with heart disease. The research team looked specifically at...
10-May-2017 10:30 AM EDT Add to Favorites

Prolonged Military-Style Training Causes Changes to Intestinal Bacteria, Increases Inflammation

A new study finds that long periods of physiological stress can change the composition of microorganisms residing in the intestines (intestinal microbiota), which could increase health risks in endurance athletes and military personnel. The study,...
4-May-2017 3:00 PM EDT Add to Favorites

Cortical Nerve Function in Former Amputees Remains Poor Decades after Reconstructive Surgery

Researchers have found that the nerve cells (neurons) controlling sensation and movement of the hands show injury-induced changes for years after hand amputation, reattachment or transplant.
11-Apr-2017 10:00 AM EDT Add to Favorites

To Eat or Not to Eat (Before Exercising): That Is the Question

Exercise enthusiasts often wonder whether it’s better to eat or fast before a workout. A new study is the first of its kind to show the effects of eating versus fasting on gene expression in adipose (fat) tissue in response to exercise. This...
6-Apr-2017 11:35 AM EDT Add to Favorites

High-Fat Diet During Pregnancy Compromises Offspring’s Lung Health

Women who follow a high-fat diet during pregnancy may increase their children’s risk for asthma. A mouse study by Oregon Health and Science University researchers suggests that consistent consumption of fat-laden foods may change the immune...
29-Mar-2017 10:00 AM EDT Add to Favorites

Statins May Provide Treatment Alternative for Chronic Liver Disease

Statin drugs are widely used to manage high cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. But in a new review of more than 50 studies, researchers cite reductions in liver inflammation and improvements in other related factors as...
23-Mar-2017 11:00 AM EDT Add to Favorites

Synched Work Schedules During “Antarctic Summer” May Affect Release Patterns of Sleep and Wake Hormones

The continuous daylight conditions of summer in Antarctica are known to interfere with physiological functions such as sleep patterns and the release of melatonin, a hormone associated with circadian rhythms and sleep. Now, a study offers new...
9-Mar-2017 12:00 PM EST Add to Favorites

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