JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Chicago, IL USA

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Antimicrobial Use in Hospitals Appears to Be Common

A one-day prevalence survey of 183 hospitals found that approximately 50 percent of hospitalized patients included in the survey were receiving antimicrobial drugs, and that about half of these patients were receiving 2 or more antimicrobial drugs,...
2-Oct-2014 4:00 PM EDT

Studies Examine Vaccination Strategies For Prevention, Control of Avian Flu

Two randomized trials in the October 8 issue of JAMA examine new vaccination strategies for the prevention and control of avian influenza, often referred to as “bird flu.” This is a theme issue on infectious disease.
2-Oct-2014 4:25 PM EDT

E coli Outbreak at Hospital Associated With Contaminated Specialized Gastrointestinal Endoscopes

Despite no lapses in the disinfection process recommended by the manufacturer being identified, specialized gastrointestinal endoscopes called duodenoscopes had bacterial contamination associated with an outbreak of a highly resistant strain of E...
2-Oct-2014 4:00 PM EDT

Tobacco Use Associated With Increased Risk of Oral HPV-16 Infection

Study participants who reported tobacco use or had higher levels of biomarkers of tobacco exposure had a higher prevalence of the sexually transmitted infection, oral human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16), according to a study in the October 8 JAMA,...
2-Oct-2014 4:00 PM EDT

Study Finds Acupuncture Does Not Improve Chronic Knee Pain

Among patients older than 50 years with moderate to severe chronic knee pain, neither laser nor needle acupuncture provided greater benefit on pain or function compared to sham laser acupuncture, according to a study in the October 1 issue of JAMA.
25-Sep-2014 11:00 PM EDT

Use of a ‘Virtual Ward’ Model of Care Does Not Reduce Hospital Readmissions, Risk of Death

In a trial involving patients at high risk of hospital readmission or death, use of a virtual ward model of care (using some elements of hospital care in the community) after hospital discharge did not significantly reduce the rate of readmission or...
25-Sep-2014 11:00 PM EDT

Study Compares Long-Term Outcomes for Types of Aortic Valve Replacements

Among patients ages 50 to 69 years who underwent aortic valve replacement with bioprosthetic (made primarily with tissue) compared with mechanical prosthetic valves, there was no significant difference in 15-year survival or stroke, although...
25-Sep-2014 11:00 PM EDT

Medical Professional Liability Claims and Esophageal Cancer Screening

An analysis of liability claims related to esophageal cancer screening finds that the risks of claims arising from acts of commission (complications from screening procedure) as well as acts of omission (failure to screen) are similarly low,...
25-Sep-2014 11:15 PM EDT

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