JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Chicago, IL USA

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Intervention Helps Smokers Quit Following Hospital Stay

Among hospitalized adult smokers who wanted to quit, a postdischarge intervention that included automated telephone calls and free medication resulted in higher sustained smoking cessation rates at six months than standard postdischarge advice to...
14-Aug-2014 5:00 PM EDT

Over-Reliance of Pulse Oximetry for Children With Respiratory Infection

Among infants presenting to a pediatric emergency department with mild to moderate bronchiolitis, those with an artificially elevated oxygen saturation reading were less likely to be hospitalized or receive hospital care for more than 6 hours than...
14-Aug-2014 5:00 PM EDT

Study Examines Incidence, Survival Rate of Severe Immunodeficiency Disorder in Newborns

Newborn screening performed in numerous states indicates that the incidence of the potentially life-threatening disorder, severe combined immunodeficiency, is higher than previously believed, at 1 in 58,000 births, although there is a high rate of...
14-Aug-2014 5:15 PM EDT

Prevalence of HSV Type 2 Decreases Among Pregnant Women in the Pacific Northwest

In a study that included approximately 15,000 pregnant women, seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 decreased substantially between 1989 and 2010 while there was no overall decrease for HSV type 1, but a slight increase among black...
14-Aug-2014 5:00 PM EDT

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Screening Reduces Colorectal Cancer Incidence, Rate of Death

Among about 100,000 study participants, screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy resulted in a reduced incidence and rate of death of colorectal cancer, compared to no screening, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA.
7-Aug-2014 4:00 PM EDT

Experiencing A-Fib While Hospitalized For Surgery Linked With Increased Risk of Stroke

In a study that included 1.7 million patients undergoing inpatient surgery, experiencing atrial fibrillation while hospitalized was associated with an increased long-term risk of ischemic stroke, especially following noncardiac surgery, according to...
7-Aug-2014 4:00 PM EDT

Delay in Correcting A-Fib Irregular Cardiac Rhythm Linked With Increased Complications

A delay of 12 hours or longer to correct an abnormal cardiac rhythm from atrial fibrillation was associated with a greater risk of thromboembolic complications such as stroke, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA.
7-Aug-2014 4:05 PM EDT

Approach Used to Conduct Meta-Analyses May Affect Outcomes

Depending on the analysis strategy used, estimating treatment outcomes in meta­analyses may differ and may result in major alterations in the conclusions derived from the analysis, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA.
7-Aug-2014 4:00 PM EDT

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