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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Aug-2014 6:00 AM EDT

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Caregivers May Face Roller Coaster Effect with Lewy Body Dementia Symptoms

“I watched my husband experience a decline in cognition followed by a period of what seemed like improved function only to plunge again into confusion with more frequent hallucinations,” says one caregiver newly acquainted with Lewy body dementia (LBD). According to the Lewy Body Dementia Association (LBDA), these ups and downs in function are sometimes refer to by family caregivers as the “roller-coaster effect” of LBD. Fluctuating levels of cognitive ability, attention and alertness are one of the core features of LBD.

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New Editions of Popular ‘AACN Essentials’ Nursing Textbooks Available

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The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) has released new editions of two popular nursing textbooks bearing its trademark -- “AACN Essentials of Critical Care Nursing” and “AACN Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing.”

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Burn Victims Avoid Hypothermia with Practice Developed by Loyola Nurses

Loyola University Health System has established new guidelines to protect burn victims at risk for hypothermia during surgery.

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Penn Medicine Researchers Show Regional Anesthesia Reduces Length of Hospital Stay Compared to General Anesthesia Among Hip Fracture Surgery Patients

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Patients who received regional anesthesia during hip fracture surgery had moderately lower mortality and a significantly lower length of stay than those who received general anesthesia, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The study, published this week in JAMA, employed a new, more reliable Penn-developed technique for comparative-effectiveness research to pinpoint best practices. In a related study published in JAMA Internal Medicine this week, the team also reported high rates of mortality and functional disability among nursing home residents treated for hip fracture.

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Patient Safety: What’s Simulation Certification Got To Do With It?

Simulation techniques that target medical errors and seek to provide continued improvement in the quality and safety of patient care are rapidly becoming the new “go to” methods for professional healthcare education. Ranging from simulated human patients to detailed animations and disaster scenarios, these fool-proof techniques are increasingly used by hospitals, universities, and training schools to bridge between classroom learning and real-life clinical experience.

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Nurses Play Critical Role in Responding to Global Resurgence of Pertussis

Pertussis (whooping cough) is on the increase in the United States and around the world—and nurses play an essential role in educating parents and patients about the safety and effectiveness of pertussis vaccination, according to a paper in the July-September issue of Journal of Christian Nursing, official journal of the Nurses Christian Fellowship. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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Boston Hospitals Report Improved Patient Outcomes, Financial Savings From Nurse-Led Initiatives

As part of participating in AACN CSI Academy, teams of nurses from seven Boston-area hospitals developed initiatives that measurably improved patient outcomes while demonstrating a combined fiscal impact of nearly $8 million in anticipated annual savings to the organizations.

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Dying with Dignity: the Challenge of Palliative Care in Rural America

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Nearly 90 million Americans live with serious illnesses and that number is predicted to double in the next 25 years. Seven of every 10 deaths are caused by chronic conditions. A palliative health care team can improve quality of life and significantly reduce health care costs for patients dealing with chronic, life-threatening illnesses, according to the American Cancer Society. However, delivery of these services in rural America, where the elderly population is growing faster than the national rate, can be challenging. Associate professor Mary Minton, who teaches at the South Dakota State University College of Nursing West River Site in Rapid City, and a team of researchers examined the palliative and end of life services offered among South Dakota health care facilities. By 2025, nearly one-fourth of the South Dakota population will be over the age of 65, according to projections made in 2009 as part of the state’s 2010-2013 plan on aging.

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Study Exposes Infection Risks in Home Health, Fastest-Growing Care Setting

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A study by researchers at Columbia University School of Nursing found that unsterile living conditions and untrained caregivers contribute to infections in home health settings, with patients at greater risk when they have tubes to provide nutrition or help with urination.

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