Asthma exacerbations rose following a catastrophic Christmas Eve fire that destroyed pollution controls at the Clairton Coke Works – the largest such facility in the nation, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis concludes.
Wheezing, coughing that doesn’t stop, a pale and sweaty face: clinically, severe asthma attacks look very similar from patient to patient. But biologically, not all severe asthma is the same—and a team of scientists has, for the first time, identified the key difference in people, a finding that has important implications for treatment.
More than 91 percent of the world’s population lives in areas that exceed air quality guidelines recommended by the World Health Organization, and more people are impacted by worsening air quality each year. Ambient air pollution – including potentially harmful pollutants such as small particles and toxic gases emitted by industries, households, cars and trucks – has been shown to worsen viral respiratory infections. Now, new studies are showing a similar association between ambient air pollution and worse COVID-19 outcomes.
Topics surrounding asthma and power plant closures, illicit drug use and harm reduction, testing access for homeless, and varied support for pandemic measures will be highlighted in the May 2021 Issue of AJPH.
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have implicated a type of immune cell in the development of chronic lung disease that sometimes is triggered following a respiratory viral infection. The evidence suggests that activation of this immune cell serves as an early switch that, when activated, drives progressive lung diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Researchers at Henry Ford Health System, as part of a national asthma collaborative, have identified a gene variant associated with childhood asthma that underscores the importance of including diverse patient populations in research studies.
The study is published in the print version of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has uncovered a previously unknown role for exosomes in inflammatory respiratory diseases. The study has implications for finding new therapies. Exosomes are tiny compartments released from cells that carry different types of cargo, including inflammatory chemicals called cytokines that can drive lung disease.
Sensor-based inhalers integrated into health care providers’ clinical workflows may help improve medication adherence and support children with asthma – and their families – to more effectively manage this condition, according to a new Northwestern and Lurie Children’s study published in Pediatrics.
Those with asthma are experiencing less asthma control related to an increase in using household disinfectants — known asthma triggers — because of COVID-19, according to a survey co-conducted by University of Illinois Chicago researchers.
A new study published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society discusses a steep drop off from prior years in asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits at Boston Children’s Hospital during the spring 2020 COVID-19 surge and lockdown.
Em um estudo retrospectivo, pesquisadores da Mayo Clinic descobriram que antibióticos administrados em crianças menores de dois anos estão associados com várias doenças ou condições recorrentes, desde alergias até obesidade. As descobertas estão na Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Children under age 2 who take antibiotics are at greater risk for childhood-onset asthma, respiratory allergies, eczema, celiac disease, obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a paper written jointly by Mayo Clinic and Rutgers researchers. While previous studies have looked at the association of antibiotics with single diseases, this is the first to look at the association across many diseases.
In a retrospective case study, Mayo Clinic researchers have found that antibiotics administered to children younger than 2 are associated with several ongoing illnesses or conditions, ranging from allergies to obesity. The findings appear in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
El 14 de noviembre, durante la Reunión Científica Anual virtual, la Dra. Luz Fonacier de Mineola NY, fue instalada como presidenta del ACAAI. La Dra. Fonacier es la cuarta mujer y la primera presidenta asiático-americana de la ACAAI.
A new study being presented at this year’s virtual American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting examined hospital data and determined those with allergic conditions did not have more severe COVID-related disease than those without.
Un nuevo estudio que se presenta en la Reunión científica anual del ACAAI analiza los datos de los hospitales para determinar si aquellas personas con condiciones alérgicas tenían enfermedades más graves relacionadas con el COVID en comparación con aquellas que no las tenían.
A new study being presented at this year’s virtual ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting reveals that “show rates” for children with asthma – how often parents brought their kids to an appointment rather than being a “no show” – increased with the use of telemedicine during four months of the pandemic.
Un nuevo estudio que se presenta en la Reunión científica anual del ACAAI revela que, durante los cuatro meses de la pandemia, las "tasas de visitas" de los niños con asma, la frecuencia con que los padres traen a sus hijos a una cita, aumentaron con el uso de la telemedicina.
A new study being presented at this year’s virtual ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting reveals the impact on food allergy quality of life (FAQOL) for Asian patients and their parents is significantly higher than for other races.
Un nuevo estudio que se presenta en la Reunión científica anual del ACAAI revela que el impacto que tienen las alergias alimentarias en la calidad de vida (FAQOL) de los pacientes asiáticos y sus padres es significativamente mayor que para otras razas.
A presentation at this year’s virtual ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting reveals the disparities that exist for Black and Hispanic children when it comes to Atopic Dermatitis (AD), commonly known as eczema.
Una presentación llevada a cabo en la Reunión científica anual del ACAAI de este año, revela las disparidades que existen para los niños negros e hispanos en cuanto a la Dermatitis Atópica (DA), comúnmente conocida como eccema.
While quick-acting inhalers and medications can reduce inflammation during an asthma attack, people with asthma have few tools to prevent the next attack from coming. Now researchers at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) have discovered that blocking two immune molecules at the same time is key to preventing asthma attacks in a mouse model.
Researchers at Rutgers University, the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood and the University of Copenhagen have described for the first time how delivery by caesarean section interferes with a baby’s ability to obtain beneficial germs from the mother’s microbiome, and how this can lead to early childhood asthma.
A new study looking at data from tens of thousands of children with asthma finds that several widely available interventions are associated with both reduced medical costs and a reduced likelihood that the children will need to visit an emergency room or stay in the hospital.
Babies born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy are more likely to suffer from impaired lung development. They are also more susceptible to developing lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Today, the ATS Research Program announced three research grant opportunities with support from 4DMedical, a global medical technology company with a focus on lung health. With a total grant support of $150,000, each of the three $50,000 grants will fund research in asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or COPD, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or IPF.
In a new study, researchers at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) report that a protein called TL1A drives fibrosis in several mouse models, triggering tissue remodeling, and making it harder for lungs and airways to function normally.
Cooler weather, pumpkins, and falling leaves – all things that kick off the most wonderful time of year, the holiday season. But for asthma sufferers, this could mean trouble because experts see an increase in asthma attacks toward the end of September.