Feature Channels: Substance Abuse

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Released: 1-Jul-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Study of Pre-Teens Yields Surprises About Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

They may only be in 4th or 5th grade, but 1 in 10 pre-teen children already say they’re curious about using alcohol or tobacco products, and 1 in 50 say they’re curious about using marijuana, a new study shows. As many as 3% of the nearly 12,000 9- and 10-year-olds surveyed say they already have a friend who uses one of these substances. And those who said they did were also much more likely to be curious about trying alcohol or tobacco and other nicotine-containing products themselves.

28-Jun-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Winning by Default: Tonsillectomy Study Shows Power of Pre-Set Opioid Rx Size
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A small tweak to hospitals’ prescribing systems might make a big difference in reducing risk from leftover opioid pain medication, while still making sure surgery patients get relief from their post-operation pain, a new study suggests.

Released: 30-Jun-2022 8:05 AM EDT
New Documents Show McKinsey’s Role in Opioid Epidemic
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The UCSF-JHU Opioid Industry Documents Archive released more than 114,000 documents related to McKinsey & Company's work showing how they advised opioid makers to help increase sales, despite the growing public outcry over the opioid epidemic.

22-Jun-2022 9:00 AM EDT
The COVID-19 Pandemic Increased Depression Among Young Adults, Particularly Women
Research Society on Alcoholism

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound effect on many people’s lives. Emerging adults may have been particular impacted, given their transition from adolescence to adulthood during such a time of upheaval, with their educational and career aspirations thrown into disarray. A new study has found that the risk for depression tripled among young people – particularly younger women – during the pandemic, and that this risk persisted into 2021.

21-Jun-2022 9:00 AM EDT
COVID-19 shelter-in-place orders served to decrease adolescent drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

During the COVID-19 pandemic, policy interventions designed to reduce the virus’ spread included shelter-in-place (SIP) orders and phased “reopenings” of public spaces. Knowing that adult alcohol and substance use generally rose during the pandemic due to factors such as stress, boredom, worsening mental health, and increased alcohol availability, a new study sought to understand the impact of SIPs and reopenings on adolescent alcohol use in California. Analysis shows SIP decreased frequency of alcohol use. Also, compliance with SIP orders was associated with decreased frequency and quantity of use.

21-Jun-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Text Messaging Can Help Reduce Hazardous Drinking Among Older Adults
Research Society on Alcoholism

Older adults – those more than 50 years of age – who consume alcohol beyond healthy drinking guidelines are a growing public health concern. A new study has found that using text messaging can help reduce drinking among this population. These findings will be shared at the 45th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Orlando, Florida.

Released: 22-Jun-2022 9:00 AM EDT
How the Pandemic Limited Access to Opioid Addiction Treatment for Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Members of racial and ethnic minority groups were less likely to obtain prescriptions to treat opioid addiction during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study by researchers at Rutgers and Indiana University.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 12:20 PM EDT
New Drugs with High Abuse Potential More Likely to Be Approved, Go to Market to Treat Pain
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

CHICAGO – “Despite the prevalence and societal costs of pain in the United States, investment in pain medication development is low, due in part to poor understanding of the probability of successful development of such medications,” said the authors of a study published Online First in Anesthesiology, the official peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

18-Jun-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Science is Rejecting Language About Alcohol and Drugs That Perpetuates Stigma and Worsens Outcomes — But Must Do More
Research Society on Alcoholism

Scientists investigating substance use are making progress on eliminating stigmatizing language that can perpetuate negative biases and worsen outcomes, according to a new analysis of published research articles. Nevertheless, the field has further to go.

16-Jun-2022 5:05 AM EDT
Online Tools for Alcohol Recovery Could Narrow Treatment Gaps — But Uptake is Slow
Research Society on Alcoholism

Online resources for supporting recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) are promising but underused, a new study suggests. The expansion of digital recovery supports, such as video meetings, discussion forums, and social networking sites, could potentially help address a substantial unmet need for services. In 2020, fewer than one in ten Americans with current or recent substance use disorder received any form of treatment. Women are less likely to access treatment than men, research shows. Online services may make recovery support more accessible, eliminating certain barriers associated with traditional treatment (e.g., transportation and cost) and reducing others (e.g., stigma). Research is sparse, however, and the factors influencing the use and effects of digital services are not well understood. For the study in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, researchers explored how people in recovery from AUD use online supports and whether that use is linked to gender or outcome

Newswise: No Peers, No Beers: WVU Research Shows Youth Substance Use Declined During the COVID-19 Pandemic
13-Jun-2022 8:00 AM EDT
No Peers, No Beers: WVU Research Shows Youth Substance Use Declined During the COVID-19 Pandemic
West Virginia University

With stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic, youth spent more time at home with family and were more isolated from in-person interaction with peers. Largely due to this social isolation from peers, substance use among youth declined, according to researchers at the WVU School of Public Health.

Released: 13-Jun-2022 12:40 PM EDT
Increased Overdose and Mental Health Risks Persist Two Years After Opioid Dose Reduction
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center

A new UC Davis Health study suggests that the increased rates of overdose and mental health crisis observed during the first year after opioid dose tapering persist through the second year. The study was published in JAMA Network Open.

Newswise: Opioids: 4 Ways to Reduce Harm, Overdose and Death
Released: 8-Jun-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Opioids: 4 Ways to Reduce Harm, Overdose and Death
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

As America sees a record number of overdose deaths, taking action to reduce harm and tragedy due to opioids is vital. Here, three providers with expertise in substance use disorder care share ways individuals, communities and health care providers can help save lives.

Released: 6-Jun-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Conversations Between Teenagers Can Predict Future Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Arizona State University (ASU)

A study from Arizona State University and Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands has shown that conversations between a pair of 17-year-old friends can predict future drug and alcohol abuse. If the teens talked positively about alcohol or cannabis, they were more likely to be diagnosed with an alcohol or cannabis use disorder, respectively, by the time they were 27 years old.

Released: 3-Jun-2022 11:05 AM EDT
A New Data-Driven Model Could Provide a Powerful Policy Planning Tool to Combat the Nation’s Opioid Crisis
Massachusetts General Hospital

A data-driven simulation model designed to help policymakers to better understand and address the nation’s rampant opioid crisis has been developed by a team of scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).

Newswise: Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Awarded $3 Million to Study Opioid Use in Hospitalized Infants
Released: 2-Jun-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Awarded $3 Million to Study Opioid Use in Hospitalized Infants
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

CHLA researchers received the grant to study the long-term influence of opioids, a class of powerful painkillers, on hospitalized, critically ill infants. Extended opioid use may cause health and developmental issues and the $3 million grant will help identify the long-term effects of opioid pain relief for newborns.

Released: 26-May-2022 3:30 PM EDT
Video does not accurately portray the risk of secondhand exposure to fentanyl
Newswise

A video posted on the CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) does not accurately portray the risk of secondhand exposure to fentanyl, according to emergency medicine physician.

23-May-2022 12:45 PM EDT
More Young People Begin Recreational Cannabis Use Illegally in States that Legalize It
University of California San Diego

Once a state legalizes recreational cannabis and increase in youth using it illegally occurs, report researchers at University of California San Diego Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science.

Released: 23-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Experts stress importance of monitoring for post-treatment opioid use in young sarcoma patients
Wiley

New analysis finds more than half of U.S. adolescents and young adults with sarcoma—a type of cancer in the bones or soft tissues—are often prescribed opioids to treat their pain.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Medication treatment of pediatric psychiatric disorders reduces the later onset of substance use problems
Massachusetts General Hospital

One half of psychiatric and substance use disorders start by the age of 18; three-quarters by age 24.

Newswise: IU Study Explored How People's Beliefs Impact Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Programs
Released: 17-May-2022 12:50 PM EDT
IU Study Explored How People's Beliefs Impact Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Programs
Indiana University

A new study by Indiana University researchers, published in the journal BMC Public Health, explored people’s beliefs about overdose and naloxone as a step to understanding why some communities are not using the reversal medication.

13-May-2022 5:00 AM EDT
Sleep Disruption Predicts Drinking and Cannabis use in Young People, with Middle and High School Students Potentially Most Vulnerable
Research Society on Alcoholism

A five-year study has highlighted the importance of healthy sleep patterns in relation to future binge-drinking and cannabis use in adolescence and young adulthood, as reported in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. The work builds on growing evidence that sleep characteristics are predictive of future substance use and related problems in young people, and could inform strategies for substance use prevention and intervention. Most previous studies assessed only a small range of sleep characteristics, and had limited follow-up. In the new analysis, researchers used six annual assessments from the National Consortium on Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence (NCANDA) study to examine whether multiple sleep characteristics in any year predict alcohol and cannabis use the following year. Data from over eight hundred NCANDA study participants, aged 12 to 21 at baseline, were included.

Released: 17-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
University Hospitals and UC Irvine Announce New Co-Leadership of BraveNet, a Practice-Based Integrative Medicine Research Network
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

University Hospitals (UH) Connor Whole Health and Susan Samueli Integrative Health Institute (SSIHI) at University of California, Irvine have joined in collaboration to lead BraveNet -- the first and largest whole health, practice-based research network in the U.S.

Newswise: Study: Deaths from Alcohol Use Disorder Surged During Pandemic
Released: 16-May-2022 8:05 PM EDT
Study: Deaths from Alcohol Use Disorder Surged During Pandemic
Cedars-Sinai

Deaths involving alcohol use disorder increased dramatically during the pandemic, according to a new study by Cedars-Sinai investigators. The study also found that young adults 25 to 44 years old experienced the steepest upward trend in alcohol use disorder mortality.

Released: 16-May-2022 3:30 PM EDT
IU Study Explored How People's Beliefs Impact Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Programs
Indiana University

A new study by Indiana University researchers explored people’s beliefs about overdose and naloxone as a step to understanding why some communities are not using the reversal medication.

Released: 16-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Diverted Buprenorphine May Help Prepare People With Opioid-Use Disorder for Treatment
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

People addicted and dependent on opioids who used buprenorphine not prescribed by a physician at the time they enter a treatment center are more likely to remain in treatment for opioid use disorder, according to a Rutgers study.

Released: 16-May-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Diverted Buprenorphine May Help Prepare People With Opioid-Use Disorder for Treatment
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

New research finds people who were using buprenorphine obtained without a prescription were more likely to remain in treatment for opioid-use disorder, underscoring need to expand access to this medication.

Newswise: Study: Treatment Minimizes Infants’ Opioid-Related Brain Abnormalities
Released: 12-May-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Study: Treatment Minimizes Infants’ Opioid-Related Brain Abnormalities
Cedars-Sinai

Treating pregnant women with opioid use disorder can help minimize opioid-related brain abnormalities in their newborns. Led by scientists at Cedars-Sinai, this is the first study to report evidence validating the benefits of using medication for opioid use disorder during pregnancy.

Released: 10-May-2022 11:30 AM EDT
Mental Health and Substance Use Among Adolescents Experiencing Homelessness in the United States
Beth Israel Lahey Health

In a new paper published in JAMA, researchers evaluated mental health and substance use among homeless and housed high school students surveyed voluntarily and anonymously in 2019.

4-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Program Issuing Mailed Kits Doubles Rate of Leftover Opioids Disposal
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Study finds that patients of orthopaedic and urologic procedures were more likely to dispose of their extra opioid tablets when they received kits in the mail to do so

Released: 5-May-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Penn Medicine, Philadelphia Department of Public Health Partner to Increase Virtual Care for Patients with Opioid Use Disorder
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Through a collaboration, a virtual “bridge clinic” will expand access to more extensive and personalized care for patients struggling with opioid use

Newswise: New UCI study reveals brain circuit responsible for cocaine withdrawal-induced anxiety and relapse-related behavior
Released: 3-May-2022 1:55 PM EDT
New UCI study reveals brain circuit responsible for cocaine withdrawal-induced anxiety and relapse-related behavior
University of California, Irvine

New research from the University of California, Irvine, finds that drug withdrawal-induced anxiety and reinstatement of drug seeking behaviors are controlled by a single pathway in the brain and centered around dopamine cells.

Released: 28-Apr-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Sentiments and emotions in social media associated with substance abuse come to light
Health Data Science

Substantial differences exist between the texts of the posts from Twitter users who self-report nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) and those who do not, and between males and females who report NMPDU, according to a recent study from Emory University.

Released: 26-Apr-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Just over half of Michigan pharmacies offer overdose-fighting naloxone without prescription
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Despite the ability of any Michigan pharmacy to dispense medication to combat opioid overdose without writing prescriptions, slightly more than half of pharmacies in the state offer the drug in such a way.

Released: 25-Apr-2022 1:35 PM EDT
NIH Awards Wake Forest University School of Medicine $4 Million Grant to Study Chronic Pain and Opioid Use Disorder
Wake Forest School of Medicine

Researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine have been awarded a five-year, $4 million grant through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Helping End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative to study chronic pain and opioid use disorder.

Released: 19-Apr-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Disasters could disrupt care for opioid use disorder in most vulnerable communities
Yale University

he COVID-19 pandemic has spiked the overdose death rate from opioid use. For people who rely on medications (buprenorphine, methadone, and extended-release naltrexone) to treat opioid use disorders, the pandemic and such natural disasters as tornados, hurricanes, and wildfires can disrupt access to medications.

Newswise: Project INTEGRA gives former opioid user purpose on his road to recovery
Released: 18-Apr-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Project INTEGRA gives former opioid user purpose on his road to recovery
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Frank Williams was raised in the church playing the keyboard, but by the age of 13, he was introduced to illegal substances and began selling marijuana by his freshman year of high school. A decade later, Williams was selling heroin and slowly became addicted to the substance through what he called a “shake habit” — which is when the substance seeps into your pores from touching it so much.

Newswise: University of Kentucky Experts Share Their Work Combating Nation’s Opioid Crisis at 2022 Rx Summit
Released: 18-Apr-2022 2:30 PM EDT
University of Kentucky Experts Share Their Work Combating Nation’s Opioid Crisis at 2022 Rx Summit
University of Kentucky

University of Kentucky experts on the front lines of the nation’s opioid and addiction crises will share their work in the field of opioid use disorder research, treatment and prevention this week at the 2022 Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit in Atlanta April 18-22.

8-Apr-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Adolescent drug overdose deaths rose exponentially for the first time in history during the COVID pandemic
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

The rate of overdose deaths among U.S. teenagers nearly doubled in 2020, the first year of the COVID pandemic, and rose another 20% in the first half of 2021 compared with the 10 years before the pandemic, even as drug use remained generally stable during the same period.

Released: 5-Apr-2022 3:55 PM EDT
Good News: People Can Recover and Thrive After Mental Illness and Substance-Use Disorders
Association for Psychological Science

There is good news for people suffering from depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and other mental health disorders. New research published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science explains how people who have suffered from mental illness can go on to develop a long-lasting sense of well-being and achieve a “high-functioning” life.

31-Mar-2022 10:35 AM EDT
The Hidden Cost of Firearm Injuries
Harvard Medical School

Gunshot survivors experience serious increases in mental health disorders, substance use disorders, and pain in the year following a firearm injury Survivors’ family members also experience a rise in mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD in the year after loved ones’ injuries

25-Mar-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Animal Study Shows Safety of Using CBD and THC with Opioids
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

Findings from a new animal study suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) might be safe for use with opioid pain relievers. Although more studies are needed, the results suggest that these compounds might be a low-risk way to reduce the dose of opioids needed to relieve pain.

30-Mar-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Majority of adolescents with severe substance use disorder don't grow out of it
University of Michigan

While it's estimated that 1 in 3 Americans will develop a substance use disorder in their lifetime, experts know little about the long-term outcomes for people with substance use disorder symptoms from adolescence through adulthood.

Released: 31-Mar-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Northeastern University and Copernicus Therapeutics, Inc. Awarded $14.7 Million NIDA/NIH Grant to Develop a Gene Therapy Approach for Treating Opioid Use Disorder
Copernicus Therapeutics

Dr. Barbara Waszczak, Professor of Pharmacology at Northeastern University's Bouvé College of Health Sciences, is the Principal Investigator and Project Director for the grant.

Newswise: Under 6 Percent of Criminal Justice Cases Get Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Released: 30-Mar-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Under 6 Percent of Criminal Justice Cases Get Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Florida Atlantic University

A study of a nationally representative database of 105,988 admissions referred to treatment by the criminal justice system who reported heroin or other opiate as their primary, secondary, or tertiary substance used showed that fewer than 6 percent of cases received opioid agonist treatment as part of the treatment plan. Those with daily substance use, comorbid psychiatric problems, prior treatment, females, Latinos, and those who were older and those who were living independently were more likely to receive this treatment, as were those living in the Northeast and with government health insurance.

Released: 29-Mar-2022 1:50 PM EDT
Treatment for substance use reduces depression for many adolescents and young adults with both problems
Elsevier

A study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP), published by Elsevier, reports that, among youth with substance use and depression, a significant proportion show early improvements in depression during their treatment for substance use.

Released: 29-Mar-2022 10:25 AM EDT
Treatment for substance use reduces depression for many adolescents and young adults with both problems
Elsevier

A study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP), published by Elsevier, reports that, among youth with substance use and depression, a significant proportion show early improvements in depression during their treatment for substance use.

Released: 24-Mar-2022 5:25 PM EDT
Therapy Can Support Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Receiving psychosocial and behavioral therapy alongside medications for opioid use disorder leads to better treatment engagement and continuity, according to Rutgers researchers.


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