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Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Released: 2-Jul-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

29-Jun-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Barriers to addiction care fell because of COVID-19, experts say; now the challenge is keeping them down
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

The opioid epidemic didn’t go away when the coronavirus pandemic began. But rapid changes in regulations and guidance could also help many more people get care for addiction, experts say. They caution that it will take more changes to truly lower barriers that stand in the way of delivering evidence-based addiction care to more people via telemedicine.

Released: 24-Jun-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Linking Hospital and Other Records Can Predict Both Fatal and Nonfatal Opioid Overdoses, Study Suggests
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the odds of a fatal opioid overdose were 1.5 times higher for individuals with one to two visits to the emergency department for any medical issue than for people with no hospital visits.

Released: 16-Jun-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Roth Leads $26.9 Million Project to Create Better Psychiatric Medications
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, a team of internationally acclaimed researchers led by UNC School of Medicine’s Bryan L. Roth, MD, PhD, aims to create new medications to effectively and rapidly treat depression, anxiety, and substance abuse without major side effects.

12-Jun-2020 1:00 AM EDT
Study Finds Evidence That Loneliness Makes It Harder to Quit Smoking
University of Bristol

In a study published today (15 June 2020) in Addiction, University of Bristol researchers have found evidence for a causal link between prolonged experience of loneliness and smoking.

Newswise: Researchers flush out worrying trend of designer drug use
Released: 15-Jun-2020 8:25 AM EDT
Researchers flush out worrying trend of designer drug use
University of South Australia

In a sign that designer drugs are becoming more prevalent in Australia, synthetic cathinones – commonly known as ‘bath salts’ – have been detected in the nation’s wastewater in the largest study of its kind in the country.

Newswise: Fentanyl Tops List of Drugs Found in Baltimore Overdose Patients
11-Jun-2020 7:05 AM EDT
Fentanyl Tops List of Drugs Found in Baltimore Overdose Patients
University of Maryland Medical Center

Fentanyl is not typically part of hospital tests for illicit drug use, however, a new University of Maryland study found after expanding testing that fentanyl, linked to most fatal overdoses in Maryland, tops the list of drugs detected in overdose patients at two Baltimore hospital ERs. The researchers suggest addition of fentanyl to routine drug tests.

Released: 8-Jun-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Study Shows Opioid, Sedative and Antidepressant Use Pre-Surgery Leads to Worse Outcomes
University of Kentucky

A study led by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers showed that patients who already used opioids, sedatives or antidepressants prior to colorectal surgery experience significantly more complications post-surgery.

Newswise: Stomach issues, history of substance abuse found in teen vaping study
Released: 3-Jun-2020 4:15 AM EDT
Stomach issues, history of substance abuse found in teen vaping study
UT Southwestern Medical Center

A study of teens diagnosed with the vaping-linked respiratory disease EVALI revealed that most also had gastrointestinal symptoms and a history of psychosocial factors, including substance abuse, UT Southwestern researchers found in one of the first clinical reviews of its kind.

Newswise: Tulane social work professor awarded grant to reduce substance abuse and violence among Native American families
Released: 2-Jun-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Tulane social work professor awarded grant to reduce substance abuse and violence among Native American families
Tulane University

The $2.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will enable researchers to identify interventions that will lead to a healthier, more resilient Native American community.

26-May-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older Adults at Higher Risk for Substance Use
New York University

Middle-aged and older adults who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual have higher rates of using certain substances in the past year than those who identify as heterosexual, according to a new study led by researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine and the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU School of Global Public Health.

22-May-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Follow-up Treatments After Opioid Overdose Rare Among Insured Patients
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Of nearly 6,500 commercially insured patients treated in EDs nationwide for an overdose or other opioid-related medical complications, only 16 percent accessed opioid use disorder (OUD) medications or another form of treatment within three months of the ED visit.

Released: 20-May-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Opioid prescribing rates on 14-year decline in pediatric orthopaedic injuries, decreased by more than 50%
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS)

Prevention efforts to combat the opioid crisis by limiting early exposure are working in the pediatric population, according to a study released as part of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons’ (AAOS) Virtual Education Experience. The study found that between 2004 and 2017 opioid prescription rates decreased from 60% to 27.8%, a 52% drop, in pediatric patients between 10-18 years old who sought care for a minor fracture or dislocation in an acute care setting. However, patients in the South and Midwest were more frequently prescribed opioids, pointing to a need for further preventative measures.

Newswise: Nerve stimulation helps manage pain without opioids
Released: 19-May-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Nerve stimulation helps manage pain without opioids
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin (UW) are adapting a minimally invasive, safer approach to electrically treat pain directly at the source as part of the NIH Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative.

Newswise: HEALing Communities Strategy Fast-Tracked Due to COVID-19
Released: 14-May-2020 10:25 AM EDT
HEALing Communities Strategy Fast-Tracked Due to COVID-19
University of Kentucky

When Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear announced the early release of some Kentucky inmates due to COVID-19 concerns, the team behind the HEALing Communities Study worked quickly to fast-track one of the evidence-based practices for preventing opioid deaths that was due to launch later this year: the distribution of naloxone to individuals at highest risk for overdose, particularly those being released from local jails.

Released: 13-May-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Job skills training leads to long-term reduction in drug abuse
Ohio State University

Job skills training for low-income youth does more than just help them get better jobs – it makes them significantly less likely than others to use some illicit drugs, even 16 years later.

Newswise: Planting seeds for a safe and healthy society
Released: 11-May-2020 11:35 AM EDT
Planting seeds for a safe and healthy society
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

A new West Virginia University research collaborative is working to address the many challenging conditions facing the state and Appalachia.

8-May-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Study Finds Rising Rate of Mental Health Visits Among Youth to Emergency Departments
Nationwide Children's Hospital

While the number of pediatric emergency department (ED) visits across the nation has remained stable over the last 10 years, visits for mental health disorders have risen 60% and the rate of visits for deliberate self-harm have increased 329%. In a study published today in Pediatrics, Nationwide Children’s Hospital researchers looked at the number and reason for mental health-related ED visits.

Newswise: Grant will fund pilot program to expand opioid use disorder treatment in Alabama
Released: 6-May-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Grant will fund pilot program to expand opioid use disorder treatment in Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham

UAB is launching a pilot program aimed at getting more opioid users into treatment, using telemedicine in three rural counties and emploing the Alabama One Health Record®, a statewide health information exchange, to track outcomes in these patients.

Released: 5-May-2020 2:45 PM EDT
Financial Incentives Boost Doctor Training in Opioid Treatment Medication
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Offering $750 to emergency medicine physicians exponentially increased those trained to prescribe buprenorphine.

Released: 4-May-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Addiction Campuses Launches Vertava Health: Nationwide Virtual Mental Health And Substance Misuse Treatment Platform
Addiction Campuses

Addiction Campuses, a leading provider of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment and recovery services, is proud to announce the launch of Vertava Health, a new nation-wide virtual care mental health and substance misuse treatment platform, offering services via smart mobile devices or personal computers.

Newswise:Video Embedded drug-overdose-epidemic-is-transmitted-from-old-to-young-study-shows
VIDEO
30-Apr-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Drug Overdose Epidemic is Transmitted from Old to Young, Study Shows
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

The generation a person was born into – Silent Generation, Baby Boomer, Generation X or Millennial – strongly predicts how likely they are to die from a drug overdose, and at what age. Within each generation, there was a steady march toward greater overdose risk at younger ages.

Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Released: 30-Apr-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

Released: 29-Apr-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Nearly One-Third of Primary Care Providers Do Not View Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder as Effective
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A new survey of U.S. primary care physicians from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that nearly one-third, 32.9 percent, do not think treating opioid use disorder with medication is any more effective than treatment without medication.

Released: 28-Apr-2020 5:35 PM EDT
Researchers launch confidential helpline, 833-EMS-INTX, for Texas first responders to find help for substance use disorder
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

First responders in Texas can now call a confidential helpline to seek treatment for substance use and mental health disorders through a new clinical research program at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). The Heroes Helpline comes at a time when first responders are serving on the front lines of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Newswise: Study Reveals Pharmacy-level Barriers to Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Appalachian Kentucky
Released: 28-Apr-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Study Reveals Pharmacy-level Barriers to Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Appalachian Kentucky
University of Kentucky

A new study led by University of Kentucky researcher April Young and Emory University researcher Hannah Cooper shows that a number of pharmacies in the Appalachian region of Kentucky are limiting the dispensing of buprenorphine, a medication used to treat opioid use disorder (OUD).

Released: 27-Apr-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Less Addictive Form of Buprenorphine May Help Curb Cocaine Relapse
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

New research performed in mice suggests that chemical modifications to buprenorphine can improve its effectiveness to treat cocaine addiction while minimizing abuse potential.

Newswise: New study could lead to therapeutic interventions to treat cocaine addiction
Released: 22-Apr-2020 3:05 PM EDT
New study could lead to therapeutic interventions to treat cocaine addiction
University of California, Irvine

A new study explains how cocaine modifies functions in the brain revealing a potential target for therapies aimed at treating cocaine addiction. The study was published this week in Cell Reports.

Newswise: COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Released: 21-Apr-2020 12:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Johns Hopkins Medicine

For more information about coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from Johns Hopkins Medicine, visit hopkinsmedicine.org/coronavirus. For information on coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from around the Johns Hopkins enterprise, including from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and The Johns Hopkins University, visit coronavirus.jhu.edu.

Newswise: How Tweets May Influence Substance Abuse in Youth
Released: 21-Apr-2020 10:15 AM EDT
How Tweets May Influence Substance Abuse in Youth
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Substance use by youth remains a significant public health concern. While social media provides youth the opportunity to discuss and display substance use-related beliefs and behaviors, little is known about how posting drug-related content, or viewing posted content influences the beliefs and behaviors of youth relative to substance use.

Released: 20-Apr-2020 11:45 AM EDT
Rutgers Expert Discusses How to Manage Chronic Pain, Opioid Addiction During COVID-19
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Many people trying to manage their pain and addiction have lost their support programs due to COVID-19. A Rutgers expert in Emergency Medicine discusses how patients can manage the disease during the coronavirus crisis.

Newswise: Extra Payments Motivate Sobriety and Employment among People Recovering from Addiction
Released: 20-Apr-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Extra Payments Motivate Sobriety and Employment among People Recovering from Addiction
Johns Hopkins Medicine

After a yearlong study of people with opioid dependence, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report evidence that adding $8 an hour to their paychecks may help those in recovery stay drug free longer, as well as encourage them to get and hold regular jobs.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 12:45 PM EDT
New York Nightlife Venues Recruited in Effort to Prevent Overdoses Due to Fentanyl
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Bars and nightclubs are a promising site for efforts to increase awareness of the risk of opioid overdose due to fentanyl-laced cocaine, suggests a study in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice (JPHMP). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 8:45 AM EDT
无家可归者因在医院接受心脏病的治疗较少,而再入院率较高
Mayo Clinic

无家可归已经成为世界范围内的社会危机和公共卫生问题,影响着各个年龄段的人。大多数无家可归者处于资源匮乏的不利境地,可能拥有或者也可能没有足够的医疗保险。精神疾病和药物滥用是无家可归者群体的常见问题。流落街头的人罹患心脏病的几率很高,但是他们几乎没有能力照顾自己的身体健康。

Released: 16-Apr-2020 8:40 AM EDT
Pessoas desabrigadas recebem menos tratamento em hospitais para ataques cardíacos e têm taxa maior de readmissão
Mayo Clinic

O número de pessoas desabrigadas tornou-se uma crise social e um problema de saúde pública no mundo todo, afetando pessoas de todas as idades. A maioria das pessoas desabrigadas está em desvantagem, tendo poucos recursos, e podem ou não ter um seguro de saúde adequado.

13-Apr-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Prescribing an overdose: A chapter in the opioid epidemic
Mayo Clinic

Research indicates that widespread opioid overprescribing contributed to the opioid epidemic. New research shows that this dangerous trend has apparently been coupled with another: inappropriate use of high-potency opioids.

Newswise: Large majority of state’s heroin users want to reduce use; syringe programs helping during COVID-19 crisis
10-Apr-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Large majority of state’s heroin users want to reduce use; syringe programs helping during COVID-19 crisis
University of Washington

A new survey of people who inject illicit drugs in the state of Washington yields positive and important findings for policy makers as the world struggles to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, said authors of the survey by the University of Washington and Public Health-Seattle & King County.

Released: 9-Apr-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Tulane School of Social Work seeking public input on two COVID-19 surveys
Tulane University

The Tulane School of Social Work hopes the surveys will provide important data on the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on mental and behavioral health.

Newswise: hal-gatewood-AypaEmWVH8I-unsplash.jpg?mode=fit&width=2592
Released: 9-Apr-2020 1:25 PM EDT
People with substance abuse among the most vulnerable during pandemic
Texas State University

As the COVID-19 pandemic has rattled routines for both urban and rural residents, one group is fighting to gain ground while facing widespread shelter-in-place directives.

Released: 7-Apr-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Hangover drug shows wider benefits in USC research
University of Southern California (USC)

A well-known hangover drug not only helps soothe pounding headaches but also triggers profound changes that protect the liver, USC scientists report in new findings that could help prevent alcohol-related harm.

Released: 3-Apr-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Anterior insula activation restores prosocial behavior in animal model of opioid addiction
Arizona State University (ASU)

Researchers in the Arizona State University Department of Psychology have shown that chemogenetic activation of the anterior insula restores prosocial behavior in an animal model of opioid addiction and empathy. The findings suggest an important role for the anterior insula in the brain response to addiction.

27-Mar-2020 3:20 PM EDT
Students Who Up Their Cannabis Use Face Increased Risk of Alcohol Problems
Research Society on Alcoholism

Cannabis use can worsen some consequences of alcohol use among young adult drinkers over time, according to a new study which tracked the frequency of cannabis use and negative drinking outcomes among college students over three years. More than one in five young drinkers use cannabis, often (but not always) at the same time as drinking alcohol. This is a concern because the effects of cannabis might combine with those of alcohol to increase negative outcomes of drinking, such as impaired driving or developing an alcohol use disorder Although previous research has suggested a link between cannabis use and alcohol consequences, there have been few long-term evaluations of the impact of fluctuations in cannabis use on alcohol consequences over time. The latest study, published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, was conducted by researchers in Toronto, Ontario, and Buffalo, New York.

Newswise: 'Drinking Spirits to Lift Spirits’ May Hold Appeal Amid COVID-19 Stress, but Don’t Overdo, Cautions Baylor University Expert on Substance Abuse
Released: 31-Mar-2020 3:55 PM EDT
'Drinking Spirits to Lift Spirits’ May Hold Appeal Amid COVID-19 Stress, but Don’t Overdo, Cautions Baylor University Expert on Substance Abuse
Baylor University

Drinking alcoholic beverages may be more appealing amid unease about the coronavirus, as people deal with shelter-at-home orders, fears about the economy and boredom, says a Baylor University researcher who studies alcohol use and misuse. But with regulations providing less access to alcohol, this may be a good time for individuals struggling with alcohol use to begin recovery and for others to guard against over-relying on alcohol or other substances.

Newswise: Saliva test for cannabis could someday help identify impaired drivers (video)
Released: 30-Mar-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Saliva test for cannabis could someday help identify impaired drivers (video)
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Currently, no breatalyzer test exists for cannabis intoxication, although the substance is known to impair driving, among other activities. Scientists now report that they are one step closer to a convenient saliva test for measuring cannabis levels at roadside stops.

Newswise: 227681_web.jpg
Released: 25-Mar-2020 9:50 AM EDT
Study indicates vaporized cannabis creates drug-seeking behavior
Washington State University

Rats with regular access to cannabis seek more of the substance and tend to show increased drug-seeking behavior when cannabis is absent.

Newswise: rep_francis_collins_1000px.jpg
Released: 16-Mar-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Looking to the future with Dr. Francis Collins
University of Alabama at Birmingham

At a presentation at UAB, NIH director Francis Collins outlined the top 10 area of excitement and promise in science.

11-Mar-2020 5:10 PM EDT
ASA, AAOS launch toolkit to help physicians safely, effectively alleviate patients’ postoperative pain with reduced opioid use
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

To help physicians safely and effectively alleviate pain and encourage optimal opioid stewardship in patients following surgery, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) today released the Pain Alleviation Toolkit. The toolkit provides physicians and patients with resources to encourage communication and decision-making to help reduce patients’ postoperative pain as much and as safely as possible.


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