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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 15-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 14-Apr-2021 5:30 PM EDT

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Newswise: GIS technology helps map out how America’s mafia networks were ‘connected’
Released: 14-Apr-2021 10:50 AM EDT
GIS technology helps map out how America’s mafia networks were ‘connected’
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

A team of researchers used geographic information systems — a collection of tools for geographic mapping and analysis of the Earth and society — and data from a government database on mafia ties during the 1960s, to examine how these networks were built, maintained and grown. The researchers said that this spatial social networks study offers a unique look at the mafia’s loosely affiliated criminal groups. Often called families, these groups were connected — internally and externally — to maintain a balance between security and effectiveness, referred to as the efficiency-security tradeoff.

Newswise:Video Embedded pathways-clear-for-decarbonising-heavy-industry
VIDEO
Released: 13-Apr-2021 10:05 PM EDT
Pathways clear for decarbonising heavy industry
University of Adelaide

The production of green steel will be a critical step to enable the world’s heavy industry to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and Australia is well placed to be an important player in this space.

Newswise: NUS researchers create SmartFarm device to harvest air moisture for autonomous, self-sustaining urban farming
Released: 13-Apr-2021 9:05 PM EDT
NUS researchers create SmartFarm device to harvest air moisture for autonomous, self-sustaining urban farming
National University of Singapore

Researchers from the NUS Department of Materials Science and Engineering have created a solar-powered, fully automated device called ‘SmartFarm’ that is equipped with a moisture-attracting material to absorb air moisture at night when the relative humidity is higher, and releases water when exposed to sunlight in the day for irrigation.

Released: 13-Apr-2021 4:05 PM EDT
DHS Partners with DWX to Advance Homeland Security Solutions
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

To keep pace with rapidly emerging technologies, DHS S&T is partnering with DEFENSEWERX (DWX), a nonprofit organization focused on cultivating ecosystems that enable the acceleration of innovative solutions to benefit the nation.

Newswise: ORNL’s Honeycutt, Horvath Named SME 2021 Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineers
Released: 13-Apr-2021 4:05 PM EDT
ORNL’s Honeycutt, Horvath Named SME 2021 Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineers
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Andrew Honeycutt and Nick Horvath, machine tool researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have been selected to receive the 2021 Geoffrey Boothroyd Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award from SME, the professional manufacturing engineering association.

Newswise: Plasma device designed for consumers can quickly disinfect surfaces
Released: 13-Apr-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Plasma device designed for consumers can quickly disinfect surfaces
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The COVID-19 pandemic has cast a harsh light on the urgent need for quick and easy techniques to sanitize and disinfect everyday high-touch objects such as doorknobs, pens, pencils, and personal protective gear worn to keep infections from spreading.

Released: 13-Apr-2021 1:35 PM EDT
Department of Energy to Provide $25 Million toward Development of a Quantum Internet
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a plan to provide $25 million for basic research toward the development of a quantum internet.

Newswise:Video Embedded an-artificial-retina-engineered-from-ancient-protein-heads-to-space
VIDEO
Released: 13-Apr-2021 1:15 PM EDT
An Artificial Retina Engineered From Ancient Protein Heads to Space
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

NIH supported early testing of the artificial retina. Now, scientists are testing whether manufacturing it on the International Space Station results in a viable treatment for people with blinding eye diseases.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 15-Apr-2021 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 13-Apr-2021 10:30 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 15-Apr-2021 2:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

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Released: 12-Apr-2021 5:05 PM EDT
5 ways Argonne scientists are powering ahead on nuclear micro-reactors
Argonne National Laboratory

A cross-divisional effort at Argonne aims to advance portable nuclear reactor designs for places like military bases and remote communities.

Newswise: Los Alamos National Laboratory and NVIDIA announce next step in future-looking partnership
Released: 12-Apr-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Los Alamos National Laboratory and NVIDIA announce next step in future-looking partnership
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Next-generation system powered by the Grace CPU will shape the future of the Laboratory’s computing strategy

Released: 12-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Global Business Forum: The Economy in 2030
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

Mauro Guillen discusses his book "2030: How Today's Biggest Trends Will Collide and Reshape the Future of Everything” with Maryland Smith Research Professor Kislaya Prasad in an April 13 virtual event.

12-Apr-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Deep Learning model developed at UHN to maximize lifespan after liver transplant
University Health Network (UHN)

Researchers from University Health Network have developed and validated an innovative deep learning model to predict a patient’s long-term outcome after receiving a liver transplant.

Released: 12-Apr-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Pierson Uses Data Science to Highlight Societal Inequities
The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Hertz Fellow Emma Pierson wields machine learning like a Swiss Army knife to investigate a range of problems, including disparities in COVID-19 testing, the treatment of osteoarthritis, and police discrimination.

Newswise: 80670gomex04_s06_rh404.1.197368_20191226_daily_min_psd.png
Released: 12-Apr-2021 7:05 AM EDT
UNH Researchers Develop Software to Monitor Ocean Soundscape Especially During COVID-19
University of New Hampshire

An international development team, led by researchers at the University of New Hampshire, has created a user-friendly software program that can process sound data collected from the world’s oceans in a more standardized format that will enhance research and collaboration and help understand the global sea soundscape dynamics, including the impact of COVID-19 when travel and economic slowdowns put a halt to human activities in the ocean.

Released: 8-Apr-2021 12:45 PM EDT
Argonne National Laboratory a founding partner in nation’s first startup accelerator program dedicated exclusively to quantum
Argonne National Laboratory

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory is a founding partner of Duality, the first startup accelerator program in the nation that is dedicated to startup companies focused on quantum science and technology — a rapidly emerging area that is poised to drive transformative advances across multiple industries.

Released: 8-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
The Spintronics Technology Revolution Could Be Just a Hopfion Away
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A research team co-led by Berkeley Lab has created and observed quasiparticles called 3D hopfions at the nanoscale (billionths of a meter) in a magnetic system. The discovery could advance high-density, high-speed, low-power, yet ultrastable magnetic memory “spintronics” devices.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Embed your start-up in the ‘Secret City’
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Innovators and start-up companies working to solve national security challenges through advanced materials, advanced computing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, and space technology are invited to apply for a two-year entrepreneurial fellowship at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 2:00 PM EDT
Nation’s first quantum startup accelerator, Duality, launches at the University of Chicago’s Polsky Center and the Chicago Quantum Exchange
University of Chicago

The University of Chicago’s Polsky Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation and the Chicago Quantum Exchange today announced the launch of Duality, the first accelerator program in the nation that is exclusively dedicated to startup companies focused on quantum science and technology—a rapidly emerging area that is poised to drive transformative advances across multiple industries.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 1:25 PM EDT
The Future of Joint Replacement is Now
Rush University Medical Center

At Rush, orthopedic surgeons Vasili Karas, MD, MS, and Denis Nam, MD, are using new technology to perform joint replacement surgery. Karas and Nam have been using and studying three different types of robotic-assisted surgery in both knee replacement and hip replacement.

Newswise:Video Embedded a-song-of-ice-and-fiber
VIDEO
7-Apr-2021 10:05 AM EDT
A song of ice and fiber
Sandia National Laboratories

Sandia National Laboratories researchers are beginning to analyze the first seafloor dataset from under Arctic sea ice using a novel method. They were able to capture ice quakes and transportation activities on the North Slope of Alaska while also monitoring for other climate signals and marine life.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Scientists Harness Chaos to Protect Devices From Hackers
Ohio State University

New tech packs computer chips with “uncountable” secrets

Newswise:Video Embedded deep-learning-networks-prefer-the-human-voice-just-like-us
VIDEO
Released: 7-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Deep Learning Networks Prefer the Human Voice--Just Like Us
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

The digital revolution is built on a foundation of invisible 1s and 0s called bits. As decades pass, and more and more of the world’s information and knowledge morph into streams of 1s and 0s, the notion that computers prefer to “speak” in binary numbers is rarely questioned.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
nanoComposix completes ISO13485:2016 Certification for Quality Management System
nanoComposix

nanoComposix is proud to announce the successful expansion of its Quality Management System (QMS) to include ISO 13485:2016 certification.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 8:15 AM EDT
coalition s new leadership renews focus on advocating for academic scientific computation2
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

Computers play an integral role in nearly every discipline of research today, giving scientists the ability to discover new drugs, develop new materials, forecast the impacts of climate change, and solve some of today’s most challenging problems.

1-Apr-2021 2:55 PM EDT
Tiny Brains Grown in 3D-Printed Bioreactor
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Scientists have grown small amounts of self-organizing brain tissue, known as organoids, in a tiny 3D-printed system that allows observation while they grow and develop. The advance uses 3D printing to create a reusable and easily adjustable platform that costs only about $5 per unit to fabricate, and the design includes imaging wells for the growing organoids and microfluidic channels to provide a nutrient medium and preheating that supports tissue growth. The work is reported in Biomicrofluidics.

5-Apr-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Curbing Coronavirus Spread in Enclosed Spaces Means Better Masks, Adequate Ventilation
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

With research increasingly showing the COVID-19 virus is transmissible via smaller droplets suspended in air, there is growing concern current guidelines of mask wearing and social distancing are insufficient in indoor environments where people tend to be in close quarters. In AIP Advances, researchers in India show social distancing is equally as important as mask wearing when people indoors are just breathing or participating in normal conversation, even when there is no risk of coughing or sneezing.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Virtual “urgent care” may lead to higher rates of downstream follow-up care, study suggests
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Even before the pandemic made telehealth a hot topic, people with minor urgent health needs had started to turn to companies that offer on-demand video chats. Some insurers and employers support this, hoping it might reduce in-person care, including emergency department visits. But a new study casts some doubt on whether that will actually happen.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 4:05 PM EDT
RADx diversifies COVID-19 test portfolio with four new contracts, including one to detect variants
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NIH has awarded four additional contracts for the development and scaled-up manufacturing of new COVID-19 diagnostic testing technologies through its Rapid Acceleration of Diagnostics Tech (RADx) initiative. The awards total $29.3 million and will help increase testing capacity for COVID-19.

31-Mar-2021 2:05 PM EDT
How Would Geoengineering Impact Nature?
Stony Brook University

Should humans use technology to put the brakes on global warming? Stratospheric aerosol intervention (SAI) is a climate intervention that has been studied as a way to help cool the Earth. But what would be the consequences to natural systems of SAI? This question is being examined by a large scientific research team.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 1:35 PM EDT
New Approach to Fault Tolerance Means More Efficient High-Performance Computers
Department of Energy, Office of Science

High performance computer (HPC) systems are incredibly complex, with millions of cores. This creates many chances for small system faults that can affect HPC-based simulations and calculations. Researchers have developed a new approach to fault tolerance called coded computing that requires less time and less computer power to run than traditional fault tolerance solutions.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 1:20 PM EDT
Evolution Sets the Stage for More Powerful Spiking Neural Networks
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Spiking neural networks (SNNs) closely replicate the structure of the human brain, making them an important step on the road to developing artificial intelligence. Researchers recently advanced a key technique for training SNNs using an evolutionary approach. This approach involves recognizing and making use of the different strengths of individual elements of the SNN.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Approaches for disinfecting occupied rooms efficiently and safely with UV light
University of Pennsylvania

A new study published in Indoor Air provides design-based solutions on how to best use ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) to disinfect occupied rooms without harming individuals.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 12:55 PM EDT
DHS S&T SVIP Awards Funding to Monitor Current and Future Biological Threats
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

To develop capabilities to monitor the current COVID-19 pandemic and other future biological events, DHS S&T has awarded $199,648 to Mesur.io Inc., for analysis and reporting of outbreak-related data.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 12:45 PM EDT
Less than a nanometer thick, stronger and more versatile than steel
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists from Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University and the University of Florida report a breakthrough involving a material called borophane, a sheet of boron and hydrogen a mere two atoms in thickness.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
Story Tips: Mighty Mo Material, Fueling Retooling, Goods on the Move, Doubling Concrete and Batteries Passport
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ORNL story tips: Mighty Mo material, fueling retooling, goods on the move, doubling concrete and batteries passport

Released: 5-Apr-2021 8:55 AM EDT
“Smartwatch to Measure Blood Glucose from Sweat” – A Chula Innovation for Healthcare
Chulalongkorn University

No more worries for diabetics with weak muscles. The Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University will soon launch a cutting-edge, health innovation – a wristwatch that can check blood sugar levels from sweat in real-time. It’s accurate, not painful, less expensive, and can replace imported equipment. It is expected to be available on the market soon.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 8:55 AM EDT
April Snapshots
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science Snapshots from Berkeley Lab: X-rays accelerate battery R&D; infrared microscopy goes off grid; substrates support 2D tech

Released: 5-Apr-2021 8:00 AM EDT
New Breast Imaging Technology at Hackensack Meridian Mountainside Medical Center Delivers Mammograms in 3D and Enhances Delivery of Care
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Mountainside Medical Center is advancing the fight against breast cancer with the purchase and installation of MAMMOMAT Revelation, an innovative mammography system designed to overcome barriers to breast cancer detection and ProFound Artificial Intelligence for digital breast tomosynthesis, a deep-learning artificial intelligence software that rapidly and accurate identifies potential malignant lesions.

Newswise: Making cleaner, greener plastics from waste fish parts
30-Mar-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Making cleaner, greener plastics from waste fish parts
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Derived from crude oil, toxic to synthesize, and slow to degrade, polyurethanes are not environmentally friendly. Today, researchers discuss a safer, biodegradable alternative derived from fish waste that would otherwise likely be discarded. They will present their results at ACS Spring 2021.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 2:40 PM EDT
Rensselaer Experts Available To Discuss Federal Infrastructure Proposal
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

President Joe Biden is proposing a sweeping $2 trillion infrastructure bill that would fund improvements to transportation, manufacturing, and digital infrastructure, among other projects. Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the country’s first technological research university, are leaders in improving the sustainability, safety, and performance of transportation systems, energy systems, and wireless networks, among other areas. Experts in civil and environmental engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering are available to discuss what impact large-scale infrastructure projects could have on a multitude of systems that impact people across the country.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Covid-19 Mask Study Finds Layering, Material Choice Matter
Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Tech researchers detail results of a study measuring filtration efficiency of several commercially available Covid-19 mask materials.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
In pandemic, students with tech-savvy teachers fared better
Cornell University

The shift to online teaching because of the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected learning, data shows, but students whose instructors had experience with online teaching tools – especially those in classes using structured peer interaction – performed better, according to a new Cornell study.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 10:30 AM EDT
Scientists developed a safe and cheap technology of disinfection of the packed eggs
Ural Federal University

Russian researchers have developed an inexpensive, safe, and reliable packed eggs surface disinfection technology.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 10:15 AM EDT
DOE Awards $110 Million to Small Businesses Pursuing Scientific, Clean Energy, and Climate Solutions
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced awards totaling $110 million for diverse small businesses working on scientific, clean energy, and climate solutions for the American people.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 9:30 AM EDT
Millimeter Wave and Sub-Terahertz Spatial Statistical Channel Model for an Indoor Office Building
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

NYU WIRELESS has introduced NYUSIM 3.0, the latest version of its MATLAB®-based open-source mmWave and sub-THz statistical channel simulation software, enabling the indoor MIMO channel simulations for frequencies from 500 MHz to 150 GHz with RF bandwidth of 0 to 800 MHz.

Released: 1-Apr-2021 4:00 PM EDT
New system that uses smartphone or computer cameras to measure pulse, respiration rate could help future personalized telehealth appointments
University of Washington

A University of Washington-led team has developed a method that uses the camera on a person’s smartphone or computer to take their pulse and breathing rate from a real-time video of their face.


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