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Embargo will expire:
18-Dec-2018 11:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
17-Dec-2018 2:05 PM EST

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  • Embargo expired:
    17-Dec-2018 12:15 AM EST

Article ID: 705391

Front and center: food labels have effects on consumption and product formulation

Tufts University

A new Food-PRICE systematic review and meta-analysis led by researchers at Tufts assessed the effectiveness of food package and menu labeling in interventional studies and found that these approaches can impact consumer and industry behavior for some targets, but not others.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 8:05 AM EST
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Article ID: 705509

BIDMC’s Research & Health News Digest: December 2018 Edition

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

A monthly roundup of research briefs showcasing recent scientific advances led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center faculty.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 3:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705484

Hospitalizations for homeless individuals are on the rise

Brigham and Women’s Hospital

A homeless individual is one who lacks fixed and reliable housing, and it is estimated that 553,000 people fit that description on any given night in the United States. A new retrospective cohort study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center examines patterns, causes and outcomes of acute hospitalizations between 2007 and 2013 for homeless individuals and non-homeless control groups in three populous and diverse U.S. states: Florida, California and Massachusetts. Data suggest a rise in acute hospital use among homeless individuals for mental illness and substance use disorder. The results were published in the journal Medical Care on Dec. 11.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 11:25 AM EST
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Article ID: 705481

A Painless Adhesive

Harvard School of Engineering & Applied Sciences

Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and Xi’an Jiaotong University in China have developed a new type of adhesive that can strongly adhere wet materials — such as hydrogel and living tissue — and be easily detached with a specific frequency of light.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 11:10 AM EST
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Article ID: 705413

Coral larvae use sound to find a home on the reef

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Choosing a place to call home is one of the most consequential choices a coral can make. In the animal's larval stage, it floats freely in the ocean--but once it settles down, it anchors itself permanently to the rocky substrate of a reef, and remains stuck there for the rest of its life. Exactly how these larvae choose a specific place to live, however, is largely unclear.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 11:40 AM EST
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Article ID: 705402

The “Greying” of T Cells

Harvard Medical School

Research in mouse cells identifies defective metabolic pathway in aging immune T cells. The pathway is critical for switching T cells from dormancy into illness-fighting mode. In experiments, researchers restored lagging T-cell function by adding small-molecule compounds. Findings suggest possible mechanism behind weakened immunity common in the elderly.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 11:15 AM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Dec-2018 6:30 PM EST

Article ID: 705156

Large Restaurant Portions a Global Problem, Study Finds

Tufts University

A multi-country study finds that large portion sizes in fast food and full service restaurants is not a problem unique to the U.S. The researchers found that 94 percent of full service meals and 72 percent of fast food meals studied in five countries contained 600 calories or more.

Released:
10-Dec-2018 9:45 AM EST
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Article ID: 705378

Researchers identify pathway that drives sustained pain following injury

Harvard Medical School

Research in mice identifies a set of neurons responsible for sustained pain and resulting pain-coping behaviors. Findings point to the existence of separate neural pathways that regulate threat avoidance versus injury mitigation Existence of separate pathways may account for failure to develop effective pain medications Study can inform new ways to gauge the efficacy of candidate pain therapies by assessing behaviors stemming from different pathways

Released:
12-Dec-2018 6:00 PM EST

Article ID: 705367

Loss of Tight Junction Protein Promotes Development of Precancerous Cells

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

BIDMC researchers demonstrated that the lack of claudin 18 prompts the development of precancerous, abnormal cells and polyps in the engineered mouse model.

Released:
12-Dec-2018 4:05 PM EST

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