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Newswise: University of Kentucky to Study Decision-Making Processes Behind Substance Use Disorders

Article ID: 715612

University of Kentucky to Study Decision-Making Processes Behind Substance Use Disorders

University of Kentucky

UK team believes their approach is a valuable step forward that will improve understanding of drug-use decisions and advance the development of improved treatments.

Released:
11-Jul-2019 9:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: Opioids: Leading Cause of Pregnancy-Related Death in New Utah Moms

Article ID: 715123

Opioids: Leading Cause of Pregnancy-Related Death in New Utah Moms

University of Utah Health

University of Utah Health researchers explored the need for continued substance abuse counseling and access to naloxone prescriptions and mental health care in the year following childbirth.

Released:
28-Jun-2019 12:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 715009

From Pilot Study to Culture Change: How UK HealthCare Is Reducing Opioid Prescriptions

University of Kentucky

After a personal experience with a patient inspired him to make some changes, Dr. Phillip Chang worked with pharmacist Doug Oyler to initiate a small pilot study in UK HealthCare's trauma service with the goal of reducing opioid prescriptions. That small study has grown and created a "culture change" at UK HealthCare, drastically reducing the number of opioid prescriptions written and reducing high-risk opioid use by 57 percent.

Released:
26-Jun-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Factors Orthopaedic Surgeons Should Consider When Prescribing Opioids

Article ID: 714945

Factors Orthopaedic Surgeons Should Consider When Prescribing Opioids

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Orthopaedic surgeons are the third-highest physician prescribers of opioids, writing more than 6 million prescriptions a year. Because over-dispensing of opioids is a factor contributing to the ongoing opioid epidemic, researchers at Johns Hopkins surveyed orthopaedic providers to better understand what drives their prescribing practices and to identify gaps in knowledge and potentially worrisome trends. In their survey of 127 orthopaedic providers in the Baltimore area, the Johns Hopkins researchers found that respondents frequently recommended prescribing a nine-day supply of around-the-clock oxycodone doses following commonly performed orthopaedic surgeries. The researchers also found that risk factors that might normally warrant prescribing fewer opioids, such as a history of drug misuse or depression, often did not diminish hypothetical prescribing rates.

Released:
26-Jun-2019 9:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 714824

Women’s Health Issues Addresses Sex and Gender Differences in Veterans’ Health

George Washington University

A new supplement to the peer-reviewed journal Women’s Health Issues, sponsored by the Cooperative Studies Program of the Veterans Health Administration (VA) Office of Research and Development, examines sex and gender differences in U.S. veterans’ health conditions and responses to treatments.

Released:
25-Jun-2019 9:25 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    23-Jun-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 714418

Hunger, impulsivity, childhood trauma, and drinking contribute to intimate partner violence

Research Society on Alcoholism

Intimate partner violence (IPV) – commonly known as domestic violence, and long associated with drinking – is a significant public health problem. Examination of patients treated at urban Emergency Departments (EDs) shows that choice of drinking venues, such as bars or restaurants, and amount consumed there, appear to have little influence on IPV risk. These results and others will be shared at the 42nd annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Minneapolis June 22-26.

Released:
17-Jun-2019 7:30 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 714745

Low Rates of Tobacco Dependence Treatment in Patients Hospitalized with Substance Use Disorders

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Tobacco dependence is very common in patients hospitalized with substance use disorders (SUDs) – but most don't receive recommended treatment for tobacco dependence while in the hospital, reports a study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released:
21-Jun-2019 12:55 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    19-Jun-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 714565

'Whole Person' Approach Needed to Solve Opioid Epidemic, Says APA

American Psychological Association (APA)

Solving the opioid epidemic requires a “whole person” approach that includes nonpharmacological treatment for pain, as well as ensuring that people have the employment, education and housing supports they need for long-term recovery, the chief executive officer of the American Psychological Association told a congressional panel.

Released:
18-Jun-2019 4:40 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 714086

Weight-Loss Patients at Higher Risk of Death From Substance Use Disorders

Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

The death rate from drug- and alcohol-related causes in people who’ve had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is nearly triple that of the general public, according to University of Pittsburgh research published today in Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases.

Released:
7-Jun-2019 9:00 AM EDT

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