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Embargo will expire:
22-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
18-Jan-2019 10:15 AM EST

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Article ID: 706524

Born to Run: Just Not on Cocaine

Florida Atlantic University

A study finds a surprising response to cocaine in a novel strain of mutant mice – they failed to show hyperactivity seen in normal mice when given cocaine and didn’t run around. In other tests, they still found cocaine appealing, but displayed an inability to shake the memory of cocaine’s actions when the drug was no longer administered. The key change that blocks cocaine’s stimulant effects in these mice is serotonin, not dopamine, which is responsible for producing a high.

Released:
16-Jan-2019 9:00 AM EST

Article ID: 706493

Fraction of U.S. Outpatient Treatment Centers Offer Medication for Opioid Addiction

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Despite the mounting death toll of America’s opioid crisis, only a minority of facilities that treat substance use disorders offer patients buprenorphine, naltrexone or methadone—the three FDA-approved medications for the long-term management of opioid use disorder, according to a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Released:
15-Jan-2019 10:45 AM EST

Article ID: 706400

Sexual Minorities More Likely to Suffer Severe Substance Use Disorders

University of Michigan

Researchers know that lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are more likely than heterosexuals to use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs, but until now they didn't know to what degree.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 706397

Pain and substance abuse interact in a vicious cycle

Binghamton University, State University of New York

Pain and substance use interact in a vicious cycle that can ultimately worsen and maintain both chronic pain and addiction, according to a research team including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 9:40 AM EST
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Article ID: 706260

First Smartphone App to Detect Opioid Overdose and Its Precursors

University of Washington

UW researchers have developed a smartphone app that uses sonar to monitor someone's breathing rate and sense when an opioid overdose has occurred.

Released:
9-Jan-2019 5:00 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    17-Dec-2018 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 705310

Higher Average Potency Cannabis May Increase Risk for First Disorder Symptom

Iowa State University

States do not regulate the potency of recreational cannabis, even though THC levels have increased significantly. Now new research shows higher average potency cannabis at first use increases the risk for the first symptom of cannabis use disorder.

Released:
12-Dec-2018 12:00 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 705531

What Looks Like Substance Abuse Could be Self-Medication, Study Finds

Johns Hopkins University

When improved antidepressants hit the market in the 1980s, heavy drinking among people with depression dropped 22 percent, suggesting people who knowingly use drugs and alcohol to relieve mental and physical pain will switch to safer, better treatment options when they can get them,

Released:
17-Dec-2018 10:05 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 705484

Hospitalizations for homeless individuals are on the rise

Brigham and Women’s Hospital

A homeless individual is one who lacks fixed and reliable housing, and it is estimated that 553,000 people fit that description on any given night in the United States. A new retrospective cohort study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center examines patterns, causes and outcomes of acute hospitalizations between 2007 and 2013 for homeless individuals and non-homeless control groups in three populous and diverse U.S. states: Florida, California and Massachusetts. Data suggest a rise in acute hospital use among homeless individuals for mental illness and substance use disorder. The results were published in the journal Medical Care on Dec. 11.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 11:25 AM EST

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